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Isle of Man (2008)

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 Isle of Man
Administrative divisions none; there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government, but there are 24 local authorities each with its own elections
Age structure 0-14 years: 17.1% (male 6,645/female 6,330)

15-64 years: 65.8% (male 25,085/female 24,840)

65 years and over: 17.1% (male 5,232/female 7,699) (2007 est.)
Agriculture - products cereals, vegetables; cattle, sheep, pigs, poultry
Airports 1 (2007)
Airports - with paved runways total: 1

1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2007)
Area total: 572 sq km

land: 572 sq km

water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative slightly more than three times the size of Washington, DC
Background Part of the Norwegian Kingdom of the Hebrides until the 13th century when it was ceded to Scotland, the isle came under the British crown in 1765. Current concerns include reviving the almost extinct Manx Gaelic language. Isle of Man is a British crown dependency, but is not part of the UK. However, the UK Government remains constitutionally responsible for its defense and international representation.
Birth rate 10.96 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budget revenues: $965 million

expenditures: $943 million (FY05/06 est.)
Capital name: Douglas

geographic coordinates: 54 09 N, 4 29 W

time difference: UTC 0 (five hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October
Climate temperate; cool summers and mild winters; overcast about one-third of the time
Coastline 160 km
Constitution unwritten; note - The Isle of Man Constitution Act of 1961 does not embody the unwritten Manx Constitution
Country name conventional long form: none

conventional short form: Isle of Man

abbreviation: I.O.M.
Death rate 11.1 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Debt - external $NA
Dependency status British crown dependency
Diplomatic representation from the US none (British crown dependency)
Diplomatic representation in the US none (British crown dependency)
Disputes - international none
Economic aid - recipient $NA
Economy - overview Offshore banking, manufacturing, and tourism are key sectors of the economy. The government offers incentives to high-technology companies and financial institutions to locate on the island; this has paid off in expanding employment opportunities in high-income industries. As a result, agriculture and fishing, once the mainstays of the economy, have declined in their shares of GDP. The Isle of Man also attracts online gambling sites and the film industry. Trade is mostly with the UK. The Isle of Man enjoys free access to EU markets.
Elevation extremes lowest point: Irish Sea 0 m

highest point: Snaefell 621 m
Environment - current issues waste disposal (both household and industrial); transboundary air pollution
Ethnic groups Manx (Norse-Celtic descent), Britons
Exchange rates Manx pounds per US dollar - 0.4993 (2007), 0.5418 (2006), 0.5493 (2005), 0.5462 (2004), 0.6125 (2003)

note: the Manx pound is at par with the British pound
Executive branch chief of state: Lord of Mann Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Lieutenant Governor Sir Paul K. HADDACKS (since 17 October 2005)

head of government: Chief Minister Tony BROWN (since 14 December 2006)

cabinet: Council of Ministers

elections: the monarch is hereditary; lieutenant governor appointed by the monarch for a five-year term; the chief minister is elected by the Tynwald; election last held 14 December 2006 (next to be held in December 2008)

election results: House of Keys speaker Tony BROWN elected chief minister by the Tynwald
Exports $NA
Exports - commodities tweeds, herring, processed shellfish, beef, lamb
Exports - partners UK (2006)
Fiscal year 1 April - 31 March
Flag description red with the Three Legs of Man emblem (Trinacria), in the center; the three legs are joined at the thigh and bent at the knee; in order to have the toes pointing clockwise on both sides of the flag, a two-sided emblem is used
GDP - composition by sector agriculture: 1%

industry: 13%

services: 86% (2000 est.)
GDP - real growth rate 5.2% (2005)
Geographic coordinates 54 15 N, 4 30 W
Geography - note one small islet, the Calf of Man, lies to the southwest, and is a bird sanctuary
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%: NA%

