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Mariany Polnocne (2008)

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Mariany PolnocneMariany Polnocne (2001) (porownaj)
Mariany PolnocneMariany Polnocne (2002) (porownaj)
Mariany PolnocneMariany Polnocne (2003) (porownaj)
Mariany PolnocneMariany Polnocne (2004) (porownaj)
Mariany PolnocneMariany Polnocne (2005) (porownaj)
Mariany PolnocneMariany Polnocne (2006) (porownaj)
Mariany PolnocneMariany Polnocne (2007) (porownaj)

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Mariany Polnocne 2008 roku

 Mariany Polnocne
Podzial administracyjny none (commonwealth w political union z the US); there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government, but there are four municipalities at the second order: Northern Islands, Rota, Saipan, Tinian
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 18.9% (male 8,354/female 7,612)

15-64 years: 79.5% (male 27,334/female 39,860)

65 years and over: 1.6% (male 717/female 669) (2007 est.)
Rolinictwo coconuts, fruits, vegetables; cattle
Lotniska 5 (2007)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 3

2,438 to 3,047 m: 2

1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2007)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 2

2,438 to 3,047 m: 1

under 914 m: 1 (2007)
Terytorium total: 477 sq km

land: 477 sq km

water: 0 sq km

note: includes 14 islands including Saipan, Rota, and Tinian
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci 2.5 times the size of Washington, DC
Tlo historyczne Under US administration as part of the UN Trust Territory of the Pacific, the people of the Mariany Polnocne decided w the 1970s not to seek independence but instead to forge closer links z the US. Negotiations dla territorial status began w 1972. A covenant to establish a commonwealth w political union z the US was approved w 1975, and came into force on 24 marzec 1976. A new government and constitution went into effect w 1978.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 19.27 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budzet revenues: $193 million

expenditures: $223 million (FY01/02 est.)
Stolica name: Saipan

geographic coordinates: 15 12 N, 145 45 E

time difference: UTC+10 (15 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Klimat tropical marine; moderated by northeast trade winds, little seasonal temperature variation; dry season grudzien to czerwiec, rainy season lipiec to pazdziernik
Linia brzegowa 1,482 km
Konstytucja Konstytucja of the Commonwealth of the Mariany Polnocne effective 1 styczen 1978; Covenant Agreement fully effective 4 listopad 1986
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Commonwealth of the Mariany Polnocne

conventional short form: Mariany Polnocne

abbreviation: CNMI

former: Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, Mariana Islands District
Wspolczynnik zgonow 2.29 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $NA
Podleglosc commonwealth w political union z the US; federal funds to the Commonwealth administered by the US Department of the Interior, Office of Insular Affairs
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje none
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie extensive funding from US
Ekonomia The economy benefits substantially from financial assistance from the US. The rate of funding has declined as locally generated government revenues have grown. The key tourist industry employs about 50% of the work force and accounts dla roughly one-fourth of Produkt krajowy brutto. Japoniaese tourists predominate. Annual tourist entries have exceeded one-half million w recent years, but financial difficulties w Japonia have caused a temporary slowdown. The agricultural sector is made up of cattle ranches and small farms producing coconuts, breadfruit, tomatoes, and melons. Garment production is by far the most important industry z the employment of 17,500 mostly Chinese workers and sizable shipments to the US under duty and quota exemptions.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja NA kWh
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (2007 est.)
Elektrycznosc - import 0 kWh (2007 est.)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja NA kWh
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Ocean Spokojny 0 m

highest point: unnamed location on Agrihan 965 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy contamination of groundwater on Saipan may contribute to disease; clean-up of landfill; protection of endangered species conflicts z development
Grupy etniczne Asian 56.3%, Pacific islander 36.3%, Caucasian 1.8%, other 0.8%, mixed 4.8% (2000 census)
Kurs waluty the US dollar is used
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President George W. BUSH of the US (since 20 styczen 2001); Vice President Richard B. CHENEY (since 20 styczen 2001)

head of government: Governor Benigno R. FITIAL (since 9 styczen 2006); Lieutenant Governor Timothy P. VILLAGOMEZ (since 9 styczen 2006)

cabinet: the cabinet consists of the heads of the 10 principal departments under the executive branch who are appointed by the governor z the advice and consent of the Senate; other members include Special Assistants to the governor and office heads appointed by and reporting directly to the governor

elections: under the US Konstytucja, residents of unincorporated territories, such as the Commonwealth of the Mariany Polnocne, do not vote w elections dla US president and vice president; governor and lieutenant governor elected on the same ticket by popular vote dla four-year terms (eligible dla a second term); election last held 5 listopad 2005 (next to be held w listopad 2009)

