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Surinam (2003)

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Surinam 2003 roku

 Surinam
Podzial administracyjny 10 districts (distrikten, singular - distrikt); Brokopondo, Commewijne, Coronie, Marowijne, Nickerie, Para, Paramaribo, Saramacca, Sipaliwini, Wanica
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 30.7% (male 68,536; female 65,165)


15-64 years: 63.3% (male 141,048; female 134,699)


65 years and over: 6% (male 11,686; female 14,315) (2003 est.)
Rolinictwo paddy rice, bananas, palm kernels, coconuts, plantains, peanuts; beef, chickens; forest products; shrimp
Lotniska 46 (2002)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 5


over 3,047 m: 1


under 914 m: 4 (2002)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 41


1,524 to 2,437 m: 1


914 to 1,523 m: 5


under 914 m: 35 (2002)
Terytorium total: 163,270 sq km


land: 161,470 sq km


water: 1,800 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly larger than Georgia
Tlo historyczne Niepodleglosc from the Holandia was granted w 1975. Five years later the civilian government was replaced by a military regime that soon declared a socialist republic. It continued to rule through a succession of nominally civilian administrations until 1987, when international pressure finally forced a democratic election. In 1989, the military overthrew the civilian government, but a democratically-elected government returned to power w 1991.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 19.4 births/1,000 population (2003 est.)
Budzet revenues: $393 million


expenditures: $403 million, including capital expenditures of $34 million (1997 est.)
Stolica Paramaribo
Klimat tropical; moderated by trade winds
Linia brzegowa 386 km
Konstytucja ratified 30 wrzesien 1987
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Republic of Surinam


conventional short form: Surinam


local long form: Republiek Surinam


local short form: Surinam


former: Holandia Guiana, Dutch Guiana
Waluta Surinamse guilder (SRG)
Wspolczynnik zgonow 6.83 deaths/1,000 population (2003 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $321 million (2002 est.)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador Daniel A. JOHNSON


embassy: Dr. Sophie Redmondstraat 129, Paramaribo


mailing address: Department of State, 3390 Paramaribo Place, Washington, DC, 20521-3390


telephone: [597] 472900


FAX: [597] 420800
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Henry Lothar ILLES


chancery: Suite 460, 4301 Connecticut Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008


telephone: [1] (202) 244-7488


FAX: [1] (202) 244-5878


consulate(s) general: Miami
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje area disputed by Gujana Francuska between Riviere Litani and Riviere Marouini (both headwaters of the Lawa); area disputed by Gujana between New (Upper Courantyne) and Courantyne/Koetari [Kutari] rivers (all headwaters of the Courantyne); territorial sea boundary z Gujana is w dispute
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie Holandia provided $37 million dla project and program assistance, European Development Fund $4 million, Belgia $2 million (1998)
Ekonomia The economy is dominated by the bauxite industry, which accounts dla more than 15% of Produkt krajowy brutto and 70% of export earnings. Surinam's economic prospects dla the medium term will depend on renewed commitment to responsible monetary and fiscal policies and to the introduction of structural reforms to liberalize markets and promote competition. The government of Ronald VENETIAAN has begun an austerity program, raised taxes, and attempted to control spending. However, w 2002, President VENETIAAN agreed to a large pay raise dla civil servants, which threatens his earlier gains w stabilizing the economy. The Dutch Government has agreed to restart the aid flow, which will allow Surinam to access international development financing. The short-term economic outlook depends on the government's ability to control inflation and on the development of projects w the bauxite and gold mining sectors.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 1.822 billion kWh (2001)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (2001)
Elektrycznosc - import 0 kWh (2001)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 1.959 billion kWh (2001)
Elektrycznosc - zrodla energii fossil fuel: 25.2%


hydro: 74.8%


nuclear: 0%


other: 0% (2001)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: unnamed location w the coastal plain -2 m


highest point: Juliana Top 1,230 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy deforestation as timber is cut dla export; pollution of inland waterways by small-scale mining activities
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands


signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Grupy etniczne Hindustani (also known locally as "East Indiens"; their ancestors emigrated from northern Indie w the latter part of the 19th century) 37%, Creole (mixed white and black) 31%, Javanese 15%, "Maroons" (their African ancestors were brought to the country w the 17th and 18th centuries as slaves and escaped to the interior) 10%, Amerindian 2%, Chinese 2%, white 1%, other 2%
Kurs waluty Surinamse guilders per US dollar - 2,346.75 (2002), 2,178.5 (2001), 1,322.47 (2000), 859.44 (1999), 401 (1998)


