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Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (2008)

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Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 2008 year

 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Administrative divisions 6 parishes; Charlotte, Grenadines, Saint Andrew, Saint David, Saint George, Saint Patrick
Age structure 0-14 years: 25.9% (male 15,596/female 15,027)

15-64 years: 67.6% (male 41,259/female 38,620)

65 years and over: 6.5% (male 3,358/female 4,289) (2007 est.)
Agriculture - products bananas, coconuts, sweet potatoes, spices; small numbers of cattle, sheep, pigs, goats; fish
Airports 6 (2007)
Airports - with paved runways total: 5

914 to 1,523 m: 4

under 914 m: 1 (2007)
Airports - with unpaved runways total: 1

under 914 m: 1 (2007)
Area total: 389 sq km (Saint Vincent 344 sq km)

land: 389 sq km

water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative twice the size of Washington, DC
Background Resistance by native Caribs prevented colonization on St. Vincent until 1719. Disputed between France and the United Kingdom for most of the 18th century, the island was ceded to the latter in 1783. Between 1960 and 1962, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines was a separate administrative unit of the Federation of the West Indies. Autonomy was granted in 1969 and independence in 1979.
Birth rate 16.02 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budget revenues: $94.6 million

expenditures: $85.8 million (2000 est.)
Capital name: Kingstown

geographic coordinates: 13 09 N, 61 14 W

time difference: UTC-4 (1 hour ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Climate tropical; little seasonal temperature variation; rainy season (May to November)
Coastline 84 km
Constitution 27 October 1979
Country name conventional long form: none

conventional short form: Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Death rate 5.97 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Debt - external $223 million (2004)
Diplomatic representation from the US the US does not have an embassy in Saint Vincent and the Grenadines; the US Ambassador to Barbados is accredited to Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Diplomatic representation in the US chief of mission: Ambassador Ellsworth I. A. JOHN

chancery: 3216 New Mexico Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20016

telephone: [1] (202) 364-6730

FAX: [1] (202) 364-6736

consulate(s) general: New York
Disputes - international joins other Caribbean states to counter Venezuela's claim that Aves Island sustains human habitation, a criterion under UNCLOS, which permits Venezuela to extend its EEZ/continental shelf over a large portion of the eastern Caribbean Sea
Economic aid - recipient $4.89 million (1995); note - EU $34.5 million (2005)
Economy - overview Economic growth slowed slightly in 2007 after reaching a 10 year high of nearly 7% in 2006, but is expected to remain robust, hinging upon seasonal variations in the agricultural and tourism sectors and a recent increase in construction activity. This lower-middle-income country is vulnerable to natural disasters - tropical storms wiped out substantial portions of crops in 1994, 1995, and 2002. In 2005, the islands had more than 160,000 tourist arrivals, mostly to the Grenadines. Saint Vincent is home to a small offshore banking sector and has moved to adopt international regulatory standards. The government's ability to invest in social programs and respond to external shocks is constrained by its high debt burden - 25 percent of current revenues are directed towards debt servicing.
Electricity - consumption 107 million kWh (2005)
Electricity - exports 0 kWh (2005)
Electricity - imports 0 kWh (2005)
Electricity - production 115 million kWh (2005)
Elevation extremes lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m

highest point: La Soufriere 1,234 m
Environment - current issues pollution of coastal waters and shorelines from discharges by pleasure yachts and other effluents; in some areas, pollution is severe enough to make swimming prohibitive
Environment - international agreements party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Whaling

signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Ethnic groups black 66%, mixed 19%, East Indian 6%, Carib Amerindian 2%, other 7%
Exchange rates East Caribbean dollars per US dollar - 2.7 (2007), 2.7 (2006), 2.7 (2005), 2.7 (2004), 2.7 (2003)
Executive branch chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor General Sir Fredrick Nathaniel BALLANTYNE (since 2 September 2002)

head of government: Prime Minister Ralph E. GONSALVES (since 29 March 2001)

cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister

elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; the governor general is appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party is usually appointed prime minister by the governor general; deputy prime minister appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister
Exports 0 kWh (2005)
Exports $193 million (2006)
Exports 0 cu m (2005 est.)
Exports 0 bbl/day (2004)
Exports - commodities bananas 39%, eddoes and dasheen (taro), arrowroot starch; tennis racquets
Exports - partners France 26.2%, Greece 21.3%, Italy 18.9%, Russia 7.2%, UK 6.8% (2006)
Fiscal year calendar year
Flag description three vertical bands of blue (hoist side), gold (double width), and green; the gold band bears three green diamonds arranged in a V pattern
GDP - composition by sector agriculture: 10%

industry: 26%

services: 64% (2001 est.)
GDP - real growth rate 4.4% (2007 est.)
Geographic coordinates 13 15 N, 61 12 W
Geography - note the administration of the islands of the Grenadines group is divided between Saint Vincent and the Grenadines and Grenada; Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is comprised of 32 islands and cays
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%: NA%

