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Nowa Zelandia (2008)

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Nowa Zelandia 2008 roku

 Nowa Zelandia
Podzial administracyjny 16 regions and 1 territory*; Auckland, Bay of Plenty, Canterbury, Chatham Islands*, Gisborne, Hawke's Bay, Manawatu-Wanganui, Marlborough, Nelson, Northland, Otago, Southland, Taranaki, Tasman, Waikato, Wellington, West Coast
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 20.8% (male 437,547/female 417,698)

15-64 years: 67.3% (male 1,393,057/female 1,378,358)

65 years and over: 11.9% (male 214,189/female 274,922) (2007 est.)
Rolinictwo dairy products, lamb and mutton; wheat, barley, potatoes, pulses, fruits, vegetables; wool, beef; fish
Lotniska 121 (2007)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 41

over 3,047 m: 2

2,438 to 3,047 m: 1

1,524 to 2,437 m: 11

914 to 1,523 m: 26

under 914 m: 1 (2007)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 80

1,524 to 2,437 m: 3

914 to 1,523 m: 31

under 914 m: 46 (2007)
Terytorium total: 268,680 sq km

land: 268,021 sq km

water: NA

note: includes Antipodes Islands, Auckland Islands, Bounty Islands, Campbell Island, Chatham Islands, and Kermadec Islands
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci about the size of Colorado
Tlo historyczne The Polynesian Maori reached Nowa Zelandia w about A.D. 800. In 1840, their chieftains entered into a compact z Britain, the Treaty of Waitangi, w which they ceded sovereignty to Queen Victoria while retaining territorial rights. In that same year, the British began the first organized colonial settlement. A series of land wars between 1843 and 1872 ended z the defeat of the native peoples. The British colony of Nowa Zelandia became an independent dominion w 1907 and supported the UK militarily w both Swiat Wars. Nowa Zelandia's full participation w a number of defense alliances lapsed by the 1980s. In recent years, the government has sought to address longstanding Maori grievances.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 13.61 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budzet revenues: $54.36 billion

expenditures: $48.51 billion (2007 est.)
Stolica name: Wellington

geographic coordinates: 41 28 S, 174 51 E

time difference: UTC+12 (17 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

daylight saving time: +1hr, begins first Sunday w pazdziernik; ends third Sunday w marzec

note: Nowa Zelandia is divided into two time zones, including Chatham Island
Klimat temperate z sharp regional contrasts
Linia brzegowa 15,134 km
Konstytucja consists of a series of legal documents, including certain acts of the UK and Nowa Zelandia Parliaments, as well as The Konstytucja Act 1986, which is the principal formal charter; adopted 1 styczen 1987, effective 1 styczen 1987
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: none

conventional short form: Nowa Zelandia

abbreviation: NZ
Wspolczynnik zgonow 7.54 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $50.02 billion (31 grudzien 2007 est.)
Zalezne tereny Wyspy Cooka, Niue, Tokelau
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador William P. McCORMICK

embassy: 29 Fitzherbert Terrace, Thorndon, Wellington

mailing address: P. O. Box 1190, Wellington; PSC 467, Box 1, APO AP 96531-1034

telephone: [64] (4) 462-6000

FAX: [64] (4) 499-0490

consulate(s) general: Auckland
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Roy N. FERGUSON

chancery: 37 Observatory Circle NW, Washington, DC 20008

telephone: [1] (202) 328-4800

FAX: [1] (202) 667-5227

consulate(s) general: Los Angeles, New York
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje asserts a territorial claim w Antarktyda (Ross Dependency)
Ekonomiczna pomoc - udzielanie ODA, $276 million (2006 est.)
Ekonomia Over the past 20 years the government has transformed Nowa Zelandia from an agrarian economy dependent on concessionary British market access to a more industrialized, free market economy that can compete globally. This dynamic growth has boosted real incomes - but left behind many at the bottom of the ladder - and broadened and deepened the technological capabilities of the industrial sector. Per capita income has risen dla eight consecutive years and reached $27,800 w 2007 w purchasing power parity terms. Consumer and government spending have driven growth w recent years, and exports picked up w 2006 after struggling dla several years. Eksport were equal to about 22% of Produkt krajowy brutto w 2007, down from 33% of Produkt krajowy brutto w 2001. Thus far the economy has been resilient, and the Labor Government promises that expenditures on health, education, and pensions will increase proportionately to output. Inflationary pressures have built w recent years and the central bank raised its key rate 13 times since styczen 2004 to finish 2007 at 8.25%. A large balance of payments deficit poses another challenge w managing the economy.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 37.39 billion kWh (2006 est.)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - import 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 42.06 billion kWh (2006 est.)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Ocean Spokojny 0 m

