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Turks and Caicos Islands (2002)

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Turks and Caicos Islands 2002 year

 Turks and Caicos Islands
Administrative divisions none (overseas territory of the UK)
Age structure 0-14 years: 32.6% (male 3,101; female 3,004)

15-64 years: 63.6% (male 6,266; female 5,651)

65 years and over: 3.8% (male 319; female 397) (2002 est.)
Agriculture - products corn, beans, cassava (tapioca), citrus fruits; fish
Airports 8 (2001)
Airports - with paved runways total: 5

1,524 to 2,437 m: 3

914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2002)
Airports - with unpaved runways total: 3

914 to 1,523 m: 1

under 914 m: 2 (2002)
Area total: 430 sq km

land: 430 sq km

water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative 2.5 times the size of Washington, DC
Background The islands were part of the UK's Jamaican colony until 1962, when they assumed the status of a separate crown colony upon Jamaica's independence. The governor of The Bahamas oversaw affairs from 1965 to 1973. With Bahamian independence, the islands received a separate governor in 1973. Although independence was agreed upon for 1982, the policy was reversed and the islands are presently a British overseas territory.
Birth rate 24.18 births/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Budget revenues: $47 million

expenditures: $33.6 million, including capital expenditures of $NA (1997-98 est.)
Capital Grand Turk (Cockburn Town)
Climate tropical; marine; moderated by trade winds; sunny and relatively dry
Coastline 389 km
Constitution introduced 30 August 1976; suspended in 1986; restored and revised 5 March 1988
Country name conventional long form: none

conventional short form: Turks and Caicos Islands
Currency US dollar (USD)
Death rate 4.38 deaths/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Debt - external $NA
Dependency status overseas territory of the UK
Diplomatic representation from the US none (overseas territory of the UK)
Diplomatic representation in the US none (overseas territory of the UK)
Disputes - international none
Economic aid - recipient $4.1 million (1997) (1997)
Economy - overview The Turks and Caicos economy is based on tourism, fishing, and offshore financial services. Most capital goods and food for domestic consumption are imported. The US is the leading source of tourists, accounting for more than half of the 93,000 visitors in 1998. Major sources of government revenue include fees from offshore financial activities and customs receipts.
Electricity - consumption 4.65 million kWh (2000)
Electricity - exports 0 kWh (2000)
Electricity - imports 0 kWh (2000)
Electricity - production 5 million kWh (2000)
Electricity - production by source fossil fuel: 100%

hydro: 0%

nuclear: 0%

other: 0% (2000)
Elevation extremes lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m

highest point: Blue Hills 49 m
Environment - current issues limited natural fresh water resources, private cisterns collect rainwater
Ethnic groups black
Exchange rates the US dollar is used
Executive branch chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1953), represented by Governor Jim POSTON (since 16 December 2002)

head of government: Chief Minister Derek H. TAYLOR (since 31 January 1995)

cabinet: Executive Council consists of three ex officio members and five appointed by the governor from among the members of the Legislative Council

elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; governor appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party is appointed chief minister by the governor
Exports 0 kWh (2000)
Exports $13.7 million (1999)
Exports - commodities lobster, dried and fresh conch, conch shells
Exports - partners US, UK
Fiscal year calendar year
Flag description blue, with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant and the colonial shield centered on the outer half of the flag; the shield is yellow and contains a conch shell, lobster, and cactus
GDP purchasing power parity - $128 million (1999 est.)
GDP - composition by sector agriculture: NA%

industry: NA%

services: NA%
GDP - per capita purchasing power parity - $7,300 (1999 est.)
GDP - real growth rate 8.7% (1999 est.)
Geographic coordinates 21 45 N, 71 35 W
Geography - note about 40 islands (eight inhabited)
Highways total: 121 km

paved: 24 km

unpaved: 97 km (2000)
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%: NA%

highest 10%: NA%
Illicit drugs transshipment point for South American narcotics destined for the US and Europe
Imports 0 kWh (2000)
Imports $175.6 million (1999)
Imports - commodities food and beverages, tobacco, clothing, manufactures, construction materials
Imports - partners US, UK
Independence none (overseas territory of the UK)
Industrial production growth rate NA%
Industries tourism, offshore financial services
Infant mortality rate 17.46 deaths/1,000 live births (2002 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 4% (1995) (1995)
International organization participation Caricom (associate), CDB, Interpol (subbureau)
Internet Service Providers (ISPs) 14 (2000)
Irrigated land NA sq km
Judicial branch Supreme Court
Labor force 4,848 (1990 est.)
Labor force - by occupation about 33% in government and 20% in agriculture and fishing; significant numbers in tourism, financial, and other services (1997 est.)
Land boundaries 0 km
Land use arable land: 2.33%

permanent crops: 0%

other: 97.67% (1998 est.)
Languages English (official)
Legal system based on laws of England and Wales, with a few adopted from Jamaica and The Bahamas
Legislative branch unicameral Legislative Council (19 seats, of which 13 are popularly elected; members serve four-year terms)

elections: last held 4 March 1999 (next to be held NA 2003)

election results: percent of vote by party - PDM 52.2%, PNP 40.9%, independent 6.9%; seats by party - PDM 9, PNP 4
Life expectancy at birth total population: 73.76 years

male: 71.59 years

female: 76.03 years (2002 est.)
Literacy definition: age 15 and over has ever attended school

total population: 98%

male: 99%

female: 98% (1970 est.)
Location Caribbean, two island groups in the North Atlantic Ocean, southeast of The Bahamas
Map references Central America and the Caribbean
Maritime claims exclusive fishing zone: 200 NM

territorial sea: 12 NM
Merchant marine none (2002 est.)
Military - note defense is the responsibility of the UK
National holiday Constitution Day, 30 August (1976)
Nationality noun: none

adjective: none
Natural hazards frequent hurricanes
Natural resources spiny lobster, conch
Net migration rate 12.97 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
People - note destination and transit point for illegal Haitian immigrants bound for the Turks and Caicos Islands, Bahamas, and US
Political parties and leaders People's Democratic Movement or PDM [Derek H. TAYLOR]; Progressive National Party or PNP [Washington MISICK]; United Democratic Party or UDP [Wendal SWANN]
Political pressure groups and leaders NA
Population 18,738 (July 2002 est.)
Population below poverty line NA%
Population growth rate 3.28% (2002 est.)
Ports and harbors Grand Turk, Providenciales
Radio broadcast stations AM 3 (one inactive), FM 6, shortwave 0 (1998)
Radios 8,000 (1997)
Railways 0 km
Religions Baptist 40%, Methodist 16%, Anglican 18%, Church of God 12%, other 14% (1990)
Sex ratio at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.03 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 1.11 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.8 male(s)/female

total population: 1.07 male(s)/female (2002 est.)
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal
Telephone system general assessment: fair cable and radiotelephone services

domestic: NA

international: 2 submarine cables; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean)
Telephones - main lines in use 3,000 (1994)
Telephones - mobile cellular 0 (1994)
Television broadcast stations 0 (broadcasts from The Bahamas are received; cable television is established) (1997)
Terrain low, flat limestone; extensive marshes and mangrove swamps
Total fertility rate 3.18 children born/woman (2002 est.)
Unemployment rate 10% (1997 est.)
Waterways none
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