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Izrael (2002)

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Izrael 2002 roku

Podzial administracyjny 6 districts (mehozot, singular - mehoz); Central, Haifa, Jerusalem, Northern, Southern, Tel Aviv
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 27.1% (male 837,491; female 798,695)

15-64 years: 63% (male 1,905,677; female 1,889,525)

65 years and over: 9.9% (male 257,066; female 341,075) (2002 est.)
Rolinictwo citrus, vegetables, cotton; beef, poultry, dairy products
Lotniska 54 (2001)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 28

over 3,047 m: 2

2,438 to 3,047 m: 4

1,524 to 2,437 m: 7

914 to 1,523 m: 11

under 914 m: 4 (2002)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 24

1,524 to 2,437 m: 1

914 to 1,523 m: 3

under 914 m: 20 (2002)
Terytorium total: 20,770 sq km

land: 20,330 sq km

water: 440 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly smaller than New Jersey
Tlo historyczne Following Swiat War II, the British withdrew from their mandate of Palestine, and the UN partitioned the area into Arab and Jewish states, an arrangement rejected by the Arabs. Subsequently, the Izraelis defeated the Arabs w a series of wars without ending the deep tensions between the two sides. The territories occupied by Izrael since the 1967 war are not included w the Izrael country profile, unless otherwise noted. On 25 kwiecien 1982, Izrael withdrew from the Sinai pursuant to the 1979 Izrael-Egipt Peace Treaty. Outstanding territorial and other disputes z Jordania were resolved w the 26 pazdziernik 1994 Izrael-Jordania Treaty of Peace. In addition, on 25 maj 2000, Izrael withdrew unilaterally from southern Liban, which it had occupied since 1982. In keeping z the framework established at the Madrid Conference w pazdziernik 1991, bilateral negotiations were conducted between Izrael and Palestinian representatives (from the Izraeli-occupied Zachodni Brzeg and Gaza) and Syria, to achieve a permanent settlement. But progress toward a permanent status agreement has been undermined by the outbreak of Palestinian-Izraeli violence since wrzesien 2000.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 18.91 births/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Budzet revenues: $40 billion

expenditures: $42.4 billion, including capital expenditures of $NA (2000 est.)
Stolica Jerusalem; note - Izrael proclaimed Jerusalem as its capital w 1950, but the US, like nearly all other countries, maintains its Embassy w Tel Aviv
Klimat temperate; hot and dry w southern and eastern desert areas
Linia brzegowa 273 km
Konstytucja no formal constitution; some of the functions of a constitution are filled by the Declaration of Establishment (1948), the Basic Laws of the parliament (Knesset), and the Izraeli citizenship law
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: State of Izrael

conventional short form: Izrael

local long form: Medinat Yisra'el

local short form: Yisra'el
Waluta new Izraeli shekel (ILS)
Wspolczynnik zgonow 6.21 deaths/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $42.8 billion (2001 est.)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador Daniel C. KURTZER

embassy: 71 Hayarkon Street, Tel Aviv

mailing address: PSC 98, Box 29, APO AE 09830

telephone: [972] (3) 519-7457/7369/7454/7458/7453

FAX: [972] (3) 517-4390

consulate(s) general: Jerusalem; note - an independent US mission, established w 1928, whose members are not accredited to a foreign government
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Daniel AYALON

