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Saint Kitts and Nevis (2008)

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 Saint Kitts and Nevis
Administrative divisions 14 parishes; Christ Church Nichola Town, Saint Anne Sandy Point, Saint George Basseterre, Saint George Gingerland, Saint James Windward, Saint John Capesterre, Saint John Figtree, Saint Mary Cayon, Saint Paul Capesterre, Saint Paul Charlestown, Saint Peter Basseterre, Saint Thomas Lowland, Saint Thomas Middle Island, Trinity Palmetto Point
Age structure 0-14 years: 27.2% (male 5,472/female 5,218)

15-64 years: 64.9% (male 12,779/female 12,752)

65 years and over: 7.9% (male 1,300/female 1,828) (2007 est.)
Agriculture - products sugarcane, rice, yams, vegetables, bananas; fish
Airports 2 (2007)
Airports - with paved runways total: 2

1,524 to 2,437 m: 1

914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2007)
Area total: 261 sq km (Saint Kitts 168 sq km; Nevis 93 sq km)

land: 261 sq km

water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative 1.5 times the size of Washington, DC
Background First settled by the British in 1623, the islands became an associated state with full internal autonomy in 1967. The island of Anguilla rebelled and was allowed to secede in 1971. Saint Kitts and Nevis achieved independence in 1983. In 1998, a vote in Nevis on a referendum to separate from Saint Kitts fell short of the two-thirds majority needed. Nevis continues in its efforts to try and separate from Saint Kitts.
Birth rate 17.89 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budget revenues: $89.7 million

expenditures: $128.2 million (2003 est.)
Capital name: Basseterre

geographic coordinates: 17 18 N, 62 43 W

time difference: UTC-4 (1 hour ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Climate tropical, tempered by constant sea breezes; little seasonal temperature variation; rainy season (May to November)
Coastline 135 km
Constitution 19 September 1983
Country name conventional long form: Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis

conventional short form: Saint Kitts and Nevis

former: Federation of Saint Christopher and Nevis
Death rate 8.16 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Debt - external $314 million (2004)
Diplomatic representation from the US the US does not have an embassy in Saint Kitts and Nevis; the US Ambassador to Barbados is accredited to Saint Kitts and Nevis
Diplomatic representation in the US chief of mission: Ambassador Dr. Izben Cordinal WILLIAMS

chancery: 3216 New Mexico Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20016

telephone: [1] (202) 686-2636

FAX: [1] (202) 686-5740

consulate(s) general: New York
Disputes - international joins other Caribbean states to counter Venezuela's claim that Aves Island sustains human habitation, a criterion under UNCLOS, which permits Venezuela to extend its EEZ/continental shelf over a large portion of the eastern Caribbean Sea
Economic aid - recipient $3.52 million (2005)
Economy - overview Sugar was the traditional mainstay of the Saint Kitts economy until the 1970s. Following the 2005 harvest, the government closed the sugar industry after decades of losses of 3-4% of GDP annually. To compensate for employment losses, the government has embarked on a program to diversify the agricultural sector and to stimulate other sectors of the economy. Activities such as tourism, export-oriented manufacturing, and offshore banking have assumed larger roles in the economy and have contributed to the recent robust growth. Tourism revenues are now the chief source of the islands' foreign exchange; about 341,800 tourists visited Nevis in 2005. The current government is constrained by a high debt burden, public debt reached 190% of GDP by the end of 2005, largely attributable to public enterprise losses.
Electricity - consumption 116.3 million kWh (2005)
Electricity - exports 0 kWh (2005)
Electricity - imports 0 kWh (2005)
Electricity - production 125 million kWh (2005)
Elevation extremes lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m

highest point: Mount Liamuiga 1,156 m
Environment - current issues NA
Environment - international agreements party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Whaling

signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Ethnic groups predominantly black; some British, Portuguese, and Lebanese
Exchange rates East Caribbean dollars per US dollar - 2.7 (2007), 2.7 (2006), 2.7 (2005), 2.7 (2004), 2.7 (2003)
Executive branch chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor General Cuthbert Montraville SEBASTIAN (since 1 January 1996)

head of government: Prime Minister Dr. Denzil DOUGLAS (since 6 July 1995); Deputy Prime Minister Sam CONDOR (since 6 July 1995)

cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the governor general in consultation with the prime minister

elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; the governor general is appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or leader of a majority coalition is usually appointed prime minister by the governor general; deputy prime minister appointed by the governor general
Exports 0 kWh (2005)
Exports $84 million (2006)
Exports 0 cu m (2005 est.)
Exports 0 bbl/day (2004)
Exports - commodities machinery, food, electronics, beverages, tobacco
Exports - partners US 62%, Canada 9.4%, Netherlands 6.6%, Azerbaijan 5% (2006)
Fiscal year calendar year
Flag description divided diagonally from the lower hoist side by a broad black band bearing two white, five-pointed stars; the black band is edged in yellow; the upper triangle is green, the lower triangle is red
GDP - composition by sector agriculture: 3.5%

