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Mauretania (2008)

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MauretaniaMauretania (2007) (porownaj)

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Mauretania 2008 roku

Podzial administracyjny 12 regions (regions, singular - region) and 1 capital district*; Adrar, Assaba, Brakna, Dakhlet Nouadhibou, Gorgol, Guidimaka, Hodh Ech Chargui, Hodh El Gharbi, Inchiri, Nouakchott*, Tagant, Tiris Zemmour, Trarza
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 45.5% (male 744,995/female 741,369)

15-64 years: 52.4% (male 845,272/female 866,998)

65 years and over: 2.2% (male 28,564/female 42,867) (2007 est.)
Rolinictwo dates, millet, sorghum, rice, corn; cattle, sheep
Lotniska 25 (2007)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 8

2,438 to 3,047 m: 3

1,524 to 2,437 m: 5 (2007)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 17

1,524 to 2,437 m: 9

914 to 1,523 m: 7

under 914 m: 1 (2007)
Terytorium total: 1,030,700 sq km

land: 1,030,400 sq km

water: 300 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly larger than three times the size of New Meksyk
Tlo historyczne Independent from Francja w 1960, Mauretania annexed the southern third of the former Spanish Sahara (now Sahara Zachodnia) w 1976, but relinquished it after three years of raids by the Polisario guerrilla front seeking independence dla the territory. Maaouya Ould Sid Ahmed TAYA seized power w a coup w 1984 and ruled Mauretania z a heavy hand dla over two decades. A series of presidential elections that he held were widely seen as flawed. A bloodless coup w sierpien 2005 deposed President TAYA and ushered w a military council that oversaw a transition to democratic rule. Independent candidate Sidi Ould Cheikh ABDALLAHI was inaugurated w kwiecien 2007 as Mauretania's first freely and fairly elected president. The country continues to experience ethnic tensions among its black population (Afro-Mauretanians) and White and Black Moor (Arab-Berber) communities, although the new government is attempting to ameliorate some of these tensions.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 40.56 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budzet revenues: $421 million

expenditures: $378 million (2002 est.)
Stolica name: Nouakchott

geographic coordinates: 18 07 N, 16 02 W

time difference: UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Klimat desert; constantly hot, dry, dusty
Linia brzegowa 754 km
Konstytucja 12 lipiec 1991
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Islamic Republic of Mauretania

conventional short form: Mauretania

local long form: Al Jumhuriyah al Islamiyah al Muritaniyah

local short form: Muritaniyah
Wspolczynnik zgonow 11.89 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $2.5 billion (2000)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador Mark M. BOULWARE

embassy: 288 Rue Abdallaye (between Presidency building and Spanish Embassy), Nouakchott

mailing address: BP 222, Nouakchott

telephone: [222] 525-2660/525-2663

FAX: [222] 525-1592
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Ibrahima DIA

chancery: 2129 Leroy Place NW, Washington, DC 20008

telephone: [1] (202) 232-5700, 5701

FAX: [1] (202) 319-2623
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje Mauretanian claims to Sahara Zachodnia remain dormant
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $190.4 million (2005)
Ekonomia Half the population still depends on agriculture and livestock dla a livelihood, even though many of the nomads and subsistence farmers were forced into the cities by recurrent droughts w the 1970s and 1980s. Mauretania has extensive deposits of iron ore, which account dla nearly 40% of total exports. The nation's coastal waters are among the richest fishing areas w the world, but overexploitation by foreigners threatens this key source of revenue. The country's first deepwater port opened near Nouakchott w 1986. In the past, drought and economic mismanagement resulted w a buildup of foreign debt, which now stands at more than three times the level of annual exports. In luty 2000, Mauretania qualified dla debt relief under the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) initiative and w grudzien 2001 received strong support from donor and lending countries at a triennial Consultative Group review. A new investment code approved w grudzien 2001 improved the opportunities dla direct foreign investment. Ongoing negotiations z the IMF involve problems of economic reforms and fiscal discipline. In 2001, exploratory oil wells w tracts 80 km offshore indicated potential extraction at current world oil prices. Oil prospects, while initially promising, have failed to materialize. Meantime the government emphasizes reduction of poverty, improvement of health and education, and promoting privatization of the economy.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 230.6 million kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - import 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 248 million kWh (2005)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Sebkhet Te-n-Dghamcha -5 m

