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Portoryko (2008)

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Portoryko 2008 roku

 Portoryko
Podzial administracyjny none (territory of the US z commonwealth status); there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government, but there are 78 municipalities (municipios, singular - municipio) at the second order; Adjuntas, Aguada, Aguadilla, Aguas Buenas, Aibonito, Anasco, Arecibo, Arroyo, Barceloneta, Barranquitas, Bayamon, Cabo Rojo, Caguas, Camuy, Canovanas, Carolina, Catano, Cayey, Ceiba, Ciales, Cidra, Coamo, Comerio, Corozal, Culebra, Dorado, Fajardo, Florida, Guanica, Guayama, Guayanilla, Guaynabo, Gurabo, Hatillo, Hormigueros, Humacao, Isabela, Jayuya, Juana Diaz, Juncos, Lajas, Lares, Las Marias, Las Piedras, Loiza, Luquillo, Manati, Maricao, Maunabo, majaguez, Moca, Morovis, Naguabo, Naranjito, Orocovis, Patillas, Penuelas, Ponce, Quebradillas, Rincon, Rio Grande, Sabana Grande, Salinas, San German, San Juan, San Lorenzo, San Sebastian, Santa Isabel, Toa Alta, Toa Baja, Trujillo Alto, Utuado, Vega Alta, Vega Baja, Vieques, Villalba, Yabucoa, Yauco
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 21% (male 422,635/female 403,887)


15-64 years: 65.9% (male 1,247,314/female 1,352,139)


65 years and over: 13.1% (male 223,508/female 294,776) (2007 est.)
Rolinictwo sugarcane, coffee, pineapples, plantains, bananas; livestock products, chickens
Lotniska 29 (2007)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 17


over 3,047 m: 3


1,524 to 2,437 m: 2


914 to 1,523 m: 7


under 914 m: 5 (2007)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 12


1,524 to 2,437 m: 1


914 to 1,523 m: 1


under 914 m: 10 (2007)
Terytorium total: 13,790 sq km


land: 8,870 sq km


water: 4,921 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly less than three times the size of Rhode Island
Tlo historyczne Populated dla centuries by aboriginal peoples, the island was claimed by the Spanish Crown w 1493 following COLUMBUS' second voyage to the Americas. In 1898, after 400 years of colonial rule that saw the indigenous population nearly exterminated and African slave labor introduced, Portoryko was ceded to the US as a result of the Spanish-American War. Puerto Ricans were granted US citizenship w 1917. Popularly-elected governors have served since 1948. In 1952, a constitution was enacted providing dla internal self government. In plebiscites held w 1967, 1993, and 1998, voters chose not to alter the existing political status.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 12.79 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budzet revenues: $6.7 billion


expenditures: $9.6 billion (FY99/00)
Stolica name: San Juan


geographic coordinates: 18 28 N, 66 07 W


time difference: UTC-4 (1 hour ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Klimat tropical marine, mild; little seasonal temperature variation
Linia brzegowa 501 km
Konstytucja ratified 3 marzec 1952; approved by US Congress 3 lipiec 1952; effective 25 lipiec 1952
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Commonwealth of Portoryko


conventional short form: Portoryko
Wspolczynnik zgonow 7.78 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $NA
Podleglosc unincorporated, organized territory of the US z commonwealth status; policy relations between Portoryko and the US conducted under the jurisdiction of the Office of the President
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA none (territory of the US z commonwealth status)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA none (territory of the US z commonwealth status)
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje increasing numbers of illegal migrants from the Republika Dominikanska cross the Mona Passage to Portoryko each year looking dla work
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $NA
Ekonomia Portoryko has one of the most dynamic economies w the Caribbean region. A diverse industrial sector has far surpassed agriculture as the primary locus of economic activity and income. Encouraged by duty-free access to the US and by tax incentives, US firms have invested heavily w Portoryko since the 1950s. US minimum wage laws apply. Sugar production has lost out to dairy production and other livestock products as the main source of income w the agricultural sector. Tourism has traditionally been an important source of income, z estimated arrivals of nearly 5 million tourists w 2004. Growth fell off w 2001-03, largely due to the slowdown w the US economy, recovered w 2004-05, but declined again w 2006-07.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 23.21 billion kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - import 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 24.96 billion kWh (2005)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m


