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Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (2002)

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Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 2002 year

 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Administrative divisions 6 parishes; Charlotte, Grenadines, Saint Andrew, Saint David, Saint George, Saint Patrick
Age structure 0-14 years: 28.9% (male 17,093; female 16,497)

15-64 years: 64.8% (male 38,718; female 36,689)

65 years and over: 6.3% (male 3,188; female 4,209) (2002 est.)
Agriculture - products bananas, coconuts, sweet potatoes, spices; small numbers of cattle, sheep, pigs, goats; fish
Airports 6 (2001)
Airports - with paved runways total: 5

914 to 1,523 m: 3

under 914 m: 2 (2002)
Airports - with unpaved runways total: 1

under 914 m: 1 (2002)
Area total: 389 sq km (Saint Vincent 344 sq km)

land: 389 sq km

water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative twice the size of Washington, DC
Background Disputed between France and the United Kingdom in the 18th century, Saint Vincent was ceded to the latter in 1783. Autonomy was granted in 1969, and independence in 1979.
Birth rate 17.54 births/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Budget revenues: $94.6 million

expenditures: $85.8 million, including capital expenditures of $NA (2000 est.) (2000 est.)
Capital Kingstown
Climate tropical; little seasonal temperature variation; rainy season (May to November)
Coastline 84 km
Constitution 27 October 1979
Country name conventional long form: none

conventional short form: Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Currency East Caribbean dollar (XCD)
Death rate 6.12 deaths/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Debt - external $167.2 million (2000) (2000)
Diplomatic representation from the US the US does not have an embassy in Saint Vincent and the Grenadines; the US Ambassador in Barbados is accredited to Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Diplomatic representation in the US chief of mission: Ambassador Ellsworth I. A. JOHN

chancery: 3216 New Mexico Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20016

telephone: [1] (202) 364-6730

FAX: [1] (202) 364-6736

consulate(s) general: New York
Disputes - international none
Economic aid - recipient $47.5 million (1995); note - EU $34.5 million (1998) (1995)
Economy - overview Bananas and other agricultural products remain the staple of this lower-middle income country's economy. Although tourism and other services have been growing moderately in recent years, the government has been ineffective at introducing new industries. Unemployment remains high, and economic growth hinges upon seasonal variations in the agricultural and tourism sectors. Tropical storms wiped out substantial portions of crops in 1994 and 1995, and tourism in the Eastern Caribbean has suffered low arrivals following September 11. St. Vincent is home to a small offshore banking sector, but its restrictive secrecy laws have come under international review. As of June 2001, it remained on the Financial Action Task Force's list of noncooperative jurisdictions.
Electricity - consumption 76.3 million kWh (1999)
Electricity - exports 0 kWh (1999)
Electricity - imports 0 kWh (1999)
Electricity - production 82 million kWh (1999)
Electricity - production by source fossil fuel: 73%

hydro: 27%

nuclear: 0%

other: 0% (1999)
Elevation extremes lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m

highest point: Soufriere 1,234 m
Environment - current issues pollution of coastal waters and shorelines from discharges by pleasure yachts and other effluents; in some areas, pollution is severe enough to make swimming prohibitive
Environment - international agreements party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Whaling

signed, but not ratified: Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol
Ethnic groups black 66%, mixed 19%, East Indian 6%, Carib Amerindian 2%, other 7%
Exchange rates East Caribbean dollars per US dollar - 2.7000 (fixed rate since 1976)
Executive branch chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952), represented by Governor General Sir Fredrick Nathaniel BALLANTYNE (since 2 September 2002)

head of government: Prime Minister Ralph E. GONSALVES (since 29 March 2001)

cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister

elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; the governor general is appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party is usually appointed prime minister by the governor general; deputy prime minister appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister
Exports 0 kWh (1999)
Exports $53.7 million (2000 est.)
Exports - commodities bananas 39%, eddoes and dasheen (taro), arrowroot starch, tennis racquets
Exports - partners Caricom countries 49%, UK 16%, US 10% (1995)
Fiscal year calendar year
Flag description three vertical bands of blue (hoist side), gold (double width), and green; the gold band bears three green diamonds arranged in a V pattern
GDP purchasing power parity - $339 million (2001 est.)
GDP - composition by sector agriculture: 10%

industry: 26%

services: 64% (2001 est.)
GDP - per capita purchasing power parity - $2,900 (2001 est.)
GDP - real growth rate -0.8% (2001 est.)
Geographic coordinates 13 15 N, 61 12 W
Geography - note the administration of the islands of the Grenadines group is divided between Saint Vincent and the Grenadines and Grenada; Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is comprised of 32 islands and cays
Highways total: 1,040 km

paved: 320 km

unpaved: 720 km (1996)
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%: NA%

highest 10%: NA%
Illicit drugs transshipment point for South American drugs destined for the US and Europe; small-scale cannabis cultivation
Imports 0 kWh (1999)
Imports $185.6 million (2000 est.)
Imports - commodities foodstuffs, machinery and equipment, chemicals and fertilizers, minerals and fuels
Imports - partners US 36%, Caricom countries 28%, UK 13% (1995)
Independence 27 October 1979 (from UK)
Industrial production growth rate -0.9% (1997 est.)
Industries food processing, cement, furniture, clothing, starch
Infant mortality rate 16.15 deaths/1,000 live births (2002 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices) -0.4% (2001 est.)
International organization participation ACP, C, Caricom, CDB, ECLAC, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, ITU, OAS, OECS, OPANAL, OPCW (signatory), UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WTrO
Internet Service Providers (ISPs) 15 (2000)
Irrigated land 10 sq km (1998 est.)
Judicial branch Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court (based on Saint Lucia; one judge of the Supreme Court resides in Saint Vincent and the Grenadines)
Labor force 67,000 (1984 est.)
Labor force - by occupation agriculture 26%, industry 17%, services 57% (1980 est.)
Land boundaries 0 km
Land use arable land: 10.26%

