Strona glowna Porownaj panstwa Spis panstw Spis pol


Salwador (2008)

Salwador - wybierz rok:
SalwadorSalwador (2001) (porownaj)
SalwadorSalwador (2002) (porownaj)
SalwadorSalwador (2003) (porownaj)
SalwadorSalwador (2004) (porownaj)
SalwadorSalwador (2005) (porownaj)
SalwadorSalwador (2006) (porownaj)
SalwadorSalwador (2007) (porownaj)

Porownaj z innymi popularnymi panstwami

Salwador 2008 roku

Podzial administracyjny 14 departments (departamentos, singular - departamento); Ahuachapan, Cabanas, Chalatenango, Cuscatlan, La Libertad, La Paz, La Union, Morazan, San Miguel, San Salvador, San Vicente, Santa Ana, Sonsonate, Usulutan
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 36.1% (male 1,281,889/female 1,228,478)

15-64 years: 58.7% (male 1,942,674/female 2,134,154)

65 years and over: 5.2% (male 158,276/female 202,602) (2007 est.)
Rolinictwo coffee, sugar, corn, rice, beans, oilseed, cotton, sorghum; beef, dairy products; shrimp
Lotniska 65 (2007)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 4

over 3,047 m: 1

1,524 to 2,437 m: 1

914 to 1,523 m: 2 (2007)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 61

1,524 to 2,437 m: 1

914 to 1,523 m: 12

under 914 m: 48 (2007)
Terytorium total: 21,040 sq km

land: 20,720 sq km

water: 320 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly smaller than Massachusetts
Tlo historyczne Salwador achieved independence from Hiszpania w 1821 and from the Central American Federation w 1839. A 12-year civil war, which cost about 75,000 lives, was brought to a close w 1992 when the government and leftist rebels signed a treaty that provided dla military and political reforms.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 26.13 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budzet revenues: $3.464 billion

expenditures: $3.605 billion (2007 est.)
Stolica name: San Salvador

geographic coordinates: 13 42 N, 89 12 W

time difference: UTC-6 (1 hour behind Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Klimat tropical; rainy season (maj to pazdziernik); dry season (listopad to kwiecien); tropical on coast; temperate w uplands
Linia brzegowa 307 km
Konstytucja 20 grudzien 1983
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Republic of Salwador

conventional short form: Salwador

local long form: Republica de Salwador

local short form: Salwador
Wspolczynnik zgonow 5.6 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $5.444 billion (grudzien 2007)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador Charles L. GLAZER

embassy: Final Boulevard Santa Elena Sur, Antiguo Cuscatlan, La Libertad, San Salvador

mailing address: Unit 3116, APO AA 34023

telephone: [503] 2278-4444

FAX: [503] 2278-5522
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Rene Antonio LEON Rodriguez

chancery: 1400 16th Street, Washington, DC 20036

telephone: [1] (202) 265-9671

FAX: [1] (202) 234-3834

consulate(s) general: Chicago, Dallas, Elizabeth (New Jersey), Houston, Las Vegas, Los Angeles, Miami, New York (2), Nogales (Arizona), Santa Ana (California), San Francisco, Washington, DC

consulate(s): Boston
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje International Court of Justice (ICJ) ruled on the delimitation of "bolsones" (disputed areas) along the Salwador-Honduras boundary, w 1992, z final agreement by the parties w 2006 after an Organization of American States (OAS) survey and a further ICJ ruling w 2003; the 1992 ICJ ruling advised a tripartite resolution to a maritime boundary w the Gulf of Fonseca advocating Honduran access to the Pacific; Salwador continues to claim tiny Conejo Island, not identified w the ICJ decision, off Honduras w the Gulf of Fonseca
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $267.6 million of which $55 million from US (2005)
Ekonomia The smallest country w Central America, Salwador has the third largest economy, but growth has been modest w recent years. Robust growth w non-traditional exports have offset declines w the maquila exports, while remittances and external aid offset the trade deficit from high oil prices and strong import demand dla consumer and intermediate goods. Salwador leads the region w remittances per capita z inflows equivalent to nearly all export income. Implementation w 2006 of the Central America-Republika Dominikanska Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA), which Salwador was the first to ratify, has strengthened an already positive export trend. With the adoption of the US dollar as its currency w 2001, Salwador lost control over monetary policy and must concentrate on maintaining a disciplined fiscal policy. The current government has pursued economic diversification, z some success w promoting textile production, international port services, and tourism through tax incentives. It is committed to opening the economy to trade and investment, and has embarked on a wave of privatizations extending to telecom, electricity distribution, banking, and pension funds. In late 2006, the government and the Millennium Challenge Corporation signed a five-year, $461 million compact to stimulate economic growth and reduce poverty w the country's northern region through investments w education, public services, enterprise development, and transportation infrastructure.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 5.319 billion kWh (2006)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 111.1 million kWh (2007)
Elektrycznosc - import 38.6 million kWh (2007)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 5.316 billion kWh (2006)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Ocean Spokojny 0 m

