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Mayotte (2007)

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Mayotte 2007 year

Administrative divisions none (territorial overseas collectivity of France)
Age structure 0-14 years: 45.8% (male 48,016/female 47,533)

15-64 years: 52.5% (male 59,111/female 50,437)

65 years and over: 1.8% (male 1,864/female 1,822) (2007 est.)
Agriculture - products vanilla, ylang-ylang (perfume essence), coffee, copra
Airports 1 (2007)
Airports - with paved runways total: 1

1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2007)
Area total: 374 sq km

land: 374 sq km

water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative slightly more than twice the size of Washington, DC
Background Mayotte was ceded to France along with the other islands of the Comoros group in 1843. It was the only island in the archipelago that voted in 1974 to retain its link with France and forego independence.
Birth rate 40.35 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budget revenues: $420 million

expenditures: $394 million (2005)
Capital name: Mamoudzou

geographic coordinates: 12 46 S, 45 13 E

time difference: UTC+3 (8 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Climate tropical; marine; hot, humid, rainy season during northeastern monsoon (November to May); dry season is cooler (May to November)
Coastline 185.2 km
Constitution 4 October 1958 (French Constitution)
Country name conventional long form: Territorial Collectivity of Mayotte

conventional short form: Mayotte
Death rate 7.53 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Debt - external $NA
Dependency status departmental collectivity of France
Diplomatic representation from the US none (territorial overseas collectivity of France)
Diplomatic representation in the US none (territorial overseas collectivity of France)
Disputes - international claimed by Comoros
Economic aid - recipient $201.3 million; note - extensive French financial assistance (2005)
Economy - overview Economic activity is based primarily on the agricultural sector, including fishing and livestock raising. Mayotte is not self-sufficient and must import a large portion of its food requirements, mainly from France. The economy and future development of the island are heavily dependent on French financial assistance, an important supplement to GDP. Mayotte's remote location is an obstacle to the development of tourism.
Electricity - consumption 139.2 million kWh (2005)
Electricity - production NA kWh
Elevation extremes lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m

highest point: Benara 660 m
Environment - current issues NA
Ethnic groups NA
Exchange rates euros per US dollar - 0.7964 (2006), 0.8041 (2005), 0.8054 (2004), 0.886 (2003), 1.0626 (2002)
Executive branch chief of state: President Nicolas SARKOZY (since 16 May 2007); represented by Prefect Jean-Paul KIHL (since 17 January 2005)

head of government: President of the General Council Said Omar OILI (since 8 April 2004)

cabinet: NA

elections: French president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; prefect appointed by the French president on the advice of the French Ministry of the Interior; president of the General Council elected by the members of the General Council for a six-year term; next election to be held in 2010
Exports $6.5 million f.o.b. (2005)
Exports - commodities ylang-ylang (perfume essence), vanilla, copra, coconuts, coffee, cinnamon
Exports - partners France 43%, Comoros 36%, Reunion 15% (2006)
Fiscal year calendar year
Flag description unofficial, local flag with the coat of arms of Mayotte centered on a white field, above which the name of the island appears in red capital letters; the main elements of the coat of arms, flanked on either side by a seahorse, appear above a scroll with the motto RA HACHIRI (We are Vigilant); the only official flag is the national flag of France
GDP - composition by sector agriculture: NA%

industry: NA%

services: NA%
GDP - real growth rate NA%
Geographic coordinates 12 50 S, 45 10 E
Geography - note part of Comoro Archipelago; 18 islands
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%: NA%

highest 10%: NA%
Imports $341 million f.o.b.; note - excludes petroleum imports (2005)
Imports - commodities food, machinery and equipment, transportation equipment, metals, chemicals
Imports - partners France 49%, Seychelles 8.8%, China 4.1%, South Africa 2.8% (2006)
Independence none (territorial overseas collectivity of France)
Industrial production growth rate NA%
Industries newly created lobster and shrimp industry, construction
Infant mortality rate total: 59.51 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 65.33 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 53.52 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 1.7% (2005)
International organization participation UPU
Irrigated land NA
Judicial branch Supreme Court or Tribunal Superieur d'Appel
Labor force 44,560 (2002)
Land boundaries 0 km
Land use arable land: NA%

permanent crops: NA%

other: NA%
Languages Mahorian (a Swahili dialect), French (official language) spoken by 35% of the population
Legal system the laws of France, where applicable, apply
Legislative branch unicameral General Council or Conseil General (19 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve three-year terms)

elections: last held 21 and 28 March 2004 (next to be held in 2007)

election results: percent of vote by party - MDM 23.3%, UMP 22.8%, PS 10.2%, MRC 8.9%, FRAP 6.5%, MPM 1.2%, other 27.1%; seats by party - MDM 6, UMP 9, MRC 2, MPM 1, diverse left 1

note: Mayotte elects one member of the French Senate; elections last held 24 September 2001 (next to be held in September 2007); results - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - NA; Mayotte also elects one member to the French National Assembly; elections last held 16 June 2002 (next to be held in 2007); results - percent of vote by party - UMP-RPR 55.1%, UDF 44.9%; seats by party - UMP-RPR 1
Life expectancy at birth total population: 62.16 years

male: 59.94 years

female: 64.45 years (2007 est.)
Literacy definition: NA

total population: NA

male: NA

female: NA
Location Southern Africa, island in the Mozambique Channel, about one-half of the way from northern Madagascar to northern Mozambique
Map references Africa
Maritime claims territorial sea: 12 nm

exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Military - note defense is the responsibility of France; a small contingent of French forces is stationed on the island
National holiday Bastille Day, 14 July (1789)
Nationality noun: Mahorais (singular and plural)

adjective: Mahoran
Natural hazards cyclones during rainy season
Natural resources NEGL
Net migration rate 3.35 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Political parties and leaders Democratic Front or FD [Youssouf MOUSSA]; Mahoran Popular Movement or MPM [Ahmed MADI]; Federation of Mahorans or UMP-RPR [Mansour KAMARDINE]; Force of the Rally and the Alliance for Democracy or FRAP; Movement for Department Status Mayotte or MDM [Mouhoutar SALIM]; Renewed Communist Party of Mayotte or MRC [Omar SIMBA]; Socialist Party or PS [Ibrahim ABUBACAR] (local branch of French Parti Socialiste); Union for French Democracy or UDF [Henri JEAN-BAPTISTE]
Political pressure groups and leaders NA
Population 208,783 (July 2007 est.)
Population below poverty line NA%
Population growth rate 3.617% (2007 est.)
Radio broadcast stations AM 1, FM 5, shortwave 0 (2001)
Religions Muslim 97%, Christian (mostly Roman Catholic) 3%
Sex ratio at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 1.172 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 1.023 male(s)/female

total population: 1.092 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal
Telephone system general assessment: small system administered by French Department of Posts and Telecommunications

domestic: NA

international: country code - 269; microwave radio relay and HF radiotelephone communications to Comoros
Telephones - main lines in use 10,000 (2002)
Telephones - mobile cellular 48,100 (2005)
Television broadcast stations 3 (2001)
Terrain generally undulating, with deep ravines and ancient volcanic peaks
Total fertility rate 5.69 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Unemployment rate 25.4% (2005)
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