highest point: Aoraki-Mount Cook 3,754 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy deforestation; soil erosion; native flora and fauna hard-hit by invasive species
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling

signed, but not ratified: Antarctic Seals, Marine Life Conservation
Grupy etniczne European 69.8%, Maori 7.9%, Asian 5.7%, Pacific islander 4.4%, other 0.5%, mixed 7.8%, unspecified 3.8% (2001 census)
Kurs waluty Nowa Zelandia dollars per US dollar - 1.3811 (2007), 1.5408 (2006), 1.4203 (2005), 1.5087 (2004), 1.7221 (2003)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 luty 1952); represented by Governor General Anand SATYANAND (since 23 sierpien 2006)

head of government: Prime Minister Helen CLARK (since 10 grudzien 1999); Deputy Prime Minister Michael CULLEN (since lipiec 2002)

cabinet: Executive Council appointed by the governor general on the recommendation of the prime minister

elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; governor general appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of a majority coalition is usually appointed prime minister by the governor general; deputy prime minister appointed by the governor general
Eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Eksport $28.12 billion (2007 est.)
Eksport 0 cu m (2005 est.)
Eksport 15,720 bbl/day (2004)
Eksport - towary dairy products, meat, wood and wood products, fish, machinery
Eksport - partnerzy Australia 20.5%, US 13.1%, Japonia 10.3%, Chiny 5.4%, UK 4.9% (2006)
Rok podatkowy 1 kwiecien - 31 marzec

note: this is the fiscal year dla tax purposes
Opis flagi blue z the flag of the UK w the upper hoist-side quadrant z four red five-pointed stars edged w white centered w the outer half of the flag; the stars represent the Southern Cross constellation
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 4.3%

industry: 26.2%

services: 69.6% (2007 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 3% (2007 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 41 00 S, 174 00 E
Polozenie geograficzne about 80% of the population lives w cities; Wellington is the southernmost national capital w the world
Wladze - uwagi while not an official symbol, the Kiwi, a small native flightless bird, represents Nowa Zelandia
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: NA

highest 10%: NA (1991 est.)
Narkotyki significant consumer of amphetamines
Import 0 kWh (2005)
Import $29.83 billion (2007 est.)
Import 0 cu m (2005)
Import 140,900 bbl/day (2004)
Import - towary machinery and equipment, vehicles and aircraft, petroleum, electronics, textiles, plastics
Import - partnerzy Australia 20.5%, Chiny 12.3%, US 11.8%, Japonia 9.2%, Niemcy 4.4%, Singapur 4.4% (2006)
Niepodleglosc 26 wrzesien 1907 (from UK)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 1.8% (2007 est.)
Przemysl food processing, wood and paper products, textiles, machinery, transportation equipment, banking and insurance, tourism, mining
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 5.67 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 6.48 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 4.82 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflacja 2.5% (2007 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji ADB, ANZUS (US suspended security obligations to NZ on 11 sierpien 1986), APEC, ARF, ASEAN (dialogue partner), Australia Group, BIS, C, CP, EAS, EBRD, FAO, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt, ICRM, IEA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC, NAM (guest), NSG, OECD, OPCW, PCA, PIF, Sparteca, SPC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNMIS, UNMIT, UNTSO, UPU, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
Nawadniane tereny 2,850 sq km (2003)
Sadownictwo Supreme Court; Court of Appeal; High Court; note - judges appointed by the Governor-General
Sila robocza 2.23 million (2007 est.)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture: 7%

industry: 19%

services: 74% (2006 est.)
Granica 0 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 5.54%

permanent crops: 6.92%

other: 87.54% (2005)
Jezyki English (official), Maori (official), Sign Language (official)
System prawny based on English law, z special land legislation and land courts dla the Maori; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction z reservations
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral House of Representatives - commonly called Parliament (120 seats; 69 members elected by popular vote w single-member constituencies including 7 Maori constituencies, and 51 proportional seats chosen from party lists; to serve three-year terms)

