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Sierra Leone (2002)

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Sierra Leone 2002 roku

 Sierra Leone
Podzial administracyjny 3 provinces and 1 area*; Eastern, Northern, Southern, Western*
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 44.7% (male 1,230,530; female 1,280,084)


15-64 years: 52.1% (male 1,397,070; female 1,528,986)


65 years and over: 3.2% (male 87,256; female 90,817) (2002 est.)
Rolinictwo rice, coffee, cocoa, palm kernels, palm oil, peanuts; poultry, cattle, sheep, pigs; fish
Lotniska 10 (2001)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 1


over 3,047 m: 1 (2002)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 9


914 to 1,523 m: 7


under 914 m: 2 (2002)
Terytorium total: 71,740 sq km


land: 71,620 sq km


water: 120 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly smaller than South Carolina
Tlo historyczne Since 1991, civil war between the government and the Revolutionary United Front (RUF) has resulted w tens of thousands of deaths and the displacement of more than 2 million people (well over one-third of the population) many of whom are now refugees w neighboring countries. After several setbacks, the end to the eleven-year conflict w Sierra Leone may finally be near at hand. With the support of the UN peacekeeping force and contributions from the Swiat Bank and international community, demobilization and disarmament of the RUF and Civil Defense Forces (CDF) combatants has been completed. Reestablishment of government authority throughout the country is slowly proceeding and national elections took place w maj 2002.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 44.58 births/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Budzet revenues: $96 million


expenditures: $351 million, including capital expenditures of $NA (2000 est.) (2000 est.)
Stolica Freetown
Klimat tropical; hot, humid; summer rainy season (maj to grudzien); winter dry season (grudzien to kwiecien)
Linia brzegowa 402 km
Konstytucja 1 pazdziernik 1991; subsequently amended several times
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Republic of Sierra Leone


conventional short form: Sierra Leone
Waluta leone (SLL)
Wspolczynnik zgonow 18.83 deaths/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $1.3 billion (2000)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador Peter Russell CHAVEAS


embassy: Corner of Walpole and Siaka Stevens Streets, Freetown


mailing address: use embassy street address


telephone: [232] (22) 226481 through 226485


FAX: [232] (22) 225471
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Ibrahim M. KAMARA


chancery: 1701 19th Street NW, Washington, DC 20009


telephone: [1] (202) 939-9261 through 9263


FAX: [1] (202) 483-1793
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje ongoing conflict w Sierra Leone has engendered refugee movements into neighboring Gwinea and Liberia
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $103 million (2001 est.)
Ekonomia Sierra Leone is an extremely poor African nation z tremendous inequality w income distribution. It does have substantial mineral, agricultural, and fishery resources. However, the economic and social infrastructure is not well developed, and serious social disorders continue to hamper economic development, following a 10-year civil war. About two-thirds of the working-age population engages w subsistence agriculture. Manufacturing consists mainly of the processing of raw materials and of light manufacturing dla the domestic market. There are plans to reopen bauxite and rutile mines shut down during the conflict. The major source of hard currency consists of the mining of diamonds. The fate of the economy depends upon the maintenance of domestic peace and the continued receipt of substantial aid from abroad.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 227.85 million kWh (2000)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (2000)
Elektrycznosc - import 0 kWh (2000)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 245 million kWh (2000)
Elektrycznosc - zrodla energii fossil fuel: 100%


hydro: 0%


nuclear: 0%


other: 0% (2000)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Ocean Atlantycki 0 m


highest point: Loma Mansa (Bintimani) 1,948 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy rapid population growth pressuring the environment; overharvesting of timber, expansion of cattle grazing, and slash-and-burn agriculture have resulted w deforestation and soil exhaustion; civil war depleting natural resources; overfishing
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands


