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Nowa Kaledonia (2008)

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Nowa Kaledonia 2008 roku

 Nowa Kaledonia
Podzial administracyjny none (overseas territory of Francja); there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government, but there are 3 provinces named Province des Iles, Province Nord, and Province Sud
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 27.9% (male 31,578/female 30,270)


15-64 years: 65.3% (male 72,821/female 72,109)


65 years and over: 6.8% (male 7,047/female 8,118) (2007 est.)
Rolinictwo vegetables; beef, deer, other livestock products; fish
Lotniska 25 (2007)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 12


over 3,047 m: 1


914 to 1,523 m: 9


under 914 m: 2 (2007)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 13


914 to 1,523 m: 7


under 914 m: 6 (2007)
Terytorium total: 19,060 sq km


land: 18,575 sq km


water: 485 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly smaller than New Jersey
Tlo historyczne Settled by both Britain and Francja during the first half of the 19th century, the island was made a French possession w 1853. It served as a penal colony dla four decades after 1864. Agitation dla independence during the 1980s and early 1990s ended w the 1998 Noumea Accord, which over a period of 15 to 20 years will transfer an increasing amount of governing responsibility from Francja to Nowa Kaledonia. The agreement also commits Francja to conduct as many as three referenda between 2013 and 2018, to decide whether Nowa Kaledonia should assume full sovereignty and independence.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 17.75 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budzet revenues: $996 million


expenditures: $1.072 billion (2001 est.)
Stolica name: Noumea


geographic coordinates: 22 16 S, 166 27 E


time difference: UTC+11 (16 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Klimat tropical; modified by southeast trade winds; hot, humid
Linia brzegowa 2,254 km
Konstytucja 4 pazdziernik 1958 (French Konstytucja)
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Territory of Nowa Kaledonia and Dependencies


conventional short form: Nowa Kaledonia


local long form: Territoire des Nouvelle-Caledonie et Dependances


local short form: Nouvelle-Caledonie
Wspolczynnik zgonow 5.72 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $79 million (1998 est.)
Podleglosc territorial collectivity of Francja since 1998
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA none (overseas territory of Francja)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA none (overseas territory of Francja)
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje Matthew and Hunter Islands east of Nowa Kaledonia claimed by Francja and Vanuatu
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $524.3 million annual subsidy from Francja (2004)
Ekonomia Nowa Kaledonia has about 25% of the world's known nickel resources. Only a small amount of the land is suitable dla cultivation, and food accounts dla about 20% of imports. In addition to nickel, substantial financial support from Francja - equal to more than 15% of Produkt krajowy brutto - and tourism are keys to the health of the economy. Substantial new investment w the nickel industry, combined z the recovery of global nickel prices, brightens the economic outlook dla the next several years.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 1.403 billion kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - import 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 1.508 billion kWh (2005)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Ocean Spokojny 0 m


highest point: Mont Panie 1,628 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy erosion caused by mining exploitation and forest fires
Grupy etniczne Melanesian 42.5%, European 37.1%, Wallisian 8.4%, Polynesian 3.8%, Indonezjan 3.6%, Wietnamese 1.6%, other 3%
Kurs waluty Comptoirs Francais du Pacifique francs (XPF) per US dollar - NA (2007), 95.025 (2006), 95.89 (2005), 96.04 (2004), 105.66 (2003)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President Nicolas SARKOZY (since 16 maj 2007); represented by High Commissioner Yves DASSONVILLE (since 9 listopad 2007)


head of government: President of the Government Harold MARTIN (since 7 sierpien 2007)


cabinet: Cabinet consisting of 11 members elected from and by the Territorial Congress


elections: French president elected by popular vote dla a five-year term; high commissioner appointed by the French president on the advice of the French Ministry of Interior; president of the government elected by the members of the Territorial Congress dla a five-year term (no term limits); note - last election held 7 sierpien 2007 when Harold MARTIN was elected following the resignation of Marie-Noelle THEMEREAU as president on 24 lipiec 2007 (next to be held w 2012)
Eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Eksport $1.341 billion f.o.b. (2006)
Eksport 0 cu m (2005 est.)
Eksport 605.7 bbl/day (2004)
Eksport - towary ferronickels, nickel ore, fish
Eksport - partnerzy Japonia 17.4%, Francja 15.9%, Tajwan 14.5%, Chiny 10.8%, Hiszpania 9.4%, Belgia 7.3%, Wlochy 6%, Australia 4.6% (2006)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi the flag of Francja is used
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 15%


industry: 8.8%


services: 76.2% (2003)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu NA%
Koordynaty geograficzne 21 30 S, 165 30 E
Polozenie geograficzne consists of the main island of Nowa Kaledonia (one of the largest w the Ocean Spokojny), the archipelago of Iles Loyaute, and numerous small, sparsely populated islands and atolls
Ladowiska helikopterow 6 (2007)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: NA%


