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Komory (2008)

Komory - wybierz rok:
KomoryKomory (2001) (porownaj)
KomoryKomory (2002) (porownaj)
KomoryKomory (2003) (porownaj)
KomoryKomory (2004) (porownaj)
KomoryKomory (2005) (porownaj)
KomoryKomory (2006) (porownaj)
KomoryKomory (2007) (porownaj)


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Komory 2008 roku

 Komory
Podzial administracyjny 3 islands and 4 municipalities*; Grande Comore, Anjouan, Domoni*, Fomboni*, Moheli, Moroni*, Mutsamudu*
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 42.6% (male 151,920/female 150,851)


15-64 years: 54.4% (male 191,096/female 196,120)


65 years and over: 3% (male 9,933/female 11,497) (2007 est.)
Rolinictwo vanilla, cloves, ylang-ylang, perfume essences, copra, coconuts, bananas, cassava (tapioca)
Lotniska 4 (2007)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 4


2,438 to 3,047 m: 1


914 to 1,523 m: 3 (2007)
Terytorium total: 2,170 sq km


land: 2,170 sq km


water: 0 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly more than 12 times the size of Washington, DC
Tlo historyczne Komory has endured 19 coups or attempted coups since gaining independence from Francja w 1975. In 1997, the islands of Anjouan and Moheli declared independence from Komory. In 1999, military chief Col. AZALI seized power w a bloodless coup, and helped negotiate the 2000 Fomboni Accords power-sharing agreement w which the federal presidency rotates among the three islands, and each island maintains its own local government. AZALI won the 2002 Presidential election, and each island w the archipelago elected its own president. AZALI stepped down w 2006 and President SAMBI took office. Since 2006, Anjouan's President Mohamed BACAR has refused to work effectively z the Union presidency. This year BACAR effected Anjouan's de-facto secession from the Union, refusing to step down w favor of fresh Anjouanais elections when Komory' other islands held legitimate elections w lipiec. The African Union (AU) has stepped w to assist w resolving the political crisis, including applying sanctions and a naval blockade on Anjouan, but the situation remains at an impasse.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 36.35 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budzet revenues: $27.6 million


expenditures: $NA (2001 est.)
Stolica name: Moroni


geographic coordinates: 11 42 S, 43 14 E


time difference: UTC+3 (8 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Klimat tropical marine; rainy season (listopad to maj)
Linia brzegowa 340 km
Konstytucja 23 grudzien 2001
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Union of the Komory


conventional short form: Komory


local long form: Union des Comores


local short form: Comores
Wspolczynnik zgonow 7.95 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $232 million (2000 est.)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA the US does not have an embassy w Komory; the ambassador to Madagaskar is accredited to Komory
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Representative to the US and Ambassador to the UN Mohamed TOIHIRI


chancery: Mission to the US, 336 East 45th Street (2nd floor), New York, NY 10017


telephone: [1] (212) 750-1637
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje claims French-administered Majotta
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $25.23 million (2005 est.)
Ekonomia One of the world's poorest countries, Komory is made up of three islands that have inadequate transportation links, a young and rapidly increasing population, and few natural resources. The low educational level of the labor force contributes to a subsistence level of economic activity, high unemployment, and a heavy dependence on foreign grants and technical assistance. Agriculture, including fishing, hunting, and forestry, contributes 40% to Produkt krajowy brutto, employs 80% of the labor force, and provides most of the exports. The country is not self-sufficient w food production; rice, the main staple, accounts dla the bulk of imports. The government - which is hampered by internal political disputes - is struggling to upgrade education and technical training, privatize commercial and industrial enterprises, improve health services, diversify exports, promote tourism, and reduce the high population growth rate. The political problems caused the economy to contract w 2007. Remittances from 150,000 Comorans abroad help supplement Produkt krajowy brutto.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 18.6 million kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - import 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 20 million kWh (2005)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Ocean Indyjski 0 m


highest point: Le Kartala 2,360 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy soil degradation and erosion results from crop cultivation on slopes without proper terracing; deforestation
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands


signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Grupy etniczne Antalote, Cafre, Makoa, Oimatsaha, Sakalava
Kurs waluty Comoran francs (KMF) per US dollar - NA (2007), 392.03 (2006), 395.6 (2005), 396.21 (2004), 435.9 (2003)


note: the Comoran franc is pegged to the euro at a rate of 491.9677 Comoran francs per euro
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President Ahmed Abdallah SAMBI (since 26 maj 2006)


head of government: President Ahmed Abdallah SAMBI (since 26 maj 2006)


cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president


elections: as defined by the 2001 constitution, the presidency rotates every four years among the elected presidents from the three main islands w the Union; election last held 14 maj 2006 (next to be held by maj 2010); prime minister appointed by the president; note - the post of prime minister has been vacant since maj 2002


election results: Ahmed Abdallah SAMBI elected president; percent of vote - Ahmed Abdallah SAMBI 58.0%, Ibrahim HALIDI 28.3%, Mohamed DJAANFAMI 13.7%
Eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Eksport $32 million f.o.b. (2006)
Eksport 0 cu m (2005 est.)
Eksport 0 bbl/day (2004)
Eksport - towary vanilla, ylang-ylang (perfume essence), cloves, copra
Eksport - partnerzy Holandia 35.8%, Francja 18.3%, Wlochy 12.8%, Singapur 7.8%, Turcja 5%, US 4.6% (2006)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi four equal horizontal bands of yellow (top), white, red, and blue z a green isosceles triangle based on the hoist; centered within the triangle is a white crescent z the convex side facing the hoist and four white, five-pointed stars placed vertically w a line between the points of the crescent; the horizontal bands and the four stars represent the four main islands of the archipelago - Mwali, Njazidja, Nzwani, and Mahore (Majotta - territorial collectivity of Francja, but claimed by Komory)


