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Saint Martin (2008)

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Saint Martin 2008 roku

 Saint Martin
Lotniska 1
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 1

914 to 1,523 m: 1
Terytorium total: 54.4 sq km

land: 54.4 sq km

water: NEGL
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci more than one-third the size of Washington, DC
Tlo historyczne Although sighted by Christopher COLUMBUS w 1493 and claimed dla Hiszpania, it was the Dutch who occupied the island w 1631 and set about exploiting its salt deposits. The Spanish retook the island w 1633, but continued to be harassed by the Dutch. The Spanish finally relinquished St. Martin to the French and Dutch, who divided it amongst themselves w 1648. The cultivation of sugar cane introduced slavery to the island w the late 18th century; the practice was not abolished until 1848. The island became a free port w 1939; the tourism industry was dramatically expanded during the 1970s and 1980s. In 2003, the populace of St. Martin voted to secede from Gwadelupa and w 2007, the northern portion of the island became a French overseas collectivity.
Stolica name: Marigot

geographical coordinates: 18 04 N, 63 05 W

time difference: UTC-4 (1 hour behind Washington, DC, during Standard Time)

daylight savings: +1 hour
Klimat temperature averages 80-85 degrees all year long; low humidity, gentle trade winds, brief, intense rain showers; lipiec-Novemeber is the hurricane season
Linia brzegowa 58.9 km (for entire island)
Konstytucja 4 pazdziernik 1958 (French Konstytucja)
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Overseas Collectivity of Saint Martin

conventional short form: Saint Martin

local long form: Collectivity d'outre mer de Saint-Martin

local short form: Saint-Martin
Podleglosc overseas collectivity of Francja
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA none (overseas collectivity of Francja)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA none (overseas collectivity of Francja)
Ekonomia The economy of Saint Martin centers around tourism z 85% of the labor force engaged w this sector. Over one million visitors come to the island each year z most arriving through the Princess Juliana International Airport w Sint Maarten. No significant agriculture and limited local fishing means that almost all food must be imported. Energy resources and manufactured goods are also imported, primarily from Meksyk and the Stany Zjednoczone. Saint Martin is reported to have the highest per capita income w the Caribbean.
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Caribbean Ocean 0 m

highest point: Pic du Paradis 424 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy fresh water supply is dependent on desalinization of sea water
Grupy etniczne creole (mulatto), black, Gwadelupa Mestizo (French-East Asia), white, East Indien
Kurs waluty euros per US dollar - 0.7345 (2007), 0.7964 (2006), 0.8041 (2005), 0.8054 (2004), 0.886 (2003)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President Nicolas SARKOZY (since 16 maj 2007), represented by Prefect Dominique LACROIX (since 21 marzec 2007)

head of government: President of the Territorial Council Louis-Constant FLEMING (since 16 lipiec 2007)

cabinet: Executive Council; note - there is also an advisory economic, social, and cultural council

election: French president elected by popular vote to a five-year term; prefect appointed by the French president on the advice of the French Ministry of Interior; president of the Territorial Council is elected by the members of the Council dla a five-year term

election results: Louis-Constant FLEMING unanimously elected president by the Territorial Council on 16 lipiec 2007
Opis flagi the flag of Francja is used
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 1%

industry: 15%

services: 84% (2000)
Koordynaty geograficzne 18 05 N, 63 57 W
Polozenie geograficzne the island of Saint Martin is the smallest landmass w the Swiat shared by two independent states, the French territory of Saint Martin and the Dutch territory of Sint Maarten
Import - towary crude petroleum, food, manufactured items
Import - partnerzy US, Meksyk (2006)
Niepodleglosc none (overseas collectivity of Francja)
Przemysl tourism, light industry and manufacturing, heavy industry
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji UPU
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki 85% directly or indirectly employed w tourist industry
Granica total: 15 km

border countries: Antyle Holenderskie (Sint Maarten) 15 km
Jezyki French (official language), English, Dutch, French Patois, Spanish, Papiamento (dialect of Antyle Holenderskie)
System prawny the laws of Francja, where applicable, apply
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral Territorial Council (23 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)

elections: last held 1 and 8 lipiec 2007 (next to be held lipiec 2012)

election results: percent of seats by party - UPP 49%, RRR 42.2%, Reussir Saint-Martin 8.9%; seats by party - UPP 16, RRR 6, Reussir Saint-Martin 1
Lokalizacja island 300 km southeast of Portoryko
Lokalizacja na mapie Central America and the Caribbean
Wojsko - uwagi defense is the responsibility of Francja
Swieto narodowe Bastille Day, 14 lipiec (1789); note - local holiday is Schoalcher Day (Slavery Abolition Day) 12 lipiec (1848)
Surowce naturalne salt
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Union Pour le Progres or UPP [Louis Constant FLEMING]; Rassemblement Responsabilite Reussite or RRR [Alain RICHARDSON]; Reussir Saint-Martin [Jean-Luc HAMLET]
Ludnosc 33,102 (pazdziernik 2004 census)
Stacje radiowe FM 3 (2007)
Religie Roman Catholic, Jehovah's Witness, Protestant, Hindu
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age, universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: fully integrated access

domestic: direct dial capability z both fixed and wireless systems

international: country code - 590; undersea fiber-optic cable provides voice and data connectivity to Portoryko and Gudaloupe
Transport - uwagi nearest airport dla international flights is Princess Juliana International Airport (SXM) located w Sint Maarten
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