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San Marino (2008)

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 San Marino
Administrative divisions 9 municipalities (castelli, singular - castello); Acquaviva, Borgo Maggiore, Chiesanuova, Domagnano, Faetano, Fiorentino, Montegiardino, San Marino Citta, Serravalle
Age structure 0-14 years: 16.8% (male 2,573/female 2,404)

15-64 years: 66.1% (male 9,388/female 10,178)

65 years and over: 17.1% (male 2,190/female 2,882) (2007 est.)
Agriculture - products wheat, grapes, corn, olives; cattle, pigs, horses, beef, cheese, hides
Area total: 61.2 sq km

land: 61.2 sq km

water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative about 0.3 times the size of Washington, DC
Background The third smallest state in Europe (after the Holy See and Monaco), San Marino also claims to be the world's oldest republic. According to tradition, it was founded by a Christian stonemason named Marino in A.D. 301. San Marino's foreign policy is aligned with that of Italy; social and political trends in the republic also track closely with those of its larger neighbor.
Birth rate 9.89 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budget revenues: $709.6 million

expenditures: $672.3 million (2004)
Capital name: San Marino

geographic coordinates: 43 56 N, 12 25 E

time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October
Climate Mediterranean; mild to cool winters; warm, sunny summers
Coastline 0 km (landlocked)
Constitution 8 October 1600; electoral law of 1926 serves some of the functions of a constitution
Country name conventional long form: Republic of San Marino

conventional short form: San Marino

local long form: Repubblica di San Marino

local short form: San Marino
Death rate 8.27 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Debt - external $NA
Diplomatic representation from the US the US does not have an embassy in San Marino; the ambassador to Italy is accredited to San Marino
Diplomatic representation in the US San Marino does not have an embassy in the US

honorary consulate(s) general: New York, Washington, DC

honorary consulate(s): Detroit, Honolulu
Disputes - international none
Economic aid - recipient $NA
Economy - overview The tourist sector contributes over 50% of GDP. In 2006 more than 2.1 million tourists visited San Marino. The key industries are banking, clothing and apparel, electronics, and ceramics. Main agricultural products are wine and cheeses. The per capita level of output and standard of living are comparable to those of the most prosperous regions of Italy, which supplies much of its food.
Elevation extremes lowest point: Torrente Ausa 55 m

highest point: Monte Titano 755 m
Environment - current issues NA
Environment - international agreements party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Whaling

signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution
Ethnic groups Sammarinese, Italian
Exchange rates euros per US dollar - 0.7345 (2007), 0.7964 (2006), 0.8041 (2005), 0.8054 (2004), 0.886 (2003)
Executive branch chief of state: Co-chiefs of State Captain Regent Mirko TOMASSONI and Captain Regent Alberto SELVA (for the period 1 October 2007-31 March 2008)

head of government: Secretary of State for Foreign and Political Affairs Fiorenzo STOLFI (since 27 July 2006)

cabinet: Congress of State elected by the Great and General Council for a five-year term

elections: co-chiefs of state (captains regent) elected by the Great and General Council for a six-month term; election last held in September 2007 (next to be held in March 2008); secretary of state for foreign and political affairs elected by the Great and General Council for a five-year term; election last held 27 July 2006 (next to be held by 2011)

election results: Mirko TOMASSONI and Alberto SELVA elected captains regent; percent of legislative vote - NA; Fiorenzo STOLFI elected secretary of state for foreign and political affairs; percent of legislative vote - NA

note: the popularly elected parliament (Grand and General Council) selects two of its members to serve as the Captains Regent (co-chiefs of state) for a six-month period; they preside over meetings of the Grand and General Council and its cabinet (Congress of State), which has 10 other members, all selected by the Grand and General Council; assisting the captains regent are 10 secretaries of state; the secretary of state for Foreign Affairs has assumed some prime ministerial roles
Exports $1.291 billion (2004)
Exports - commodities building stone, lime, wood, chestnuts, wheat, wine, baked goods, hides, ceramics
Fiscal year calendar year
Flag description two equal horizontal bands of white (top) and light blue with the national coat of arms superimposed in the center; the coat of arms has a shield (featuring three towers on three peaks) flanked by a wreath, below a crown and above a scroll bearing the word LIBERTAS (Liberty)
GDP - composition by sector agriculture: NA%

