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Tajlandia (2008)

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Tajlandia 2008 roku

 Tajlandia
Podzial administracyjny 76 provinces (changwat, singular and plural); Amnat Charoen, Ang Thong, Buriram, Chachoengsao, Chai Nat, Chaiyaphum, Chanthaburi, Chiang Mai, Chiang Rai, Chon Buri, Chumphon, Kalasin, Kamphaeng Phet, Kanchanaburi, Khon Kaen, Krabi, Krung Thep Mahanakhon (Bangkok), Lampang, Lamphun, Loei, Lop Buri, Mae Hong Son, Maha Sarakham, Mukdahan, Nakhon Nayok, Nakhon Pathom, Nakhon Phanom, Nakhon Ratchasima, Nakhon Sawan, Nakhon Si Thammarat, Nan, Narathiwat, Nong Bua Lamphu, Nong Khai, Nonthaburi, Pathum Thani, Pattani, Phangnga, Phatthalung, Phayao, Phetchabun, Phetchaburi, Phichit, Phitsanulok, Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya, Phrae, Phuket, Prachin Buri, Prachuap Khiri Khan, Ranong, Ratchaburi, Rayong, Roi Et, Sa Kaeo, Sakon Nakhon, Samut Prakan, Samut Sakhon, Samut Songkhram, Sara Buri, Satun, Sing Buri, Sisaket, Songkhla, Sukhothai, Suphan Buri, Surat Thani, Surin, Tak, Trang, Trat, Ubon Ratchathani, Udon Thani, Uthai Thani, Uttaradit, Yala, Yasothon
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 21.6% (male 7,195,750/female 6,870,858)


15-64 years: 70.1% (male 22,547,238/female 23,092,881)


65 years and over: 8.2% (male 2,437,640/female 2,923,782) (2007 est.)
Rolinictwo rice, cassava (tapioca), rubber, corn, sugarcane, coconuts, soybeans
Lotniska 106 (2007)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 65


over 3,047 m: 8


2,438 to 3,047 m: 11


1,524 to 2,437 m: 23


914 to 1,523 m: 17


under 914 m: 6 (2007)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 41


1,524 to 2,437 m: 1


914 to 1,523 m: 12


under 914 m: 28 (2007)
Terytorium total: 514,000 sq km


land: 511,770 sq km


water: 2,230 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly more than twice the size of Wyoming
Tlo historyczne A unified Thai kingdom was established w the mid-14th century. Known as Siam until 1939, Tajlandia is the only Southeast Asian country never to have been taken over by a European power. A bloodless revolution w 1932 led to a constitutional monarchy. In alliance z Japonia during Swiat War II, Tajlandia became a US ally following the conflict. Tajlandia is currently facing separatist violence w its southern ethnic Malay-Muslim provinces.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 13.73 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budzet revenues: $43.61 billion


expenditures: $48.18 billion (2007 est.)
Stolica name: Bangkok


geographic coordinates: 13 45 N, 100 31 E


time difference: UTC+7 (12 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Klimat tropical; rainy, warm, cloudy southwest monsoon (mid-maj to wrzesien); dry, cool northeast monsoon (listopad to mid-March); southern isthmus always hot and humid
Linia brzegowa 3,219 km
Konstytucja constitution signed by King PHUMIPHON (BHUMIBOL) on 24 sierpien 2007
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Kingdom of Tajlandia


conventional short form: Tajlandia


local long form: Ratcha Anachak Thai


local short form: Prathet Thai


former: Siam
Wspolczynnik zgonow 7.1 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $58.6 billion (30 czerwiec 2007)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador Eric G. JOHN


embassy: 120-122 Wireless Road, Bangkok 10330


mailing address: APO AP 96546


telephone: [66] (2) 205-4000


FAX: [66] (2) 254-2990, 205-4131


consulate(s) general: Chiang Mai
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador KRIT Kanchanakunchon (KRIT Garnjana-Goonchorn)


