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Saint Lucia (2002)

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Saint Lucia 2002 year

 Saint Lucia
Administrative divisions 11 quarters; Anse-la-Raye, Castries, Choiseul, Dauphin, Dennery, Gros-Islet, Laborie, Micoud, Praslin, Soufriere, Vieux-Fort
Age structure 0-14 years: 31.6% (male 25,879; female 24,695)

15-64 years: 63.1% (male 49,667; female 51,482)

65 years and over: 5.3% (male 3,134; female 5,288) (2002 est.)
Agriculture - products bananas, coconuts, vegetables, citrus, root crops, cocoa
Airports 2 (2001)
Airports - with paved runways total: 2

2,438 to 3,047 m: 1

1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2002)
Area total: 616 sq km

land: 606 sq km

water: 10 sq km
Area - comparative 3.5 times the size of Washington, DC
Background The island, with its fine natural harbor at Castries, was contested between England and France throughout the 17th and early 18th centuries (changing possession 14 times); it was finally ceded to the UK in 1814. Self-government was granted in 1967 and independence in 1979.
Birth rate 21.37 births/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Budget revenues: $141.2 million

expenditures: $146.7 million, including capital expenditures of $25.1 million
Capital Castries
Climate tropical, moderated by northeast trade winds; dry season from January to April, rainy season from May to August
Coastline 158 km
Constitution 22 February 1979
Country name conventional long form: none

conventional short form: Saint Lucia
Currency East Caribbean dollar (XCD)
Death rate 5.3 deaths/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Debt - external $214 million (2000) (2000)
Diplomatic representation from the US the US does not have an embassy in Saint Lucia; the US Ambassador in Barbados is accredited to Saint Lucia
Diplomatic representation in the US chief of mission: Ambassador Sonia Merlyn JOHNNY

chancery: 3216 New Mexico Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20016

telephone: [1] (202) 364-6792 through 6795

FAX: [1] (202) 364-6728

consulate(s) general: Miami and New York
Disputes - international none
Economic aid - recipient $51.8 million (1995) (1995)
Economy - overview The recent changes in the EU import preference regime and the increased competition from Latin American bananas have made economic diversification increasingly important in Saint Lucia. The island nation has been able to attract foreign business and investment, especially in its offshore banking and tourism industries. The manufacturing sector is the most diverse in the Eastern Caribbean area, and the government is trying to revitalize the banana industry. Despite negative growth in 2001, economic fundamentals remain solid, and GDP growth should recover in 2002.
Electricity - consumption 106.95 million kWh (2000)
Electricity - exports 0 kWh (2000)
Electricity - imports 0 kWh (2000)
Electricity - production 115 million kWh (2000)
Electricity - production by source fossil fuel: 100%

hydro: 0%

nuclear: 0%

other: 0% (2000)
Elevation extremes lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m

highest point: Mount Gimie 950 m
Environment - current issues deforestation; soil erosion, particularly in the northern region
Environment - international agreements party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Whaling

signed, but not ratified: Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol
Ethnic groups black 90%, mixed 6%, East Indian 3%, white 1%
Exchange rates East Caribbean dollars per US dollar - 2.7000 (fixed rate since 1976)
Executive branch chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952), represented by Governor General Dr. Perlette LOUISY (since September 1997)

head of government: Prime Minister Kenneth Davis ANTHONY (since 24 May 1997) and Deputy Prime Minister Mario MICHEL (since 24 May 1997)

cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister

elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; the governor general is appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of a majority coalition is usually appointed prime minister by the governor general; deputy prime minister appointed by the governor general
Exports 0 kWh (2000)
Exports $68.3 million (2000 est.)
Exports - commodities bananas 41%, clothing, cocoa, vegetables, fruits, coconut oil
Exports - partners UK 50%, US 24%, Caricom countries 16% (1995)
Fiscal year 1 April - 31 March
Flag description blue, with a gold isosceles triangle below a black arrowhead; the upper edges of the arrowhead have a white border
GDP purchasing power parity - $700 million (2000 est.)
GDP - composition by sector agriculture: 8%

industry: 20%

services: 73% (2000 est.)
GDP - per capita purchasing power parity - $4,400 (2001 est.)
GDP - real growth rate -2.5% (2001 est.)
Geographic coordinates 13 53 N, 60 68 W
Geography - note the twin Pitons (Gros Piton and Petit Piton), striking cone-shaped peaks south of Soufriere, are one of the scenic natural highlights of the Caribbean
Highways total: 1,210 km

paved: 63 km

unpaved: 1,147 km (1996)
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%: NA%

