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Trynidad i Tobago (2008)

Trynidad i Tobago - wybierz rok:
Trynidad i TobagoTrynidad i Tobago (2001) (porownaj)
Trynidad i TobagoTrynidad i Tobago (2002) (porownaj)
Trynidad i TobagoTrynidad i Tobago (2003) (porownaj)
Trynidad i TobagoTrynidad i Tobago (2004) (porownaj)
Trynidad i TobagoTrynidad i Tobago (2005) (porownaj)
Trynidad i TobagoTrynidad i Tobago (2006) (porownaj)
Trynidad i TobagoTrynidad i Tobago (2007) (porownaj)

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Trynidad i Tobago 2008 roku

 Trynidad i Tobago
Podzial administracyjny 9 regional corporations, 2 city corporations, 3 borough corporations, 1 ward

regional corporations: Couva/Tabaquite/Talparo, Diego Martin, majaro/Rio Claro, Penal/Debe, Princes Town, Sangre Grande, San Juan/Laventille, Siparia, Tunapuna/Piarco

city corporations: Port-of-Hiszpania, San Fernando

borough corporations: Arima, Chaguanas, Point Fortin

ward: Tobago
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 19.5% (male 105,994/female 100,156)

15-64 years: 71.6% (male 397,699/female 358,755)

65 years and over: 8.9% (male 42,039/female 51,965) (2007 est.)
Rolinictwo cocoa, rice, citrus, coffee, vegetables; poultry
Lotniska 6 (2007)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 3

over 3,047 m: 1

2,438 to 3,047 m: 1

1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2007)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 3

914 to 1,523 m: 1

under 914 m: 2 (2007)
Terytorium total: 5,128 sq km

land: 5,128 sq km

water: 0 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly smaller than Delaware
Tlo historyczne First colonized by the Spanish, the islands came under British control w the early 19th century. The islands' sugar industry was hurt by the emancipation of the slaves w 1834. Manpower was replaced z the importation of contract laborers from Indie between 1845 and 1917, which boosted sugar production as well as the cocoa industry. The discovery of oil on Trinidad w 1910 added another important export. Niepodleglosc was attained w 1962. The country is one of the most prosperous w the Caribbean thanks largely to petroleum and natural gas production and processing. Tourism, mostly w Tobago, is targeted dla expansion and is growing. The government is coping z a rise w violent crime.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 13.07 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budzet revenues: $6.415 billion

expenditures: $6.214 billion (2007 est.)
Stolica name: Port-of-Hiszpania

geographic coordinates: 10 39 N, 61 31 W

time difference: UTC-4 (1 hour ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Klimat tropical; rainy season (czerwiec to grudzien)
Linia brzegowa 362 km
Konstytucja 1 sierpien 1976
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Republic of Trynidad i Tobago

conventional short form: Trynidad i Tobago
Wspolczynnik zgonow 10.76 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $3.025 billion (31 grudzien 2007 est.)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador Roy L. AUSTIN

embassy: 15 Queen's Park West, Port-of-Hiszpania

mailing address: P. O. Box 752, Port-of-Hiszpania

telephone: [1] (868) 622-6371 through 6376

FAX: [1] (868) 628-5462
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Marina Annette VALERE

