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Kongo, Republika (2008)

Kongo, Republika - wybierz rok:
Kongo, RepublikaKongo, Republika (2001) (porownaj)
Kongo, RepublikaKongo, Republika (2002) (porownaj)
Kongo, RepublikaKongo, Republika (2003) (porownaj)
Kongo, RepublikaKongo, Republika (2004) (porownaj)
Kongo, RepublikaKongo, Republika (2005) (porownaj)
Kongo, RepublikaKongo, Republika (2006) (porownaj)
Kongo, RepublikaKongo, Republika (2007) (porownaj)


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Kongo, Republika 2008 roku

 Kongo, Republika
Podzial administracyjny 10 regions (regions, singular - region) and 1 commune*; Bouenza, Brazzaville*, Cuvette, Cuvette-Ouest, Kouilou, Lekoumou, Likouala, Niari, Plateaux, Pool, Sangha
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 46.3% (male 885,039/female 873,753)


15-64 years: 50.8% (male 958,992/female 973,445)


65 years and over: 2.9% (male 44,994/female 64,387) (2007 est.)
Rolinictwo cassava (tapioca), sugar, rice, corn, peanuts, vegetables, coffee, cocoa; forest products
Lotniska 31 (2007)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 5


over 3,047 m: 2


2,438 to 3,047 m: 1


1,524 to 2,437 m: 2 (2007)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 26


1,524 to 2,437 m: 7


914 to 1,523 m: 10


under 914 m: 9 (2007)
Terytorium total: 342,000 sq km


land: 341,500 sq km


water: 500 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly smaller than Montana
Tlo historyczne Upon independence w 1960, the former French region of Middle Congo became the Republic of the Congo. A quarter century of experimentation z Marxism was abandoned w 1990 and a democratically elected government took office w 1992. A brief civil war w 1997 restored former Marxist President Denis SASSOU-NGUESSO, and ushered w a period of ethnic and political unrest. Southern-based rebel groups agreed to a final peace accord w marzec 2003, but the calm is tenuous and refugees continue to present a humanitarian crisis. The Republic of Congo was once one of Africa's largest petroleum producers, but z declining production it will need to hope dla new offshore oil finds to sustain its oil earnings over the long term.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 42.16 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budzet revenues: $3.639 billion


expenditures: $2.104 billion (2007 est.)
Stolica name: Brazzaville


geographic coordinates: 4 15 S, 15 17 E


time difference: UTC+1 (six hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Klimat tropical; rainy season (marzec to czerwiec); dry season (czerwiec to pazdziernik); persistent high temperatures and humidity; particularly enervating climate astride the Equator
Linia brzegowa 169 km
Konstytucja approved by referendum 20 styczen 2002
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Republic of the Congo


conventional short form: Congo (Brazzaville)


local long form: Republique du Congo


local short form: none


former: Middle Congo, Congo/Brazzaville, Congo
Wspolczynnik zgonow 12.59 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $5 billion (2000 est.)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador Robert WEISBERG


embassy: BDEAC Building, 4th Floor, Brazzaville


mailing address: NA


telephone: [242] 81-1480


FAX:: [243] 81-5324
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Serge MOMBOULI


chancery: 4891 Colorado Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20011


