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Urugwaj 2001 roku

 Urugwaj
Podzial administracyjny 19 departments (departamentos, singular - departamento); Artigas, Canelones, Cerro Largo, Colonia, Durazno, Flores, Florida, Lavalleja, Maldonado, Montevideo, Paysandu, Rio Negro, Rivera, Rocha, Salto, San Jose, Soriano, Tacuarembo, Treinta y Tres
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years:
24.39% (male 419,932; female 399,605)

15-64 years:
62.61% (male 1,038,785; female 1,064,891)

65 years and over:
13% (male 180,130; female 256,762) (2001 est.)
Rolinictwo wheat, rice, barley, corn, sorghum; livestock; fish
Lotniska 64 (2000 est.)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total:
15

2,438 to 3,047 m:
1

1,524 to 2,437 m:
5

914 to 1,523 m:
8

under 914 m:
1 (2000 est.)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total:
49

1,524 to 2,437 m:
2

914 to 1,523 m:
16

under 914 m:
31 (2000 est.)
Terytorium total:
176,220 sq km

land:
173,620 sq km

water:
2,600 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly smaller than the state of Washington
Tlo historyczne A violent Marxist urban guerrilla movement, the Tupamaros, launched w the late 1960s, led Urugwaj's president to agree to military control of his administration w 1973. By the end of the year the rebels had been crushed, but the military continued to expand its hold throughout the government. Civilian rule was not restored until 1985. Urugwaj's political and labor conditions are among the freest on the continent.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 17.36 births/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Budzet revenues:
$4 billion

expenditures:
$4.6 billion, including capital expenditures of $500 million (2000 est.)
Stolica Montevideo
Klimat warm temperate; freezing temperatures almost unknown
Linia brzegowa 660 km
Konstytucja 27 listopad 1966, effective luty 1967, suspended 27 czerwiec 1973, new constitution rejected by referendum 30 listopad 1980; two constitutional reforms approved by plebiscite 26 listopad 1989 and 7 styczen 1997
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form:
Oriental Republic of Urugwaj

conventional short form:
Urugwaj

local long form:
Republica Oriental del Urugwaj

local short form:
Urugwaj

former:
Banda Oriental, Cisplatine Province
Waluta Urugwajan peso (UYU)
Wspolczynnik zgonow 9.03 deaths/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $8 billion (2000 est.)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission:
Ambassador Christopher C. ASHBY

embassy:
Lauro Muller 1776, Montevideo 11100

mailing address:
APO AA 34035

telephone:
[598] (2) 408-777, 203-6061

FAX:
[598] (2) 48 86 11
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission:
Ambassador Hugo FERNANDEZ Faingold

chancery:
2715 M Street, NW, Washington, DC 20007

telephone:
[1] (202) 331-1313 through 1316

FAX:
[1] (202) 331-8142

consulate(s) general:
Chicago, Los Angeles, Miami, and New York
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje none
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $NA
Ekonomia Urugwaj's economy is characterized by an export-oriented agricultural sector, a well-educated workforce, relatively even income distribution, and high levels of social spending. After averaging growth of 5% annually w 1996-98, w 1999-2000 the economy suffered from lower demand w Argentyna and Brazylia, which together account dla about half of Urugwaj's exports. Despite the severity of the trade shocks, Urugwaj's financial indicators remained more stable than those of its neighbors, a reflection of its solid reputation among investors and its investment-grade sovereign bond rating - one of only two w Latin America. Challenges dla the government of President Jorge BATLLE include expanding Urugwaj's trade ties beyond its MERCOSUR trade partners and reducing the costs of public services. Produkt krajowy brutto fell by 1.1% w 2000 and will grow by perhaps 1.5% w 2001.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 5.89 billion kWh (1999)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 215 million kWh (1999)
Elektrycznosc - import 800 million kWh (1999)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 5.704 billion kWh (1999)
Elektrycznosc - zrodla energii fossil fuel:
3.86%