election results: Benigno R. FITIAL elected governor w a four-way race; percent of vote - Benigno R. FITIAL 28.07%, Heinz HOFSCHNEIDER 27.34%, Juan BABAUTA 26.6%, Froilan TENORIO 17.99%
Eksport 0 kWh (2007 est.)
Eksport $NA
Eksport - towary garments
Eksport - partnerzy US (2006)
Rok podatkowy 1 pazdziernik - 30 wrzesien
Opis flagi blue, z a white, five-pointed star superimposed on the gray silhouette of a latte stone (a traditional foundation stone used w building) w the center, surrounded by a wreath
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: NA%

industry: NA%

services: NA%
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu NA%
Koordynaty geograficzne 15 12 N, 145 45 E
Polozenie geograficzne strategic location w the North Ocean Spokojny
Ladowiska helikopterow 1 (2007)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: NA%

highest 10%: NA%
Import 0 kWh (2007 est.)
Import $214.4 million (2001)
Import - towary food, construction equipment and materials, petroleum products
Import - partnerzy US, Japonia (2006)
Niepodleglosc none (commonwealth w political union z the US)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle NA%
Przemysl tourism, construction, garments, handicrafts
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 6.85 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 6.8 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 6.89 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflacja -0.8% (2000)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji Interpol (subbureau), SPC, UPU
Nawadniane tereny NA
Sadownictwo Commonwealth Supreme Court; Superior Court; Federal District Court
Sila robocza 44,470 total indigenous labor force; 2,699 unemployed; 28,717 foreign workers (2000)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture: NA%

industry: NA%

services: NA%
Granica 0 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 13.04%

permanent crops: 4.35%

other: 82.61% (2005)
Jezyki Philippine languages 24.4%, Chinese 23.4%, Chamorro 22.4%, English 10.8%, other Pacific island languages 9.5%, other 9.6% (2000 census)
System prawny based on US system, except dla customs, wages, immigration laws, and taxation
Wladza ustawodawcza bicameral Legislature consists of the Senate (9 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve four-year staggered terms) and the House of Representatives (20 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve two-year terms)

elections: Senate - last held 3 listopad 2007 (next to be held w listopad 2009); House of Representatives - last held 3 listopad 2007 (next to be held w listopad 2009)

election results: Senate - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - Covenant Party 3, Republican Party 3, Democratic Party 1, independents 2; House of Representatives - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - Republican Party 12, Covenant Party 4, Democratic Party 1, independents 3

note: the Mariany Polnocne does not have a nonvoting delegate w the US Congress; instead, it has an elected official or "resident representative" w Washington, DC; seats by party - Republican Party 1 (Pedro A. TENORIO)
Zywotnosc total population: 76.29 years

male: 73.7 years

female: 79.05 years (2007 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 97%

male: 97%

female: 96% (1980 est.)
Lokalizacja Oceania, islands w the North Ocean Spokojny, about three-quarters of the way from Hawaii to the Filipiny
Lokalizacja na mapie Oceania
Morskie obszary territorial sea: 12 nm

exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Wojsko - uwagi defense is the responsibility of the US
Swieto narodowe Commonwealth Day, 8 styczen (1978)
Narodowosc noun: NA (US citizens)

adjective: NA
Naturalne zagrozenia active volcanoes on Pagan and Agrihan; typhoons (especially sierpien to listopad)
Surowce naturalne arable land, fish
Wspolczynnik migracji 7.64 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Covenant Party [Benigno R. FITIAL]; Democratic Party [Dr. Carlos S. CAMACHO]; Republican Party [Juan S. REYES]
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow NA
Ludnosc 84,546 (lipiec 2007 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa NA%
Przyrost naturalny 2.461% (2007 est.)
Stacje radiowe AM 1, FM 6, shortwave 1 (2005)
Religie Christian (Roman Catholic majority, although traditional beliefs and taboos may still be found)
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.097 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 0.686 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 1.072 male(s)/female

total population: 0.756 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal; indigenous inhabitants are US citizens but do not vote w US presidential elections
System telefoniczny general assessment: NA

domestic: NA

international: country code - 1-670; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (Ocean Spokojny)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 21,000 (2000)
Telefony komorkowe 20,500 (2004)
Stacje telewizyjne 1 (on Saipan; w addition, 2 cable services on Saipan provide varied programming from satellite networks) (2006)
Uksztaltowanie terenu southern islands are limestone z level terraces and fringing coral reefs; northern islands are volcanic
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 1.21 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 3.9% (2001)
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