telephone: [1] (202) 726-5500


FAX: [1] (202) 726-1860
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje Congo hosts about 63,000 refugees from neighboring states, primarily from the Pool border area of the Democratic Republic of the Congo; the location of the boundary w the broad Congo River z the Democratic Republic of the Congo is indefinite except w the Pool Malebo/Stanley Pool area
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $1.449 billion (2005)
Ekonomia The economy is a mixture of subsistance agriculture, an industrial sector based largely on oil, and support services, and a government characterized by budget problems and overstaffing. Oil has supplanted forestry as the mainstay of the economy, providing a major share of government revenues and exports. In the early 1980s, rapidly rising oil revenues enabled the government to finance large-scale development projects z Produkt krajowy brutto growth averaging 5% annually, one of the highest rates w Africa. The government has mortgaged a substantial portion of its oil earnings through oil-backed loans that have contributed to a growing debt burden and chronic revenue shortfalls. Economic reform efforts have been undertaken z the support of international organizations, notably the Swiat Bank and the IMF. However, the reform program came to a halt w czerwiec 1997 when civil war erupted. Denis SASSOU-NGUESSO, who returned to power when the war ended w pazdziernik 1997, publicly expressed interest w moving forward on economic reforms and privatization and w renewing cooperation z international financial institutions. Economic progress was badly hurt by slumping oil prices and the resumption of armed conflict w grudzien 1998, which worsened the republic's budget deficit. The current administration presides over an uneasy internal peace and faces difficult economic challenges of stimulating recovery and reducing poverty. Recovery of oil prices has boosted the economy's Produkt krajowy brutto and near-term prospects. In marzec 2006, the Swiat Bank and the International Monetary Fund (IMF) approved Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) treatment dla Congo.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 5.272 billion kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 1.8 billion kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - import 6 million kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 7.341 billion kWh (2005)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Ocean Atlantycki 0 m


highest point: Mount Berongou 903 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy air pollution from vehicle emissions; water pollution from the dumping of raw sewage; tap water is not potable; deforestation
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands


signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea
Grupy etniczne Kongo 48%, Sangha 20%, M'Bochi 12%, Teke 17%, Europeans and other 3%
Kurs waluty Communaute Financiere Africaine francs (XAF) per US dollar - 483.6 (2007), 522.59 (2006), 527.47 (2005), 528.29 (2004), 581.2 (2003)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President Denis SASSOU-NGUESSO (since 25 pazdziernik 1997, following the civil war w which he toppled elected president Pascal LISSOUBA);


head of government: Prime Minister Isidore MVOUBA (since 7 styczen 2005)


cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president


elections: president elected by popular vote dla a seven-year term (eligible dla a second term); election last held 10 marzec 2002 (next to be held w 2009)


election results: Denis SASSOU-NGUESSO reelected president; percent of vote - Denis SASSOU-NGUESSO 89.4%, Joseph Kignoumbi Kia MBOUNGOU 2.7%
Eksport 1.8 billion kWh (2005)
Eksport $6.455 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Eksport 0 cu m (2005 est.)
Eksport 20,750 bbl/day (2004)
Eksport - towary petroleum, lumber, plywood, sugar, cocoa, coffee, diamonds
Eksport - partnerzy US 35.9%, Chiny 31.4%, Tajwan 9.9%, South Korea 8% (2006)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi divided diagonally from the lower hoist side by a yellow band; the upper triangle (hoist side) is green and the lower triangle is red


note: uses the popular pan-African colors of Etiopia
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 5.6%


industry: 57.1%


services: 37.3% (2006 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 2.8% (2007 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 1 00 S, 15 00 E
Polozenie geograficzne about 70% of the population lives w Brazzaville, Pointe-Noire, or along the railroad between them
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: NA%


highest 10%: NA%
Import 6 million kWh (2005)
Import $1.724 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Import 0 cu m (2005)
Import 11,410 bbl/day (2004)
Import - towary capital equipment, construction materials, foodstuffs
Import - partnerzy Francja 23.5%, Chiny 13.2%, US 7.6%, Indie 7%, Wlochy 5.6%, Belgia 5.3% (2006)
Niepodleglosc 15 sierpien 1960 (from Francja)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle -1% (2007 est.)
Przemysl petroleum extraction, cement, lumber, brewing, sugar, palm oil, soap, flour, cigarettes
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 83.26 deaths/1,000 live births


male: 88.93 deaths/1,000 live births


female: 77.42 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflacja 7% (2007 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji ACCT, ACP, AfDB, AU, BDEAC, CEMAC, FAO, FZ, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ITSO, ITU, ITUC, MIGA, NAM, OIF, OPCW, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNWTO, UPU, WCL, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
Nawadniane tereny 20 sq km (2003)
Sadownictwo Supreme Court or Cour Supreme
Sila robocza NA
Granica total: 5,504 km


border countries: Angola 201 km, Kamerun 523 km, Cesarstwo Srodkowoafrykanskie 467 km, Democratic Republic of the Congo 2,410 km, Gabon 1,903 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 1.45%