chancery: 1024 Wisconsin Avenue NW, Suite 401, Washington, DC 20007


telephone: [1] (202) 944-3600


FAX: [1] (202) 944-3611


consulate(s) general: Chicago, Los Angeles, New York
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje separatist violence w Tajlandia's predominantly Muslim southern provinces prompt border closures and controls z Malezja to stem terrorist activities; Southeast Asian states have enhanced border surveillance to check the spread of avian flu; talks continue on completion of demarcation z Laos but disputes remain over several islands w the Mekong River; despite continuing border committee talks, Tajlandia must deal z Karen and other ethnic rebels, refugees, and illegal cross-border activities, and as of 2006, over 116,000 Karen, Hmong, and other refugees and asylum seekers from Birma; Kambodza and Tajlandia dispute sections of historic boundary z missing boundary markers; Kambodza claims Thai encroachments into Kambodzan territory and obstructing access to Preah Vihear temple ruins awarded to Kambodza by ICJ decision w 1962; Tajlandia is studying the feasibility of jointly constructing the Hatgyi Dam on the Salween river near the border z Birma; w 2004, international environmentalist pressure prompted Chiny to halt construction of 13 dams on the Salween River that flows through Chiny, Birma, and Tajlandia
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $171.1 million (2005)
Ekonomia With a well-developed infrastructure, a free-enterprise economy, and generally pro-investment policies, Tajlandia appears to have fully recovered from the 1997-98 Asian Financial Crisis. The country was one of East Asia's best performers from 2002-04. Boosted by strong export growth, the Thai economy grew 4.5% w 2007. Bangkok has pursued preferential trade agreements z a variety of partners w an effort to boost exports and to maintain high growth. By 2007, the tourism sector had largely recovered from the major 2004 tsunami. Following the military coup w wrzesien 2006, investment and consumer confidence stagnated due to the uncertain political climate that lasted through the grudzien 2007 elections. Foreign investor sentiment was further tempered by a 30% reserve requirement on capital inflows instituted w grudzien 2006, and discussion of amending Tajlandia's rules governing foreign-owned businesses. Economic growth w 2007 was due almost entirely to robust export performance - despite the pressure of an appreciating currency. Eksport have performed at record levels, rising nearly 17% w 2006 and 12% w 2007. Export-oriented manufacturing - w particular automobile production - and farm output are driving these gains.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 117.7 billion kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 642 million kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - import 4.419 billion kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 124.6 billion kWh (2005)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Gulf of Tajlandia 0 m


highest point: Doi Inthanon 2,576 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy air pollution from vehicle emissions; water pollution from organic and factory wastes; deforestation; soil erosion; wildlife populations threatened by illegal hunting
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands


signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea
Grupy etniczne Thai 75%, Chinese 14%, other 11%
Kurs waluty baht per US dollar - 33.599 (2007), 37.882 (2006), 40.22 (2005), 40.222 (2004), 41.485 (2003)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: King PHUMIPHON Adunyadet (BHUMIBOL Adulyadej) (since 9 czerwiec 1946)


head of government: Prime Minister SAMAK Sundavavej (since 29 styczen 2008); Deputy Prime Minister MINGKWAN Saengsuwan (MINGKWAN Sangsuwan) (since 7 luty 2008); Deputy Prime Minister SAHAS Banditkun (SAHAS Banditkul) (since 7 luty 2008); Deputy Prime Minister SANAN Kachornprasat (ANA Kachornparsart) (since 7 luty 2008); Deputy Prime Minister SOMCHAI Wongsawat (since 7 luty 2008); Deputy Prime Minister SURAPONG Suebwonglee (since 7 luty 2008); Deputy Prime Minister SUWIT Khunkitti (since 7 luty 2008)


