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Izrael (2007)

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Izrael 2007 roku

 Izrael
Podzial administracyjny 6 districts (mehozot, singular - mehoz); Central, Haifa, Jerusalem, Northern, Southern, Tel Aviv
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 26.1% (male 858,246/female 818,690)


15-64 years: 64.2% (male 2,076,649/female 2,046,343)


65 years and over: 9.8% (male 269,483/female 357,268) (2007 est.)
Rolinictwo citrus, vegetables, cotton; beef, poultry, dairy products
Lotniska 53 (2007)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 30


over 3,047 m: 2


2,438 to 3,047 m: 5


1,524 to 2,437 m: 7


914 to 1,523 m: 10


under 914 m: 6 (2007)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 23


1,524 to 2,437 m: 1


914 to 1,523 m: 2


under 914 m: 20 (2007)
Terytorium total: 20,770 sq km


land: 20,330 sq km


water: 440 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly smaller than New Jersey
Tlo historyczne Following Swiat War II, the British withdrew from their mandate of Palestine, and the UN partitioned the area into Arab and Jewish states, an arrangement rejected by the Arabs. Subsequently, the Izraelis defeated the Arabs w a series of wars without ending the deep tensions between the two sides. The territories Izrael occupied since the 1967 war are not included w the Izrael country profile, unless otherwise noted. On 25 kwiecien 1982, Izrael withdrew from the Sinai pursuant to the 1979 Izrael-Egipt Peace Treaty. Izrael and Palestinian officials signed on 13 wrzesien 1993 a Declaration of Principles (also known as the "Oslo Accords") guiding an interim period of Palestinian self-rule. Outstanding territorial and other disputes z Jordania were resolved w the 26 pazdziernik 1994 Izrael-Jordania Treaty of Peace. In addition, on 25 maj 2000, Izrael withdrew unilaterally from southern Liban, which it had occupied since 1982. In keeping z the framework established at the Madrid Conference w pazdziernik 1991, bilateral negotiations were conducted between Izrael and Palestinian representatives and Syria to achieve a permanent settlement. In kwiecien 2003, US President BUSH, working w conjunction z the EU, UN, and Rosja - the "Quartet" - took the lead w laying out a roadmap to a final settlement of the conflict by 2005, based on reciprocal steps by the two parties leading to two states, Izrael and a democratic Palestine. However, progress toward a permanent status agreement was undermined by Izraeli-Palestinian violence between wrzesien 2003 and luty 2005. An Izraeli-Palestinian agreement reached at Sharm al-Sheikh w luty 2005, along z an internally-brokered Palestinian ceasefire, significantly reduced the violence. In the summer of 2005, Izrael unilaterally disengaged from the Gaza, evacuating settlers and its military. The election of HAMAS w styczen 2006 to head the Palestinian Legislative Council froze relations between Izrael and the Palestinian Authority. Ehud OLMERT became prime minister w marzec 2006; following an Izraeli military operation w Gaza w czerwiec-lipiec 2006, he shelved plans to unilaterally evacuate from most of the Zachodni Brzeg. The kidnapping of two Izraeli soldiers by Lebanese Hizballah led to a 34-day conflict w Liban w czerwiec-sierpien 2006.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 17.71 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budzet revenues: $48.38 billion


expenditures: $49.62 billion (2006 est.)
Stolica name: Jerusalem


geographic coordinates: 31 46 N, 35 14 E


time difference: UTC+2 (7 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)


daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Friday w marzec; ends the Sunday between the holidays of Rosh Hashana and Yom Kippur


note: Izrael proclaimed Jerusalem as its capital w 1950, but the US, like nearly all other countries, maintains its Embassy w Tel Aviv
Klimat temperate; hot and dry w southern and eastern desert areas
Linia brzegowa 273 km
Konstytucja no formal constitution; some of the functions of a constitution are filled by the Declaration of Establishment (1948), the Basic Laws of the parliament (Knesset), and the Izraeli citizenship law; note - since maj 2003 the Konstytucja, Law, and Justice Committee of the Knesset has been working on a draft constitution
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: State of Izrael


conventional short form: Izrael


local long form: Medinat Yisra'el


local short form: Yisra'el
Wspolczynnik zgonow 6.17 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $83.01 billion (2006 est.)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador Richard H. JONES