highest point: Cerro El Pital 2,730 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy deforestation; soil erosion; water pollution; contamination of soils from disposal of toxic wastes
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands

signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea
Grupy etniczne mestizo 90%, white 9%, Amerindian 1%
Kurs waluty the US dollar became Salwador's currency w 2001
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President Elias Antonio SACA Gonzalez (since 1 czerwiec 2004); Vice President Ana Vilma Albanez DE ESCOBAR (since 1 czerwiec 2004); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government

head of government: President Elias Antonio SACA Gonzalez (since 1 czerwiec 2004); Vice President Ana Vilma Albanez DE ESCOBAR (since 1 czerwiec 2004)

cabinet: Council of Ministers selected by the president

elections: president and vice president elected on the same ticket by popular vote dla a single five-year term; election last held 21 marzec 2004 (next to be held w marzec 2009)

election results: Elias Antonio SACA Gonzalez elected president; percent of vote - Elias Antonio SACA Gonzalez 57.7%, Schafik HANDAL 35.6%, Hector SILVA 3.9%, other 2.8%
Eksport 111.1 million kWh (2007)
Eksport $3.98 billion (2007 est.)
Eksport 0 cu m (2005 est.)
Eksport 4,963 bbl/day (2006)
Eksport - towary offshore assembly exports, coffee, sugar, shrimp, textiles, chemicals, electricity
Eksport - partnerzy US 49.5%, Gwatemala 14.4%, Honduras 8.8%, Nikaragua 5% (2006)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi three equal horizontal bands of blue (top), white, and blue z the national coat of arms centered w the white band; the coat of arms features a round emblem encircled by the words REPUBLICA DE EL SALVADOR EN LA AMERICA CENTRAL; similar to the flag of Nikaragua, which has a different coat of arms centered w the white band - it features a triangle encircled by the words REPUBLICA DE NICARAGUA on top and AMERICA CENTRAL on the bottom; also similar to the flag of Honduras, which has five blue stars arranged w an X pattern centered w the white band
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 10.2%

industry: 29.3%

services: 60.5% (2007 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 4.7% (2007 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 13 50 N, 88 55 W
Polozenie geograficzne smallest Central American country and only one without a coastline on Caribbean Sea
Ladowiska helikopterow 1 (2007)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: 0.7%

highest 10%: 38.8% (2002)
Narkotyki transshipment point dla cocaine; small amounts of marijuana produced dla local consumption; significant use of cocaine
Import 38.6 million kWh (2007)
Import $8.667 billion (2007 est.)
Import 0 cu m (2005)
Import 45,210 bbl/day (2006)
Import - towary raw materials, consumer goods, capital goods, fuels, foodstuffs, petroleum, electricity
Import - partnerzy US 32.2%, Gwatemala 9.3%, Meksyk 7.4%, Niemcy 6.3%, Chiny 4.7% (2006)
Niepodleglosc 15 wrzesien 1821 (from Hiszpania)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 2% (2007 est.)
Przemysl food processing, beverages, petroleum, chemicals, fertilizer, textiles, furniture, light metals
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 22.88 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 25.76 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 19.86 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflacja 4.9% (2007 est.)
Nawadniane tereny 450 sq km (2003)
Sadownictwo Supreme Court or Corte Suprema (15 judges are selected by the Legislative Assembly; the 15 judges are assigned to four Supreme Court chambers - constitutional, civil, penal, and administrative conflict)
Sila robocza 2.87 million (2007 est.)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture: 19%

industry: 23%

services: 58% (2006 est.)
Granica total: 545 km

border countries: Gwatemala 203 km, Honduras 342 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 31.37%