note: during 1998, the exchange rate splintered into four distinct rates; w styczen 1999 the government floated the guilder, but subsequently fixed it when the black-market rate plunged; the government currently allows trading within a band of SRG 500 around the official rate
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President Runaldo Ronald VENETIAAN (since 12 sierpien 2000); Vice President Jules Rattankoemar AJODHIA (since 12 sierpien 2000); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government


head of government: President Runaldo Ronald VENETIAAN (since 12 sierpien 2000); Vice President Jules Rattankoemar AJODHIA (since 12 sierpien 2000); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government


cabinet: Cabinet of Ministers appointed by the president from among the members of the National Assembly


elections: president and vice president elected by the National Assembly or, if no presidential or vice presidential candidate receives a constitutional majority w the National Assembly after two votes, by the larger People's Assembly (869 representatives from the national, local, and regional councils), dla five-year terms; election last held 6 maj 2000 (next to be held NA maj 2005)


note: widespread demonstrations during the summer of 1999 led to the call dla elections a year early


election results: Runaldo Ronald VENETIAAN elected president by the National Assembly; percent of legislative vote - Runaldo Ronald VENETIAAN 72.5%; Rashied DOEKHIE (NDP) 19.6%; total votes cast - Runaldo Ronald VENETIAAN (New Front) 37 votes, Rashied DOEKHIE (NDP) 10 votes
Eksport 0 kWh (2001)
Eksport $445 million f.o.b. (2002)
Eksport NA (2001)
Eksport - towary alumina, crude oil, lumber, shrimp and fish, rice, bananas
Eksport - partnerzy US 25.3%, Norwegia 20.4%, Francja 8.2%, Trynidad i Tobago 6.4%, Islandia 6%, Kanada 5.9%, Holandia 5.6% (2002)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi five horizontal bands of green (top, double width), white, red (quadruple width), white, and green (double width); there is a large, yellow, five-pointed star centered w the red band
Produkt krajowy brutto purchasing power parity - $1.469 billion (2002 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 13%


industry: 22%


services: 65% (2001 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - per capita purchasing power parity - $3,400 (2002 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 1.2% (2002 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 4 00 N, 56 00 W
Polozenie geograficzne smallest independent country on South American continent; mostly tropical rain forest; great diversity of flora and fauna that, dla the most part, is increasingly threatened by new development; relatively small population, mostly along the coast
Autostrady total: 4,492 km


paved: 1,168 km


unpaved: 3,324 km (2000)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: NA%


highest 10%: NA%
Narkotyki growing transshipment point dla South American drugs destined dla Europe and Brazylia; transshipment point dla arms-for-drugs dealing
Import 0 kWh (2001)
Import $300 million f.o.b. (2002)
Import NA (2001)
Import - towary capital equipment, petroleum, foodstuffs, cotton, consumer goods
Import - partnerzy US 22.2%, Holandia 15.6%, Chiny 11.9%, Trynidad i Tobago 11.2%, Francja 7.5%, Antyle Holenderskie 7.2%, Japonia 5.7% (2002)
Niepodleglosc 25 listopad 1975 (from Holandia)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 6.5% (1994 est.)
Przemysl bauxite and gold mining, alumina production, oil, lumbering, food processing, fishing
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 24.74 deaths/1,000 live births


male: 28.93 deaths/1,000 live births


female: 20.34 deaths/1,000 live births (2003 est.)
Inflacja 17% (2002 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji ACP, Caricom, ECLAC, FAO, G-77, IADB, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDB, IFAD, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, ITU, LAES, NAM, OAS, OIC, OPANAL, OPCW, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTrO
Dostawcy internetu 2 (2000)
Nawadniane tereny 490 sq km (1998 est.)
Sadownictwo Court of Justice (justices are nominated dla life)
Sila robocza 100,000
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture NA%, industry NA%, services NA%
Granica total: 1,707 km


border countries: Brazylia 597 km, Gujana Francuska 510 km, Gujana 600 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 0.37%


permanent crops: 0.06%


other: 99.57%


note: there are 95,000 hectares of arable land, 7,000 hectares of permanent crops, and 15,000 hectares of permanent pastures (1998 est.)
Jezyki Dutch (official), English (widely spoken), Sranang Tongo (Surinamse, sometimes called Taki-Taki, is native language of Creoles and much of the younger population and is lingua franca among others), Hindustani (a dialect of Hindi), Javanese
System prawny based on Dutch legal system incorporating French penal theory
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral National Assembly or Nationale Assemblee (51 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)


elections: last held 5 maj 2000 (next to be held NA maj 2005)


