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Wallis and Futuna (2003)

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Wallis and Futuna 2003 year

 Wallis and Futuna
Administrative divisions none (overseas territory of France); there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government, but there are three kingdoms at the second order named Alo, Sigave, Wallis
Age structure 0-14 years: NA%

15-64 years: NA%

65 years and over: NA% (2003 est.)
Agriculture - products breadfruit, yams, taro, bananas; pigs, goats
Airports 2 (2002)
Airports - with paved runways total: 1

1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2002)
Airports - with unpaved runways total: 1

914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2002)
Area total: 274 sq km

land: 274 sq km

water: 0 sq km

note: includes Ile Uvea (Wallis Island), Ile Futuna (Futuna Island), Ile Alofi, and 20 islets
Area - comparative 1.5 times the size of Washington, DC
Background Although discovered by the Dutch and the British in the 17th and 18th centuries, it was the French who declared a protectorate over the islands in 1842. In 1959, the inhabitants of the islands voted to become a French overseas territory.
Birth rate NA births/1,000 population (2003 est.)
Budget revenues: $20 million

expenditures: $17 million, including capital expenditures of $NA (1998 est.)
Capital Mata-Utu (on Ile Uvea)
Climate tropical; hot, rainy season (November to April); cool, dry season (May to October); rains 2,500-3,000 mm per year (80% humidity); average temperature 26.6 degrees C
Coastline 129 km
Constitution 28 September 1958 (French Constitution)
Country name conventional long form: Territory of the Wallis and Futuna Islands

conventional short form: Wallis and Futuna

local long form: Territoire des Iles Wallis et Futuna

local short form: Wallis et Futuna
Currency Comptoirs Francais du Pacifique franc (XPF); note - may adopt the euro in 2003
Death rate NA deaths/1,000 population (2003 est.)
Debt - external $NA
Dependency status overseas territory of France
Diplomatic representation from the US none (overseas territory of France)
Diplomatic representation in the US none (overseas territory of France)
Disputes - international none
Economic aid - recipient assistance from France
Economy - overview The economy is limited to traditional subsistence agriculture, with about 80% labor force earnings from agriculture (coconuts and vegetables), livestock (mostly pigs), and fishing. About 4% of the population is employed in government. Revenues come from French Government subsidies, licensing of fishing rights to Japan and South Korea, import taxes, and remittances from expatriate workers in New Caledonia.
Electricity - consumption NA kWh
Electricity - exports 0 kWh (2002)
Electricity - imports 0 kWh (2002)
Electricity - production NA kWh
Electricity - production by source fossil fuel: 0%

hydro: 0%

nuclear: 0%

other: 0%
Elevation extremes lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m

highest point: Mont Singavi 765 m
Environment - current issues deforestation (only small portions of the original forests remain) largely as a result of the continued use of wood as the main fuel source; as a consequence of cutting down the forests, the mountainous terrain of Futuna is particularly prone to erosion; there are no permanent settlements on Alofi because of the lack of natural fresh water resources
Ethnic groups Polynesian
Exchange rates Comptoirs Francais du Pacifique francs (XPF) per US dollar - 126.41 (2002), 133.26 (2001), 129.43 (2000), 111.93 (1999), 107.25 (1998)
Executive branch chief of state: President Jacques CHIRAC of France (since 17 May 1995), represented by High Administrator Christian JOB (since 6 August 2002)

head of government: President of the Territorial Assembly Patalione KANIMOA (since NA January 2001)

cabinet: Council of the Territory consists of three kings and three members appointed by the high administrator on the advice of the Territorial Assembly

note: there are three traditional kings with limited powers

elections: French president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; high administrator appointed by the French president on the advice of the French Ministry of the Interior; the presidents of the Territorial Government and the Territorial Assembly are elected by the members of the assembly
Exports 0 kWh (2002)
Exports $250,000 f.o.b. (1999)
Exports - commodities copra, chemicals, construction materials
Exports - partners Italy 40%, Croatia 15%, US 14%, Denmark 13%
Fiscal year calendar year
Flag description a large white modified Maltese cross - shifted a little off center toward the fly and slightly downward - on a red background; the flag of France outlined in white on two sides is in the upper hoist quadrant; the flag of France is used for official occasions
GDP purchasing power parity - $30 million (2000 est.)
GDP - composition by sector agriculture: NA%