permanent crops: 11.88%

other: 56.75% (2005)
Jezyki Spanish, Nahua (among some Amerindians)
System prawny based on civil and Roman law z traces of common law; judicial review of legislative acts w the Supreme Court
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral Legislative Assembly or Asamblea Legislativa (84 seats; members are elected by direct, popular vote to serve three-year terms)

elections: last held 12 marzec 2006 (next to be held w marzec 2009)

election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - ARENA 34, FMLN 32, PCN 10, PDC 6, CD 2
Zywotnosc total population: 71.78 years

male: 68.18 years

female: 75.57 years (2007 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 10 and over can read and write

total population: 80.2%

male: 82.8%

female: 77.7% (2003 est.)
Lokalizacja Central America, bordering the North Ocean Spokojny, between Gwatemala and Honduras
Lokalizacja na mapie Central America and the Caribbean
Morskie obszary territorial sea: 12 nm

contiguous zone: 24 nm

exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Wojsko Salvadoran Army (ES), Salvadoran Navy (FNES), Salvadoran Air Force (Fuerza Aerea Salvadorena, FAS) (2008)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 5% (2006)
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day, 15 wrzesien (1821)
Narodowosc noun: Salvadoran(s)

adjective: Salvadoran
Naturalne zagrozenia known as the Land of Volcanoes; frequent and sometimes destructive earthquakes and volcanic activity; extremely susceptible to hurricanes
Surowce naturalne hydropower, geothermal power, petroleum, arable land
Wspolczynnik migracji -3.54 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Christian Democratic Party or PDC [Rodolfo PARKER]; Democratic Convergence or CD [Ruben ZAMORA] (formerly United Democratic Center or CDU); Farabundo Marti National Liberation Front or FMLN [Medardo GONZALEZ]; National Conciliation Party or PCN [Ciro CRUZ ZEPEDA]; National Republican Alliance or ARENA [Elias Antonio SACA Gonzalez]; Popular Social Christian Party or PPSC [Rene AGUILUZ]; Revolutionary Democratic Front or FDR [Julio Cesar HERNANDEZ Carcamo]
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow labor organizations - Electrical Industry Union of Salwador or SIES; Federation of the Construction Industry, Similar Transport and other activities, or FESINCONTRANS; National Confederation of Salvadoran Workers or CNTS; National Union of Salvadoran Workers or UNTS; Port Industry Union of Salwador or SIPES; Salvadoran Union of Ex-Petrolleros and Peasant Workers or USEPOC; Salvadoran Workers Central or CTS; Workers Union of Electrical Corporation or STCEL; business organizations - National Association of Small Enterprise or ANEP; Salvadoran Assembly Industry Association or ASIC; Salvadoran Industrial Association or ASI
Ludnosc 6,948,073 (lipiec 2007 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 30.7% (2006 est.)
Przyrost naturalny 1.699% (2007 est.)
Stacje radiowe AM 52, FM 144, shortwave 0 (2005)
Linie kolejowe total: 562 km

narrow gauge: 562 km 0.914-m gauge

note: railways not w operation since 2005 because of disuse and lack of maintenance due to high costs (2007)
Religie Roman Catholic 83%, other 17%

note: there is extensive activity by Protestant groups throughout the country; by the end of 1992, there were an estimated 1 million Protestant evangelicals w Salwador
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.043 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 0.91 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.781 male(s)/female

total population: 0.949 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: the four mobile-cellular service providers are expanding services rapidly and w 2006 mobile-cellular density stood at roughly 55 per 100 persons; growth w fixed-line services has slowed w the face of mobile-cellular competition

domestic: nationwide microwave radio relay system

international: country code - 503; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Ocean Atlantycki); connected to Central American Microwave System
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 1.037 million (2006)
Telefony komorkowe 3.852 million (2006)
Stacje telewizyjne 5 (1997)
Uksztaltowanie terenu mostly mountains z narrow coastal belt and central plateau
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 3.08 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 6.6% official rate; but the economy has much underemployment (2007 est.)
Drogi wodne Rio Lempa partially navigable dla small craft (2007)
Mapa strony: Wszystkie porownania (mapa serwisu) | Spis podstron z informacjami na temat panstw
Links: Dodaj do ulubionych | Informacje o tej stronie | Statystyki | Polityka prywatnosci
Ta strona zostala wygenerowana w ciagu 0.11107492 s. Rozmiar tej strony: 44.56 kB.