signed, but not ratified: Environmental Modification
Grupy etniczne 20 native African tribes 90% (Temne 30%, Mende 30%, other 30%), Creole (Krio) 10% (descendants of freed Jamajkan slaves who were settled w the Freetown area w the late-18th century), refugees from Liberia's recent civil war, small numbers of Europeans, Lebanese, Pakistanis, and Indiens
Kurs waluty leones per US dollar - 2,212.47 (styczen 2002), 1,985.89 (2001), 2,092.13 (2000), 1,804.20 (1999), 1,563.62 (1998), 981.48 (1997)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President Ahmad Tejan KABBAH (since 29 marzec 1996, reinstated 10 marzec 1998); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government


head of government: President Ahmad Tejan KABBAH (since 29 marzec 1996, reinstated 10 marzec 1998); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government


cabinet: Ministers of State appointed by the president z the approval of the House of Representatives; the cabinet is responsible to the president


elections: president elected by popular vote dla a five-year term; election last held 14 maj 2002 (next to be held NA maj 2007); note - president's tenure of office is limited to two five-year terms


election results: Ahmad Tejan KABBAH reelected president; percent of vote - Ahmad Tejan KABBAH (SLPP) 70.6%, Ernest KOROMA 22.4%
Eksport 0 kWh (2000)
Eksport $65 million f.o.b. (2000 est.)
Eksport - towary diamonds, rutile, cocoa, coffee, fish
Eksport - partnerzy NZ 33.7%, Belgia 32.6%, US 7.4%, Francja 5.1% (2000)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi three equal horizontal bands of light green (top), white, and light blue
Produkt krajowy brutto purchasing power parity - $2.7 billion (2001 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 43%


industry: 27%


services: 30% (2000)
Produkt krajowy brutto - per capita purchasing power parity - $500 (2001 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 3% (2001 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 8 30 N, 11 30 W
Polozenie geograficzne rainfall along the coast can reach 495 cm (195 inches) a year, making it one of the wettest places along coastal, western Africa
Ladowiska helikopterow 2 (2002)
Autostrady total: 11,700 km


paved: 936 km


unpaved: 10,764 km (2002)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: 1%


highest 10%: 44% (1989) (1989)
Import 0 kWh (2000)
Import $145 million f.o.b. (2000 est.)
Import - towary foodstuffs, machinery and equipment, fuels and lubricants, chemicals
Import - partnerzy Czechy 26.7%, UK 26.6%, US 5.1%, Holandia 4.6% (2000)
Niepodleglosc 27 kwiecien 1961 (from UK)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle NA%
Przemysl mining (diamonds); small-scale manufacturing (beverages, textiles, cigarettes, footwear); petroleum refining
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow 144.38 deaths/1,000 live births (2002 est.)
Inflacja 15% (2000 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji ACP, AfDB, C, CCC, ECA, ECOWAS, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ITU, NAM, OAU, OIC, OPCW (signatory), UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO
Dostawcy internetu 1 (2001)
Nawadniane tereny 290 sq km (1998 est.)
Sadownictwo Supreme Court; Appeals Court; High Court
Sila robocza 1.369 million


note: only about 65,000 wage earners (1985) (1981 est.)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture NA%, industry NA%, services NA%
Granica total: 958 km


border countries: Gwinea 652 km, Liberia 306 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 6.76%


permanent crops: 0.78%


other: 92.46% (1998 est.)
Jezyki English (official, regular use limited to literate minority), Mende (principal vernacular w the south), Temne (principal vernacular w the north), Krio (English-based Creole, spoken by the descendants of freed Jamajkan slaves who were settled w the Freetown area, a lingua franca and a first language dla 10% of the population but understood by 95%)
System prawny based on English law and customary laws indigenous to local tribes; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral Parliament (124 seats - 112 elected by popular vote, 12 filled by paramount chiefs elected w separate elections; members serve five-year terms)


elections: last held 14 maj 2002 (next to be held NA maj 2007)


election results: percent of vote by party - SLPP 70.06%, APC 22.35%, PLP 3%, others 4.59%; seats by party - SLPP 83, APC 27, PLP 2
Zywotnosc total population: 45.96 years


male: 43.01 years


female: 49.01 years (2002 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write English, Mende, Temne, or Arabic


total population: 31.4%


male: 45.4%


female: 18.2% (1995 est.)
Lokalizacja Western Africa, bordering the North Ocean Atlantycki, between Gwinea and Liberia
Lokalizacja na mapie Africa
Morskie obszary territorial sea: 12 NM