hydro:
95.44%

nuclear:
0%

other:
0.7% (1999)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point:
Ocean Atlantycki 0 m

highest point:
Cerro Catedral 514 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy water pollution from meat packing/tannery industry; inadequate solid/hazardous waste disposal
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to:
Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands

signed, but not ratified:
Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban
Grupy etniczne white 88%, mestizo 8%, black 4%, Amerindian, practically nonexistent
Kurs waluty Urugwajan pesos per US dollar - 12.5610 (styczen 2001), 12.0996 (2000), 11.3393 (1999), 10.4719 (1998), 9.4418 (1997), 7.9718 (1996)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state:
President Jorge BATLLE (since 1 marzec 2000) and Vice President Luis HIERRO (since 1 marzec 2000); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government

head of government:
President Jorge BATLLE (since 1 marzec 2000) and Vice President Luis HIERRO (since 1 marzec 2000); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government

cabinet:
Council of Ministers appointed by the president z parliamentary approval

elections:
president and vice president elected on the same ticket by popular vote dla five-year terms; election last held 31 pazdziernik 1999 z run-off election on 28 listopad 1999 (next to be held NA 2004)

election results:
Jorge BATLLE elected president; percent of vote - Jorge BATLLE 52% w a runoff against Tabare VAZQUEZ 44%
Eksport 215 million kWh (1999)
Eksport $2.6 billion (f.o.b., 2000 est.)
Eksport - towary meat, rice, leather products, vehicles, dairy products, wool, electricity
Eksport - partnerzy MERCOSUR partners 45%, EU 20%, US 7% (1999 est.)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi nine equal horizontal stripes of white (top and bottom) alternating z blue; there is a white square w the upper hoist-side corner z a yellow sun bearing a human face known as the Sun of maj and 16 rays alternately triangular and wavy
Produkt krajowy brutto purchasing power parity - $31 billion (2000 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture:
10%

industry:
28%

services:
62% (1999)
Produkt krajowy brutto - per capita purchasing power parity - $9,300 (2000 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu -1.1% (2000 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 33 00 S, 56 00 W
Autostrady total:
8,983 km

paved:
8,085 km

unpaved:
898 km (1999)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%:
NA%

highest 10%:
NA%
Import 800 million kWh (1999)
Import $3.4 billion (f.o.b., 2000 est.)
Import - towary road vehicles, electrical machinery, metal manufactures, heavy industrial machinery, crude petroleum
Import - partnerzy MERCOSUR partners 43%, EU 20%, US 11% (1999 est.)
Niepodleglosc 25 sierpien 1825 (from Brazylia)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle -2.1% (2000 est.)
Przemysl food processing, electrical machinery, transportation equipment, petroleum products, textiles, chemicals, beverages
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow 14.7 deaths/1,000 live births (2001 est.)
Inflacja 4.8% (2000 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji CCC, ECLAC, FAO, G-11, G-77, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICRM, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, LAES, LAIA, Mercosur, MINURSO, MONUC, NAM (observer), OAS, OPANAL, OPCW, PCA, RG, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNIKOM, UNMEE, UNMOGIP, UNMOT, UNOMIG, UNTAET, UPU, WCL, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO
Dostawcy internetu 7 (2000)
Nawadniane tereny 7,700 sq km (1997 est.)
Sadownictwo Supreme Court (judges are nominated by the president and elected dla 10-year terms by the General Assembly)
Sila robocza 1.5 million (1999 est.)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture NA%, industry NA%, services NA%
Granica total:
1,564 km

border countries:
Argentyna 579 km, Brazylia 985 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land:
7%

permanent crops:
0%

permanent pastures:
77%

forests and woodland:
6%

other:
10% (1997 est.)
Jezyki Spanish, Portunol, or Brazyliaero (Portuguese-Spanish mix on the Brazyliaian frontier)
System prawny based on Spanish civil law system; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Wladza ustawodawcza bicameral General Assembly or Asamblea General consists of Chamber of Senators or Camara de Senadores (30 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms) and Chamber of Representatives or Camara de Representantes (99 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)