cabinet: Council of Ministers


note: there is also a Privy Council


elections: none; monarch is hereditary; according to 2007 constitution, prime minister is designated from among members of House of Representatives; following national elections dla House of Representatives, leader of party that could organize a majority coalition usually was appointed prime minister by king; prime minister is limited to two 4-year terms
Eksport 642 million kWh (2005)
Eksport $143.1 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Eksport 0 cu m (2005 est.)
Eksport 225,700 bbl/day (2004)
Eksport - towary textiles and footwear, fishery products, rice, rubber, jewelry, automobiles, computers and electrical appliances
Eksport - partnerzy US 15%, Japonia 12.6%, Chiny 9%, Singapur 6.4%, Hong Kong 5.5%, Malezja 5.1% (2006)
Rok podatkowy 1 pazdziernik - 30 wrzesien
Opis flagi five horizontal bands of red (top), white, blue (double width), white, and red
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 10.8%


industry: 45.3%


services: 43.8% (2007 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 4.5% (2007 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 15 00 N, 100 00 E
Polozenie geograficzne controls only land route from Asia to Malezja and Singapur
Ladowiska helikopterow 3 (2007)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: 2.7%


highest 10%: 33.4% (2002)
Narkotyki a minor producer of opium, heroin, and marijuana; transit point dla illicit heroin en route to the international drug market from Birma and Laos; eradication efforts have reduced the area of cannabis cultivation and shifted some production to neighboring countries; opium poppy cultivation has been reduced by eradication efforts; also a drug money-laundering center; minor role w methamphetamine production dla regional consumption; major consumer of methamphetamine since the 1990s despite a series of government crackdowns
Import 4.419 billion kWh (2005)
Import $121.9 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Import 8.497 billion cu m (2005)
Import 893,400 bbl/day (2004)
Import - towary capital goods, intermediate goods and raw materials, consumer goods, fuels
Import - partnerzy Japonia 19.9%, Chiny 10.6%, US 7.5%, Malezja 6.6%, UAE 5.5%, Singapur 4.4% (2006)
Niepodleglosc 1238 (traditional founding date; never colonized)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 4.6% (2007 est.)
Przemysl tourism, textiles and garments, agricultural processing, beverages, tobacco, cement, light manufacturing such as jewelry and electric appliances, computers and parts, integrated circuits, furniture, plastics, automobiles and automotive parts; world's second-largest tungsten producer and third-largest tin producer
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 18.85 deaths/1,000 live births


male: 20.13 deaths/1,000 live births


female: 17.51 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflacja 2.2% (2007)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji ADB, APEC, APT, ARF, ASEAN, BIMSTEC, BIS, CP, EAS, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt (signatory), ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC, MIGA, NAM, OAS (observer), OIC (observer), OPCW, OSCE (partner), PCA, UN, UNAMID, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNMIS, UNWTO, UPU, WCL, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
Nawadniane tereny 49,860 sq km (2003)
Sadownictwo Supreme Court or Sandika (judges appointed by the monarch)
Sila robocza 37.12 million (2007 est.)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture: 49%


industry: 14%


services: 37% (2000 est.)
Granica total: 4,863 km


border countries: Birma 1,800 km, Kambodza 803 km, Laos 1,754 km, Malezja 506 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 27.54%


permanent crops: 6.93%


other: 65.53% (2005)
Jezyki Thai, English (secondary language of the elite), ethnic and regional dialects
System prawny based on civil law system, z influences of common law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Wladza ustawodawcza bicameral National Assembly or Rathasapha consisted of the Senate or Wuthisapha (150 seats; 76 members elected by popular vote representing 76 provinces, 74 appointed by judges and independent government bodies; all serve six-year terms) and the House of Representatives or Sapha Phuthaen Ratsadon (480 seats; 400 members elected from 157 multi-seat constituencies and 80 elected on proportional party-list basis of 10 per eight zones or groupings of provinces; all serve four-year terms); after coup w wrzesien 2006, coup leaders appointed an interim National Assembly z 250 members to act as Senate and House of Representatives


elections: Senate - last held on 19 kwiecien 2006 (next to be held on 6 marzec 2008); House of Representatives - last election held on 23 grudzien 2007 (next to be held w grudzien 2011)


election results: Senate - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - NA; House of Representatives - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - PPP 233, DP 164, TNP 34, Motherland 24, Middle Way 11, Unity 9, Royalist People's 5
Zywotnosc total population: 72.55 years