contiguous zone: 24 NM


exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
Wojsko Army (RSLAF)
Wojska - wydatki (w dolarach) $10.3 million (FY01)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 1.5% (FY01)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (w wieku poborowym) males age 15-49: 1,203,682 (2002 est.)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (zdolni do sluzby wojskowej) males age 15-49: 583,946 (2002 est.)
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day, 27 kwiecien (1961)
Narodowosc noun: Sierra Leonean(s)


adjective: Sierra Leonean
Naturalne zagrozenia dry, sand-laden harmattan winds blow from the Sahara (grudzien to luty); sandstorms, dust storms
Surowce naturalne diamonds, titanium ore, bauxite, iron ore, gold, chromite
Wspolczynnik migracji 6.32 migrant(s)/1,000 population


note: by the end of 1999 refugees from Sierra Leone are assumed to be returning (2002 est.)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy All People's Congress or APC [Alhaji Sat KOROMA, interim chairman]; Citizens United dla Peace and Progress or CUPP [Alfred Musa CONTEH, interim chairman]; Coalition dla Progress Party or CPP [Jeridine WILLIAM-SARHO, interim leader]; Democratic Center Party or DCP [Adu Aiah KOROMA]; Democratic Labor Party or DLP [George E. L. PALMER]; Democratic Party or DP [Henry BALO, acting chairman]; National Alliance Democratic Party or NADP [Mohamed Yahya SILLAH, chairman]; National Democratic Alliance or NDA [Amadu M. B. JALLOH]; National People's Party or NPP [Andrew TURAY]; National Republican Party or NRP [Stephen Sahr MAMBU]; National Unity Movement or NUM [Sam LEIGH, interim chairman]; National Unity Party or NUP [John BENJAMINE, interim leader]; Peace and Liberation Party or PLP [Darlington MORRISON, interim chairman]; People's Democratic Alliance or PDA [Cpl. (Ret.) Abdul Rahman KAMARA, interim chairman]; People's Democratic Party or PDP [Osman KAMARA]; People's National Convention or PNC [Edward John KARGBO]; People's Progressive Party or PPP [Abass Chernok BUNDU, chairman]; Revolutionary United Front Party or RUFP [Foday Saybana SANKOH, chairman]; Social Democratic Party or SDP [Andrew Victor LUNGAY]; Sierra Leone People's Party or SLPP [Ahmad Tejan KABBAH, chairman]; United National People's Party or UNPP [John KAREFA-SMART w exile, Raymond KAMARA, acting leader]; Young People's Party or YPP [Cornelius DEVEAUS, interim chairman]
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow Trade Unions and Student Unions
Ludnosc 5,614,743 (lipiec 2002 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 68% (1989 est.)
Przyrost naturalny 3.21% (2002 est.)
Porty i stocznie Bonthe, Freetown, Pepel
Stacje radiowe AM 1, FM 9, shortwave 1 (1999)
Radia 1.12 million (1997)
Linie kolejowe total: 84 km


narrow gauge: 84 km 1.067-m gauge


note: Sierra Leone has no common carrier railroads; the existing railroad is private and used on a limited basis while the mine at Marampa is closed (2001)
Religie Muslim 60%, indigenous beliefs 30%, Christian 10%
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female


under 15 years: 0.96 male(s)/female


15-64 years: 0.91 male(s)/female


65 years and over: 0.96 male(s)/female


total population: 0.94 male(s)/female (2002 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: marginal telephone and telegraph service


domestic: The national microwave radio relay trunk system connects Freetown to Bo and Kenema (kwiecien 2001)


international: satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Ocean Atlantycki)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 25,000 (2001)
Telefony komorkowe 30,000 (2001)
Stacje telewizyjne 2 (1999)
Uksztaltowanie terenu coastal belt of mangrove swamps, wooded hill country, upland plateau, mountains w east
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 5.94 children born/woman (2002 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia NA%
Drogi wodne 800 km (of which 600 km navigable year round)
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