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Micronesia, Federated States of (2003)

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Micronesia, Federated States of 2003 year

 Micronesia, Federated States of
Administrative divisions 4 states; Chuuk (Truk), Kosrae (Kosaie), Pohnpei (Ponape), Yap
Age structure 0-14 years: 38.4% (male 21,163; female 20,335)

15-64 years: 58.5% (male 31,746; female 31,477)

65 years and over: 3.2% (male 1,558; female 1,864) (2003 est.)
Agriculture - products black pepper, tropical fruits and vegetables, coconuts, cassava (tapioca), betel nuts, sweet potatoes; pigs, chickens
Airports 7 (2002)
Airports - with paved runways total: 6

1,524 to 2,437 m: 4

914 to 1,523 m: 2 (2002)
Airports - with unpaved runways total: 1

914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2002)
Area total: 702 sq km

land: 702 sq km

water: 0 sq km (fresh water only)

note: includes Pohnpei (Ponape), Chuuk (Truk) Islands, Yap Islands, and Kosrae (Kosaie)
Area - comparative four times the size of Washington, DC (land area only)
Background In 1979 the Federated States of Micronesia, a UN Trust Territory under US administration, adopted a constitution. In 1986 independence was attained under a Compact of Free Association with the US. Present concerns include large-scale unemployment, overfishing, and overdependence on US aid.
Birth rate 26.47 births/1,000 population (2003 est.)
Budget revenues: $161 million ($69 million less grants)

expenditures: $160 million, including capital expenditures of $NA (1998 est.)
Capital Palikir
Climate tropical; heavy year-round rainfall, especially in the eastern islands; located on southern edge of the typhoon belt with occasionally severe damage
Coastline 6,112 km
Constitution 10 May 1979
Country name conventional long form: Federated States of Micronesia

conventional short form: none

former: Ponape, Truk, and Yap Districts (Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands)

abbreviation: FSM
Currency US dollar (USD)
Death rate 5.1 deaths/1,000 population (2003 est.)
Debt - external $53.1 million (FY 02/03 est.)
Diplomatic representation from the US chief of mission: Ambassador Larry M. DINGER

embassy: address NA, Kolonia

mailing address: P. O. Box 1286, Kolonia, Pohnpei, Federated States of Micronesia 96941

telephone: [691] 320-2187

FAX: [691] 320-2186
Diplomatic representation in the US chief of mission: Ambassador Jesse Bibiano MAREHALAU

chancery: 1725 N Street NW, Washington, DC 20036

telephone: [1] (202) 223-4383

FAX: [1] (202) 223-4391

consulate(s) general: Honolulu and Tamuning (Guam)
Disputes - international none
Economic aid - recipient under terms of the Compact of Free Association, the US pledged $1.3 billion in grant aid during the period 1986-2001
Economy - overview Economic activity consists primarily of subsistence farming and fishing. The islands have few mineral deposits worth exploiting, except for high-grade phosphate. The potential for a tourist industry exists, but the remote location, a lack of adequate facilities, and limited air connections hinder development. In November 2002, the country experienced a further reduction in future revenues from the Compact of Free Association - the agreement with the US in which Micronesia received $1.3 billion in financial and technical assistance over a 15-year period until 2001. The country's medium-term economic outlook appears fragile due not only to the reduction in US assistance but also to the slow growth of the private sector. Geographical isolation and a poorly developed infrastructure remain major impediments to long-term growth.
Electricity - consumption NA kWh
Electricity - production NA kWh
Electricity - production by source fossil fuel: 0%

hydro: 0%

nuclear: 0%

other: 0%
Elevation extremes lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m

highest point: Dolohmwar (Totolom) 791 m
Environment - current issues overfishing, climate change, pollution
Environment - international agreements party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection

signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Ethnic groups nine ethnic Micronesian and Polynesian groups
Exchange rates the US dollar is used 1
Executive branch chief of state: President Joseph J. URUSEMAL (since 11 May 2003); Vice President Redley KILLION; note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government

head of government: President Joseph J. URUSEMAL (since 11 May 2003); Vice President Redley KILLION; note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government

cabinet: Cabinet

elections: president and vice president elected by Congress from among the four senators at large for four-year terms; election last held 11 May 2003 (next to be held NA May 2007); note - a proposed constitutional amendment to establish popular elections for president and vice president failed

election results: Joseph J. URUSEMAL elected president; percent of Congress vote - NA%; Redley KILLION elected vice president; percent of Congress vote - NA%
Exports $22 million (f.o.b.) (FY 99/00 est.)
Exports - commodities fish, garments, bananas, black pepper
Exports - partners Japan, US, Guam (2000)
Fiscal year 1 October - 30 September
Flag description light blue with four white five-pointed stars centered; the stars are arranged in a diamond pattern
GDP purchasing power parity - $277 million

