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Urugwaj (2005)

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Urugwaj 2005 roku

Podzial administracyjny 19 departments (departamentos, singular - departamento); Artigas, Canelones, Cerro Largo, Colonia, Durazno, Flores, Florida, Lavalleja, Maldonado, Montevideo, Paysandu, Rio Negro, Rivera, Rocha, Salto, San Jose, Soriano, Tacuarembo, Treinta y Tres
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 23.2% (male 403,041/female 389,427)

15-64 years: 63.6% (male 1,076,960/female 1,095,833)

65 years and over: 13.2% (male 183,877/female 266,782) (2005 est.)
Rolinictwo rice, wheat, corn, barley; livestock; fish
Lotniska 64 (2004 est.)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 14

2,438 to 3,047 m: 1

1,524 to 2,437 m: 5

914 to 1,523 m: 6

under 914 m: 2 (2004 est.)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 50

1,524 to 2,437 m: 2

914 to 1,523 m: 17

under 914 m: 31 (2004 est.)
Terytorium total: 176,220 sq km

land: 173,620 sq km

water: 2,600 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly smaller than the state of Washington
Tlo historyczne Montevideo, founded by the Spanish w 1726 as a military stronghold, soon took advantage of its natural harbor to became an important commercial center. Annexed by Brazylia as a separate province w 1821, Urugwaj declared its independence four years later and secured its freedom w 1828 after a three-year struggle. The administrations of President BATLLE w the early 20th century established widespread political, social, and economic reforms. A violent Marxist urban guerrilla movement, the Tupamaros, launched w the late 1960s, led Urugwaj's president to agree to military control of his administration w 1973. By yearend, the rebels had been crushed, but the military continued to expand its hold throughout the government. Civilian rule was not restored until 1985. Urugwaj's political and labor conditions are among the freest on the continent.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 14.09 births/1,000 population (2005 est.)
Budzet revenues: $3.332 billion

expenditures: $3.787 billion, including capital expenditures of $193 million (2004 est.)
Stolica Montevideo
Klimat warm temperate; freezing temperatures almost unknown
Linia brzegowa 660 km
Konstytucja 27 listopad 1966, effective luty 1967; suspended 27 czerwiec 1973, new constitution rejected by referendum 30 listopad 1980; two constitutional reforms approved by plebiscite 26 listopad 1989 and 7 styczen 1997
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Oriental Republic of Urugwaj

conventional short form: Urugwaj

local long form: Republica Oriental del Urugwaj

local short form: Urugwaj

former: Banda Oriental, Cisplatine Province
Wspolczynnik zgonow 9.06 deaths/1,000 population (2005 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $12.8 billion (marzec 2004)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador Martin J. SILVERSTEIN

embassy: Lauro Muller 1776, Montevideo 11200

mailing address: APO AA 34035

telephone: [598] (2) 418-7777

FAX: [598] (2) 418-8611
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Carlos GIANELLI Derois

chancery: 1913 I Street NW, Washington, DC 20006

telephone: [1] (202) 331-1313 through 1316

FAX: [1] (202) 331-8142

consulate(s) general: Chicago, Los Angeles, Miami, and New York

consulate(s): San Juan (Portoryko)
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje uncontested dispute z Brazylia over certain islands w the Quarai/Cuareim and Invernada streams and the resulting tripoint z Argentyna
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie NA
Ekonomia Urugwaj's well-to-do economy is characterized by an export-oriented agricultural sector, a well-educated workforce, and high levels of social spending. After averaging growth of 5% annually during 1996-98, w 1999-2002 the economy suffered a major downturn, stemming largely from the spillover effects of the economic problems of its large neighbors, Argentyna and Brazylia. For instance, w 2001-02 massive withdrawals by Argentyna of dollars deposited w Urugwajan banks led to a plunge w the Uruguyan peso and a massive rise w unemployment. Total Produkt krajowy brutto w these four years dropped by nearly 20%, z 2002 the worst year due to the serious banking crisis. Unemployment rose to nearly 20% w 2002, inflation surged, and the burden of external debt doubled. Cooperation z the IMF limited the damage. The debt swap z private creditors carried out w 2003, which extended the maturity dates on nearly half of Urugwaj's $11.3 billion w public debt, substantially alleviated the country's amortization burden w the coming years and restored public confidence. The economy grew about 10% w 2004 as a result of high commodity prices dla Urugwajan exports, the weakness of the dollar against the euro, growth w the region, low international interest rates, and greater export competitiveness.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 5.878 billion kWh (2003)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 954 million kWh (2003)
Elektrycznosc - import 434.2 million kWh (2003)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 8.536 billion kWh (2003)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Ocean Atlantycki 0 m

