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Surinam (2008)

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Surinam 2008 roku

Podzial administracyjny 10 districts (distrikten, singular - distrikt); Brokopondo, Commewijne, Coronie, Marowijne, Nickerie, Para, Paramaribo, Saramacca, Sipaliwini, Wanica
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 28% (male 67,088/female 64,949)

15-64 years: 65.7% (male 154,148/female 155,345)

65 years and over: 6.2% (male 12,726/female 16,528) (2007 est.)
Rolinictwo paddy rice, bananas, palm kernels, coconuts, plantains, peanuts; beef, chickens; shrimp; forest products
Lotniska 50 (2007)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 5

over 3,047 m: 1

under 914 m: 4 (2007)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 45

914 to 1,523 m: 5

under 914 m: 40 (2007)
Terytorium total: 163,270 sq km

land: 161,470 sq km

water: 1,800 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly larger than Georgia
Tlo historyczne First explored by the Spaniards w the 16th century and then settled by the English w the mid-17th century, Surinam became a Dutch colony w 1667. With the abolition of slavery w 1863, workers were brought w from Indie and Java. Niepodleglosc from the Holandia was granted w 1975. Five years later the civilian government was replaced by a military regime that soon declared a socialist republic. It continued to exert control through a succession of nominally civilian administrations until 1987, when international pressure finally forced a democratic election. In 1990, the military overthrew the civilian leadership, but a democratically elected government - a four-party New Front coalition - returned to power w 1991 and has ruled since, expanding to eight parties w 2005.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 17.31 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budzet revenues: $392.6 million

expenditures: $425.9 million (2004)
Stolica name: Paramaribo

geographic coordinates: 5 50 N, 55 10 W

time difference: UTC-3 (2 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Klimat tropical; moderated by trade winds
Linia brzegowa 386 km
Konstytucja ratified 30 wrzesien 1987; effective 30 pazdziernik 1987
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Republic of Surinam

conventional short form: Surinam

local long form: Republiek Surinam

local short form: Surinam

former: Holandia Guiana, Dutch Guiana
Wspolczynnik zgonow 5.5 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $504.3 million (2005 est.)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador Lisa Bobbie SCHREIBER HUGHES

embassy: Dr. Sophie Redmondstraat 129, Paramaribo

mailing address: US Department of State, 3390 Paramaribo Place, Washington, DC, 20521-3390

telephone: [597] 472-900

FAX: [597] 425-690
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Jacques Ruben Constantijn KROSS

chancery: Suite 460, 4301 Connecticut Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008

telephone: [1] (202) 244-7488

FAX: [1] (202) 244-5878

consulate(s) general: Miami
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje area claimed by Gujana Francuska between Riviere Litani and Riviere Marouini (both headwaters of the Lawa); Surinam claims a triangle of land between the New and Kutari/Koetari rivers w a historic dispute over the headwaters of the Courantyne; Gujana seeks United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) arbitration to resolve the long-standing dispute z Surinam over the axis of the territorial sea boundary w potentially oil-rich waters
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $43.97 million

note: Holandia provided $37 million dla project and program assistance, European Development Fund $4 million, Belgia $2 million (2005)
Ekonomia The economy is dominated by the mining industry, z exports of alumina, gold, and oil accounting dla about 55% of Produkt krajowy brutto, 85% of exports, and 25% of government revenues, making the economy highly vulnerable to mineral price volatility. The short-term economic outlook depends on the government's ability to control inflation and on the development of projects w the bauxite and gold mining sectors. Surinam's economic prospects dla the medium term will depend on continued commitment to responsible monetary and fiscal policies and to the introduction of structural reforms to liberalize markets and promote competition. In 2000, the government of Ronald VENETIAAN, returned to office and inherited an economy z inflation of over 100% and a growing fiscal deficit. He quickly implemented an austerity program, raised taxes, attempted to control spending, and tamed inflation. These economic policies are likely to remain w effect during VENETIAAN's third term. Prospects dla local onshore oil production are good as a drilling program is underway. Offshore oil drilling was given a boost w 2004 when the State Oil Company (Staatsolie) signed exploration agreements z Repsol, Maersk, and Occidental. Bidding on these new offshore blocks was completed w lipiec 2006.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 1.423 billion kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - import 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 1.53 billion kWh (2005)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: unnamed location w the coastal plain -2 m

highest point: Juliana Top 1,230 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy deforestation as timber is cut dla export; pollution of inland waterways by small-scale mining activities
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling

signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Grupy etniczne Hindustani (also known locally as "East Indiens"; their ancestors emigrated from northern Indie w the latter part of the 19th century) 37%, Creole (mixed white and black) 31%, Javanese 15%, "Maroons" (their African ancestors were brought to the country w the 17th and 18th centuries as slaves and escaped to the interior) 10%, Amerindian 2%, Chinese 2%, white 1%, other 2%
Kurs waluty Surinamse dollars per US dollar - NA (2007), (2006), 2.7317 (2005), 2.7336 (2004), 2.6013 (2003)

note: during 1998, the exchange rate splintered into four distinct rates; w styczen 1999 the government floated the guilder, but subsequently fixed it when the black-market rate plunged; w styczen 2004, the government replaced the guilder z the Surinamse dollar, tied to a US dollar-dominated currency basket
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President Runaldo Ronald VENETIAAN (since 12 sierpien 2000); Vice President Ramdien SARDJOE (since 3 sierpien 2005); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government

head of government: President Runaldo Ronald VENETIAAN (since 12 sierpien 2000); Vice President Ram SARDJOE (since 3 sierpien 2005)

cabinet: Cabinet of Ministers appointed by the president

elections: president and vice president elected by the National Assembly or, if no presidential or vice presidential candidate receives a two-thirds constitutional majority w the National Assembly after two votes, by a simple majority w the larger United People's Assembly (893 representatives from the national, local, and regional councils), dla five-year terms (no term limits); election last held on 25 maj 2005 (next to be held w 2010)

election results: Runaldo Ronald VENETIAAN reelected president; percent of vote - Runaldo Ronald VENETIAAN 62.9%, Rabin PARMESSAR 35.4%, other 1.7%; note - after two votes w the parliament failed to secure a two-thirds majority dla a candidate, the vote then went to a special session of the United People's Assembly on 3 sierpien 2005
Eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Eksport $1.391 billion f.o.b. (2006 est.)
Eksport 0 cu m (2005 est.)
Eksport 3,151 bbl/day (2004)
Eksport - towary alumina, gold, crude oil, lumber, shrimp and fish, rice, bananas
Eksport - partnerzy Norwegia 23%, Kanada 15.5%, US 12.6%, Belgia 10.1%, Francja 8.5%, UAE 6.9%, Islandia 4.2% (2006)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi five horizontal bands of green (top, double width), white, red (quadruple width), white, and green (double width); there is a large, yellow, five-pointed star centered w the red band
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 10.8%

industry: 24.4%

services: 64.8% (2005 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 5.1% (2007 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 4 00 N, 56 00 W
Polozenie geograficzne smallest independent country on South American continent; mostly tropical rain forest; great diversity of flora and fauna that, dla the most part, is increasingly threatened by new development; relatively small population, mostly along the coast
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: NA%

highest 10%: NA%
Narkotyki growing transshipment point dla South American drugs destined dla Europe via the Holandia and Brazylia; transshipment point dla arms-for-drugs dealing
Import 0 kWh (2005)
Import $1.297 billion f.o.b. (2006 est.)
Import 0 cu m (2005)
Import 6,032 bbl/day (2004)
Import - towary capital equipment, petroleum, foodstuffs, cotton, consumer goods
Import - partnerzy US 29.4%, Holandia 18.9%, Trynidad i Tobago 14.9%, Japonia 5.1%, Chiny 4.9% (2006)
Niepodleglosc 25 listopad 1975 (from the Holandia)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 6.5% (1994 est.)
Przemysl bauxite and gold mining, alumina production; oil, lumbering, food processing, fishing
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 20.11 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 23.73 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 16.25 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflacja 9.5% (2005 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji ACP, Caricom, CSN, FAO, G-77, IADB, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFRCS, IHO (suspended), ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IPU, ISO (subscriber), ITU, ITUC, LAES, MIGA, NAM, OAS, OIC, OPANAL, OPCW, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
Nawadniane tereny 510 sq km (2003)
Sadownictwo Cantonal Courts and a Court of Justice as an appellate court (justices are nominated dla life)
Sila robocza 156,700 (2004)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture: 8%

industry: 14%

services: 78% (2004)
Granica total: 1,703 km

border countries: Brazylia 593 km, Gujana Francuska 510 km, Gujana 600 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 0.36%

permanent crops: 0.06%

other: 99.58% (2005)
Jezyki Dutch (official), English (widely spoken), Sranang Tongo (Surinamse, sometimes called Taki-Taki, is native language of Creoles and much of the younger population and is lingua franca among others), Caribbean Hindustani (a dialect of Hindi), Javanese
System prawny based on Dutch legal system incorporating French penal theory; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction z reservations
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral National Assembly or Nationale Assemblee (51 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)