chancery: 1708 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20036

telephone: [1] (202) 467-6490

FAX: [1] (202) 785-3130

consulate(s) general: Miami, New York
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje in kwiecien 2006, the Permanent Court of Arbitration issued a decision that delimited a maritime boundary z Trynidad i Tobago and compelled Barbados to enter a fishing agreement that limited Barbadian fishermen's catches of flying fish w Trynidad i Tobago's exclusive economic zone; w 2005, Barbados and Trynidad i Tobago agreed to compulsory international arbitration under UNCLOS challenging whether the northern limit of Trynidad i Tobago's and Wenezuela's maritime boundary extends into Barbadian waters; Gujana has also expressed its intention to include itself w the arbitration as the Trynidad i Tobago-Wenezuela maritime boundary may extend into its waters as well
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $200,000 (2007 est.)
Ekonomia Trynidad i Tobago has earned a reputation as an excellent investment site dla international businesses and has one of the highest growth rates and per capita incomes w Latin America. Recent growth has been fueled by investments w liquefied natural gas (LNG), petrochemicals, and steel. Additional petrochemical, aluminum, and plastics projects are w various stages of planning. Trynidad i Tobago is the leading Caribbean producer of oil and gas, and its economy is heavily dependent upon these resources but it also supplies manufactured goods, notably food and beverages, as well as cement to the Caribbean region. Oil and gas account dla about 40% of Produkt krajowy brutto and 80% of exports, but only 5% of employment. The country is also a regional financial center, and tourism is a growing sector, although it is not proportionately as important as w many other Caribbean islands. The economy benefits from a growing trade surplus. Economic growth reached 12.6% w 2006 and 5.5% w 2007 as prices dla oil, petrochemicals, and LNG remained high, and as foreign direct investment continued to grow to support expanded capacity w the energy sector.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 7.083 billion kWh (2007)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - import 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 7.704 billion kWh (2007)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m

highest point: El Cerro del Aripo 940 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy water pollution from agricultural chemicals, industrial wastes, and raw sewage; oil pollution of beaches; deforestation; soil erosion
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands

signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Grupy etniczne Indien (South Asian) 40%, African 37.5%, mixed 20.5%, other 1.2%, unspecified 0.8% (2000 census)
Kurs waluty Trynidad i Tobago dollars per US dollar - 6.3275 (2007), 6.3107 (2006), 6.2842 (2005), 6.299 (2004), 6.2951 (2003)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President George Maxwell RICHARDS (since 17 marzec 2003)

head of government: Prime Minister Patrick MANNING (since 24 grudzien 2001)

cabinet: Cabinet appointed from among the members of Parliament

elections: president elected by an electoral college, which consists of the members of the Senate and House of Representatives, dla a five-year term (eligible dla a second term); election last held on 11 luty 2008 (next to be held by luty 2013); the president usually appoints as prime minister the leader of the majority party w the House of Representatives

election results: George Maxwell RICHARDS reelected president; percent of electoral college vote - NA
Eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Eksport $14.13 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Eksport 21.03 billion cu m (2007 est.)
Eksport 202,100 bbl/day (2004)
Eksport - towary petroleum and petroleum products, liquefied natural gas (LNG), methanol, ammonia, urea, steel products, beverages, cereal and cereal products, sugar, cocoa, coffee, citrus fruit, vegetables, flowers
Eksport - partnerzy US 59.8%, Hiszpania 5.3%, Jamajka 5.2% (2006)
Rok podatkowy 1 pazdziernik - 30 wrzesien
Opis flagi red z a white-edged black diagonal band from the upper hoist side to the lower fly side
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 0.6%

industry: 62%

services: 37.4% (2007 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 5.5% (2007 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 11 00 N, 61 00 W
Polozenie geograficzne Pitch Lake, on Trinidad's southwestern coast, is the world's largest natural reservoir of asphalt
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: NA%

highest 10%: NA%
Narkotyki transshipment point dla South American drugs destined dla the US and Europe; producer of cannabis
Import 0 kWh (2005)
Import $6.477 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Import 0 cu m (2007)
Import 91,780 bbl/day (2004)
Import - towary mineral fuels, lubricants, machinery, transportation equipment, manufactured goods, food, live animals, grain
Import - partnerzy US 30.6%, Brazylia 12%, Wenezuela 6.8%, Gabon 4.7%, Kolumbia 4.6% (2006)
Niepodleglosc 31 sierpien 1962 (from UK)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 8% (2007 est.)
Przemysl petroleum, chemicals, tourism, food processing, cement, beverage, cotton textiles
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 24.33 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 26.15 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 22.43 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflacja 7.6% (2007 est.)
Nawadniane tereny 40 sq km (2003)
Sadownictwo Supreme Court of Judicature (comprised of the High Court of Justice and the Court of Appeals; the chief justice is appointed by the president after consultation z the prime minister and the leader of the opposition; other justices are appointed by the president on the advice of the Judicial and Legal Service Commission); High Court of Justice; Caribbean Court of Appeals member; Court of Appeals; the highest court of appeal is the Privy Council w London
Sila robocza 615,400 (2007 est.)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture 4%, manufacturing, mining, and quarrying 12.9%, construction and utilities 17.5%, services 65.6% (2006 est.)
Granica 0 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 14.62%