permanent crops: 17.95%

other: 71.79% (1998 est.)
Languages English, French patois
Legal system based on English common law
Legislative branch unicameral House of Assembly (21 seats, 15 elected representatives and 6 appointed senators; representatives are elected by popular vote from single-member constituencies to serve five-year terms)

elections: last held 28 March 2001 (next to be held by March 2006)

election results: percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - ULP 12, NDP 3
Life expectancy at birth total population: 72.82 years

male: 71.07 years

female: 74.63 years (2002 est.)
Literacy definition: age 15 and over has ever attended school

total population: 96%

male: 96%

female: 96% (1970 est.)
Location Caribbean, islands in the Caribbean Sea, north of Trinidad and Tobago
Map references Central America and the Caribbean
Maritime claims contiguous zone: 24 NM

continental shelf: 200 NM

exclusive economic zone: 200 NM

territorial sea: 12 NM
Merchant marine total: 788 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 7,000,660 GRT/10,702,776 DWT

ships by type: barge carrier 1, bulk 142, cargo 382, chemical tanker 24, combination bulk 11, combination ore/oil 3, container 47, liquefied gas 7, livestock carrier 3, multi-functional large-load carrier 2, passenger 3, petroleum tanker 48, refrigerated cargo 39, roll on/roll off 52, short-sea passenger 13, specialized tanker 10, vehicle carrier 1

note: includes some foreign-owned ships registered here as a flag of convenience: Albania 1, Anguilla 1, Argentina 1, Australia 2, Bahamas, The 1, Bangladesh 1, Barbados 2, Belgium 4, Bulgaria 14, Canada 1, Cayman Islands 1, China 135, Colombia 1, Croatia 12, Cyprus 6, Denmark 16, Egypt 7, Estonia 6, France 27, Germany 12, Greece 156, Guyana 7, Hong Kong 23, Iceland 1, India 11, Indonesia 3, Israel 2, Italy 19, Japan 1, Kenya 4, Latvia 5, Lebanon 9, Liberia 5, Lithuania 1, Malta 1, Man, Isle of 1, Marshall Islands 3, Mexico 1, Monaco 6, Netherlands 14, Netherlands Antilles 1, Nigeria 3, Norway 33, Pakistan 5, Panama 2, Poland 2, Portugal 2, Puerto Rico 2, Russia 8, Saint Kitts and Nevis 1, Saudi Arabia 3, Singapore 4, Slovenia 7, South Korea 4, Spain 1, Sweden 6, Switzerland 10, Syria 2, Taiwan 1, Thailand 1, Trinidad and Tobago 1, Tunisia 1, Turkey 15, Ukraine 8, United Arab Emirates 45, United Kingdom 16, United States 25, Vietnam 1 (2002 est.)
Military branches Royal Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Police Force (includes Special Service Unit), Coast Guard
Military expenditures - dollar figure $NA
Military expenditures - percent of GDP NA%
National holiday Independence Day, 27 October (1979)
Nationality noun: Saint Vincentian(s) or Vincentian(s)

adjective: Saint Vincentian or Vincentian
Natural hazards hurricanes; Soufriere volcano on the island of Saint Vincent is a constant threat
Natural resources hydropower, cropland
Net migration rate -7.69 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Political parties and leaders National Reform Party or NRP [Joel MIGUEL]; New Democratic Party or NDP [Arnhim EUSTACE]; People's Progressive Movement or PPM [Ken BOYEA]; Progressive Labor Party or PLP [leader NA]; United People's Movement or UPM [Adrian SAUNDERS]; Unity Labor Party or ULP [Ralph GONSALVES] (formed by the coalition of Saint Vincent Labor Party or SVLP and the Movement for National Unity or MNU)
Political pressure groups and leaders NA
Population 116,394 (July 2002 est.)
Population below poverty line NA%
Population growth rate 0.37% (2002 est.)
Ports and harbors Kingstown
Radio broadcast stations AM 1, FM 3, shortwave 0 (1998)
Radios 77,000 (1997)
Railways 0 km
Religions Anglican 47%, Methodist 28%, Roman Catholic 13%, Hindu Seventh-Day Adventist, other Protestant
Sex ratio at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 1.06 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.76 male(s)/female

total population: 1.03 male(s)/female (2002 est.)
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal
Telephone system general assessment: adequate system

domestic: islandwide, fully automatic telephone system; VHF/UHF radiotelephone from Saint Vincent to the other islands of the Grenadines

international: VHF/UHF radiotelephone from Saint Vincent to Barbados; new SHF radiotelephone to Grenada and to Saint Lucia; access to Intelsat earth station in Martinique through Saint Lucia
Telephones - main lines in use 20,500 (1998)
Telephones - mobile cellular NA
Television broadcast stations 1 (plus three repeaters) (1997)
Terrain volcanic, mountainous
Total fertility rate 2.01 children born/woman (2002 est.)
Unemployment rate 22% (1997 est.) (1997 est.)
Waterways none
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