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Turks and Caicos Islands (2008)

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Turks and Caicos Islands 2008 year

 Turks and Caicos Islands
Administrative divisions none (overseas territory of the UK)
Age structure 0-14 years: 31.3% (male 3,466/female 3,345)

15-64 years: 64.8% (male 7,398/female 6,690)

65 years and over: 3.9% (male 394/female 453) (2007 est.)
Agriculture - products corn, beans, cassava (tapioca), citrus fruits; fish
Airports 8 (2007)
Airports - with paved runways total: 6

1,524 to 2,437 m: 3

914 to 1,523 m: 1

under 914 m: 2 (2007)
Airports - with unpaved runways total: 2

under 914 m: 2 (2007)
Area total: 430 sq km

land: 430 sq km

water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative 2.5 times the size of Washington, DC
Background The islands were part of the UK's Jamaican colony until 1962, when they assumed the status of a separate crown colony upon Jamaica's independence. The governor of The Bahamas oversaw affairs from 1965 to 1973. With Bahamian independence, the islands received a separate governor in 1973. Although independence was agreed upon for 1982, the policy was reversed and the islands remain a British overseas territory.
Birth rate 21.48 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budget revenues: $47 million

expenditures: $33.6 million (1997-98 est.)
Capital name: Grand Turk (Cockburn Town)

geographic coordinates: 21 28 N, 71 08 W

time difference: UTC-5 (same time as Washington, DC during Standard Time)

daylight saving time: +1hr, begins first Sunday in April; ends last Sunday in October
Climate tropical; marine; moderated by trade winds; sunny and relatively dry
Coastline 389 km
Constitution Turks and Caicos Islands Constitution Order 2006 (effective 9 August 2006)
Country name conventional long form: none

conventional short form: Turks and Caicos Islands

abbreviation: TCI
Death rate 4.23 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Debt - external $NA
Dependency status overseas territory of the UK
Diplomatic representation from the US none (overseas territory of the UK)
Diplomatic representation in the US none (overseas territory of the UK)
Disputes - international have received Haitians fleeing economic and civil disorder
Economic aid - recipient $4.1 million (1997)
Economy - overview The Turks and Caicos economy is based on tourism, offshore financial services, and fishing. Most capital goods and food for domestic consumption are imported. The US is the leading source of tourists, accounting for more than three-quarters of the 175,000 visitors that arrived in 2004. Major sources of government revenue also include fees from offshore financial activities and customs receipts.
Electricity - consumption 10.76 million kWh (2005)
Electricity - exports 0 kWh (2005)
Electricity - imports 0 kWh (2005)
Electricity - production 11.57 million kWh (2005)
Elevation extremes lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m

highest point: Blue Hills 49 m
Environment - current issues limited natural fresh water resources, private cisterns collect rainwater
Ethnic groups black 90%, mixed, European, or North American 10%
Exchange rates the US dollar is used
Executive branch chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor Richard TAUWHARE (since 11 July 2005)

head of government: Premier Michael Eugene MISICK (since 15 August 2003); note - the office of premier was created in the 2006 constitution

cabinet: Cabinet consists of the governor, the premier, six ministers appointed by the governor from among the members of the House of Assembly, and the attorney general

elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; governor appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party is appointed premier by the governor
Exports 0 kWh (2005)
Exports $169.2 million (2000)
Exports 0 cu m (2005 est.)
Exports 0 bbl/day (2004)
Exports - commodities lobster, dried and fresh conch, conch shells
Exports - partners US, UK (2006)
Fiscal year calendar year
Flag description blue, with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant and the colonial shield centered on the outer half of the flag; the shield is yellow and contains a conch shell, lobster, and cactus
GDP - composition by sector agriculture: NA%

industry: NA%

services: NA%
GDP - real growth rate 4.9% (2000 est.)
Geographic coordinates 21 45 N, 71 35 W
Geography - note about 40 islands (eight inhabited)
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%: NA%

highest 10%: NA%
Illicit drugs transshipment point for South American narcotics destined for the US and Europe
Imports 0 kWh (2005)
Imports $175.6 million (2000)
Imports 0 cu m (2005)
Imports 83.55 bbl/day (2004)
Imports - commodities food and beverages, tobacco, clothing, manufactures, construction materials
Imports - partners US, UK (2006)
Independence none (overseas territory of the UK)
Industrial production growth rate NA%
Industries tourism, offshore financial services
Infant mortality rate total: 14.7 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 17 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 12.29 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 4% (1995)
International organization participation Caricom (associate), CDB, Interpol (subbureau), UPU
Irrigated land NA
Judicial branch Supreme Court; Court of Appeal
Labor force 4,848 (1990 est.)
Labor force - by occupation note: about 33% in government and 20% in agriculture and fishing; significant numbers in tourism, financial, and other services
Land boundaries 0 km
Land use arable land: 2.33%

permanent crops: 0%

other: 97.67% (2005)
Languages English (official)
Legal system based on laws of England and Wales, with a few adopted from Jamaica and The Bahamas
Legislative branch unicameral House of Assembly (21 seats of which 15 are popularly elected; members serve four-year terms)

elections: last held 9 February 2007 (next to be held in 2011)

election results: percent of vote by party - PNP 60%, PDM 40%; seats by party - PNP 13, PDM 2
Life expectancy at birth total population: 74.95 years

male: 72.69 years

female: 77.32 years (2007 est.)
Literacy definition: age 15 and over has ever attended school

total population: 98%

male: 99%

female: 98% (1970 est.)
Location Caribbean, two island groups in the North Atlantic Ocean, southeast of The Bahamas, north of Haiti
Map references Central America and the Caribbean
Maritime claims territorial sea: 12 nm

exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
Merchant marine registered in other countries: 1 (Panama 1) (2007)
Military - note defense is the responsibility of the UK
National holiday Constitution Day, 30 August (1976)
Nationality noun: none

adjective: none
Natural hazards frequent hurricanes
Natural resources spiny lobster, conch
Net migration rate 9.98 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
People - note destination and transit point for illegal Haitian immigrants bound for the Turks and Caicos Islands, The Bahamas, and the US
Political parties and leaders People's Democratic Movement or PDM [Floyd SEYMOUR]; Progressive National Party or PNP [Michael Eugene MISICK]
Political pressure groups and leaders NA
Population 21,746 (July 2007 est.)
Population below poverty line NA%
Population growth rate 2.722% (2007 est.)
Radio broadcast stations AM 2, FM 7, shortwave 0 (2003)
Religions Baptist 40%, Anglican 18%, Methodist 16%, Church of God 12%, other 14% (1990)
Sex ratio at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.036 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 1.106 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.87 male(s)/female

total population: 1.073 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal
Telephone system general assessment: fully digital system with international direct dialing

domestic: full range of services available; GSM wireless service available

international: country code - 1-649; the Americas Region Caribbean Ring System (ARCOS-1) fiber optic telecommunications submarine cable provides connectivity to South and Central America, parts of the Caribbean, and US; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean)
Telephones - main lines in use 5,700 (2002)
Telephones - mobile cellular 1,700 (1999)
Television broadcast stations 0 (broadcasts received from The Bahamas; 2 cable television networks) (2003)
Terrain low, flat limestone; extensive marshes and mangrove swamps
Total fertility rate 3.02 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Unemployment rate 10% (1997 est.)
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