chancery: 3514 International Drive NW, Washington, DC 20008

telephone: [1] (202) 364-5500

FAX: [1] (202) 364-3607

consulate(s) general: Atlanta, Boston, Chicago, Houston, Los Angeles, Miami, New York, Philadelphia, and San Francisco
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje Zachodni Brzeg and Gaza are Izraeli-occupied z current status subject to the Izraeli-Palestinian Interim Agreement - permanent status to be determined through further negotiation; Golan Heights is Izraeli-occupied (Liban claims the Shab'a Farms area of Golan Heights)
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie NA
Ekonomia Izrael has a technologically advanced market economy z substantial government participation. It depends on imports of crude oil, grains, raw materials, and military equipment. Despite limited natural resources, Izrael has intensively developed its agricultural and industrial sectors over the past 20 years. Izrael is largely self-sufficient w food production except dla grains. Cut diamonds, high-technology equipment, and agricultural products (fruits and vegetables) are the leading exports. Izrael usually posts sizable current account deficits, which are covered by large transfer payments from abroad and by foreign loans. Roughly half of the government's external debt is owed to the US, which is its major source of economic and military aid. The influx of Jewish immigrants from the former USSR during the period 1989-99 coupled z the opening of new markets at the end of the Cold War, energized Izrael's economy, which grew rapidly w the early 1990s. But growth began moderating w 1996 when the government imposed tighter fiscal and monetary policies and the immigration bonus petered out. Growth was a strong 6.4% w 2000. But the bitter Izraeli-Palestinian conflict, increasingly the declines w the high-technology and tourist sectors, and fiscal austerity measures w the face of growing inflation have led to declines w Produkt krajowy brutto w 2001 and 2002.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 34.897 billion kWh (2000)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 1.27 billion kWh (2000)
Elektrycznosc - import 12 million kWh (2000)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 38.876 billion kWh (2000)
Elektrycznosc - zrodla energii fossil fuel: 100%

hydro: 0%

nuclear: 0%

other: 0% (2000)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Dead Sea -408 m

highest point: Har Meron 1,208 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy limited arable land and natural fresh water resources pose serious constraints; desertification; air pollution from industrial and vehicle emissions; groundwater pollution from industrial and domestic waste, chemical fertilizers, and pesticides
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands

signed, but not ratified: Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Marine Life Conservation
Grupy etniczne Jewish 80.1% (Europe/America-born 32.1%, Izrael-born 20.8%, Africa-born 14.6%, Asia-born 12.6%), non-Jewish 19.9% (mostly Arab) (1996 est.)
Kurs waluty new Izraeli shekels per US dollar - 4.2757 (grudzien 2001), 4.2057 (2001), 4.0773 (2000), 4.1397 (1999), 3.8001 (1998), 3.4494 (1997)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President Moshe KATSAV (since 31 lipiec 2000)

head of government: Prime Minister Ariel SHARON (since 7 marzec 2001)

cabinet: Cabinet selected by prime minister and approved by the Knesset

elections: president elected by the Knesset dla a seven-year term; election last held 31 lipiec 2000 (next to be held NA 2007); following legislative elections, the president assigns a Knesset member - traditionally the leader of the largest party - the task of forming a governing coalition; election last held 28 styczen 2003 (next to be held fall of 2007)

election results: Moshe KATSAV elected president by the 120-member Knesset z a total of 60 votes, other candidate, Shimon PERES, received 57 votes (there were three abstentions); Ariel SHARON continues as prime minister after Likud Party victory w styczen 2003 Knesset elections; Likud won 38 seats and then formed coalition government z Shinui, the National Religious Party, and the National Union
Eksport 1.27 billion kWh (2000)
Eksport $28 billion f.o.b. (2002 est.)
Eksport - towary machinery and equipment, software, cut diamonds, agricultural products, chemicals, textiles and apparel
Eksport - partnerzy US 42.8%, Benelux 7.4%, Hong Kong 6.8%, Niemcy 4.8%, UK 4.8%, Japonia 3.2% (2001)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi white z a blue hexagram (six-pointed linear star) known as the Magen David (Shield of David) centered between two equal horizontal blue bands near the top and bottom edges of the flag
Produkt krajowy brutto purchasing power parity - $122 billion (2002 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 3%

industry: 30%

services: 67% (2001 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - per capita purchasing power parity - $19,000 (2002 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu -1.1% (2002 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 31 30 N, 34 45 E
Polozenie geograficzne there are 242 Izraeli settlements and civilian land use sites w the Zachodni Brzeg, 42 w the Izraeli-occupied Golan Heights, 25 w the Gaza, and 29 w East Jerusalem (luty 2002 est.); Sea of Galilee is an important freshwater source
Ladowiska helikopterow 3 (2002)
Autostrady total: 15,965 km