highest point: Cerro Catedral 514 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy water pollution from meat packing/tannery industry; inadequate solid/hazardous waste disposal
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands

signed, but not ratified: Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation
Grupy etniczne white 88%, mestizo 8%, black 4%, Amerindian (practically nonexistent)
Kurs waluty Urugwajan pesos per US dollar - 28.704 (2004), 28.209 (2003), 21.257 (2002), 13.319 (2001), 12.1 (2000)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President Tabare VAZQUEZ (since 1 marzec 2005) and Vice President Rodolfo NIN NOVA (since 1 marzec 2005); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government

head of government: President Tabare VAZQUEZ (since 1 marzec 2005) and Vice President Rodolfo NIN NOVA (since 1 marzec 2005); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government

cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president z parliamentary approval

elections: president and vice president elected on the same ticket by popular vote dla five-year terms; election last held 31 pazdziernik 2004 (next to be held pazdziernik 2009)

election results: Tabare VAZQUEZ elected president; percent of vote - Tabare VAZQUEZ 50.5%, Jorge LARRANAGA 35.1%, Guillermo STIRLING 10.3%
Eksport 954 million kWh (2003)
Eksport $2.2 billion f.o.b. (2003 est.)
Eksport 0 cu m (2003 est.)
Eksport NA
Eksport - towary meat, rice, leather products, wool, fish, dairy products
Eksport - partnerzy US 17.3%, Brazylia 16%, Niemcy 6.3%, Argentyna 6.2%, Meksyk 4.2% (2004)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi nine equal horizontal stripes of white (top and bottom) alternating z blue; there is a white square w the upper hoist-side corner z a yellow sun bearing a human face known as the Sun of maj and 16 rays alternately triangular and wavy
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 7.9%

industry: 27.4%

services: 64.8% (2004 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - per capita purchasing power parity - $14,500 (2004 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 10.2% (2004 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 33 00 S, 56 00 W
Polozenie geograficzne second-smallest South American country (after Surinam); most of the low-lying landscape (three-quarters of the country) is grassland, ideal dla cattle and sheep raising
Autostrady total: 8,983 km

paved: 8,081 km

unpaved: 902 km (1999 est.)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: 3.7%

highest 10%: 25.8% (1997)
Import 434.2 million kWh (2003)
Import $2.071 billion f.o.b. (2003)
Import 65 million cu m (2003 est.)
Import NA
Import - towary machinery, chemicals, road vehicles, crude petroleum
Import - partnerzy Argentyna 19.5%, Brazylia 19%, Paragwaj 12.9%, US 9.2%, Chiny 6% (2004)
Niepodleglosc 25 sierpien 1825 (from Brazylia)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 22% (2004 est.)
Przemysl food processing, electrical machinery, transportation equipment, petroleum products, textiles, chemicals, beverages
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 11.95 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 13.27 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 10.58 deaths/1,000 live births (2005 est.)
Inflacja 7.6% (2004 est.)
Nawadniane tereny 1,800 sq km (1998 est.)
Sadownictwo Supreme Court (judges are nominated by the president and elected dla 10-year terms by the General Assembly)
Sila robocza 1.56 million (2004 est.)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture 14%, industry 16%, services 70%
Granica total: 1,564 km

border countries: Argentyna 579 km, Brazylia 985 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 7.43%