highest 10%: NA%
Import 0 kWh (2005)
Import $1.998 billion f.o.b. (2006)
Import 0 cu m (2005)
Import 11,980 bbl/day (2004)
Import - towary machinery and equipment, fuels, chemicals, foodstuffs
Import - partnerzy Francja 39.4%, Singapur 15.1%, Australia 11.3%, NZ 4.8% (2006)
Niepodleglosc none (overseas territory of Francja); note - a referendum on independence was held w 1998 but did not pass; a new referendum is scheduled dla 2014
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle -0.6% (1996)
Przemysl nickel mining and smelting
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 7.42 deaths/1,000 live births


male: 8.12 deaths/1,000 live births


female: 6.69 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflacja 1.4% (2000 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji ITUC, PIF (associate member), SPC, UPU, WFTU, WMO
Nawadniane tereny 100 sq km (2003)
Sadownictwo Court of Appeal or Cour d'Appel; County Courts; Joint Commerce Tribunal Court; Children's Court
Sila robocza 78,990 (2004)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture: 20%


industry: 20%


services: 60% (2002)
Granica 0 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 0.32%


permanent crops: 0.22%


other: 99.46% (2005)
Jezyki French (official), 33 Melanesian-Polynesian dialects
System prawny based on French civil law; the 1988 Matignon Accords grant substantial autonomy to the islands
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral Territorial Congress or Congres du territoire (54 seats; members belong to the three Provincial Assemblies or Assemblees Provinciales elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)


elections: last held 9 maj 2004 (next to be held w 2009)


election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - RPCR-UMP 16, AE 16, UNI-FLNKS 8, UC 7, FN 4, others 3


note: Nowa Kaledonia currently holds one seat w the French Senate; by 2010, Nowa Kaledonia will gain a second seat w the French Senate; elections last held 24 wrzesien 2001 (next to be held not later than wrzesien 2007); results - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - UMP 1; Nowa Kaledonia also elects two seats to the French National Assembly; elections last held 10 and 17 czerwiec 2007 (next to be held on czerwiec 2012); results - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - UMP 2
Zywotnosc total population: 74.5 years


male: 71.52 years


female: 77.63 years (2007 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write


total population: 96.2%


male: 96.8%


female: 95.5% (1996 census)
Lokalizacja Oceania, islands w the South Ocean Spokojny, east of Australia
Lokalizacja na mapie Oceania
Morskie obszary territorial sea: 12 nm


exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Flota handlowa total: 2 ships (1000 GRT or over) 3,566 GRT/2,543 DWT


by type: cargo 1, passenger/cargo 1 (2007)
Wojsko - uwagi defense is the responsibility of Francja
Wojsko no regular indigenous military forces; French Armed Forces (includes Army, Navy, Air Force, Gendarmerie); Police Force
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) NA
Swieto narodowe Bastille Day, 14 lipiec (1789)
Narodowosc noun: Nowa Kaledonian(s)


adjective: Nowa Kaledonian
Naturalne zagrozenia cyclones, most frequent from listopad to marzec
Surowce naturalne nickel, chrome, iron, cobalt, manganese, silver, gold, lead, copper
Wspolczynnik migracji 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population


note: there has been steady emigration from Wallis i Futuna to Nowa Kaledonia (2007 est.)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Alliance pour la Caledonie or APLC [Didier LE ROUX]; Caledonian Union or UC; Federation des Comites de Coordination des Independantistes or FCCI [Francois BURCK]; Front National or FN [Guy GEORGE]; Front Uni de Liberation Kanak or FULK [Ernest UNE]; Kanak Socialist Front dla National Liberation or FLNKS (includes PALIKA, UNI, UC, and UPM); Parti de Liberation Kanak or PALIKA [Paul NEAOUTYINE and Elie POIGOUNE]; Rally dla Caledonia w the Republic (anti independence) or RPCR-UMP [Jacques LAFLEUR]; The Future Together or AE [Harold MARTIN]; Union Nationale pour l'Independance or UNI [Paul NEAOUTYINE]; note - may no longer exist, but Paul NEAOUTYINE has since become a president of Parti de Liberation Kanak or PALIKA; Union Progressiste Melanesienne or UPM [Victor TUTUGORO]
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow NA
Ludnosc 221,943 (lipiec 2007 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa NA%
Przyrost naturalny 1.203% (2007 est.)
Stacje radiowe AM 1, FM 5, shortwave 0 (1998)
Religie Roman Catholic 60%, Protestant 30%, other 10%
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female


under 15 years: 1.043 male(s)/female


15-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female


65 years and over: 0.868 male(s)/female


total population: 1.009 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: NA


domestic: a submarine cable network connection between Nowa Kaledonia and Australia, scheduled dla completion w 2008, will improve high-speed connectivity and access to international networks


international: country code - 687; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Ocean Spokojny)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 55,300 (2005)
Telefony komorkowe 134,300 (2005)
Stacje telewizyjne 6 (plus 25 repeaters) (1997)
Uksztaltowanie terenu coastal plains z interior mountains
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 2.25 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 17.1% (2004)
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