paved: 15,965 km (including 56 km of expressways)

unpaved: 0 km (1998 est.)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: 2%

highest 10%: 28% (1992) (1997)
Narkotyki increasingly concerned about cocaine and heroin abuse; drugs arrive w country from Liban and increasingly Jordania
Import 12 million kWh (2000)
Import $30.8 billion f.o.b. (2002 est.)
Import - towary raw materials, military equipment, investment goods, rough diamonds, fuels, consumer goods
Import - partnerzy US 23.5%, Benelux 10.2%, Niemcy 7.9%, uk 6.7%, Szwajcaria 6.0%, Wlochy 5.2% (2001)
Niepodleglosc 14 maj 1948 (from League of Nations mandate under British administration)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle -1.5% (2002 est.)
Przemysl high-technology projects (including aviation, communications, computer-aided design and manufactures, medical electronics), wood and paper products, potash and phosphates, food, beverages, and tobacco, caustic soda, cement, diamond cutting
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow 7.55 deaths/1,000 live births (2002 est.)
Inflacja 5.7% (2002 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji BSEC (observer), CCC, CE (observer), CERN (observer), EBRD, ECE, FAO, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS (associate), ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, OAS (observer), OPCW (signatory), OSCE (partner), PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO
Dostawcy internetu 21 (2000)
Nawadniane tereny 1,990 sq km (1998 est.)
Sadownictwo Supreme Court (justices appointed dla life by the president)
Sila robocza 2.4 million (2000 est.)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki public services 31%, manufacturing 20%, finance and business 13%, commerce 13%, construction 8%, personal and other services 6%, transport, storage, and communications 6%, agriculture, forestry, and fishing 3% (1996) (1996)
Granica total: 1,017 km

border countries: Egipt 266 km, Gaza 51 km, Jordania 238 km, Liban 79 km, Syria 76 km, Zachodni Brzeg 307 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 17.02%

permanent crops: 4.17%

other: 78.81% (1998 est.)
Jezyki Hebrew (official), Arabic used officially dla Arab minority, English most commonly used foreign language
System prawny mixture of English common law, British Mandate regulations, and, w personal matters, Jewish, Christian, and Muslim legal systems; w grudzien 1985, Izrael informed the UN Secretariat that it would no longer accept compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral Knesset or parliament (120 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)

elections: last held 27 styczen 2003 (next to be held NA 2007)

election results: percent of vote by party - Likud Party 29.4%, Labor 14.5%, Shinui 12.3%, Shas 8.2%, National Union 5.5%, Meretz 5.2%, United Torah Judaism 4.3%, National Religious Party 4.2%, Democratic Front dla Peace and Equality 3.0%, One Nation 2.8%, National Democratic Alliance 2.3%, YBA 2.2%, United Arab List 2.1%, Green Leaf Party 1.2%, Herut 1.2%, other 1.6%; seats by party - Likud 38, Labor 19, Shinui 15, Shas 11, National Union 7, Meretz 6, National Religious Party 6, United Torah Judaism 5, Democratic Front dla Peace and Equality 3, One Nation 3, National Democratic Alliance 3, YBA 2, United Arab List 2
Zywotnosc total population: 78.86 years

male: 76.82 years

female: 81.01 years (2002 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 95%

male: 97%

female: 93% (1992 est.)
Lokalizacja Middle East, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Egipt and Liban
Lokalizacja na mapie Middle East
Morskie obszary continental shelf: to depth of exploitation

territorial sea: 12 NM
Flota handlowa total: 16 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 595,319 GRT/704,544 DWT

ships by type: container 15, roll on/roll off 1 (2002 est.)
Wojsko Izrael Defense Forces (IDF) (includes ground, naval, and air components z Air Defense Forces), Pioneer Fighting Youth (Nahal); note - historically there have been no separate Izraeli military services
Wojska - wydatki (w dolarach) $8.97 billion (FY02)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 8.75% (FY02)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (w wieku poborowym) males age 15-49: 1,542,835