highest 10%: NA%
Imports $NA
Imports - commodities timber, fertilizers, fish
Imports - partners UK (2006)
Independence none (British crown dependency)
Industrial production growth rate 3.2% (FY96/97)
Industries financial services, light manufacturing, tourism
Infant mortality rate total: 5.72 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 6.67 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 4.72 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 3.1% (December 2006 est.)
International organization participation UPU
Irrigated land 0 sq km
Judicial branch High Court of Justice (justices are appointed by the Lord Chancellor of England on the nomination of the lieutenant governor)
Labor force 39,690 (2001)
Labor force - by occupation agriculture, forestry, and fishing 3%, manufacturing 11%, construction 10%, transport and communication 8%, wholesale and retail distribution 11%, professional and scientific services 18%, public administration 6%, banking and finance 18%, tourism 2%, entertainment and catering 3%, miscellaneous services 10% (2001)
Land boundaries 0 km
Land use arable land: 9%

permanent crops: 0%

other: 91% (permanent pastures, forests, mountain, and heathland) (2002)
Languages English, Manx Gaelic
Legal system the laws of the UK, where applicable, apply and Manx statutes
Legislative branch bicameral Tynwald consists of the Legislative Council (11 seats; members composed of the President of Tynwald, the Lord Bishop of Sodor and Man, a nonvoting attorney general, and 8 others named by the House of Keys) and the House of Keys (24 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)

elections: House of Keys - last held 23 November 2006 (next to be held in November 2011)

election results: House of Keys - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - Liberal Vannin Party 2, Man Labor Party 1, independents 21
Life expectancy at birth total population: 78.64 years

male: 75.3 years

female: 82.17 years (2007 est.)
Literacy definition: NA

total population: NA%

male: NA%

female: NA%
Location Western Europe, island in the Irish Sea, between Great Britain and Ireland
Map references Europe
Maritime claims territorial sea: 12 nm

exclusive fishing zone: 12 nm
Merchant marine total: 297 ships (1000 GRT or over) 8,377,775 GRT/13,890,881 DWT

by type: bulk carrier 33, cargo 65, chemical tanker 54, combination ore/oil 1, container 17, liquefied gas 34, passenger/cargo 1, petroleum tanker 74, refrigerated cargo 5, roll on/roll off 8, vehicle carrier 5

foreign-owned: 210 (Cyprus 4, Denmark 41, France 2, Germany 61, Greece 48, Ireland 1, Italy 1, Japan 4, Monaco 3, Netherlands 1, Norway 33, Singapore 2, Sweden 3, Turkey 2, US 4) (2007)
Military - note defense is the responsibility of the UK
National holiday Tynwald Day, 5 July
Nationality noun: Manxman (men), Manxwoman (women)

adjective: Manx
Natural hazards NA
Natural resources none
Net migration rate 5.27 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Political parties and leaders Alliance for Progressive Government; Liberal Vannin Party [Peter KARRAN]; Man Labor Party; Man Nationalist Party (Mec Vannin) [Bernard MOFFATT]

note: most members sit as independents
Political pressure groups and leaders none
Population 75,831 (July 2007 est.)
Population below poverty line NA%
Population growth rate 0.513% (2007 est.)
Radio broadcast stations AM 1, FM 1, shortwave 0 (1998)
Railways total: 65 km

standard gauge: 7 km 1.067-m gauge (7 km electrified)

narrow gauge: 58 km 0.914-m gauge (29 km electrified)

note: primarily summer tourist attractions (2006)
Religions Anglican, Roman Catholic, Methodist, Baptist, Presbyterian, Society of Friends
Sex ratio at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.68 male(s)/female

total population: 0.951 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Suffrage 16 years of age; universal
Telephone system general assessment: NA

domestic: landline, telefax, mobile cellular telephone system

international: fiber-optic cable, microwave radio relay, satellite earth station, submarine cable
Telephones - main lines in use 51,000 (1999)
Television broadcast stations 0 (receives broadcasts from the UK and satellite) (1999)
Terrain hills in north and south bisected by central valley
Total fertility rate 1.65 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Unemployment rate 1.5% (December 2006 est.)
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