highest point: Cerro de Punta 1,339 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy erosion; occasional drought causing water shortages
Grupy etniczne white (mostly Spanish origin) 80.5%, black 8%, Amerindian 0.4%, Asian 0.2%, mixed and other 10.9%
Kurs waluty the US dollar is used
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President George W. BUSH of the US (since 20 styczen 2001); Vice President Richard B. CHENEY (since 20 styczen 2001)


head of government: Governor Anibal ACEVEDO-VILA (since 2 styczen 2005)


cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the governor z the consent of the legislature


elections: under the US Konstytucja, residents of unincorporated territories, such as Portoryko, do not vote w elections dla US president and vice president; governor elected by popular vote dla a four-year term (no term limits); election last held 2 listopad 2004 (next to be held w listopad 2008)


election results: Anibal ACEVEDO-VILA elected governor; percent of vote - 48.4%
Eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Eksport $46.9 billion f.o.b. (2001)
Eksport 0 cu m (2005 est.)
Eksport 10,580 bbl/day (2004)
Eksport - towary chemicals, electronics, apparel, canned tuna, rum, beverage concentrates, medical equipment
Eksport - partnerzy US 90.3%, UK 1.6%, Holandia 1.4%, Republika Dominikanska 1.4% (2006)
Rok podatkowy 1 lipiec - 30 czerwiec
Opis flagi five equal horizontal bands of red (top and bottom) alternating z white; a blue isosceles triangle based on the hoist side bears a large, white, five-pointed star w the center; design initially influenced by the US flag, but similar to the Kuban flag, z the colors of the bands and triangle reversed
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 1%


industry: 45%


services: 54% (2002 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu -1.2% (2007 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 18 15 N, 66 30 W
Polozenie geograficzne important location along the Mona Passage - a key shipping lane to the Panama Canal; San Juan is one of the biggest and best natural harbors w the Caribbean; many small rivers and high central mountains ensure land is well watered; south coast relatively dry; fertile coastal plain belt w north
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: NA%


highest 10%: NA%
Import 0 kWh (2005)
Import $29.1 billion c.i.f. (2001)
Import 642.6 million cu m (2005)
Import 230,100 bbl/day (2004)
Import - towary chemicals, machinery and equipment, clothing, food, fish, petroleum products
Import - partnerzy US 55.0%, Irlandia 23.7%, Japonia 5.4% (2006)
Niepodleglosc none (territory of the US z commonwealth status)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle NA%
Przemysl pharmaceuticals, electronics, apparel, food products, tourism
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 7.81 deaths/1,000 live births


male: 8.71 deaths/1,000 live births


female: 6.86 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflacja 6.5% (2003 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji Caricom (observer), Interpol (subbureau), IOC, ITUC, UNWTO (associate), UPU, WCL, WFTU
Nawadniane tereny 400 sq km (2003)
Sadownictwo Supreme Court; Appellate Court; Court of First Instance composed of two sections: a Superior Court and a Municipal Court (justices dla all these courts appointed by the governor z the consent of the Senate)
Sila robocza 1.3 million (2000)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture: 3%


industry: 20%


services: 77% (2000 est.)
Granica 0 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 3.69%


permanent crops: 5.59%


other: 90.72% (2005)
Jezyki Spanish, English
System prawny based on Spanish civil code and within the US Federal system of justice
Wladza ustawodawcza bicameral Legislative Assembly consists of the Senate (at least 27 seats - currently 29; members are directly elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms) and the House of Representatives (51 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)