note: the crescent, stars, and color green are traditional symbols of Islam
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 40%


industry: 4%


services: 56% (2001 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu -1% (2007 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 12 10 S, 44 15 E
Polozenie geograficzne important location at northern end of Mozambik Channel
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: NA%


highest 10%: NA%
Import 0 kWh (2005)
Import $143 million f.o.b. (2006)
Import 0 cu m (2005)
Import 709.1 bbl/day (2004)
Import - towary rice and other foodstuffs, consumer goods, petroleum products, cement, transport equipment
Import - partnerzy Francja 24.8%, UAE 9.9%, Republika Poludniowej Afryki 6.4%, Pakistan 6.3%, Kenia 5%, Chiny 4.8%, Indie 4.4%, Wlochy 4.2% (2006)
Niepodleglosc 6 lipiec 1975 (from Francja)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle -2% (1999 est.)
Przemysl fishing, tourism, perfume distillation
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 70.66 deaths/1,000 live births


male: 78.86 deaths/1,000 live births


female: 62.21 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflacja 3% (2005 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji ACCT, ACP, AfDB, AMF, AU, COMESA, FAO, FZ, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, InOC, Interpol, IOC, ITSO, ITU, ITUC, LAS, NAM, OIC, OIF, OPCW (signatory), UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO (observer)
Nawadniane tereny NA
Sadownictwo Supreme Court or Cour Supremes (two members appointed by the president, two members elected by the Federal Assembly, one elected by the Council of each island, and others are former presidents of the republic)
Sila robocza 144,500 (1996 est.)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture: 80%


industry and services: 20% (1996 est.)
Granica 0 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 35.87%


permanent crops: 23.32%


other: 40.81% (2005)
Jezyki Arabic (official), French (official), Shikomoro (a blend of Swahili and Arabic)
System prawny French and Islamic law w a new consolidated code
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral Assembly of the Union (33 seats; 15 deputies are selected by the individual islands' local assemblies and 18 by universal suffrage; to serve dla five years);


elections: last held 18 and 25 kwiecien 2004 (next to be held w 2009)


election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - CdIA 12, CRC 6; note - 15 additional seats are filled by deputies from local island assemblies
Zywotnosc total population: 62.73 years


male: 60.37 years


female: 65.15 years (2007 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write


total population: 56.5%


male: 63.6%


female: 49.3% (2003 est.)
Lokalizacja Southern Africa, group of islands at the northern mouth of the Mozambik Channel, about two-thirds of the way between northern Madagaskar and northern Mozambik
Lokalizacja na mapie Africa
Morskie obszary territorial sea: 12 nm


exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Flota handlowa total: 144 ships (1000 GRT or over) 657,755 GRT/954,498 DWT


by type: bulk carrier 11, cargo 101, chemical tanker 3, container 1, livestock carrier 4, passenger 1, passenger/cargo 1, petroleum tanker 9, refrigerated cargo 6, roll on/roll off 6, specialized tanker 1


foreign-owned: 70 (Bangladesz 1, Bulgaria 1, Cypr 1, Grecja 8, Indie 2, Kenia 1, Kuwejt 1, Liban 5, Norwegia 1, Pakistan 2, Filipiny 1, Rosja 9, Arabia Saudyjska 1, Syria 8, Turcja 8, Ukraina 13, UAE 5, US 2) (2007)
Wojsko National Development Army (AND): Comoran Security Force; Comoran Federal Police (2007)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 2.8% (2006)
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day, 6 lipiec (1975)
Narodowosc noun: Comoran(s)


adjective: Comoran
Naturalne zagrozenia cyclones possible during rainy season (grudzien to kwiecien); Le Kartala on Grand Comore is an active volcano
Surowce naturalne NEGL
Wspolczynnik migracji 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Convention dla the Renewal of the Komory or CRC [AZALI Assowmani]; Camp of the Autonomous Islands or CdIA (a coalition of parties organized by the islands' presidents w opposition to the Union President); Front National pour la Justice or FNJ [Ahmed RACHID] (Islamic party w opposition); Mouvement pour la Democratie et le Progress or MDP-NGDC [Abbas DJOUSSOUF]; Parti Comorien pour la Democratie et le Progress or PCDP [Ali MROUDJAE]; Rassemblement National pour le Development or RND [Omar TAMOU, Abdoulhamid AFFRAITANE]
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow NA
Ludnosc 711,417 (lipiec 2007 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 60% (2002 est.)
Przyrost naturalny 2.84% (2007 est.)
Stacje radiowe AM 1, FM 4, shortwave 1 (2001)
Religie Sunni Muslim 98%, Roman Catholic 2%
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female


under 15 years: 1.007 male(s)/female


15-64 years: 0.974 male(s)/female


65 years and over: 0.864 male(s)/female


total population: 0.985 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: sparse system of microwave radio relay and HF radiotelephone communication stations; fixed-line connections only about 2 per 100 persons; mobile cellular usage about 2 per 100 persons


domestic: HF radiotelephone communications and microwave radio relay


international: country code - 269; HF radiotelephone communications to Madagaskar and Reunion
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 16,900 (2005)
Telefony komorkowe 16,100 (2005)
Stacje telewizyjne NA
Uksztaltowanie terenu volcanic islands, interiors vary from steep mountains to low hills
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 4.97 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 20% (1996 est.)
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