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Papua-Nowa Gwinea (2008)

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Papua-Nowa GwineaPapua-Nowa Gwinea (2001) (porownaj)
Papua-Nowa GwineaPapua-Nowa Gwinea (2002) (porownaj)
Papua-Nowa GwineaPapua-Nowa Gwinea (2003) (porownaj)
Papua-Nowa GwineaPapua-Nowa Gwinea (2004) (porownaj)
Papua-Nowa GwineaPapua-Nowa Gwinea (2005) (porownaj)
Papua-Nowa GwineaPapua-Nowa Gwinea (2006) (porownaj)
Papua-Nowa GwineaPapua-Nowa Gwinea (2007) (porownaj)

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Papua-Nowa Gwinea 2008 roku

 Papua-Nowa Gwinea
Podzial administracyjny 20 provinces; Bougainville, Central, Chimbu, Eastern Highlands, East New Britain, East Sepik, Enga, Gulf, Madang, Manus, Milne Bay, Morobe, National Stolica, New Irlandia, Northern, Sandaun, Southern Highlands, Western, Western Highlands, West New Britain
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 37.6% (male 1,107,568/female 1,070,594)

15-64 years: 58.5% (male 1,745,385/female 1,643,830)

65 years and over: 3.9% (male 106,487/female 122,023) (2007 est.)
Rolinictwo coffee, cocoa, copra, palm kernels, tea, sugar, rubber, sweet potatoes, fruit, vegetables, vanilla; shell fish, poultry, pork
Lotniska 578 (2007)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 21

2,438 to 3,047 m: 2

1,524 to 2,437 m: 14

914 to 1,523 m: 4

under 914 m: 1 (2007)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 557

1,524 to 2,437 m: 10

914 to 1,523 m: 58

under 914 m: 489 (2007)
Terytorium total: 462,840 sq km

land: 452,860 sq km

water: 9,980 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly larger than California
Tlo historyczne The eastern half of the island of New Gwinea - second largest w the world - was divided between Niemcy (north) and the UK (south) w 1885. The latter area was transferred to Australia w 1902, which occupied the northern portion during Swiat War I and continued to administer the combined areas until independence w 1975. A nine-year secessionist revolt on the island of Bougainville ended w 1997 after claiming some 20,000 lives.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 28.76 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budzet revenues: $2.209 billion

expenditures: $1.994 billion (2007 est.)
Stolica name: Port Moresby

geographic coordinates: 9 30 S, 147 10 E

time difference: UTC+10 (15 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Klimat tropical; northwest monsoon (grudzien to marzec), southeast monsoon (maj to pazdziernik); slight seasonal temperature variation
Linia brzegowa 5,152 km
Konstytucja 16 wrzesien 1975
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Independent State of Papua-Nowa Gwinea

conventional short form: Papua-Nowa Gwinea

local short form: Papuaniugini

former: Territory of Papua and New Gwinea

abbreviation: PNG
Wspolczynnik zgonow 7.14 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $1.814 billion (31 grudzien 2007 est.)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador Leslie W. Rowe

embassy: Douglas Street, Port Moresby, N.C.D.

mailing address: 4240 Port Moresby PI, US Department of State, Washington DC 20521-4240

telephone: [675] 321-1455

FAX: [675] 321-3423
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Evan Jeremy PAKI

chancery: 1779 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Suite 805, Washington, DC 20036

