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Salwador (2008)

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SalwadorSalwador (2001) (porownaj)
SalwadorSalwador (2002) (porownaj)
SalwadorSalwador (2003) (porownaj)
SalwadorSalwador (2004) (porownaj)
SalwadorSalwador (2005) (porownaj)
SalwadorSalwador (2006) (porownaj)
SalwadorSalwador (2007) (porownaj)


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Salwador 2008 roku

 Salwador
Podzial administracyjny 14 departments (departamentos, singular - departamento); Ahuachapan, Cabanas, Chalatenango, Cuscatlan, La Libertad, La Paz, La Union, Morazan, San Miguel, San Salvador, San Vicente, Santa Ana, Sonsonate, Usulutan
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 36.1% (male 1,281,889/female 1,228,478)


15-64 years: 58.7% (male 1,942,674/female 2,134,154)


65 years and over: 5.2% (male 158,276/female 202,602) (2007 est.)
Rolinictwo coffee, sugar, corn, rice, beans, oilseed, cotton, sorghum; beef, dairy products; shrimp
Lotniska 65 (2007)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 4


over 3,047 m: 1


1,524 to 2,437 m: 1


914 to 1,523 m: 2 (2007)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 61


1,524 to 2,437 m: 1


914 to 1,523 m: 12


under 914 m: 48 (2007)
Terytorium total: 21,040 sq km


land: 20,720 sq km


water: 320 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly smaller than Massachusetts
Tlo historyczne Salwador achieved independence from Hiszpania w 1821 and from the Central American Federation w 1839. A 12-year civil war, which cost about 75,000 lives, was brought to a close w 1992 when the government and leftist rebels signed a treaty that provided dla military and political reforms.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 26.13 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budzet revenues: $3.464 billion


expenditures: $3.605 billion (2007 est.)
Stolica name: San Salvador


geographic coordinates: 13 42 N, 89 12 W


time difference: UTC-6 (1 hour behind Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Klimat tropical; rainy season (maj to pazdziernik); dry season (listopad to kwiecien); tropical on coast; temperate w uplands
Linia brzegowa 307 km
Konstytucja 20 grudzien 1983
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Republic of Salwador


conventional short form: Salwador


local long form: Republica de Salwador


local short form: Salwador
Wspolczynnik zgonow 5.6 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $5.444 billion (grudzien 2007)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador Charles L. GLAZER


embassy: Final Boulevard Santa Elena Sur, Antiguo Cuscatlan, La Libertad, San Salvador


mailing address: Unit 3116, APO AA 34023


telephone: [503] 2278-4444


FAX: [503] 2278-5522
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Rene Antonio LEON Rodriguez


chancery: 1400 16th Street, Washington, DC 20036


telephone: [1] (202) 265-9671


FAX: [1] (202) 234-3834


consulate(s) general: Chicago, Dallas, Elizabeth (New Jersey), Houston, Las Vegas, Los Angeles, Miami, New York (2), Nogales (Arizona), Santa Ana (California), San Francisco, Washington, DC


consulate(s): Boston
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje International Court of Justice (ICJ) ruled on the delimitation of "bolsones" (disputed areas) along the Salwador-Honduras boundary, w 1992, z final agreement by the parties w 2006 after an Organization of American States (OAS) survey and a further ICJ ruling w 2003; the 1992 ICJ ruling advised a tripartite resolution to a maritime boundary w the Gulf of Fonseca advocating Honduran access to the Pacific; Salwador continues to claim tiny Conejo Island, not identified w the ICJ decision, off Honduras w the Gulf of Fonseca
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $267.6 million of which $55 million from US (2005)
Ekonomia The smallest country w Central America, Salwador has the third largest economy, but growth has been modest w recent years. Robust growth w non-traditional exports have offset declines w the maquila exports, while remittances and external aid offset the trade deficit from high oil prices and strong import demand dla consumer and intermediate goods. Salwador leads the region w remittances per capita z inflows equivalent to nearly all export income. Implementation w 2006 of the Central America-Republika Dominikanska Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA), which Salwador was the first to ratify, has strengthened an already positive export trend. With the adoption of the US dollar as its currency w 2001, Salwador lost control over monetary policy and must concentrate on maintaining a disciplined fiscal policy. The current government has pursued economic diversification, z some success w promoting textile production, international port services, and tourism through tax incentives. It is committed to opening the economy to trade and investment, and has embarked on a wave of privatizations extending to telecom, electricity distribution, banking, and pension funds. In late 2006, the government and the Millennium Challenge Corporation signed a five-year, $461 million compact to stimulate economic growth and reduce poverty w the country's northern region through investments w education, public services, enterprise development, and transportation infrastructure.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 5.319 billion kWh (2006)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 111.1 million kWh (2007)
Elektrycznosc - import 38.6 million kWh (2007)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 5.316 billion kWh (2006)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Ocean Spokojny 0 m


