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United Arab Emirates (2003)

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United Arab Emirates 2003 year

 United Arab Emirates
Administrative divisions 7 emirates (imarat, singular - imarah); Abu Zaby (Abu Dhabi), 'Ajman, Al Fujayrah, Ash Shariqah (Sharjah), Dubayy (Dubai), Ra's al Khaymah, Umm al Qaywayn
Age structure 0-14 years: 26.7% (male 338,245; female 324,866)

15-64 years: 70.4% (male 1,087,927; female 661,349)

65 years and over: 2.9% (male 52,059; female 20,372) (2003 est.)
Agriculture - products dates, vegetables, watermelons; poultry, eggs, dairy products; fish
Airports 41 (2002)
Airports - with paved runways total: 22

over 3,047 m: 8

2,438 to 3,047 m: 3

1,524 to 2,437 m: 4

914 to 1,523 m: 3

under 914 m: 4 (2002)
Airports - with unpaved runways total: 19

over 3,047 m: 1

2,438 to 3,047 m: 1

1,524 to 2,437 m: 3

914 to 1,523 m: 9

under 914 m: 5 (2002)
Area total: 82,880 sq km

land: 82,880 sq km

water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative slightly smaller than Maine
Background The Trucial States of the Persian Gulf coast granted the UK control of their defense and foreign affairs in 19th century treaties. In 1971, six of these states - Abu Zaby, 'Ajman, Al Fujayrah, Ash Shariqah, Dubayy, and Umm al Qaywayn - merged to form the United Arab Emirates (UAE). They were joined in 1972 by Ra's al Khaymah. The UAE's per capita GDP is not far below those of leading West European nations. Its generosity with oil revenues and its moderate foreign policy stance have allowed the UAE to play a vital role in the affairs of the region.
Birth rate 18.48 births/1,000 population (2003 est.)
Budget revenues: $20 billion

expenditures: $22 billion, including capital expenditures of $NA (2000 est.)
Capital Abu Dhabi
Climate desert; cooler in eastern mountains
Coastline 1,318 km
Constitution 2 December 1971 (made permanent in 1996)
Country name conventional long form: United Arab Emirates

conventional short form: none

local long form: Al Imarat al Arabiyah al Muttahidah

local short form: none

former: Trucial Oman, Trucial States

abbreviation: UAE
Currency Emirati dirham (AED)
Death rate 4.02 deaths/1,000 population (2003 est.)
Debt - external $18.5 billion (2002 est.)
Diplomatic representation from the US chief of mission: Ambassador Marcelle M. WAHBA

embassy: Al-Sudan Street, Abu Dhabi

mailing address: P. O. Box 4009, Abu Dhabi

telephone: [971] (2) 4436691

FAX: [971] (2) 4435441

consulate(s) general: Dubai
Diplomatic representation in the US chief of mission: Ambassador Asri Said Ahmad al-DHAHIRI

chancery: 3522 International Court NW, Washington, DC 20037

telephone: [1] (202) 243-2400

FAX: [1] (202) 243-2432
Disputes - international because the treaties have not been made public, the exact alignment of the boundary with Saudi Arabia is still unknown and labeled approximate; boundary agreement signed and ratified with Oman in 2003 for entire border, including Oman's Musandam Peninsula and Al Madhah enclaves; UAE engage direct talks and Arab League support to resolve disputes over Iran's occupation of Lesser and Greater Tunb islands and Abu Musa island
Economic aid - donor $NA
Economy - overview The UAE has an open economy with a high per capita income and a sizable annual trade surplus. Its wealth is based on oil and gas output (about 33% of GDP), and the fortunes of the economy fluctuate with the prices of those commodities. Since 1973, the UAE has undergone a profound transformation from an impoverished region of small desert principalities to a modern state with a high standard of living. At present levels of production, oil and gas reserves should last for more than 100 years. The government has increased spending on job creation and infrastructure expansion and is opening up its utilities to greater private sector involvement.
Electricity - consumption 35.1 billion kWh (2001)
Electricity - exports 0 kWh (2001)
Electricity - imports 0 kWh (2001)
Electricity - production 37.74 billion kWh (2001)
Electricity - production by source fossil fuel: 100%

hydro: 0%

nuclear: 0%

other: 0% (2001)
Elevation extremes lowest point: Persian Gulf 0 m

highest point: Jabal Yibir 1,527 m
Environment - current issues lack of natural freshwater resources compensated by desalination plants; desertification; beach pollution from oil spills
Environment - international agreements party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection

signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea
Ethnic groups Emirati 19%, other Arab and Iranian 23%, South Asian 50%, other expatriates (includes Westerners and East Asians) 8% (1982)

note: less than 20% are UAE citizens (1982)
Exchange rates Emirati dirhams per US dollar - 3.67 (2002), 3.67 (2001), 3.67 (2000), 3.67 (1999), 3.67 (1998)
Executive branch chief of state: President ZAYID bin Sultan Al Nuhayyan (since 2 December 1971), ruler of Abu Zaby (Abu Dhabi) (since 6 August 1966) and Vice President MAKTUM bin Rashid al-Maktum (since 8 October 1990), ruler of Dubayy (Dubai)

head of government: Prime Minister MAKTUM bin Rashid al-Maktum (since 8 October 1990), ruler of Dubayy (Dubai); Deputy Prime Minister SULTAN bin Zayid Al Nuhayyan (since 20 November 1990)

cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president

note: there is also a Federal Supreme Council (FSC) composed of the seven emirate rulers; the FSC is the highest constitutional authority in the UAE; establishes general policies and sanctions federal legislation; meets four times a year; Abu Zaby (Abu Dhabi) and Dubayy (Dubai) rulers have effective veto power

elections: president and vice president elected by the FSC (a group of seven electors) for five-year terms; election last held 2 December 2001 (next to be held NA 2006); prime minister and deputy prime minister appointed by the president

election results: ZAYID bin Sultan Al Nuhayyan reelected president; percent of FSC vote - NA%, but believed to be unanimous; MAKTUM bin Rashid al-Maktum elected vice president; percent of FSC vote - NA%, but believed to be unanimous
Exports 0 kWh (2001)
Exports $44.9 billion f.o.b. (2002 est.)
Exports 7.08 billion cu m (2001 est.)
Exports NA (2001)
Exports - commodities crude oil 45%, natural gas, reexports, dried fish, dates
Exports - partners Japan 27.8%, South Korea 10.1%, Singapore 3.8% (2002)
Fiscal year calendar year
Flag description three equal horizontal bands of green (top), white, and black with a wider vertical red band on the hoist side
GDP purchasing power parity - $53.97 billion (2002 est.)
GDP - composition by sector agriculture: 3%

industry: 46%

services: 51% (2000 est.)
GDP - per capita purchasing power parity - $22,100 (2002 est.)
GDP - real growth rate 1.8% (2002 est.)
Geographic coordinates 24 00 N, 54 00 E
Geography - note strategic location along southern approaches to Strait of Hormuz, a vital transit point for world crude oil
Heliports 2 (2002)
Highways total: 1,088 km

paved: 1,088 km (including 253 km of expressways)

unpaved: 0 km (1999 est.)
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%: NA%

highest 10%: NA%
Illicit drugs the UAE is a drug transshipment point for traffickers given its proximity to southwest Asian drug producing countries; the UAE's position as a major financial center makes it vulnerable to money laundering; anti-money-laundering legislation was signed into law by the president on 25 January 2002
Imports 0 kWh (2001)
Imports $30.8 billion f.o.b. (2002 est.)
Imports 0 cu m (2001 est.)
Imports NA (2001)
Imports - commodities machinery and transport equipment, chemicals, food
Imports - partners US 8.1%, China 7.8%, Japan 6.6%, Germany 6.5%, India 5.7%, France 5.6%, UK 5.4%, South Korea 5.1%, Iran 4.2% (2002)
Independence 2 December 1971 (from UK)
Industrial production growth rate 4% (2000)
Industries petroleum, fishing, petrochemicals, construction materials, some boat building, handicrafts, pearling
Infant mortality rate total: 15.58 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 18.32 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 12.69 deaths/1,000 live births (2003 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 2.8% (2002 est.)
International organization participation ABEDA, AFESD, AL, AMF, CAEU, ESCWA, FAO, G-77, GCC, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt (signatory), ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, ISO, ITU, NAM, OAPEC, OIC, OPCW, OPEC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTrO
Internet Service Providers (ISPs) 1 (2000)
Irrigated land 720 sq km (1998 est.)
Judicial branch Union Supreme Court (judges are appointed by the president)
Labor force 1.6 million (2000 est.)