telephone: [1] (202) 745-3680

FAX: [1] (202) 745-3679
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje relies on assistance from Australia to keep out illegal cross-border activities from primarily Indonezja, including goods smuggling, illegal narcotics trafficking, and squatters and secessionists
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $266.1 million (2005)
Ekonomia Papua-Nowa Gwinea is richly endowed z natural resources, but exploitation has been hampered by rugged terrain and the high cost of developing infrastructure. Agriculture provides a subsistence livelihood dla 85% of the population. Mineral deposits, including copper, gold, and oil, account dla nearly two-thirds of export earnings. The government of Prime Minister SOMARE has expended much of its energy remaining w power. He was the first prime minister ever to serve a full five-year term. The government also brought stability to the national budget, largely through expenditure control; however, it relaxed spending constraints w 2006 and 2007 as elections approached. Numerous challenges still face the government including regaining investor confidence, restoring integrity to state institutions, promoting economic efficiency by privatizing moribund state institutions, and balancing relations z Australia, its former colonial ruler. Other socio-cultural challenges could upend the economy including a worsening HIV/AIDS epidemic and chronic law and order and land tenure issues. Australia will supply more than $300 million w aid w FY07/08, which accounts dla nearly 20% of the national budget.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 3.439 billion kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - import 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 3.698 billion kWh (2005)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Ocean Spokojny 0 m

highest point: Mount Wilhelm 4,509 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy rain forest subject to deforestation as a result of growing commercial demand dla tropical timber; pollution from mining projects; severe drought
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands

signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Grupy etniczne Melanesian, Papuan, Negrito, Micronesian, Polynesian
Kurs waluty kina per US dollar - 3.03 (2007), 3.0643 (2006), 3.08 (2005), 3.2225 (2004), 3.5635 (2003)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 luty 1952); represented by governor general Sir Paulius MATANE (since 29 czerwiec 2004)

head of government: Prime Minister Sir Michael SOMARE (since 2 sierpien 2002); Deputy Prime Minister Puka TEMU (since 29 sierpien 2007)

cabinet: National Executive Council appointed by governor general on recommendation of prime minister

elections: none; monarch is hereditary; governor general nominated by parliament and appointed by chief of state; following legislative elections, leader of majority party or leader of majority coalition usually is appointed prime minister by governor general
Eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Eksport $4.553 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Eksport 0 cu m (2005 est.)
Eksport 44,580 bbl/day (2004)
Eksport - towary oil, gold, copper ore, logs, palm oil, coffee, cocoa, crayfish, prawns
Eksport - partnerzy Australia 30.2%, Japonia 8.2%, Chiny 5.7% (2006)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi divided diagonally from upper hoist-side corner; the upper triangle is red z a soaring yellow bird of paradise centered; the lower triangle is black z five, white, five-pointed stars of the Southern Cross constellation centered
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 35.5%

industry: 37%

services: 27.5% (2007 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 4% (2007 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 6 00 S, 147 00 E
Polozenie geograficzne shares island of New Gwinea z Indonezja; one of world's largest swamps along southwest coast
Ladowiska helikopterow 2 (2007)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: 1.7%

highest 10%: 40.5% (1996)
Narkotyki major consumer of cannabis
Import 0 kWh (2005)
Import $2.269 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Import 0 cu m (2005)
Import 24,020 bbl/day (2004)
Import - towary machinery and transport equipment, manufactured goods, food, fuels, chemicals
Import - partnerzy Australia 52%, Singapur 12.6%, Chiny 5.9%, Japonia 4.3% (2006)
Niepodleglosc 16 wrzesien 1975 (from the Australian-administered UN trusteeship)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 4.8% (2007 est.)
Przemysl copra crushing, palm oil processing, plywood production, wood chip production; mining of gold, silver, and copper; crude oil production, petroleum refining; construction, tourism
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 48.46 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 52.52 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 44.2 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflacja 1.8% (2007 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji ACP, ADB, APEC, ARF, ASEAN (observer), C, CP, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM (observer), IPU, ISO (correspondent), ITSO, ITU, MIGA, NAM, OPCW, PIF, Sparteca, SPC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
Nawadniane tereny NA
Sadownictwo Supreme Court (the chief justice is appointed by the governor general on the proposal of the National Executive Council after consultation z the minister responsible dla justice; other judges are appointed by the Judicial and Legal Services Commission)
Sila robocza 3.557 million (2007 est.)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture: 85%

