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Mayotte (2001)

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Mayotte 2001 year

Administrative divisions none (territorial collectivity of France)
Age structure 0-14 years:
46.59% (male 38,188; female 37,920)

15-64 years:
51.73% (male 46,132; female 38,378)

65 years and over:
1.68% (male 1,361; female 1,387) (2001 est.)
Agriculture - products vanilla, ylang-ylang (perfume essence), coffee, copra
Airports 1 (2000 est.)
Airports - with paved runways total:

1,524 to 2,437 m:
1 (2000 est.)
Area total:
374 sq km

374 sq km

0 sq km
Area - comparative slightly more than twice the size of Washington, DC
Background Mayotte was ceded to France along with the other Comoros in 1843. It was the only island in the archipelago that voted in 1974 to retain its link with France and forgo independence.
Birth rate 44.39 births/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Budget revenues:

$73 million, including capital expenditures of $NA (1991 est.)
Capital Mamoutzou
Climate tropical; marine; hot, humid, rainy season during northeastern monsoon (November to May); dry season is cooler (May to November)
Coastline 185.2 km
Constitution 28 September 1958 (French Constitution)
Country name conventional long form:
Territorial Collectivity of Mayotte

conventional short form:
Currency French franc (FRF); euro (EUR)
Death rate 8.84 deaths/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Debt - external $NA
Dependency status territorial collectivity of France
Diplomatic representation from the US none (territorial collectivity of France)
Diplomatic representation in the US none (territorial collectivity of France)
Disputes - international claimed by Comoros
Economic aid - recipient $107.7 million (1995); note - extensive French financial assistance
Economy - overview Economic activity is based primarily on the agricultural sector, including fishing and livestock raising. Mayotte is not self-sufficient and must import a large portion of its food requirements, mainly from France. The economy and future development of the island are heavily dependent on French financial assistance, an important supplement to GDP. Mayotte's remote location is an obstacle to the development of tourism.
Electricity - consumption NA kWh
Electricity - production NA kWh
Electricity - production by source fossil fuel:



Elevation extremes lowest point:
Indian Ocean 0 m

highest point:
Benara 660 m
Environment - current issues NA
Ethnic groups NA
Exchange rates euros per US dollar - 1.0659 (January 2001), 1.0854 (2000), 0.9386 (1999); French francs per US dollar - 5.8995 (1998), 5.8367 (1997), 5.1155 (1996)
Executive branch chief of state:
President Jacques CHIRAC of France (since 17 May 1995), represented by Prefect Pierre BAYLE (since 15 July 1998)

head of government:
President of the General Council Younoussa BAMANA (since NA 1977)


French president elected by popular vote for a seven-year term; prefect appointed by the French president on the advice of the French Ministry of the Interior; president of the General Council elected by the members of the General Council for a six-year term
Exports $3.44 million (f.o.b., 1997)
Exports - commodities ylang-ylang (perfume essence), vanilla, copra, coconuts, coffee, cinnamon
Exports - partners France 80%, Comoros 15%, Reunion
Fiscal year calendar year
Flag description the flag of France is used
GDP purchasing power parity - $85 million (1998 est.)
GDP - composition by sector agriculture:


GDP - per capita purchasing power parity - $600 (1998 est.)
GDP - real growth rate NA%
Geographic coordinates 12 50 S, 45 10 E
Geography - note part of Comoro Archipelago; 18 islands
Highways total:
93 km

72 km

21 km
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%:

highest 10%:
Imports $141.3 million (f.o.b., 1997)
Imports - commodities food, machinery and equipment, transportation equipment, metals, chemicals
Imports - partners France 66%, Africa 14%, Southeast Asia 11% (1997)
Independence none (territorial collectivity of France)
Industrial production growth rate NA%
Industries newly created lobster and shrimp industry, construction
Infant mortality rate 69.54 deaths/1,000 live births (2001 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices) NA%
International organization participation FZ
Internet Service Providers (ISPs) NA
Irrigated land NA sq km
Judicial branch Supreme Court or Tribunal Superieur d'Appel
Labor force NA
Land boundaries 0 km
Land use arable land:

permanent crops:

permanent pastures:

forests and woodland:

Languages Mahorian (a Swahili dialect), French (official language) spoken by 35% of the population
Legal system French law
Legislative branch unicameral General Council or Conseil General (19 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve three-year terms)

last held 7 October 2000 (next to be held NA 2003)

election results:
percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - NA

Mayotte elects one member of the French Senate; elections last held 24 September 1995 (next to be held 24 September 2001); results - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - MPM 1; Mayotte also elects one member to the French National Assembly; elections last held 25 May and 1 June 1997 (next to be held as a special election on NA May 2002); results - percent of vote by party - UDF/FD 51.7%, RPR 48.3%; seats by party - UDF/FD 1
Life expectancy at birth total population:
59.83 years

57.77 years

61.96 years (2001 est.)
Literacy definition:

total population:


Location Southern Africa, island in the Mozambique Channel, about one-half of the way from northern Madagascar to northern Mozambique
Map references Africa
Maritime claims exclusive economic zone:
200 NM

territorial sea:
12 NM
Merchant marine none (2000 est.)
Military - note defense is the responsibility of France; small contingent of French forces stationed on the island
National holiday Bastille Day, 14 July (1789)
Nationality noun:
Mahorais (singular and plural)

Natural hazards cyclones during rainy season
Natural resources NEGL
Net migration rate 10.28 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Political parties and leaders Democratic Front or FD [Youssouf MOUSSA]; Mahoran Popular Movement or MPM [Younoussa BAMANA]; Mahoran Rally for the Republic or RPR [Mansour KAMARDINE]; Movement for Department Status Mayotte or MDM [Henri JEAN-BAPTISTE]; Socialist Party or PS (local branch of French Parti Socialiste) [Ibrahim ABUBACAR]; Union for French Democracy or UDF [Henri JEAN-BAPTISTE]
Political pressure groups and leaders NA
Population 163,366 (July 2001 est.)
Population below poverty line NA%
Population growth rate 4.58% (2001 est.)
Ports and harbors Dzaoudzi
Radio broadcast stations AM 1, FM 4, shortwave 0 (1998)
Radios NA
Railways 0 km
Religions Muslim 97%, Christian (mostly Roman Catholic)
Sex ratio at birth:
1.03 male(s)/female

under 15 years:
1.01 male(s)/female

15-64 years:
1.2 male(s)/female

65 years and over:
0.98 male(s)/female

total population:
1.1 male(s)/female (2001 est.)
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal
Telephone system general assessment:
small system administered by French Department of Posts and Telecommunications


microwave radio relay and HF radiotelephone communications to Comoros and other international connections
Telephones - main lines in use 9,314 (1997)
Telephones - mobile cellular 0 (2000)
Television broadcast stations 3 (1997)
Terrain generally undulating, with deep ravines and ancient volcanic peaks
Total fertility rate 6.24 children born/woman (2001 est.)
Unemployment rate 45% (1997)
Waterways none
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