highest 10%: NA%
Illicit drugs transit point for South American drugs destined for the US and Europe
Imports 0 kWh (2000)
Imports $319.4 million (2000 est.)
Imports - commodities food 23%, manufactured goods 21%, machinery and transportation equipment 19%, chemicals, fuels
Imports - partners US 36%, Caricom countries 22%, UK 11%, Japan 5%, Canada 4% (1995)
Independence 22 February 1979 (from UK)
Industrial production growth rate -8.9% (1997 est.)
Industries clothing, assembly of electronic components, beverages, corrugated cardboard boxes, tourism, lime processing, coconut processing
Infant mortality rate 14.8 deaths/1,000 live births (2002 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 3% (2001 est.)
International organization participation ACCT, ACP, C, Caricom, CDB, ECLAC, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, ISO (correspondent), ITU, NAM, OAS, OECS, OPANAL, OPCW, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTrO
Internet Service Providers (ISPs) 15 (2000)
Irrigated land 30 sq km (1998 est.)
Judicial branch Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court (jurisdiction extends to Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, the British Virgin Islands, Dominica, Grenada, Montserrat, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, and Saint Vincent and the Grenadines)
Labor force 43,800
Labor force - by occupation agriculture 43%, services 39%, industry and commerce 18% (1981 est.)
Land boundaries 0 km
Land use arable land: 4.92%

permanent crops: 22.95%

other: 72.13% (1998 est.)
Languages English (official), French patois
Legal system based on English common law
Legislative branch bicameral Parliament consists of the Senate (11 seats; six members appointed on the advice of the prime minister, three on the advice of the leader of the opposition, and two after consultation with religious, economic, and social groups) and the House of Assembly (17 seats; members are elected by popular vote from single-member constituencies to serve five-year terms)

elections: House of Assembly - last held 3 December 2001 (next to be held NA December 2006)

election results: House of Assembly - percent of vote by party - SLP 55%, UWP 37%, NA 3.5%; seats by party - SLP 14, UWP 3
Life expectancy at birth total population: 72.82 years

male: 69.26 years

female: 76.64 years (2002 est.)
Literacy definition: age 15 and over has ever attended school

total population: 67%

male: 65%

female: 69% (1980 est.)
Location Caribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and North Atlantic Ocean, north of Trinidad and Tobago
Map references Central America and the Caribbean
Maritime claims contiguous zone: 24 NM

continental shelf: 200 NM or to the edge of the continental margin

exclusive economic zone: 200 NM

territorial sea: 12 NM
Merchant marine none (2002 est.)
Military branches Royal Saint Lucia Police Force (includes Special Service Unit and Coast Guard)
Military expenditures - dollar figure $NA
Military expenditures - percent of GDP $NA
National holiday Independence Day, 22 February (1979)
Nationality noun: Saint Lucian(s)

adjective: Saint Lucian
Natural hazards hurricanes and volcanic activity
Natural resources forests, sandy beaches, minerals (pumice), mineral springs, geothermal potential
Net migration rate -3.64 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Political parties and leaders National Alliance or NA [George ODLUM]; Saint Lucia Freedom Party or SFP [Martinus FRANCOIS]; Saint Lucia Labor Party or SLP [Kenneth ANTHONY]; Sou Tout Apwe Fete Fini or STAFF [Christopher HUNTE]; United Workers Party or UWP [Dr. Morella JOSEPH]
Political pressure groups and leaders NA
Population 160,145 (July 2002 est.)
Population below poverty line NA%
Ports and harbors Castries, Vieux Fort
Radio broadcast stations AM 2, FM 7 (plus 3 repeaters), shortwave 0 (1998)
Radios 111,000 (1997)
Railways 0 km
Religions Roman Catholic 90%, Protestant 7%, Anglican 3%
Sex ratio at birth: 1.07 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 0.96 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.59 male(s)/female

total population: 0.97 male(s)/female (2002 est.)
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal
Telephone system general assessment: adequate system

domestic: system is automatically switched

international: direct microwave radio relay link with Martinique and Saint Vincent and the Grenadines; tropospheric scatter to Barbados; international calls beyond these countries are carried by Intelsat from Martinique
Telephones - main lines in use 37,000 (1997)
Telephones - mobile cellular 1,600 (1997)
Television broadcast stations 3 (of which two are commercial stations and one is a community antenna television or CATV channel) (1997)
Terrain volcanic and mountainous with some broad, fertile valleys
Total fertility rate 2.34 children born/woman (2002 est.)
Unemployment rate 15% (1996 est.)
Waterways none
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