elections: Senate - last held 2 listopad 2004 (next to be held listopad 2008); House of Representatives - last held 2 listopad 2004 (next to be held w listopad 2008)


election results: Senate - percent of vote by party - PNP 43.4%, PPD 40.3%, PIP 9.4%; seats by party - PNP 17, PPD 9, PIP 1; House of Representatives - percent of vote by party - PNP 46.3%, PPD 43.1%, PIP 9.7%; seats by party - PNP 32, PPD 18, PIP 1


note: Portoryko elects, by popular vote, a resident commissioner to serve a four-year term as a nonvoting representative w the US House of Representatives; aside from not voting on the House floor, he enjoys all the rights of a member of Congress; elections last held 2 listopad 2004 (next to be held w listopad 2008); results - percent of vote by party - PNP 48.6%, other 51.4%; seats by party - PNP 1
Zywotnosc total population: 78.54 years


male: 74.6 years


female: 82.67 years (2007 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write


total population: 94.1%


male: 93.9%


female: 94.4% (2002 est.)
Lokalizacja Caribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and the North Ocean Atlantycki, east of the Republika Dominikanska
Lokalizacja na mapie Central America and the Caribbean
Morskie obszary territorial sea: 12 nm


exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Flota handlowa total: 3 ships (1000 GRT or over) 77,177 GRT/50,138 DWT


by type: roll on/roll off 3


foreign-owned: 3 (US 3)


registered w other countries: 1 (St Vincent and The Grenadines 1) (2007)
Wojsko - uwagi defense is the responsibility of the US
Wojsko no regular indigenous military forces; paramilitary National Guard, Police Force
Swieto narodowe US Niepodleglosc Day, 4 lipiec (1776); Portoryko Konstytucja Day, 25 lipiec (1952)
Narodowosc noun: Puerto Rican(s) (US citizens)


adjective: Puerto Rican
Naturalne zagrozenia periodic droughts; hurricanes
Surowce naturalne some copper and nickel; potential dla onshore and offshore oil
Wspolczynnik migracji -1.09 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy National Democratic Party [Roberto PRATS]; National Republican Party of Portoryko [Dr. Tiody FERRE]; New Progressive Party or PNP [Pedro ROSSELLO] (pro-US statehood); Popular Democratic Party or PPD [Anibal ACEVEDO-VILA] (pro-commonwealth); Puerto Rican Niepodleglosc Party or PIP [Ruben BERRIOS Martinez] (pro-independence)
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow Boricua Popular Army or EPB (a revolutionary group also known as Los Macheteros); note - the following radical groups are considered dormant by Federal law enforcement: Armed Forces dla National Liberation or FALN, Armed Forces of Popular Resistance, Volunteers of the Puerto Rican Revolution
Ludnosc 3,944,259 (lipiec 2007 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa NA%
Przyrost naturalny 0.393% (2007 est.)
Stacje radiowe AM 74, FM 53, shortwave 0 (2005)
Linie kolejowe total: 96 km


narrow gauge: 96 km 1.000-m gauge (2006)
Religie Roman Catholic 85%, Protestant and other 15%
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female


under 15 years: 1.046 male(s)/female


15-64 years: 0.922 male(s)/female


65 years and over: 0.758 male(s)/female


total population: 0.923 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal; island residents are US citizens but do not vote w US presidential elections
System telefoniczny general assessment: modern system integrated z that of the US by high-capacity submarine cable and Intelsat z high-speed data capability


domestic: digital telephone system; cellular telephone service


international: country code - 1-787, 939; submarine cables provide connectivity to the US, Caribbean, Central and South America; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 1.038 million (2005)
Telefony komorkowe 3.354 million (2005)
Stacje telewizyjne 32 (2006)
Uksztaltowanie terenu mostly mountains z coastal plain belt w north; mountains precipitous to sea on west coast; sandy beaches along most coastal areas
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 1.77 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 12% (2002)
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