permanent crops: 0.15%


other: 98.4% (2005)
Jezyki French (official), Lingala and Monokutuba (lingua franca trade languages), many local languages and dialects (of which Kikongo is the most widespread)
System prawny based on French civil law system and customary law
Wladza ustawodawcza bicameral Parliament consists of the Senate (66 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms) and the National Assembly (137 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)


elections: Senate - last held 11 lipiec 2002 (next to be held w 2008); National Assembly - last held 24 czerwiec and 5 sierpien 2007 (next to be held w 2012)


election results: Senate - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - FDP 56, other 10; National Assembly - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - PCT 46, MCDDI 11, UPADS 11, MAR 5, MSD 5, independents 37, other 22
Zywotnosc total population: 53.29 years


male: 52.1 years


female: 54.52 years (2007 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write


total population: 83.8%


male: 89.6%


female: 78.4% (2003 est.)
Lokalizacja Western Africa, bordering the South Ocean Atlantycki, between Angola and Gabon
Lokalizacja na mapie Africa
Morskie obszary territorial sea: 200 nm
Flota handlowa registered w other countries: 1 (Kongo, Republika Demokratyczna 1) (2007)
Wojsko Congolese Armed Forces (Forces Armees Congolaises, FAC): Army, Navy, Congolese Air Force (Armee de l'Air Congolaise), Gendarmerie, Special Presidential Security Guard (GSSP) (2008)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 3.1% (2006)
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day, 15 sierpien (1960)
Narodowosc noun: Congolese (singular and plural)


adjective: Congolese or Congo
Naturalne zagrozenia seasonal flooding
Surowce naturalne petroleum, timber, potash, lead, zinc, uranium, copper, phosphates, gold, magnesium, natural gas, hydropower
Wspolczynnik migracji -3.17 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Rurociagi gas 89 km; liquid petroleum gas 4 km; oil 758 km (2007)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Action Movement dla Renewal or MAR; Congolese Movement dla Democracy and Integral Development or MCDDI [Michel MAMPOUYA]; Congolese Labour Party or PCT; Movement dla Solidarity and Development or MSD; Pan-African Union dla Social Development or UPADS [Martin MBERI]; Rally dla Democracy and Social Progress or RDPS [Jean-Pierre Thystere TCHICAYA, president]; Rally dla Democracy and the Republic or RDR [Raymond Damasge NGOLLO]; Union dla Democracy and Republic or UDR; Union of Democratic Forces or UFD [Sebastian EBAO]; many less important parties
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow Congolese Trade Union Congress or CSC; General Union of Congolese Pupils and Students or UGEEC; Revolutionary Union of Congolese Women or URFC; Union of Congolese Socialist Youth or UJSC
Ludnosc 3,800,610


note: estimates dla this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result w lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes w the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (lipiec 2007 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa NA%
Przyrost naturalny 2.639% (2007 est.)
Stacje radiowe AM 1, FM 5, shortwave 3 (2001)
Linie kolejowe total: 894 km


narrow gauge: 894 km 1.067-m gauge (2006)
Religie Christian 50%, animist 48%, Muslim 2%
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female


under 15 years: 1.013 male(s)/female


15-64 years: 0.985 male(s)/female


65 years and over: 0.699 male(s)/female


total population: 0.988 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: services barely adequate dla government use; key exchanges are w Brazzaville, Pointe-Noire, and Loubomo; intercity lines frequently out of order; fixed-line infrastructure inadequate providing less than 1 connection per 100 persons; mobile-cellular subscribership has surged reaching 16 per 100 persons


domestic: primary network consists of microwave radio relay and coaxial cable


international: country code - 242; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Ocean Atlantycki)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 15,900 (2005)
Telefony komorkowe 490,000 (2005)
Stacje telewizyjne 1 (2001)
Uksztaltowanie terenu coastal plain, southern basin, central plateau, northern basin
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 5.99 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia NA%
Drogi wodne 1,125 km (commercially navigable on Congo and Oubanqui rivers) (2006)
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