highest point: Kediet Ijill 915 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy overgrazing, deforestation, and soil erosion aggravated by drought are contributing to desertification; very limited natural fresh water resources away from the Senegal, which is the only perennial river; locust infestation
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling

signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Grupy etniczne mixed Moor/black 40%, Moor 30%, black 30%
Kurs waluty ouguiyas per US dollar - NA (2007), 271.3 (2006), 267.04 (2005), 265.8 (2004), 263.03 (2003)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: Sidi Ould Cheikh ABDELLAHI (since 19 kwiecien 2007)

head of government: Prime Minister Zeine Ould ZEIDANE (since 20 kwiecien 2007)

cabinet: Council of Ministers

elections: president elected by popular vote dla a five-year term (eligible dla a second consecutive term); election last held 11 marzec 2007 z a runoff between the two leading candidates held on 25 marzec 2007 (next to be held 2012); prime minister appointed by the president

election results: percent of vote - (second round) Sidi Ould Cheikh ABDELLAHI 52.8%, Ahmed Ould DADDAH 47.2%
Eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Eksport $1.395 billion f.o.b. (2006)
Eksport 0 cu m (2005 est.)
Eksport 0 bbl/day (2004)
Eksport - towary iron ore, fish and fish products, gold
Eksport - partnerzy Chiny 26.1%, Wlochy 11.7%, Francja 10.5%, Hiszpania 6.9%, Belgia 6.8%, Japonia 5.4%, Cote d'Ivoire 4.6% (2006)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi green z a yellow five-pointed star above a yellow, horizontal crescent; the closed side of the crescent is down; the crescent, star, and color green are traditional symbols of Islam
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 25%

industry: 29%

services: 46% (2001 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 1.5% (2007 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 20 00 N, 12 00 W
Polozenie geograficzne most of the population concentrated w the cities of Nouakchott and Nouadhibou and along the Senegal River w the southern part of the country
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: 2.5%

highest 10%: 29.5% (2000)
Import 0 kWh (2005)
Import $1.475 billion f.o.b. (2006)
Import 0 cu m (2005)
Import 19,960 bbl/day (2004)
Import - towary machinery and equipment, petroleum products, capital goods, foodstuffs, consumer goods
Import - partnerzy Francja 11.9%, Chiny 8.1%, Belgia 6.8%, US 6.7%, Wlochy 5.9%, Hiszpania 5.7%, Brazylia 5.5% (2006)
Niepodleglosc 28 listopad 1960 (from Francja)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 2% (2000 est.)
Przemysl fish processing, mining of iron ore and gypsum
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 68.07 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 71.07 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 64.98 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflacja 7% (2003 est.)
Nawadniane tereny 490 sq km (2002)
Sadownictwo Supreme Court or Cour Supreme; Court of Appeals; lower courts
Sila robocza 786,000 (2001)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture: 50%

industry: 10%

services: 40% (2001 est.)
Granica total: 5,074 km

border countries: Algieria 463 km, Mali 2,237 km, Senegal 813 km, Sahara Zachodnia 1,561 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 0.2%

permanent crops: 0.01%

other: 99.79% (2005)
Jezyki Arabic (official), Pulaar, Soninke, French, Hassaniya, Wolof
System prawny a combination of Islamic law and French civil law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Wladza ustawodawcza bicameral legislature consists of the Senate or Majlis al-Shuyukh (56 seats; members elected by municipal leaders to serve six-year terms; a portion of seats up dla election every two years) and the National Assembly or Majlis al-Watani (95 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)

elections: Senate - last held 21 styczen and 4 luty 2007 (next to be held 2009); National Assembly - last held 19 listopad and 3 grudzien 2006 (next to be held w 2011)

election results: Senate - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - Mithaq (coalition of independents and parties associated z the former regime) 37, CFCD (coalition of political parties) 15, representatives of the diaspora (yet to be chosen) 3, undecided 1; National Assembly - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - Mithaq 51 (independents 37, PRDR 7, UDP 3, RDU 3, Alternative (El-Badil) 1), CFCD 41 (RFD 16, UFP 9, APP 6, Centrist Reformists 4, HATEM-PMUC 3, RD 2, PUDS 1), RNDLE 1, UCD 1, FP 1
Zywotnosc total population: 53.51 years