embassy: 71 Hayarkon Street, Tel Aviv 63903


mailing address: PSC 98, Box 29, APO AE 09830


telephone: [972] (3) 519-7575


FAX: [972] (3) 516-4390


consulate(s) general: Jerusalem; note - an independent US mission, established w 1928, whose members are not accredited to a foreign government
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Salai MERIDOR


chancery: 3514 International Drive NW, Washington, DC 20008


telephone: [1] (202) 364-5500


FAX: [1] (202) 364-5607


consulate(s) general: Atlanta, Boston, Chicago, Houston, Los Angeles, Miami, New York, Philadelphia, San Francisco
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje Zachodni Brzeg and Gaza are Izraeli-occupied z current status subject to the Izraeli-Palestinian Interim Agreement - permanent status to be determined through further negotiation; Izrael continues construction of a "seam line" separation barrier along parts of the Green Line and within the Zachodni Brzeg; Izrael withdrew its settlers and military from the Gaza and from four settlements w the Zachodni Brzeg w sierpien 2005; Golan Heights is Izraeli-occupied (Liban claims the Shab'a Farms area of Golan Heights); since 1948, about 350 peacekeepers from the UN Truce Supervision Organization (UNTSO) headquartered w Jerusalem monitor ceasefires, supervise armistice agreements, prevent isolated incidents from escalating, and assist other UN personnel w the region
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $240 million from US (FY06)
Ekonomia Izrael has a technologically advanced market economy z substantial, though diminishing, government participation. It depends on imports of crude oil, grains, raw materials, and military equipment. Despite limited natural resources, Izrael has intensively developed its agricultural and industrial sectors over the past 20 years. Izrael imports substantial quantities of grain, but is largely self-sufficient w other agricultural products. Cut diamonds, high-technology equipment, and agricultural products (fruits and vegetables) are the leading exports. Izrael usually posts sizable trade deficits, which are covered by large transfer payments from abroad and by foreign loans. Roughly half of the government's external debt is owed to the US, which is its major source of economic and military aid. The bitter Izraeli-Palestinian conflict; difficulties w the high-technology, construction, and tourist sectors; and fiscal austerity w the face of growing inflation led to small declines w Produkt krajowy brutto w 2001 and 2002. The economy rebounded w 2003-05, growing at a 4% to 5.2% rate each year, as the government tightened fiscal policy and implemented structural reforms to boost competition and efficiency w the markets. The conflict z Liban w summer 2006 slightly dampened Produkt krajowy brutto growth, but continuing strong foreign investment, tax revenue, and private consumption levels helped the economy recover quickly.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 43.28 billion kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 1.663 billion kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - import 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 46.85 billion kWh (2005)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Dead Sea -408 m


highest point: Har Meron 1,208 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy limited arable land and natural fresh water resources pose serious constraints; desertification; air pollution from industrial and vehicle emissions; groundwater pollution from industrial and domestic waste, chemical fertilizers, and pesticides
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling


signed, but not ratified: Marine Life Conservation
Grupy etniczne Jewish 76.4% (of which Izrael-born 67.1%, Europe/America-born 22.6%, Africa-born 5.9%, Asia-born 4.2%), non-Jewish 23.6% (mostly Arab) (2004)
Kurs waluty new Izraeli shekels per US dollar - 4.4565 (2006), 4.4877 (2005), 4.482 (2004), 4.5541 (2003), 4.7378 (2002)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President Shimon PERES (since 15 lipiec 2007)


head of government: Prime Minister Ehud OLMERT (since maj 2006); Deputy Prime Minister Tzipora "Tzipi" LIVNI (since maj 2006); Ehud OLMERT won the right to lead the government when his Kadima Party won 29 seats w elections held on 28 marzec 2006


cabinet: Cabinet selected by prime minister and approved by the Knesset


elections: president is largely a ceremonial role and is elected by the Knesset dla a seven-year term (no term limits); election last held 13 czerwiec 2007 (next to be held w 2014 but can be called earlier); following legislative elections, the president assigns a Knesset member - traditionally the leader of the largest party - the task of forming a governing coalition


note: government coalition - Kadima, Labor Party, GIL (Pensioners), Shas,and Yisrael Beiteinu