industry: NA%

services: NA%
Granica total: 820 km

border countries: Indonezja 820 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 0.49%

permanent crops: 1.4%

other: 98.11% (2005)
Jezyki Melanesian Pidgin serves as the lingua franca, English spoken by 1%-2%, Motu spoken w Papua region

note: 820 indigenous languages spoken (over one-tenth of the world's total)
System prawny based on English common law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral National Parliament (109 seats, 89 filled from open electorates and 20 from provinces and national capital distict; members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms); constitution allows up to 126 seats

elections: last held from 30 czerwiec to 10 lipiec 2007; next to be held w czerwiec 2012

election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - National Alliance 27, PNGP 8, PAP 6, URP 6, PANGU 5, PDM 5, independents 19, others 33; note - election to 1 seat was nullified

note: 15 other parties won 4 or fewer seats; association z political parties is fluid
Zywotnosc total population: 65.62 years

male: 63.41 years

female: 67.95 years (2007 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 57.3%

male: 63.4%

female: 50.9% (2000 census)
Lokalizacja Oceania, group of islands including the eastern half of the island of New Gwinea between the Coral Sea and the South Ocean Spokojny, east of Indonezja
Lokalizacja na mapie Oceania
Morskie obszary measured from claimed archipelagic baselines

territorial sea: 12 nm

continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation

exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
Flota handlowa total: 24 ships (1000 GRT or over) 56,157 GRT/72,821 DWT

by type: bulk carrier 3, cargo 20, petroleum tanker 1

foreign-owned: 6 (UK 6) (2007)
Wojsko Papua-Nowa Gwinea Defense Force (PNGDF; includes Maritime Operations Element, Air Operations Element) (2008)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 1.4% (2005 est.)
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day, 16 wrzesien (1975)
Narodowosc noun: Papua-Nowa Gwinean(s)

adjective: Papua-Nowa Gwinean
Naturalne zagrozenia active volcanism; situated along the Pacific "Ring of Fire"; the country is subject to frequent and sometimes severe earthquakes; mud slides; tsunamis
Surowce naturalne gold, copper, silver, natural gas, timber, oil, fisheries
Wspolczynnik migracji 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Rurociagi oil 264 km (2007)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy National Alliance Party or NA [Michael SOMARE]; Papua and Niugini Union Party or PANGU PATI [Andrew KUMBAKOR]; Papua-Nowa Gwinea Party or PNGP [Sir Mekere MORAUTA]; People's Democratic Movement or PDM [Michael OGIO]; People's Action Party or PAP [Gabriel KAPRIS]; United Resources Party or URP [William DUMA] (2007)
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow NA
Ludnosc 5,795,887 (lipiec 2007 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 37% (2002 est.)
Przyrost naturalny 2.163% (2007 est.)
Stacje radiowe AM 8, FM 19, shortwave 28 (1998)
Religie Roman Catholic 22%, Lutheran 16%, Presbyterian/Methodist/London Missionary Society 8%, Anglican 5%, Evangelical Alliance 4%, Seventh-Day Adventist 1%, other Protestant 10%, indigenous beliefs 34%
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.035 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 1.062 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.873 male(s)/female

total population: 1.043 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: services are minimal; facilities provide radiotelephone and telegraph, coastal radio, aeronautical radio, and international radio communication services

domestic: access to telephone services is not widely available; combined fixed-line and mobile-cellular telephone density is less than 3 telephones per 100 persons

international: country code - 675; submarine cables to Australia and Guam; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Ocean Spokojny); international radio communication service
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 63,700 (2005)
Telefony komorkowe 75,000 (2005)
Stacje telewizyjne 3 (all w the Port Moresby area; stations at Mt. Hagen, Goroka, Lae, and Rabaul are planned) (2004)
Uksztaltowanie terenu mostly mountains z coastal lowlands and rolling foothills
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 3.79 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 1.9% up to 80% w urban areas (2004)
Drogi wodne 11,000 km (2006)
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