industry: NA%

services: NA%
GDP - per capita purchasing power parity - $2,000 (2000 est.)
GDP - real growth rate NA%
Geographic coordinates 13 18 S, 176 12 W
Geography - note both island groups have fringing reefs
Highways total: 120 km (Ile Uvea 100 km, Ile Futuna 20 km)

paved: 16 km (all on Ile Uvea)

unpaved: 104 km (Ile Uvea 84 km, Ile Futuna 20 km)
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%: NA%

highest 10%: NA%
Imports 0 kWh (2002)
Imports $300,000 f.o.b. (1999)
Imports - commodities chemicals, machinery, passenger ships, consumer goods
Imports - partners France 97%, Australia 2%, New Zealand 1%
Independence none (overseas territory of France)
Industrial production growth rate NA%
Industries copra, handicrafts, fishing, lumber
Infant mortality rate total: NA%

male: NA%

female: NA%
Inflation rate (consumer prices) NA%
International organization participation FZ, SPC
Internet Service Providers (ISPs) 1 (2000)
Irrigated land NA sq km
Judicial branch none; justice generally administered under French law by the high administrator, but the three traditional kings administer customary law and there is a magistrate in Mata-Utu
Labor force NA
Labor force - by occupation agriculture, livestock, and fishing 80%, government 4% (2001 est.)
Land boundaries 0 km
Land use arable land: 5%

permanent crops: 20%

other: 75% (1998 est.)
Languages French, Wallisian (indigenous Polynesian language)
Legal system French legal system
Legislative branch unicameral Territorial Assembly or Assemblee Territoriale (20 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)

elections: last held 11 March 2002 (next to be held NA March 2007)

election results: percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - RPR and affiliates 13, Socialists and affiliates 7

note: Wallis and Futuna elects one senator to the French Senate and one deputy to the French National Assembly; French Senate - elections last held 27 September 1998 (next to be held by NA September 2007); results - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats - RPR (now UMP) 1; French National Assembly - elections last held 16 June 2002 (next to be held by NA 2007); results - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats - RPR (UMP) 1
Life expectancy at birth total population: NA years

male: NA years

female: NA years (2003 est.)
Literacy definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 50%

male: 50%

female: 50% (1969 est.)
Location Oceania, islands in the South Pacific Ocean, about two-thirds of the way from Hawaii to New Zealand
Map references Oceania
Maritime claims exclusive economic zone: 200 NM

territorial sea: 12 NM
Merchant marine total: 4 ships (1,000 GRT or over) 85,572 GRT/9,004 DWT

ships by type: passenger 4

note: includes some foreign-owned ships registered here as a flag of convenience: France 3, US 1 (2002 est.)
Military - note defense is the responsibility of France
National holiday Bastille Day, 14 July (1789)
Nationality noun: Wallisian(s), Futunan(s), or Wallis and Futuna Islanders

adjective: Wallisian, Futunan, or Wallis and Futuna Islander
Natural hazards NA
Natural resources NEGL
Net migration rate NA migrant(s)/1,000 population

note: there has been steady emigration from Wallis and Futuna to New Caledonia (2003 est.)
Political parties and leaders Lua Kae Tahi (Giscardians) [leader NA]; Mouvement des Radicaux de Gauche or MRG [leader NA]; Rally for the Republic or RPR [Clovis LOGOLOGOFOLAU]; Taumu'a Lelei [Soane Muni UHILA]; Union Populaire Locale or UPL [Falakiko GATA]; Union Pour la Democratie Francaise or UDF [leader NA]
Political pressure groups and leaders NA
Population 15,734 (July 2003 est.)
Population below poverty line NA%
Population growth rate NA (2003 est.)
Ports and harbors Leava, Mata-Utu
Radio broadcast stations AM 1, FM 0, shortwave 0 (2000)
Railways 0 km
Religions Roman Catholic 99%, other 1%
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal
Telephone system general assessment: NA

domestic: NA

international: NA
Telephones - main lines in use 1,125 (1994)
Telephones - mobile cellular 0 (1994)
Television broadcast stations 2 (2000)
Terrain volcanic origin; low hills
Total fertility rate NA children born/woman (2003 est.)
Unemployment rate NA%
Waterways none
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