industry: 25.8%

services: 70.7% (2001)
GDP - real growth rate 6% (2007 est.)
Geographic coordinates 17 20 N, 62 45 W
Geography - note with coastlines in the shape of a baseball bat and ball, the two volcanic islands are separated by a three-km-wide channel called The Narrows; on the southern tip of long, baseball bat-shaped Saint Kitts lies the Great Salt Pond; Nevis Peak sits in the center of its almost circular namesake island and its ball shape complements that of its sister island
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%: NA%

highest 10%: NA%
Illicit drugs transshipment point for South American drugs destined for the US and Europe; some money-laundering activity
Imports 0 kWh (2005)
Imports $383 million (2006)
Imports 0 cu m (2005)
Imports 871.6 bbl/day (2004)
Imports - commodities machinery, manufactures, food, fuels
Imports - partners US 48.9%, Trinidad and Tobago 13.1%, Spain 4.6%, UK 4.5% (2006)
Independence 19 September 1983 (from UK)
Industrial production growth rate NA%
Industries tourism, cotton, salt, copra, clothing, footwear, beverages
Infant mortality rate total: 13.74 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 15.44 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 11.93 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 8.7% (2005 est.)
International organization participation ACP, C, Caricom, CDB, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, ITU, MIGA, NAM, OAS, OECS, OPANAL, OPCW, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WTO
Irrigated land NA
Judicial branch Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court (based on Saint Lucia; one judge of the Supreme Court resides in Saint Kitts and Nevis)
Labor force 18,170 (June 1995)
Land boundaries 0 km
Land use arable land: 19.44%

permanent crops: 2.78%

other: 77.78% (2005)
Languages English
Legal system based on English common law
Legislative branch unicameral National Assembly (14 seats, 3 appointed and 11 popularly elected from single-member constituencies; members serve five-year terms)

elections: last held 25 October 2004 (next to be held by 2009)

election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - SKNLP 7, CCM 2, NRP 1, PAM 1
Life expectancy at birth total population: 72.66 years

male: 69.81 years

female: 75.69 years (2007 est.)
Literacy definition: age 15 and over has ever attended school

total population: 97.8%

male: NA%

female: NA% (2003 est.)
Location Caribbean, islands in the Caribbean Sea, about one-third of the way from Puerto Rico to Trinidad and Tobago
Map references Central America and the Caribbean
Maritime claims territorial sea: 12 nm

contiguous zone: 24 nm

exclusive economic zone: 200 nm

continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
Merchant marine total: 104 ships (1000 GRT or over) 465,056 GRT/663,511 DWT

by type: bulk carrier 3, cargo 66, chemical tanker 8, container 1, passenger/cargo 2, petroleum tanker 15, refrigerated cargo 5, roll on/roll off 2, specialized tanker 2

foreign-owned: 76 (Belgium 1, Egypt 2, Estonia 1, Greece 2, India 1, Iran 1, Latvia 4, Monaco 1, Romania 1, Russia 14, Spain 1, Syria 5, Tanzania 1, Turkey 13, Ukraine 5, UAE 22, Yemen 1) (2007)
Military branches Saint Kitts and Nevis Defense Force (includes Coast Guard), Royal Saint Kitts and Nevis Police Force
Military expenditures - percent of GDP NA
National holiday Independence Day, 19 September (1983)
Nationality noun: Kittitian(s), Nevisian(s)

adjective: Kittitian, Nevisian
Natural hazards hurricanes (July to October)
Natural resources arable land
Net migration rate -3.51 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Political parties and leaders Concerned Citizens Movement or CCM [Vance AMORY]; Nevis Reformation Party or NRP [Joseph PARRY]; People's Action Movement or PAM [Lindsay GRANT]; Saint Kitts and Nevis Labor Party or SKNLP [Dr. Denzil DOUGLAS]
Political pressure groups and leaders NA
Population 39,349 (July 2007 est.)
Population below poverty line NA%
Population growth rate 0.623% (2007 est.)
Radio broadcast stations AM 3, FM 3, shortwave 0 (2003)
Railways total: 50 km

narrow gauge: 50 km 0.762-m gauge on Saint Kitts for tourists (2006)
Religions Anglican, other Protestant, Roman Catholic
Sex ratio at birth: 1.07 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.049 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 1.002 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.711 male(s)/female

total population: 0.988 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal
Telephone system general assessment: good inter-island and international connections

domestic: inter-island links via Eastern Caribbean Fiber Optic cable; construction of enhanced wireless infrastructure launched in November 2004

international: country code - 1-869; with the East Caribbean Fiber Optic System (ECFS) and Southern Caribbean fiber optic system (SCF) submarine cables providing connectivity, international calls are carried either by submarine cable or Intelsat
Telephones - main lines in use 25,000 (2004)
Telephones - mobile cellular 10,000 (2004)
Television broadcast stations 1 (plus 3 repeaters) (2003)
Terrain volcanic with mountainous interiors
Total fertility rate 2.29 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Unemployment rate 4.5% (1997)
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