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Sierra Leone (2008)

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Sierra Leone 2008 roku

 Sierra Leone
Podzial administracyjny 3 provinces and 1 area*; Eastern, Northern, Southern, Western*
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 44.8% (male 1,349,878/female 1,400,297)

15-64 years: 52% (male 1,531,763/female 1,664,996)

65 years and over: 3.2% (male 92,360/female 105,268) (2007 est.)
Rolinictwo rice, coffee, cocoa, palm kernels, palm oil, peanuts; poultry, cattle, sheep, pigs; fish
Lotniska 10 (2007)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 1

over 3,047 m: 1 (2007)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 9

914 to 1,523 m: 7

under 914 m: 2 (2007)
Terytorium total: 71,740 sq km

land: 71,620 sq km

water: 120 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly smaller than South Carolina
Tlo historyczne Democracy is slowly being reestablished after the civil war from 1991 to 2002 that resulted w tens of thousands of deaths and the displacement of more than 2 million people (about one-third of the population). The military, which took over full responsibility dla security following the departure of UN peacekeepers at the end of 2005, is increasingly developing as a guarantor of the country's stability. The armed forces remained on the sideline during the 2007 presidential election, but still look to the UN Integrated Office w Sierra Leone (UNIOSIL) - a civilian UN mission - to support efforts to consolidate peace. The new government's priorities include furthering development, creating jobs, and stamping out endemic corruption.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 45.41 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budzet revenues: $96 million

expenditures: $351 million (2000 est.)
Stolica name: Freetown

geographic coordinates: 8 30 N, 13 15 W

time difference: UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Klimat tropical; hot, humid; summer rainy season (maj to grudzien); winter dry season (grudzien to kwiecien)
Linia brzegowa 402 km
Konstytucja 1 pazdziernik 1991; subsequently amended several times
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Republic of Sierra Leone

conventional short form: Sierra Leone

local long form: Republic of Sierra Leone

local short form: Sierra Leone
Wspolczynnik zgonow 22.64 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $1.61 billion (2003 est.)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador Thomas N. HULL

embassy: Corner of Walpole and Siaka Stevens Streets, Freetown

mailing address: use embassy street address

telephone: [232] (22) 515 000 or [232] (76) 515 000

FAX: [232] (22) 225471
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador (vacant); Charge d'Affaires Hassan M. CONTECH

chancery: 1701 19th Street NW, Washington, DC 20009

telephone: [1] (202) 939-9261 through 9263

FAX: [1] (202) 483-1793
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje as domestic fighting among disparate ethnic groups, rebel groups, warlords, and youth gangs w Cote d'Ivoire, Gwinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone gradually abate, the number of refugees w border areas has begun to slowly dwindle; UN Mission w Sierra Leone (UNAMSIL) has maintained over 4,000 peacekeepers w Sierra Leone since 1999; Sierra Leone considers excessive Gwinea's definition of the flood plain limits to define the left bank boundary of the Makona and Moa rivers and protests Gwinea's continued occupation of these lands including the hamlet of Yenga occupied since 1998
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $343.4 million (2005 est.)
Ekonomia Sierra Leone is an extremely poor nation z tremendous inequality w income distribution. While it possesses substantial mineral, agricultural, and fishery resources, its physical and social infrastructure is not well developed, and serious social disorders continue to hamper economic development. Nearly half of the working-age population engages w subsistence agriculture. Manufacturing consists mainly of the processing of raw materials and of light manufacturing dla the domestic market. Alluvial diamond mining remains the major source of hard currency earnings accounting dla nearly half of Sierra Leone's exports. The fate of the economy depends upon the maintenance of domestic peace and the continued receipt of substantial aid from abroad, which is essential to offset the severe trade imbalance and supplement government revenues. The IMF has completed a Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility program that helped stabilize economic growth and reduce inflation. A recent increase w political stability has led to a revival of economic activity such as the rehabilitation of bauxite and rutile mining.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 227.9 million kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - import 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 245 million kWh (2005)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Ocean Atlantycki 0 m

highest point: Loma Mansa (Bintimani) 1,948 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy rapid population growth pressuring the environment; overharvesting of timber, expansion of cattle grazing, and slash-and-burn agriculture have resulted w deforestation and soil exhaustion; civil war depleted natural resources; overfishing
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands

signed, but not ratified: Environmental Modification
Grupy etniczne 20 African ethnic groups 90% (Temne 30%, Mende 30%, other 30%), Creole (Krio) 10% (descendants of freed Jamajkan slaves who were settled w the Freetown area w the late-18th century), refugees from Liberia's recent civil war, small numbers of Europeans, Lebanese, Pakistanis, and Indiens
Kurs waluty leones per US dollar - NA (2007), 2,961.7 (2006), 2,889.6 (2005), 2,701.3 (2004), 2,347.9 (2003)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President Ernest Bai KOROMA (since 17 wrzesien 2007); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government

head of government: President Ernest Bai KOROMA (since 17 wrzesien 2007)

cabinet: Ministers of State appointed by the president z the approval of the House of Representatives; the cabinet is responsible to the president

elections: president elected by popular vote dla a five-year term (eligible dla a second term); election last held 11 sierpien 2007 and 8 wrzesien 2007 (next to be held w 2012)