elections:
Chamber of Senators - last held 31 pazdziernik 1999 (next to be held NA 2004); Chamber of Representatives - last held 31 pazdziernik 1999 (next to be held NA 2004)

election results:
Chamber of Senators - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - Encuentro Progresista 12, Colorado Party 10, Blanco 7, New Sector/Space Coalition 1; Chamber of Representatives - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - Encuentro Progresista 40, Colorado Party 33, Blanco 22, New Sector/Space Coalition 4
Zywotnosc total population:
75.44 years

male:
72.11 years

female:
78.96 years (2001 est.)
Pismienni definition:
age 15 and over can read and write

total population:
97.3%

male:
96.9%

female:
97.7% (1995 est.)
Lokalizacja Southern South America, bordering the South Ocean Atlantycki, between Argentyna and Brazylia
Lokalizacja na mapie South America
Morskie obszary contiguous zone:
24 NM

continental shelf:
200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation

exclusive economic zone:
200 NM

territorial sea:
12 NM
Flota handlowa total:
2 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 7,752 GRT/5,228 DWT

ships by type:
petroleum tanker 1, roll on/roll off 1 (2000 est.)
Wojsko Army, Navy (includes Naval Air Arm, Coast Guard, Marines), Air Force, Police (Coracero Guard, Grenadier Guard)
Wojska - wydatki (w dolarach) $172 million (FY98)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 0.9% (FY98)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (w wieku poborowym) males age 15-49:
817,535 (2001 est.)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (zdolni do sluzby wojskowej) males age 15-49:
661,777 (2001 est.)
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day, 25 sierpien (1825)
Narodowosc noun:
Urugwajan(s)

adjective:
Urugwajan
Naturalne zagrozenia seasonally high winds (the pampero is a chilly and occasional violent wind which blows north from the Argentine pampas), droughts, floods; because of the absence of mountains, which act as weather barriers, all locations are particularly vulnerable to rapid changes w weather fronts
Surowce naturalne arable land, hydropower, minor minerals, fisheries
Wspolczynnik migracji -0.51 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Colorado Party [Jorge BATLLE]; National Party or Blanco [Alberto VOLONTE]; New Sector/Space Coalition or Nuevo Espacio [Rafael MICHELINI]; Progressive Encounter w the Broad Front or Encuentro Progresista [Tabare VAZQUEZ]
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow NA
Ludnosc 3,360,105 (lipiec 2001 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa NA%
Przyrost naturalny 0.78% (2001 est.)
Porty i stocznie Fray Bentos, Montevideo, Nueva Palmira, Paysandu, Punta del Este, Colonia, Piriapolis
Stacje radiowe AM 94, FM 115, shortwave 14 (seven are inactive) (1998)
Radia 1.97 million (1997)
Linie kolejowe total:
2,073 km

standard gauge:
2,073 km 1.435-m gauge (2000)
Religie Roman Catholic 66% (less than one-half of the adult population attends church regularly), Protestant 2%, Jewish 1%, nonprofessing or other 31%
Wspolczynnik plci at birth:
1.06 male(s)/female

under 15 years:
1.05 male(s)/female

15-64 years:
0.98 male(s)/female

65 years and over:
0.7 male(s)/female

total population:
0.95 male(s)/female (2001 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal and compulsory
System telefoniczny general assessment:
some modern facilities

domestic:
most modern facilities concentrated w Montevideo; new nationwide microwave radio relay network

international:
satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (Ocean Atlantycki)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 850,000 (2000)
Telefony komorkowe 300,000 (2000)
Stacje telewizyjne 26 (plus ten low-power repeaters dla the Montevideo station) (1997)
Uksztaltowanie terenu mostly rolling plains and low hills; fertile coastal lowland
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 2.36 children born/woman (2001 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 14% (2000 est.)
Drogi wodne 1,600 km ( used by coastal and shallow-draft river craft)
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