note: 73.9% of the population in the 15-64 age group is non-national (July 2002 est.) (2000 est.)
Labor force - by occupation services 78%, industry 15%, agriculture 7% (2000 est.)
Land boundaries total: 867 km

border countries: Oman 410 km, Saudi Arabia 457 km
Land use arable land: 0.48%

permanent crops: 0.49%

other: 99.03% (1998 est.)
Languages Arabic (official), Persian, English, Hindi, Urdu
Legal system federal court system introduced in 1971; all emirates except Dubayy (Dubai) and Ra's al Khaymah are not fully integrated into the federal system; all emirates have secular and Islamic law for civil, criminal, and high courts
Legislative branch unicameral Federal National Council or Majlis al-Ittihad al-Watani (40 seats; members appointed by the rulers of the constituent states to serve two-year terms)

elections: none

note: reviews legislation, but cannot change or veto
Life expectancy at birth total population: 74.75 years

male: 72.28 years

female: 77.35 years (2003 est.)
Literacy definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 77.9%

male: 76.1%

female: 81.7% (2003 est.)
Location Middle East, bordering the Gulf of Oman and the Persian Gulf, between Oman and Saudi Arabia
Map references Middle East
Maritime claims contiguous zone: 24 NM

continental shelf: 200 NM or to the edge of the continental margin

exclusive economic zone: 200 NM

territorial sea: 12 NM
Merchant marine total: 61 ships (1,000 GRT or over) 815,428 GRT/1,207,346 DWT

ships by type: cargo 12, chemical tanker 4, container 7, liquefied gas 1, livestock carrier 1, petroleum tanker 25, roll on/roll off 6, short-sea passenger 4, specialized tanker 1

note: includes some foreign-owned ships registered here as a flag of convenience: Greece 2, Italy 1, Kuwait 2 (2002 est.)
Military branches Army, Navy (including Marines and Coast Guard), Air Force, Air Defense, paramilitary forces (includes Federal Police Force)
Military expenditures - dollar figure $1.6 billion (FY00)
Military expenditures - percent of GDP 3.1% (FY00)
Military manpower - availability males age 15-49: 764,413

note: includes non-nationals (2003 est.)
Military manpower - fit for military service males age 15-49: 416,963 (2003 est.)
Military manpower - military age 18 years of age (2003 est.)
Military manpower - reaching military age annually males: 26,636 (2003 est.)
National holiday Independence Day, 2 December (1971)
Nationality noun: Emirati(s)

adjective: Emirati
Natural hazards frequent sand and dust storms
Natural resources petroleum, natural gas
Net migration rate 1.22 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2003 est.)
Pipelines condensate 383 km; gas 1,765 km; liquid petroleum gas 186 km; oil 1,266 km (2003)
Political parties and leaders none
Political pressure groups and leaders NA
Population 2,484,818

note: includes an estimated 1,606,079 non-nationals; the 17 December 1995 census presents a total population figure of 2,377,453, and there are estimates of 3.44 million for 2002 (July 2003 est.)
Population below poverty line NA%
Population growth rate 1.57% (2003 est.)
Ports and harbors 'Ajman, Al Fujayrah, Das Island, Khawr Fakkan, Mina' Jabal 'Ali, Mina' Khalid, Mina' Rashid, Mina' Saqr, Mina' Zayid, Umm al Qaywayn
Radio broadcast stations AM 13, FM 7, shortwave 2 (1998)
Railways 0 km
Religions Muslim 96% (Shi'a 16%), Christian, Hindu, and other 4%
Sex ratio at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 1.65 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 2.56 male(s)/female

total population: 1.47 male(s)/female (2003 est.)
Suffrage none
Telephone system general assessment: modern system of microwave radio relay and coaxial cable; key centers are Abu Dhabi and Dubai

domestic: microwave radio relay and coaxial cable

international: satellite earth stations - 3 Intelsat (1 Atlantic Ocean and 2 Indian Ocean) and 1 Arabsat; submarine cables to Qatar, Bahrain, India, and Pakistan; tropospheric scatter to Bahrain; microwave radio relay to Saudi Arabia
Telephones - main lines in use 915,223 (1998)
Telephones - mobile cellular 1 million (1999)
Television broadcast stations 15 (1997)
Terrain flat, barren coastal plain merging into rolling sand dunes of vast desert wasteland; mountains in east
Total fertility rate 3.09 children born/woman (2003 est.)
Unemployment rate NA%
Waterways none
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