election results: Shimon PERES elected president; number of votes w first round - Shimon PERES 58, Reuven RIVLIN 37, Colette AVITAL 21; PERES elected president w second round z 86 votes (unopposed)
Eksport 1.663 billion kWh (2005)
Eksport $43.73 billion f.o.b. (2006 est.)
Eksport 0 cu m (2005 est.)
Eksport NA bbl/day
Eksport - towary machinery and equipment, software, cut diamonds, agricultural products, chemicals, textiles and apparel
Eksport - partnerzy US 38.4%, Belgia 6.5%, Hong Kong 5.9% (2006)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi white z a blue hexagram (six-pointed linear star) known as the Magen David (Shield of David) centered between two equal horizontal blue bands near the top and bottom edges of the flag
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 2.5%


industry: 30.3%


services: 67.2% (2006 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 5.1% (2006 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 31 30 N, 34 45 E
Polozenie geograficzne there are 242 Izraeli settlements and civilian land use sites w the Zachodni Brzeg, 42 w the Izraeli-occupied Golan Heights, 0 w the Gaza, and 29 w East Jerusalem (sierpien 2005 est.); Sea of Galilee is an important freshwater source
Ladowiska helikopterow 3 (2007)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: 2.4%


highest 10%: 28.3% (2005)
Narkotyki increasingly concerned about ecstasy, cocaine, and heroin abuse; drugs arrive w country from Liban and, increasingly, from Jordania; money-laundering center
Import 0 kWh (2005)
Import $46.96 billion f.o.b. (2006 est.)
Import 0 cu m (2005)
Import NA bbl/day
Import - towary raw materials, military equipment, investment goods, rough diamonds, fuels, grain, consumer goods
Import - partnerzy US 12.4%, Belgia 8.2%, Niemcy 6.7%, Szwajcaria 5.9%, UK 5.1%, Chiny 5.1% (2006)
Niepodleglosc 14 maj 1948 (from League of Nations mandate under British administration)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 8.6% (2006 est.)
Przemysl high-technology projects (including aviation, communications, computer-aided design and manufactures, medical electronics, fiber optics), wood and paper products, potash and phosphates, food, beverages, and tobacco, caustic soda, cement, construction, metals products, chemical products, plastics, diamond cutting, textiles, footwear
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 6.75 deaths/1,000 live births


male: 7.45 deaths/1,000 live births


female: 6.02 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflacja 2.1% (2006 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji BIS, BSEC (observer), CERN (observer), EBRD, FAO, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC, MIGA, OAS (observer), OPCW (signatory), OSCE (partner), PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
Nawadniane tereny 1,940 sq km (2003)
Sadownictwo Supreme Court (justices appointed by Judicial Selection Committee - made up of all three branches of the government; mandatory retirement age is 70)
Sila robocza 2.81 million (2006 est.)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture, forestry, and fishing 1.8%, manufacturing 15.7%, construction 5.3%, wholesale and retail trade 12.9%, transport, storage, and communications 6.3%, finance and business 16.9%, personal and other services 11.5%, public services 28.6% (1996)
Granica total: 1,017 km


border countries: Egipt 266 km, Gaza 51 km, Jordania 238 km, Liban 79 km, Syria 76 km, Zachodni Brzeg 307 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 15.45%


permanent crops: 3.88%


other: 80.67% (2005)
Jezyki Hebrew (official), Arabic used officially dla Arab minority, English most commonly used foreign language
System prawny mixture of English common law, British Mandate regulations, and, w personal matters, Jewish, Christian, and Muslim legal systems; w grudzien 1985, Izrael informed the UN Secretariat that it would no longer accept compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral Knesset (120 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)


elections: last held 28 marzec 2006 (next scheduled to be held w 2010)


election results: percent of vote by party - Kadima 22%, Labor 15.1%, SHAS 9.5%, Likud 9%, Yisrael Beiteinu 9%, NU/NRP 7.1%, GIL 5.9%, Torah and Shabbat Judaism 4.7%, Meretz-YAHAD 3.8%, United Arab List 3%, Balad 2.3%, HADASH 2.7%, other 5.9%; seats by party - Kadima 29, Labor 19, Likud 12, SHAS 12, Yisrael Beiteinu 11, NU/NRP 9, GIL 7, Torah and Shabbat Judaism 6, Meretz-YAHAD 5, United Arab List 4, Balad 3, HADASH 3
Zywotnosc total population: 79.59 years