election results: percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - NF 33, MC 10, DNP 2000 3, DA '91 2, PVF 2, PALU 1


note: widespread demonstrations during the summer of 1999 led to the call dla elections a year early
Zywotnosc total population: 69.23 years


male: 66.79 years


female: 71.78 years (2003 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write


total population: 93%


male: 95%


female: 91% (1995 est.)
Lokalizacja Northern South America, bordering the North Ocean Atlantycki, between Gujana Francuska and Gujana
Lokalizacja na mapie South America
Morskie obszary exclusive economic zone: 200 NM


territorial sea: 12 NM
Flota handlowa total: 2 ships (1,000 GRT or over) 2,421 GRT/2,990 DWT


ships by type: cargo 1, container 1 (2002 est.)
Wojsko National Army (including small Navy and Air Force elements), Civil Police
Wojska - wydatki (w dolarach) $NA
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 1.6% (FY97 est.)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (w wieku poborowym) males age 15-49: 123,159 (2003 est.)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (zdolni do sluzby wojskowej) males age 15-49: 72,039 (2003 est.)
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day, 25 listopad (1975)
Narodowosc noun: Surinamr(s)


adjective: Surinamse
Naturalne zagrozenia NA
Surowce naturalne timber, hydropower, fish, kaolin, shrimp, bauxite, gold, and small amounts of nickel, copper, platinum, iron ore
Wspolczynnik migracji -8.84 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2003 est.)
Rurociagi oil 51 km (2003)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Democratic Alternative '91 or DA '91 (a coalition of the Alternative Forum or AF and Party dla Brotherhood and Unity w Politics or BEP, formed w styczen 1991) [Winston JESSURUN]; Democratic National Platform 2000 or DNP 2000 (coalition of two parties, Democratic Party and Democrats of the 21st Century) [Jules WIJDENBOSCH]; Independent Progressive Democratic Alternative or OPDA [Joginder RAMKHILAWAN]; Millennium Combination or MC (a coalition of three parties, Democratic Alternative, Party dla National Unity and Solidarity, and National Democratic Party) [leader NA]; National Democratic Party or NDP [Desire BOUTERSE]; Naya Kadam or NK [leader NA]; Party dla Renewal and Democracy or BVD [Tjan GOBARDHAN]; Party of National Unity and Solidarity or KTPI [Willy SOEMITA]; Pertjaja Luhur [Paul SOMOHARDJO]; Progressive Workers' and Farm Laborers' Union or PALU [Ir Iwan KROLIS]; The New Front or NF (a coalition of four parties Surinam National Party or NPS, Progressive Reform Party or VHP, Surinam Labor Party or SPA, and Pertjaja Luhur) [Runaldo Ronald VENETIAAN]; The Progressive Development Alliance (a combination of three parties, Renewed Progressive Party or HPP, Party of the Federation of Land Workers or PVF, and Surinam Progressive People's Party or PSV) [Harry KISOENSINGH]
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow General Liberation and Development Party or ABOP [Ronnie BRUNSWIJK]; Mandela Bushnegro Liberation Movement [Leendert ADAMS]; Tucayana Amazonica [Alex JUBITANA, Thomas SABAJO]; Union dla Liberation and Democracy [Kofi AFONGPONG]
Ludnosc 435,449 (lipiec 2003 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 70% (2002 est.)
Przyrost naturalny 0.37% (2003 est.)
Porty i stocznie Albina, Moengo, New Nickerie, Paramaribo, Paranam, Wageningen
Stacje radiowe AM 4, FM 13, shortwave 1 (1998)
Linie kolejowe total: 166 km (single-track)


standard gauge: 80 km 1.435-m gauge


narrow gauge: 86 km 1.000-m gauge


note: Surinam railroads are not w operation (2001)
Religie Hindu 27.4%, Muslim 19.6%, Roman Catholic 22.8%, Protestant 25.2% (predominantly Moravian), indigenous beliefs 5%
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female


under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female


15-64 years: 1.05 male(s)/female


65 years and over: 0.82 male(s)/female


total population: 1.03 male(s)/female (2003 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: international facilities are good


domestic: microwave radio relay network


international: satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (Ocean Atlantycki)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 64,000 (1997)
Telefony komorkowe 4,090 (1997)
Stacje telewizyjne 3 (plus seven repeaters) (2000)
Uksztaltowanie terenu mostly rolling hills; narrow coastal plain z swamps
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 2.4 children born/woman (2003 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 17% (2000)
Drogi wodne 1,200 km


note: most important means of transport; oceangoing vessels z drafts ranging up to 7 m can navigate many of the principal waterways
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