male: 70.24 years


female: 74.98 years (2007 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write


total population: 92.6%


male: 94.9%


female: 90.5% (2000 census)
Lokalizacja Southeastern Asia, bordering the Andaman Sea and the Gulf of Tajlandia, southeast of Birma
Lokalizacja na mapie Southeast Asia
Morskie obszary territorial sea: 12 nm


exclusive economic zone: 200 nm


continental shelf: 200 m depth or to the depth of exploitation
Flota handlowa total: 405 ships (1000 GRT or over) 2,640,857 GRT/4,043,938 DWT


by type: bulk carrier 53, cargo 140, chemical tanker 16, container 21, liquefied gas 30, passenger/cargo 9, petroleum tanker 101, refrigerated cargo 32, specialized tanker 2, vehicle carrier 1


foreign-owned: 15 (Chiny 1, Japonia 4, Malezja 3, Rosja 1, Singapur 2, Tajwan 1, UK 3)


registered w other countries: 34 (Bahamas 1, Indonezja 1, Mongolia 1, Panama 10, Singapur 20, Tuvalu 1) (2007)
Wojsko Royal Thai Army (RTA), Royal Thai Navy (RTN, includes Royal Thai Marine Corps), Royal Thai Air Force (Knogtap Agard Thai, RTAF) (2006)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 1.8% (2005 est.)
Swieto narodowe Birthday of King PHUMIPHON (BHUMIBOL), 5 grudzien (1927)
Narodowosc noun: Thai (singular and plural)


adjective: Thai
Naturalne zagrozenia land subsidence w Bangkok area resulting from the depletion of the water table; droughts
Surowce naturalne tin, rubber, natural gas, tungsten, tantalum, timber, lead, fish, gypsum, lignite, fluorite, arable land
Wspolczynnik migracji 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Rurociagi gas 4,381 km; refined products 320 km (2007)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Democrat Party or DP (Prachathipat Party) [ABHISIT Wetchachiwa] (ABHISIT Vejjajiva); Matchima Thippatai (Middle Way Party) [ANONGWAN Therpsuthin]; Motherland Party (Peua Pandin Party) [SUWIT Khunkitti]; People Power Party (Palang Prachachon Party) or PPP [SAMAK Sunthorawet] (SAMAK Sundaravej); Royalist People's Party (Pracharaj) [SANOH Thienthong]; Ruam Jai Thai Party (Thai Unity Party) [CHETTA Thanacharo]; Thai Nation Party or TNP (Chat Thai Party) [BARNHARN SILPA-ARCHA]
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow NA
Ludnosc 65,068,149


note: estimates dla this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result w lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes w the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (lipiec 2007 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 10% (2004 est.)
Przyrost naturalny 0.663% (2007 est.)
Stacje radiowe AM 238, FM 351, shortwave 6 (2007)
Linie kolejowe total: 4,071 km


narrow gauge: 4,071 km 1.000-m gauge (2006)
Religie Buddhist 94.6%, Muslim 4.6%, Christian 0.7%, other 0.1% (2000 census)
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female


under 15 years: 1.047 male(s)/female


15-64 years: 0.976 male(s)/female


65 years and over: 0.834 male(s)/female


total population: 0.979 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal and compulsory
System telefoniczny general assessment: high quality system, especially w urban areas like Bangkok


domestic: fixed line system provided by both a government owned and commercial provider; wireless service expanding rapidly and outpacing fixed lines


international: country code - 66; connected to major submarine cable systems providing links throughout Asia, Australia, Middle East, Europe, and US; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (1 Ocean Indyjski, 1 Ocean Spokojny)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 7.073 million (2006)
Telefony komorkowe 40.816 million (2006)
Stacje telewizyjne 111 (2006)
Uksztaltowanie terenu central plain; Khorat Plateau w the east; mountains elsewhere
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 1.64 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 1.7% (2007 est.)
Drogi wodne 4,000 km


note: 3,701 km navigable by boats z drafts up to 0.9 m (2005)
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