permanent crops: 9.16%

other: 76.22% (2005)
Jezyki English (official), Caribbean Hindustani (a dialect of Hindi), French, Spanish, Chinese
System prawny based on English common law; judicial review of legislative acts w the Supreme Court; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Wladza ustawodawcza bicameral Parliament consists of the Senate (31 seats; 16 members appointed by the ruling party, nine by the President, six by the opposition party to serve a maximum term of five years) and the House of Representatives (41 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)

elections: House of Representatives - last held on 5 listopad 2007 (next to be held w 2012)

election results: House of Representatives - percent of vote - PNM 46%, UNC 29.7%; seats by party - PNM 26, UNC 15

note: Tobago has a unicameral House of Assembly z 12 members serving four-year terms; last election held w styczen 2005; seats by party - PNM 11, DAC 1
Zywotnosc total population: 66.85 years

male: 65.87 years

female: 67.87 years (2007 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 98.6%

male: 99.1%

female: 98% (2003 est.)
Lokalizacja Caribbean, islands between the Caribbean Sea and the North Ocean Atlantycki, northeast of Wenezuela
Lokalizacja na mapie Central America and the Caribbean
Morskie obszary measured from claimed archipelagic baselines

territorial sea: 12 nm

contiguous zone: 24 nm

exclusive economic zone: 200 nm

continental shelf: 200 nm or to the outer edge of the continental margin
Flota handlowa total: 9 ships (1000 GRT or over) 27,599 GRT/8,081 DWT

by type: passenger 2, passenger/cargo 5, petroleum tanker 2

foreign-owned: 1 (US 1)

registered w other countries: 1 (Bahamas 1, unknown 1) (2007)
Wojsko Trynidad i Tobago Defense Force: Ground Force, Coast Guard (includes air wing) (2004)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 0.3% (2006)
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day, 31 sierpien (1962)
Narodowosc noun: Trinidadian(s), Tobagonian(s)

adjective: Trinidadian, Tobagonian
Naturalne zagrozenia outside usual path of hurricanes and other tropical storms
Surowce naturalne petroleum, natural gas, asphalt
Wspolczynnik migracji -11.13 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Rurociagi condensate 245 km; gas 1,320 km; oil 563 km (2007)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Congress of the People [Winston DOOKERAN]; Democratic Action Congress or DAC [Hochoy CHARLES] (only active w Tobago); Democratic National Alliance or DNA [Gerald YETMING] (coalition of NAR, DDPT, MND); Movement dla National Development or MND [Garvin NICHOLAS]; National Alliance dla Reconstruction or NAR [Dr. Carson CHARLES]; People's National Movement or PNM [Patrick MANNING]; United National Congress or UNC [Basdeo PANDAY]
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow Jamaat-al Muslimeen [Yasin BAKR]
Ludnosc 1,056,608 (lipiec 2007 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 17% (2007 est.)
Przyrost naturalny -0.883% (2007 est.)
Stacje radiowe AM 4, FM 18, shortwave 0 (2001)
Religie Roman Catholic 26%, Hindu 22.5%, Anglican 7.8%, Baptist 7.2%, Pentecostal 6.8%, Muslim 5.8%, Seventh Day Adventist 4%, other Christian 5.8%, other 10.8%, unspecified 1.4%, none 1.9% (2000 census)
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.058 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 1.109 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.809 male(s)/female

total population: 1.068 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: excellent international service; good local service

domestic: mobile-cellular teledensity exceeds 150 telephones per 100 persons

international: country code - 1-868; submarine cable systems provide connectivity to US and parts of the Caribbean and South America; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Ocean Atlantycki); tropospheric scatter to Barbados and Gujana
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 325,500 (2006)
Telefony komorkowe 1.655 million (2006)
Stacje telewizyjne 6 (2005)
Uksztaltowanie terenu mostly plains z some hills and low mountains
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 1.74 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 6% (2007 est.)
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