note: $277 million $277 million GDP is supplemented by grant aid, averaging perhaps $100 million annually (2002 est.)
GDP - composition by sector agriculture: 50%

industry: 4%

services: 46% (2000 est.)
GDP - per capita purchasing power parity - $2,000 (2002 est.)
GDP - real growth rate 1% (2002 est.)
Geographic coordinates 6 55 N, 158 15 E
Geography - note four major island groups totaling 607 islands
Highways total: 240 km

paved: 42 km

unpaved: 198 km (1999 est.)
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%: NA%

highest 10%: NA%
Imports $149 million f.o.b. (FY 99/00 est.)
Imports - commodities food, manufactured goods, machinery and equipment, beverages
Imports - partners US, Australia, Japan (2000)
Independence 3 November 1986 (from the US-administered UN Trusteeship)
Industrial production growth rate NA%
Industries tourism, construction, fish processing, specialized aquaculture, craft items from shell, wood, and pearls
Infant mortality rate total: 32.39 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 35.65 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 28.97 deaths/1,000 live births
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 1% (2002 est.)
International organization participation ACP, AsDB, ESCAP, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, IDA, IFC, IFRCS (associate), IMF, IOC, ITU, OPCW, Sparteca, SPC, SPF, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, WHO, WMO
Internet Service Providers (ISPs) 1 (2000)
Irrigated land NA sq km
Judicial branch Supreme Court
Labor force NA
Labor force - by occupation two-thirds are government employees
Land boundaries 0 km
Land use arable land: 5.71%

permanent crops: 45.71%

other: 48.58% (1998 est.)
Languages English (official and common language), Trukese, Pohnpeian, Yapese, Kosrean, Ulithian, Woleaian, Nukuoro, Kapingamarangi
Legal system based on adapted Trust Territory laws, acts of the legislature, municipal, common, and customary laws
Legislative branch unicameral Congress (14 seats; members elected by popular vote; four - one elected from each state to serve four-year terms; and 10 - elected from single-member districts delineated by population to serve two-year terms)

elections: elections for four-year term seats last held 4 March 2003 (next to be held NA March 2007); elections for two-year term seats last held 4 March 2003 (next to be held NA March 2005)

election results: percent of vote - NA%; seats - independents 14
Life expectancy at birth total population: 69.13 years

male: 67.39 years

female: 70.95 years (2003 est.)
Literacy definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 89%

male: 91%

female: 88% (1980 est.)
Location Oceania, island group in the North Pacific Ocean, about three-quarters of the way from Hawaii to Indonesia
Map references Oceania
Maritime claims exclusive economic zone: 200 NM

territorial sea: 12 NM
Merchant marine none

note: includes a foreign-owned ship registered here as a flag of convenience: US 1 (2002 est.)
Military - note Federated States of Micronesia (FSM) is a sovereign, self-governing state in free association with the US; FSM is totally dependent on the US for its defense
National holiday Constitution Day, 10 May (1979)
Nationality noun: Micronesian(s)

adjective: Micronesian; Chuukese, Kosraen(s), Pohnpeian(s), Yapese
Natural hazards typhoons (June to December)
Natural resources forests, marine products, deep-seabed minerals
Net migration rate -20.98 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2003 est.)
Political parties and leaders no formal parties
Population 108,143 (July 2003 est.)
Population below poverty line 26.7%
Population growth rate 0.04% (2003 est.)
Ports and harbors Colonia (Yap), Kolonia (Pohnpei), Lele, Moen
Radio broadcast stations AM 5, FM 1, shortwave 0 (1998)
Railways 0 km
Religions Roman Catholic 50%, Protestant 47%
Sex ratio 1.05 male(s)/female (2003 est.)
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal
Telephone system general assessment: adequate system

domestic: islands interconnected by shortwave radiotelephone (used mostly for government purposes)

international: satellite earth stations - 5 Intelsat (Pacific Ocean) (2002)
Telephones - main lines in use 11,000 (2001)
Telephones - mobile cellular newly installed in Pohnpei and Yap
Television broadcast stations 2 (1997)
Terrain islands vary geologically from high mountainous islands to low, coral atolls; volcanic outcroppings on Pohnpei, Kosrae, and Chuuk
Total fertility rate 3.5 children born/woman (2003 est.)
Unemployment rate 16% (1999 est.)
Waterways none
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