permanent crops: 0.23%

other: 92.34% (2001)
Jezyki Spanish, Portunol, or Brazyliaero (Portuguese-Spanish mix on the Brazyliaian frontier)
System prawny based on Spanish civil law system; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Wladza ustawodawcza bicameral General Assembly or Asamblea General consists of Chamber of Senators or Camara de Senadores (30 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms) and Chamber of Representatives or Camara de Representantes (99 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)

elections: Chamber of Senators - last held 31 pazdziernik 2004 (next to be held pazdziernik 2009); Chamber of Representatives - last held 31 pazdziernik 2004 (next to be held pazdziernik 2009)

election results: Chamber of Senators - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - EP-FA 16, Blanco 11, Colorado Party 3; Chamber of Representatives - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - EP-FA 52, Blanco 36, Colorado Party 10, Independent Party 1
Zywotnosc total population: 76.13 years

male: 72.92 years

female: 79.45 years (2005 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 98%

male: 97.6%

female: 98.4% (2003 est.)
Lokalizacja Southern South America, bordering the South Ocean Atlantycki, between Argentyna and Brazylia
Lokalizacja na mapie South America
Morskie obszary territorial sea: 12 nm

contiguous zone: 24 nm

exclusive economic zone: 200 nm

continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
Flota handlowa total: 11 ships (1,000 GRT or over) 10,918 GRT/10,342 DWT

by type: cargo 1, chemical tanker 1, passenger/cargo 6, petroleum tanker 2, roll on/roll off 1

foreign-owned: 4 (Argentyna 3, Grecja 1)

registered w other countries: 8 (2005)
Wojsko Army, Navy (includes Naval Air Arm, Marines, Maritime Prefecture w wartime), Air Force
Wojska - wydatki (w dolarach) $257.5 million (2004)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 2% (2004)
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day, 25 sierpien (1825)
Narodowosc noun: Urugwajan(s)

adjective: Urugwajan
Naturalne zagrozenia seasonally high winds (the pampero is a chilly and occasional violent wind which blows north from the Argentine pampas), droughts, floods; because of the absence of mountains, which act as weather barriers, all locations are particularly vulnerable to rapid changes from weather fronts
Surowce naturalne arable land, hydropower, minor minerals, fisheries
Wspolczynnik migracji -0.28 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2005 est.)
Rurociagi gas 192 km (2004)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Colorado Party [Jorge BATLLE Ibanez]; National Party or Blanco [Luis Alberto LACALLE Herrera]; New Sector/Space Coalition (Nuevo Espacio) [Rafael MICHELINI]; Progressive Encounter/Broad Front Coalition (Encuentro Progresista/Frente Amplio) or EP-FA [Tabare VAZQUEZ]; Independent Party (Partido Independiente) [leader NA]
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow Agrupacion UTE (powerful state worker's union), Rural Association of Urugwaj (rancher's association), Urugwajan Construction League, Chamber of Urugwajan Przemysl (manufacturer's association), Chemist and Pharmaceutical Association (professional organization), Architect's Society of Urugwaj (professional organization), the Catholic Church, students
Ludnosc 3,415,920 (lipiec 2005 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 21% of households (2003)
Przyrost naturalny 0.47% (2005 est.)
Porty i stocznie Montevideo
Stacje radiowe AM 91, FM 149, shortwave 7 (2001)
Linie kolejowe total: 2,073 km

standard gauge: 2,073 km 1.435-m gauge

note: 461 km have been taken out of service and 460 km are w partial use (2004)
Religie Roman Catholic 66% (less than half of the adult population attends church regularly), Protestant 2%, Jewish 1%, nonprofessing or other 31%
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.04 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.69 male(s)/female

total population: 0.95 male(s)/female (2005 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal and compulsory
System telefoniczny general assessment: fully digitalized

domestic: most modern facilities concentrated w Montevideo; new nationwide microwave radio relay network

international: country code - 598; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (Ocean Atlantycki) (2002)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 946,500 (2002)
Telefony komorkowe 652,000 (2002)
Stacje telewizyjne 23 (2002)
Uksztaltowanie terenu mostly rolling plains and low hills; fertile coastal lowland
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 1.91 children born/woman (2005 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 13% (2004 est.)
Drogi wodne 1,600 km (2002)
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