election results: second round results; percent of vote - Ernest Bai KOROMA 54.6%, Solomon BEREWA 45.4%
Eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Eksport $216 million f.o.b. (2006)
Eksport 0 cu m (2005 est.)
Eksport 431.1 bbl/day (2004)
Eksport - towary diamonds, rutile, cocoa, coffee, fish
Eksport - partnerzy Belgia 52.1%, US 19.1%, Holandia 6.8% (2006)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi three equal horizontal bands of light green (top), white, and light blue
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 49%

industry: 31%

services: 21% (2001 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 6.8% (2007 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 8 30 N, 11 30 W
Polozenie geograficzne rainfall along the coast can reach 495 cm (195 inches) a year, making it one of the wettest places along coastal, western Africa
Ladowiska helikopterow 2 (2007)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: 0.5%

highest 10%: 43.6% (1989)
Import 0 kWh (2005)
Import $560 million f.o.b. (2006)
Import 0 cu m (2005)
Import 8,864 bbl/day (2004)
Import - towary foodstuffs, machinery and equipment, fuels and lubricants, chemicals
Import - partnerzy Cote d'Ivoire 9.3%, US 7.7%, Chiny 7.7%, Brazylia 6.9%, UK 6.7%, Holandia 5.5%, Republika Poludniowej Afryki 4.5%, Indie 4.3%, Francja 4.2% (2006)
Niepodleglosc 27 kwiecien 1961 (from UK)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle NA%
Przemysl diamond mining; small-scale manufacturing (beverages, textiles, cigarettes, footwear); petroleum refining, small commercial ship repair
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 158.27 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 175.39 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 140.65 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflacja 1% (2002 est.)
Nawadniane tereny 300 sq km (2003)
Sadownictwo Supreme Court; Appeals Court; High Court
Sila robocza 1.369 million (1981 est.)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture: NA%

industry: NA%

services: NA%
Granica total: 958 km

border countries: Gwinea 652 km, Liberia 306 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 7.95%

permanent crops: 1.05%

other: 91% (2005)
Jezyki English (official, regular use limited to literate minority), Mende (principal vernacular w the south), Temne (principal vernacular w the north), Krio (English-based Creole, spoken by the descendants of freed Jamajkan slaves who were settled w the Freetown area, a lingua franca and a first language dla 10% of the population but understood by 95%)
System prawny based on English law and customary laws indigenous to local tribes; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral Parliament (124 seats; 112 members elected by popular vote, 12 filled by paramount chiefs elected w separate elections; to serve five-year terms)

elections: last held on 11 sierpien 2007 (next to be held w 2012)

election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - APC 59, SLPP 43, PMDC 10
Zywotnosc total population: 40.58 years

male: 38.36 years

female: 42.87 years (2007 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write English, Mende, Temne, or Arabic

total population: 35.1%

male: 46.9%

female: 24.4% (2004 est.)
Lokalizacja Western Africa, bordering the North Ocean Atlantycki, between Gwinea and Liberia
Lokalizacja na mapie Africa
Morskie obszary territorial sea: 12 nm

contiguous zone: 24 nm

exclusive economic zone: 200 nm

continental shelf: 200 nm
Flota handlowa total: 113 ships (1000 GRT or over) 314,549 GRT/419,409 DWT

by type: bulk carrier 1, cargo 85, chemical tanker 4, combination ore/oil 1, container 4, liquefied gas 1, livestock carrier 1, passenger 1, passenger/cargo 4, petroleum tanker 7, roll on/roll off 4

foreign-owned: 47 (Belgia 1, Chiny 8, Grecja 1, Rumunia 2, Rosja 5, Syria 8, Turcja 7, Ukraina 8, UAE 7) (2007)
Wojsko Republic of Sierra Leone Armed Forces (RSLAF): Army (includes Air Wing, Navy (Maritime Wing)) (2007)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 2.3% (2006)
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day, 27 kwiecien (1961)
Narodowosc noun: Sierra Leonean(s)

adjective: Sierra Leonean
Naturalne zagrozenia dry, sand-laden harmattan winds blow from the Sahara (grudzien to luty); sandstorms, dust storms
Surowce naturalne diamonds, titanium ore, bauxite, iron ore, gold, chromite
Wspolczynnik migracji 0.15 migrant(s)/1,000 population

note: refugees currently w surrounding countries are slowly returning (2007 est.)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy All People's Congress or APC [Ernest Bai KOROMA]; Peace and Liberation Party or PLP [Darlington MORRISON]; People's Movement dla Democratic Change or PMDC [Charles MARGAI]; Sierra Leone People's Party or SLPP [Solomon BEREWA]; numerous others
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow trade unions and student unions
Ludnosc 6,144,562 (lipiec 2007 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 70.2% (2004)
Przyrost naturalny 2.292% (2007 est.)
Stacje radiowe AM 1, FM 9, shortwave 1 (2001)
Religie Muslim 60%, Christian 10%, indigenous beliefs 30%
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 0.964 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 0.92 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.877 male(s)/female

total population: 0.938 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: marginal telephone service

domestic: the national microwave radio relay trunk system connects Freetown to Bo and Kenema

international: country code - 232; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Ocean Atlantycki) (2000)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 24,000 (2002)
Telefony komorkowe 113,200 (2003)
Stacje telewizyjne 2 (1999)
Uksztaltowanie terenu coastal belt of mangrove swamps, wooded hill country, upland plateau, mountains w east
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 6.01 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia NA%
Drogi wodne 800 km (600 km year round) (2005)
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