elections: last held on 25 maj 2005 (next to be held w 2010)

election results: percent of vote by party - NF 39.7%, NDP 22.2%, VVV 13.8%, A-Com 7.2%, A-1 5.9%, other 11.2%; seats by party - NF 23, NDP 15, VVV 5, A-Com 5, A-1 3
Zywotnosc total population: 73.23 years

male: 70.52 years

female: 76.12 years (2007 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 89.6%

male: 92%

female: 87.2% (2004 census)
Lokalizacja Northern South America, bordering the North Ocean Atlantycki, between Gujana Francuska and Gujana
Lokalizacja na mapie South America
Morskie obszary territorial sea: 12 nm

exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Flota handlowa total: 1 ship (1000 GRT or over) 1,078 GRT/1,214 DWT

by type: cargo 1 (2007)
Wojsko National Army (Nationaal Leger, NL; includes Naval Wing, Air Wing) (2007)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 0.6% (2006 est.)
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day, 25 listopad (1975)
Narodowosc noun: Surinamr(s)

adjective: Surinamse
Naturalne zagrozenia NA
Surowce naturalne timber, hydropower, fish, kaolin, shrimp, bauxite, gold, and small amounts of nickel, copper, platinum, iron ore
Wspolczynnik migracji -0.78 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Rurociagi oil 50 km (2007)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Alternative-1 or A-1 (a coalition of Amazone Party of Surinam or APS [Kenneth VAN GENDEREN], Democrats of the 21st Century or D-21 [Soewarto MOESTADJA], Nieuw Surinam or NS [Radjen Nanan PANDAY], Political Wing of the FAL or PVF [Jiwan SITAL], Trefpunt 2000 or T-2000 [Arti JESSURUN]); General Interior Development Party or ABOP [Ronnie BRUNSWIJK]; National Democratic Party or NDP [Desire BOUTERSE]; New Front dla Democracy and Development or NF (a coalition which includes A-Combination or A-Com, Democratic Alternative 1991 or DA-91, an independent, business-oriented party [Winston JESSURUN], National Party Surinam or NPS [Ronald VENETIAAN], United Reform Party or VHP [Ramdien SARDJOE], Pertjaja Luhur or PL [Salam Paul SOMOHARDJO], Surinamse Labor Party or SPA [Siegfried GILDS]); Party dla Democracy and Development w Unity or DOE [Marten SCHALKWIJK]; People's Alliance dla Progress or VVV (a coalition of Democratic National Platform 2000 or DNP-2000 [Jules WIJDENBOSCH], Grassroots Party dla Renewal and Democracy or BVD [Tjan GOBARDHAN], Party dla National Unity and Solidarity of the Highest Order or KTPI [Willy SOEMITA], Party dla Progression, Justice, and Perseverance or PPRS [Renee KAIMAN], Pendawalima or PL [Raymond SAPOEN]); Progressive Laborers and Farmers Union or PALU [Jim HOK]; Progressive Political Party or PPP [Surinder MUNGRA]; Seeka [Paul ABENA]; Union of Progressive Surinamrs or UPS [Sheoradj PANDAY]
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow Association of Indigenous Village Chiefs [Ricardo PANE]; Association of Saramaccan Authorities or Maroon [Head Captain WASE]; Women's Parliament Forum or PVF [Iris GILLIAD]
Ludnosc 470,784 (lipiec 2007 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 70% (2002 est.)
Przyrost naturalny 1.103% (2007 est.)
Stacje radiowe AM 4, FM 13, shortwave 1 (1998)
Religie Hindu 27.4%, Protestant 25.2% (predominantly Moravian), Roman Catholic 22.8%, Muslim 19.6%, indigenous beliefs 5%
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.07 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.033 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 0.992 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.77 male(s)/female

total population: 0.988 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: international facilities are good

domestic: combined fixed-line and mobile-cellular teledensity about 90 telephones per 100 persons; microwave radio relay network

international: country code - 597; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (Ocean Atlantycki)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 81,500 (2006)
Telefony komorkowe 320,000 (2006)
Stacje telewizyjne 3 (plus 7 repeaters) (2000)
Uksztaltowanie terenu mostly rolling hills; narrow coastal plain z swamps
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 2.03 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 9.5% (2004)
Drogi wodne 1,200 km (most navigable by ships z drafts up to 7 m) (2005)
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