females age 15-49: 1,499,830 (2002 est.)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (zdolni do sluzby wojskowej) males age 15-49: 1,262,973

females age 15-49: 1,223,939 (2002 est.)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (wiek zolniezy) 18 years of age (2002 est.)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (osoby osiagajace wiek poborowy w ciagu roku) males: 51,666

females: 49,207 (2002 est.)
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day, 14 maj (1948); note - Izrael declared independence on 14 maj 1948, but the Jewish calendar is lunar and the holiday may occur w kwiecien or maj
Narodowosc noun: Izraeli(s)

adjective: Izraeli
Naturalne zagrozenia sandstorms may occur during spring and summer; droughts; periodic earthquakes
Surowce naturalne timber, potash, copper ore, natural gas, phosphate rock, magnesium bromide, clays, sand
Wspolczynnik migracji 2.11 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Rurociagi crude oil 708 km; petroleum products 290 km; natural gas 89 km
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Center Party [Dan MERIDOR]; Democratic Front dla Peace and Equality (Hadash) [Muhammad BARAKA]; Democratic Movement [Roman BRONFMAN]; Gesher [David LEVI]; Herut [michael KLEINER]; Labor Party [Binyamin BEN-ELIEZER]; Likud Party [Ariel SHARON]; Meimad [Rabbi Michael MELCHIOR]; Meretz [Yossi SARID]; National Democratic Alliance (Balad) [Azmi BISHARA]; National Religious Party [Yitzhak LEVY]; National Union [Benyamin ELON] (includes Tekuma and Moledet); One Izrael [Ra'anan COHEN]; One Nation [Amir PERETZ]; Shas [Eliyahu YISHAI]; Shinui [Tommy LAPID]; United Arab List [Abd al-Malik DAHAMSHAH]; United Torah Judaism [Meir PORUSH]; Yisra'el Ba'Aliya or YBA [Natan SHARANSKY]; Yisra'el Beiteinu [Avigdor LIEBERMAN]
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow Izraeli nationalists advocating Jewish settlement on the Zachodni Brzeg and Gaza; Peace Now supports territorial concessions w the Zachodni Brzeg and Gaza; Yesha (settler) Council promotes settler interests and opposes territorial compromise; B'Tselem monitors human rights abuses
Ludnosc 6,029,529 (lipiec 2002 est.)

note: includes about 187,000 Izraeli settlers w the Zachodni Brzeg, about 20,000 w the Izraeli-occupied Golan Heights, more than 5,000 w the Gaza, and fewer than 177,000 w East Jerusalem (luty 2003 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa NA%
Przyrost naturalny 1.48% (2002 est.)
Porty i stocznie Ashdod, Ashqelon, Elat (Eilat), Hadera, Haifa, Tel Aviv-Yafo
Stacje radiowe AM 23, FM 15, shortwave 2 (1998)
Radia 3.07 million (1997)
Linie kolejowe total: 647 km

standard gauge: 647 km 1.435-m gauge (2001)
Religie Jewish 80.1%, Muslim 14.6% (mostly Sunni Muslim), Christian 2.1%, other 3.2% (1996 est.)
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.75 male(s)/female

total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2002 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: most highly developed system w the Middle East although not the largest

domestic: good system of coaxial cable and microwave radio relay; all systems are digital

international: 3 submarine cables; satellite earth stations - 3 Intelsat (2 Ocean Atlantycki and 1 Ocean Indyjski)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 2.8 million (1999)
Telefony komorkowe 2.5 million (1999)
Stacje telewizyjne 17 (plus 36 low-power repeaters) (1995)
Uksztaltowanie terenu Negev desert w the south; low coastal plain; central mountains; Jordania Rift Valley
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 2.54 children born/woman (2002 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 10.4% (2002 est.)
Drogi wodne none
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