highest point: Cerro El Pital 2,730 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy deforestation; soil erosion; water pollution; contamination of soils from disposal of toxic wastes
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands


signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea
Grupy etniczne mestizo 90%, white 9%, Amerindian 1%
Kurs waluty the US dollar became Salwador's currency w 2001
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President Elias Antonio SACA Gonzalez (since 1 czerwiec 2004); Vice President Ana Vilma Albanez DE ESCOBAR (since 1 czerwiec 2004); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government


head of government: President Elias Antonio SACA Gonzalez (since 1 czerwiec 2004); Vice President Ana Vilma Albanez DE ESCOBAR (since 1 czerwiec 2004)


cabinet: Council of Ministers selected by the president


elections: president and vice president elected on the same ticket by popular vote dla a single five-year term; election last held 21 marzec 2004 (next to be held w marzec 2009)


election results: Elias Antonio SACA Gonzalez elected president; percent of vote - Elias Antonio SACA Gonzalez 57.7%, Schafik HANDAL 35.6%, Hector SILVA 3.9%, other 2.8%
Eksport 111.1 million kWh (2007)
Eksport $3.98 billion (2007 est.)
Eksport 0 cu m (2005 est.)
Eksport 4,963 bbl/day (2006)
Eksport - towary offshore assembly exports, coffee, sugar, shrimp, textiles, chemicals, electricity
Eksport - partnerzy US 49.5%, Gwatemala 14.4%, Honduras 8.8%, Nikaragua 5% (2006)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi three equal horizontal bands of blue (top), white, and blue z the national coat of arms centered w the white band; the coat of arms features a round emblem encircled by the words REPUBLICA DE EL SALVADOR EN LA AMERICA CENTRAL; similar to the flag of Nikaragua, which has a different coat of arms centered w the white band - it features a triangle encircled by the words REPUBLICA DE NICARAGUA on top and AMERICA CENTRAL on the bottom; also similar to the flag of Honduras, which has five blue stars arranged w an X pattern centered w the white band
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 10.2%


industry: 29.3%


services: 60.5% (2007 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 4.7% (2007 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 13 50 N, 88 55 W
Polozenie geograficzne smallest Central American country and only one without a coastline on Caribbean Sea
Ladowiska helikopterow 1 (2007)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: 0.7%


highest 10%: 38.8% (2002)
Narkotyki transshipment point dla cocaine; small amounts of marijuana produced dla local consumption; significant use of cocaine
Import 38.6 million kWh (2007)
Import $8.667 billion (2007 est.)
Import 0 cu m (2005)
Import 45,210 bbl/day (2006)
Import - towary raw materials, consumer goods, capital goods, fuels, foodstuffs, petroleum, electricity
Import - partnerzy US 32.2%, Gwatemala 9.3%, Meksyk 7.4%, Niemcy 6.3%, Chiny 4.7% (2006)
Niepodleglosc 15 wrzesien 1821 (from Hiszpania)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 2% (2007 est.)
Przemysl food processing, beverages, petroleum, chemicals, fertilizer, textiles, furniture, light metals
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 22.88 deaths/1,000 live births


male: 25.76 deaths/1,000 live births


female: 19.86 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflacja 4.9% (2007 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji BCIE, CACM, FAO, G-77, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO (correspondent), ITSO, ITU, ITUC, MIGA, MINURSO, NAM (observer), OAS, OPANAL, OPCW, PCA, RG, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, Union Latina, UNMIL, UNMIS, UNOCI, UNWTO, UPU, WCL, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
Nawadniane tereny 450 sq km (2003)
Sadownictwo Supreme Court or Corte Suprema (15 judges are selected by the Legislative Assembly; the 15 judges are assigned to four Supreme Court chambers - constitutional, civil, penal, and administrative conflict)
Sila robocza 2.87 million (2007 est.)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture: 19%