industry: NA%

services: NA%
GDP - real growth rate 4.6% (2004 est.)
Geographic coordinates 43 46 N, 12 25 E
Geography - note landlocked; smallest independent state in Europe after the Holy See and Monaco; dominated by the Apennines
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%: NA%

highest 10%: NA%
Imports $2.035 billion (2004)
Imports - commodities wide variety of consumer manufactures, food
Independence 3 September AD 301
Industrial production growth rate 5.6% (2005 est.)
Industries tourism, banking, textiles, electronics, ceramics, cement, wine
Infant mortality rate total: 5.53 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 5.96 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 5.07 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices) -1.5% (2006)
International organization participation CE, FAO, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt, ICRM, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM (observer), IPU, ITU, ITUC, OPCW, OSCE, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, Union Latina, UNWTO, UPU, WHO, WIPO
Irrigated land NA
Judicial branch Council of Twelve or Consiglio dei XII
Labor force 20,470 (2004)
Labor force - by occupation agriculture: 0.2%

industry: 40.1%

services: 59.7% (2006 est.)
Land boundaries total: 39 km

border countries: Italy 39 km
Land use arable land: 16.67%

permanent crops: 0%

other: 83.33% (2005)
Languages Italian
Legal system based on civil law system with Italian law influences; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Legislative branch unicameral Grand and General Council or Consiglio Grande e Generale (60 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)

elections: last held 4 June 2006 (next to be held by June 2011)

election results: percent of vote by party - PDCS 32.9%, Party of Socialists and Democrats 31.9%, AP 11.9%, United Left 8.7%, New Socialist Party 5.4%, other parties 9.2%; seats by party - PDCS 21, Party of Socialists and Democrats 20, AP 7, United Left 5, New Socialist Party 3, others 4; note - following a government reshuffle on 28 NOvember 2007, a splinter party of the PDCS joined the center-left coalition formed by the Party of Socialists and Democrats, the APDS, and the United Left strengthening the government's parliamentary majority to 36 seats out of 60
Life expectancy at birth total population: 81.8 years

male: 78.33 years

female: 85.57 years (2007 est.)
Literacy definition: age 10 and over can read and write

total population: 96%

male: 97%

female: 95%
Location Southern Europe, an enclave in central Italy
Map references Europe
Maritime claims none (landlocked)
Military - note defense is the responsibility of Italy
Military branches no regular military forces; Voluntary Military Force (Corpi Militari Voluntar) performs ceremonial duties and limited police functions (2006)
Military expenditures - percent of GDP NA
National holiday Founding of the Republic, 3 September (AD 301)
Nationality noun: Sammarinese (singular and plural)

adjective: Sammarinese
Natural hazards NA
Natural resources building stone
Net migration rate 10.57 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Political parties and leaders Communist Refoundation or RC [Ivan FOSHI]; Ideas in Movement or IM [Alessandro ROSSI]; National Alliance or AN [Glauco SANSOVINI]; New Socialist Party [Augusto CASALI]; Party of Socialists and Democrats [Claudio FELICI]; San Marino Christian Democratic Party or PDCS [Pier Marino MENICUCCI]; San Marino Popular Alliance of Democrats or AP [Roberto GIORGETTI]; San Marino Socialist Party or PSS [Alberto CECCHETTI]; Socialists for Reform or SR [Renzo GIARDI]; United Left
Political pressure groups and leaders NA
Population 29,615 (July 2007 est.)
Population below poverty line NA%
Population growth rate 1.219% (2007 est.)
Radio broadcast stations AM 0, FM 3, shortwave 0 (1998)
Religions Roman Catholic
Sex ratio at birth: 1.09 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.07 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 0.922 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.76 male(s)/female

total population: 0.915 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal
Telephone system general assessment: adequate connections

domestic: automatic telephone system completely integrated into Italian system; combined fixed-line and mobile-cellular teledensity exceeds 130 telephones per 100 persons

international: country code - 378; connected to Italian international network
Telephones - main lines in use 21,000 (2006)
Telephones - mobile cellular 17,390 (2006)
Television broadcast stations 1 (San Marino residents also receive broadcasts from Italy) (1997)
Terrain rugged mountains
Total fertility rate 1.34 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Unemployment rate 3.8% (2004)
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