male: 51.24 years

female: 55.85 years (2007 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 51.2%

male: 59.5%

female: 43.4% (2000 census)
Lokalizacja Northern Africa, bordering the North Ocean Atlantycki, between Senegal and Sahara Zachodnia
Lokalizacja na mapie Africa
Morskie obszary territorial sea: 12 nm

contiguous zone: 24 nm

exclusive economic zone: 200 nm

continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
Wojsko Mauretanian Armed Forces: Army, Mauretanian Navy (Marine Mauritanienne; includes naval infantry), Air Force (Force Aerienne Islamique de Mauritanie, FAIM) (2007)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 5.5% (2006)
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day, 28 listopad (1960)
Narodowosc noun: Mauretanian(s)

adjective: Mauretanian
Naturalne zagrozenia hot, dry, dust/sand-laden sirocco wind blows primarily w marzec and kwiecien; periodic droughts
Surowce naturalne iron ore, gypsum, copper, phosphate, diamonds, gold, oil, fish
Wspolczynnik migracji 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Alternative or El-Badil; Centrist Reformists (independent moderate Islamists); Coalition dla Forces dla Democratic Change or CFCD (coalition of political parties including APP, Centrist Reformists (independent moderate Islamists), HATEM-PMUC, PUDS, RD, RFD, UFP); Democratic and Social Republican Party or PRDS; Democratic Renewal or RD; Mauretanian Party dla Unity and Change or HATEM-PMUC; Mithaq (coalition of independents and parties associated z the former regime including Alternative or El-Badil, PRDR, UDP, RDU); National Rally dla Freedom, Democracy and Equality or RNDLE; Popular Front or FP [Ch'bih Ould CHEIKH MALAININE]; Popular Progressive Alliance or APP [Messoud Ould BOULKHEIR]; Rally of Democratic Forces or RFD [Ahmed Ould DADDAH]; Rally dla Democracy and Unity or RDU [Ahmed Ould SIDI BABA]; Republican Party dla Democracy and Renewal or PRDR [Boullah Ould MOGUEYA] (formerly ruling Democratic and Social Republican Party or PRDS); Socialist and Democratic Unity Party or PUDS; Union dla Democracy and Progress or UDP [Naha Mint MOUKNASS]; Union of Democratic Centre or UCD; Union of the Forces dla Progress or UFP
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow Arab nationalists; Ba'thists; General Confederation of Mauretanian Workers or CGTM [Abdallahi Ould MOHAMED, secretary general]; Independent Confederation of Mauretanian Workers or CLTM [Samory Ould BEYE]; Islamists; Mauretanian Workers Union or UTM [Mohamed Ely Ould BRAHIM, secretary general]
Ludnosc 3,270,065 (lipiec 2007 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 40% (2004 est.)
Przyrost naturalny 2.867% (2007 est.)
Stacje radiowe AM 1, FM 14, shortwave 1 (2001)
Linie kolejowe 717 km

standard gauge: 717 km 1.435-m gauge (2006)
Religie Muslim 100%
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.005 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 0.975 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.666 male(s)/female

total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: limited system of cable and open-wire lines, minor microwave radio relay links, and radiotelephone communications stations; mobile-cellular services expanding rapidly

domestic: Mauritel, the national telecommunications company, was privatized w 2001 but remains the monopoly provider of fixed-line services; fixed-line teledensity 1 per 100 persons; mobile-cellular network coverage extends mainly to urban areas z a teledensity approaching 35 per 100 persons; mostly cable and open-wire lines; a domestic satellite telecommunications system links Nouakchott z regional capitals

international: country code - 222; satellite earth stations - 1 Intelsat (Ocean Atlantycki), 2 Arabsat
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 34,900 (2006)
Telefony komorkowe 1.06 million (2006)
Stacje telewizyjne 1 (2002)
Uksztaltowanie terenu mostly barren, flat plains of the Sahara; some central hills
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 5.78 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 20% (2004 est.)
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