industry: 23%


services: 58% (2006 est.)
Granica total: 545 km


border countries: Gwatemala 203 km, Honduras 342 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 31.37%


permanent crops: 11.88%


other: 56.75% (2005)
Jezyki Spanish, Nahua (among some Amerindians)
System prawny based on civil and Roman law z traces of common law; judicial review of legislative acts w the Supreme Court
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral Legislative Assembly or Asamblea Legislativa (84 seats; members are elected by direct, popular vote to serve three-year terms)


elections: last held 12 marzec 2006 (next to be held w marzec 2009)


election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - ARENA 34, FMLN 32, PCN 10, PDC 6, CD 2
Zywotnosc total population: 71.78 years


male: 68.18 years


female: 75.57 years (2007 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 10 and over can read and write


total population: 80.2%


male: 82.8%


female: 77.7% (2003 est.)
Lokalizacja Central America, bordering the North Ocean Spokojny, between Gwatemala and Honduras
Lokalizacja na mapie Central America and the Caribbean
Morskie obszary territorial sea: 12 nm


contiguous zone: 24 nm


exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Wojsko Salvadoran Army (ES), Salvadoran Navy (FNES), Salvadoran Air Force (Fuerza Aerea Salvadorena, FAS) (2008)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 5% (2006)
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day, 15 wrzesien (1821)
Narodowosc noun: Salvadoran(s)


adjective: Salvadoran
Naturalne zagrozenia known as the Land of Volcanoes; frequent and sometimes destructive earthquakes and volcanic activity; extremely susceptible to hurricanes
Surowce naturalne hydropower, geothermal power, petroleum, arable land
Wspolczynnik migracji -3.54 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Christian Democratic Party or PDC [Rodolfo PARKER]; Democratic Convergence or CD [Ruben ZAMORA] (formerly United Democratic Center or CDU); Farabundo Marti National Liberation Front or FMLN [Medardo GONZALEZ]; National Conciliation Party or PCN [Ciro CRUZ ZEPEDA]; National Republican Alliance or ARENA [Elias Antonio SACA Gonzalez]; Popular Social Christian Party or PPSC [Rene AGUILUZ]; Revolutionary Democratic Front or FDR [Julio Cesar HERNANDEZ Carcamo]
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow labor organizations - Electrical Industry Union of Salwador or SIES; Federation of the Construction Industry, Similar Transport and other activities, or FESINCONTRANS; National Confederation of Salvadoran Workers or CNTS; National Union of Salvadoran Workers or UNTS; Port Industry Union of Salwador or SIPES; Salvadoran Union of Ex-Petrolleros and Peasant Workers or USEPOC; Salvadoran Workers Central or CTS; Workers Union of Electrical Corporation or STCEL; business organizations - National Association of Small Enterprise or ANEP; Salvadoran Assembly Industry Association or ASIC; Salvadoran Industrial Association or ASI
Ludnosc 6,948,073 (lipiec 2007 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 30.7% (2006 est.)
Przyrost naturalny 1.699% (2007 est.)
Stacje radiowe AM 52, FM 144, shortwave 0 (2005)
Linie kolejowe total: 562 km


narrow gauge: 562 km 0.914-m gauge


note: railways not w operation since 2005 because of disuse and lack of maintenance due to high costs (2007)
Religie Roman Catholic 83%, other 17%


note: there is extensive activity by Protestant groups throughout the country; by the end of 1992, there were an estimated 1 million Protestant evangelicals w Salwador
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female


under 15 years: 1.043 male(s)/female


15-64 years: 0.91 male(s)/female


65 years and over: 0.781 male(s)/female


total population: 0.949 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: the four mobile-cellular service providers are expanding services rapidly and w 2006 mobile-cellular density stood at roughly 55 per 100 persons; growth w fixed-line services has slowed w the face of mobile-cellular competition


domestic: nationwide microwave radio relay system


international: country code - 503; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Ocean Atlantycki); connected to Central American Microwave System
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 1.037 million (2006)
Telefony komorkowe 3.852 million (2006)
Stacje telewizyjne 5 (1997)
Uksztaltowanie terenu mostly mountains z narrow coastal belt and central plateau
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 3.08 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 6.6% official rate; but the economy has much underemployment (2007 est.)
Drogi wodne Rio Lempa partially navigable dla small craft (2007)
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