highest 10%: NA%
Illicit drugs transshipment point for South American drugs destined for the US and Europe; small-scale cannabis cultivation
Imports 0 kWh (2005)
Imports $578 million (2006)
Imports 0 cu m (2005)
Imports 1,468 bbl/day (2004)
Imports - commodities foodstuffs, machinery and equipment, chemicals and fertilizers, minerals and fuels
Imports - partners Singapore 17.3%, Trinidad and Tobago 12.1%, US 11.1%, Italy 11%, Spain 9.5%, Turkey 4.6%, Germany 4.4% (2006)
Independence 27 October 1979 (from UK)
Industrial production growth rate -0.9% (1997 est.)
Industries food processing, cement, furniture, clothing, starch
Infant mortality rate total: 14.01 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 15.25 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 12.72 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 1% (2005 est.)
International organization participation ACP, C, Caricom, CDB, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, ISO (subscriber), ITU, ITUC, MIGA, NAM, OAS, OECS, OPANAL, OPCW, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WTO
Irrigated land 10 sq km (2003)
Judicial branch Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court (based on Saint Lucia; one judge of the Supreme Court resides in Saint Vincent and the Grenadines)
Labor force 41,680 (1991 est.)
Labor force - by occupation agriculture: 26%

industry: 17%

services: 57% (1980 est.)
Land boundaries 0 km
Land use arable land: 17.95%

permanent crops: 17.95%

other: 64.1% (2005)
Languages English, French patois
Legal system based on English common law
Legislative branch unicameral House of Assembly (21 seats, 15 elected representatives and six appointed senators; representatives are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)

elections: last held 7 December 2005 (next to be held in 2010)

election results: percent of vote by party - ULP 55.3%, NDP 44.7%; seats by party - ULP 12, NDP 3
Life expectancy at birth total population: 74.09 years

male: 72.21 years

female: 76.04 years (2007 est.)
Literacy definition: age 15 and over has ever attended school

total population: 96%

male: 96%

female: 96% (1970 est.)
Location Caribbean, islands between the Caribbean Sea and North Atlantic Ocean, north of Trinidad and Tobago
Map references Central America and the Caribbean
Maritime claims territorial sea: 12 nm

contiguous zone: 24 nm

exclusive economic zone: 200 nm

continental shelf: 200 nm
Merchant marine total: 582 ships (1000 GRT or over) 5,598,917 GRT/8,255,014 DWT

by type: bulk carrier 92, cargo 353, carrier 19, chemical tanker 4, container 17, liquefied gas 6, livestock carrier 1, passenger 5, passenger/cargo 11, petroleum tanker 19, refrigerated cargo 31, roll on/roll off 21, specialized tanker 3

foreign-owned: 536 (Austria 2, Bangladesh 1, Barbados 1, Belgium 9, Bulgaria 13, Canada 6, China 106, Croatia 7, Cyprus 3, Czech Republic 1, Denmark 16, Egypt 4, Estonia 20, France 7, Germany 3, Greece 81, Guyana 2, Hong Kong 7, Iceland 15, India 5, Iran 1, Israel 4, Italy 19, Kenya 2, Latvia 20, Lebanon 7, Lithuania 7, Malta 1, Monaco 6, Montenegro 1, Netherlands 5, Norway 19, Pakistan 1, Philippines 1, Poland 1, Portugal 1, Puerto Rico 1, Romania 1, Russia 19, Singapore 6, Slovenia 5, Sweden 2, Switzerland 12, Syria 11, Turkey 20, Ukraine 12, UAE 12, UK 9, US 21) (2007)
Military branches no regular military forces; Royal Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Police Force, Coast Guard (2007)
Military expenditures - percent of GDP NA
National holiday Independence Day, 27 October (1979)
Nationality noun: Saint Vincentian(s) or Vincentian(s)

adjective: Saint Vincentian or Vincentian
Natural hazards hurricanes; Soufriere volcano on the island of Saint Vincent is a constant threat
Natural resources hydropower, cropland
Net migration rate -7.58 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Political parties and leaders New Democratic Party or NDP [Arnhim EUSTACE]; Unity Labor Party or ULP [Ralph GONSALVES] (formed by the coalition of Saint Vincent Labor Party or SVLP and the Movement for National Unity or MNU)
Political pressure groups and leaders NA
Population 118,149 (July 2007 est.)
Population below poverty line NA%
Population growth rate 0.248% (2007 est.)
Radio broadcast stations AM 1, FM 6, shortwave 0 (2004)
Religions Anglican 47%, Methodist 28%, Roman Catholic 13%, other (includes Hindu, Seventh-Day Adventist, other Protestant) 12%
Sex ratio at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.038 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 1.068 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.783 male(s)/female

total population: 1.039 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal
Telephone system general assessment: adequate system

domestic: islandwide, fully automatic telephone system; VHF/UHF radiotelephone from Saint Vincent to the other islands of the Grenadines; mobile-cellular teledensity about 75 telephones per 100 persons

international: country code - 1-784; the East Caribbean Fiber Optic System (ECFS) and Southern Caribbean fiber optic system (SCF) submarine cables carry international calls; connectivity also provided by VHF/UHF radiotelephone from Saint Vincent to Barbados; SHF radiotelephone to Grenada and Saint Lucia; access to Intelsat earth station in Martinique through Saint Lucia
Telephones - main lines in use 22,600 (2006)
Telephones - mobile cellular 87,600 (2006)
Television broadcast stations 1 (plus 3 repeaters) (2004)
Terrain volcanic, mountainous
Total fertility rate 1.81 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Unemployment rate 15% (2001 est.)
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