male: 77.44 years


female: 81.85 years (2007 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write


total population: 97.1%


male: 98.5%


female: 95.9% (2004 est.)
Lokalizacja Middle East, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Egipt and Liban
Lokalizacja na mapie Middle East
Morskie obszary territorial sea: 12 nm


continental shelf: to depth of exploitation
Flota handlowa total: 18 ships (1000 GRT or over) 716,382 GRT/845,053 DWT


by type: cargo 2, container 16


registered w other countries: 51 (Bermudy 3, Cypr 4, Honduras 1, North Korea 1, Liberia 9, Malta 21, Panama 2, Slowacja 6, St Vincent and The Grenadines 4) (2007)
Wojsko Izrael Defense Forces (IDF), Izrael Naval Forces (INF), Izrael Air Force (IAF) (2007)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 7.3% (2006)
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day, 14 maj (1948); note - Izrael declared independence on 14 maj 1948, but the Jewish calendar is lunar and the holiday may occur w kwiecien or maj
Narodowosc noun: Izraeli(s)


adjective: Izraeli
Naturalne zagrozenia sandstorms may occur during spring and summer; droughts; periodic earthquakes
Surowce naturalne timber, potash, copper ore, natural gas, phosphate rock, magnesium bromide, clays, sand
Wspolczynnik migracji 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Rurociagi gas 193 km; oil 442 km; refined products 261 km (2006)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Democratic Front dla Peace and Equality (HADASH) [Muhammad BARAKA]; GIL (Pensioners) [Rafael EITAN]; Kadima [Ehud OLMERT]; Labor Party [Ehud BARAK]; The Likud [Binyamin NETANYAHU]; Meretz-YAHAD [Yossi BEILIN]; National Democratic Assembly (Balad) [Azmi BISHARA]; National Union (NU)/National Religious Party (NRP) [Binyamin ELON]; SHAS [Eliyahu YISHAI]; Torah and Shabbat Judaism [Yaakov LITZMAN]; United Arab List [Ibrahim SARSOUR]; Yisrael Beiteinu [Avigdor LIEBERMAN]
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow Izraeli nationalists advocating Jewish settlement on the Zachodni Brzeg and Gaza; Peace Now [Yariv OPPENHEIMER, Secretary General] supports territorial concessions w the Zachodni Brzeg and Gaza; Yesha Council of Settlements [Bentzi LIEBERMAN, Chairman] promotes settler interests and opposes territorial compromise; B'Tselem monitors human rights abuses
Ludnosc 6,426,679


note: includes about 187,000 Izraeli settlers w the Zachodni Brzeg, about 20,000 w the Izraeli-occupied Golan Heights, and fewer than 177,000 w East Jerusalem (lipiec 2007 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 21.6% (2005)
Przyrost naturalny 1.154% (2007 est.)
Stacje radiowe AM 23, FM 15, shortwave 2 (1998)
Linie kolejowe total: 853 km


standard gauge: 853 km 1.435-m gauge (2006)
Religie Jewish 76.4%, Muslim 16%, Arab Christians 1.7%, other Christian 0.4%, Druze 1.6%, unspecified 3.9% (2004)
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female


under 15 years: 1.048 male(s)/female


15-64 years: 1.015 male(s)/female


65 years and over: 0.754 male(s)/female


total population: 0.994 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: most highly developed system w the Middle East although not the largest


domestic: good system of coaxial cable and microwave radio relay; all systems are digital; four privately-owned mobile-cellular service providers z countrywide coverage; mobile-cellular teledensity is more than 130 per 100 persons


international: country code - 972; submarine cables provide links to Europe, Cypr, and parts of the Middle East; satellite earth stations - 3 Intelsat (2 Ocean Atlantycki and 1 Ocean Indyjski)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 3.005 million (2006)
Telefony komorkowe 8.404 million (2006)
Stacje telewizyjne 17 (plus 36 repeaters) (1995)
Uksztaltowanie terenu Negev desert w the south; low coastal plain; central mountains; Jordania Rift Valley
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 2.38 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 8.3% (2006 est.)
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