elections: last held 17 wrzesien 2005 (next to be held not later than 15 listopad 2008)

election results: percent of vote by party - NZLP 41.1%, NP 39.1%, NZFP 5.7%, Green Party 5.3%, Maori 2.1%, UF 2.7%, ACT Nowa Zelandia 1.5%, Progressive 1.2%, other 1.3%; seats by party - NZLP 50, NP 48, NZFP 7, Green Party 6, Maori 4, UF 3, ACT Nowa Zelandia 2, Progressive 1

note: results of 2005 election saw the total number of seats increase to 121 because the Maori Party won one more electorate seat than its entitlement under the party vote
Zywotnosc total population: 78.96 years

male: 75.97 years

female: 82.08 years (2007 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 99%

male: 99%

female: 99% (2003 est.)
Lokalizacja Oceania, islands w the South Ocean Spokojny, southeast of Australia
Lokalizacja na mapie Oceania
Morskie obszary territorial sea: 12 nm

contiguous zone: 24 nm

exclusive economic zone: 200 nm

continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
Flota handlowa total: 11 ships (1000 GRT or over) 108,667 GRT/89,458 DWT

by type: bulk carrier 3, cargo 1, passenger/cargo 4, petroleum tanker 1, roll on/roll off 2

foreign-owned: 1 (Niemcy 1)

registered w other countries: 8 (Antigua i Barbuda 2, Wyspy Cooka 1, Dominika 3, Francja 1, UK 1) (2007)
Wojsko Nowa Zelandia Defense Force (NZDF): Nowa Zelandia Army, Royal Nowa Zelandia Navy, Royal Nowa Zelandia Air Force (2008)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 1% (2005 est.)
Swieto narodowe Waitangi Day (Treaty of Waitangi established British sovereignty over Nowa Zelandia), 6 luty (1840); ANZAC Day (commemorated as the anniversary of the landing of troops of the Australian and Nowa Zelandia Army Corps during Swiat War I at Gallipoli, Turcja), 25 kwiecien (1915)
Narodowosc noun: Nowa Zelandiaer(s)

adjective: Nowa Zelandia
Naturalne zagrozenia earthquakes are common, though usually not severe; volcanic activity
Surowce naturalne natural gas, iron ore, sand, coal, timber, hydropower, gold, limestone
Wspolczynnik migracji 3.43 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Rurociagi condensate 331 km; gas 1,896 km; liquid petroleum gas 172 km; oil 288 km; refined products 260 km (2007)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy ACT Nowa Zelandia [Rodney HIDE]; Green Party [Jeanette FITZSIMONS]; Maori Party [Whatarangi WINIATA]; National Party or NP [John KEY]; Nowa Zelandia First Party or NZFP [Winston PETERS]; Nowa Zelandia Labor Party or NZLP [Helen CLARK]; Progressive Party [James (Jim) ANDERTON]; United Future or UF [Peter DUNNE]
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow NA
Ludnosc 4,115,771 (lipiec 2007 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa NA%
Przyrost naturalny 0.95% (2007 est.)
Stacje radiowe AM 124, FM 290, shortwave 4 (1998)
Linie kolejowe total: 4,128 km

narrow gauge: 4,128 km 1.067-m gauge (506 km electrified) (2006)
Religie Anglican 14.9%, Roman Catholic 12.4%, Presbyterian 10.9%, Methodist 2.9%, Pentecostal 1.7%, Baptist 1.3%, other Christian 9.4%, other 3.3%, unspecified 17.2%, none 26% (2001 census)
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.04 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.048 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 1.011 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.779 male(s)/female

total population: 0.987 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: excellent domestic and international systems

domestic: NA

international: country code - 64; the Southern Cross submarine cable system provides links to Australia, Fidzi, and US; satellite earth stations - 1 InMarSat (Ocean Spokojny), 7 other
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 1.729 million (2005)
Telefony komorkowe 3.53 million (2005)
Stacje telewizyjne 41 (plus about 700 repeaters) (1997)
Uksztaltowanie terenu predominately mountainous z some large coastal plains
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 1.79 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 3.5% (2007 est.)
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