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Hong Kong (2008)

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Hong Kong 2008 roku

 Hong Kong
Podzial administracyjny none (special administrative region of Chiny)
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 13% (male 476,089/female 434,326)


15-64 years: 74% (male 2,515,518/female 2,652,660)


65 years and over: 12.9% (male 419,479/female 482,340) (2007 est.)
Rolinictwo fresh vegetables; poultry, pork; fish
Lotniska 2 (2007)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 2


over 3,047 m: 1


1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2007)
Terytorium total: 1,092 sq km


land: 1,042 sq km


water: 50 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci six times the size of Washington, DC
Tlo historyczne Occupied by the UK w 1841, Hong Kong was formally ceded by Chiny the following year; various adjacent lands were added later w the 19th century. Pursuant to an agreement signed by Chiny and the UK on 19 grudzien 1984, Hong Kong became the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (SAR) of Chiny on 1 lipiec 1997. In this agreement, Chiny has promised that, under its "one country, two systems" formula, Chiny's socialist economic system will not be imposed on Hong Kong and that Hong Kong will enjoy a high degree of autonomy w all matters except foreign and defense affairs dla the next 50 years.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 7.34 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budzet revenues: $36.9 billion


expenditures: $29.4 billion (FY07-08 est.)
Klimat subtropical monsoon; cool and humid w winter, hot and rainy from spring through summer, warm and sunny w fall
Linia brzegowa 733 km
Konstytucja Basic Law, approved w marzec 1990 by Chiny's National People's Congress, is Hong Kong's "mini-constitution"
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Hong Kong Special Administrative Region


conventional short form: Hong Kong


local long form: Xianggang Tebie Xingzhengqu


local short form: Xianggang


abbreviation: HK
Wspolczynnik zgonow 6.45 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $588 billion (2007 est.)
Podleglosc special administrative region of Chiny
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Consul General James B. CUNNINGHAM


consulate(s) general: 26 Garden Road, Hong Kong


mailing address: PSC 461, Box 1, FPO AP 96521-0006


telephone: [852] 2523-9011


FAX: [852] 2845-1598
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA none (special administrative region of Chiny); Hong Kong Economic and Trade Office w Washington and two other cities carries out normal liaison and communication z the US Government and other US entities
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje none
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $6.95 million (2004)
Ekonomia Hong Kong has a free market economy highly dependent on international trade. In 2006, the total value of goods and services trade, including the sizable share of reexports, was equivalent to 400% of Produkt krajowy brutto. The territory has become increasingly integrated z mainland Chiny over the past few years through trade, tourism, and financial links. The mainland has long been Hong Kong's largest trading partner, accounting dla 46% of Hong Kong's total trade by value w 2006. As a result of Chiny's easing of travel restrictions, the number of mainland tourists to the territory has surged from 4.5 million w 2001 to 13.6 million w 2006, when they outnumbered visitors from all other countries combined. Hong Kong has also established itself as the premier stock market dla Chinese firms seeking to list abroad. Bolstered by several successful initial public offerings w 2007, mainland companies by wrzesien 2007 accounted dla one-third of the firms listed on the Hong Kong Stock Exchange, and over half of the Exchange's market capitalization. Hong Kong's service industry over the past decade has grown rapidly as its manufacturing industry has moved to the mainland and now accounts dla 91% of the territory's Produkt krajowy brutto. Hong Kong's natural resources are limited, and food and raw materials must be imported. Produkt krajowy brutto growth averaged a strong 5% from 1989 to 2007, despite the economy suffering two recessions during the Asian financial crisis w 1997-98 and the global downturn w 2001-02. Hong Kong continues to link its currency closely to the US dollar, maintaining an arrangement established w 1983.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 40.3 billion kWh (2006)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 4.5 billion kWh (2006)
Elektrycznosc - import 10.9 billion kWh (2006)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 38.6 billion kWh (2006)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: South Chiny Sea 0 m


highest point: Tai Mo Shan 958 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy air and water pollution from rapid urbanization
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Marine Dumping (associate member), Ship Pollution (associate member)
Grupy etniczne Chinese 94.9%, Filipino 2.1%, other 3% (2001 census)
Kurs waluty Hong Kong dollars per US dollar - 7.802 (2007), 7.7678 (2006), 7.7773 (2005), 7.788 (2004), 7.7868 (2003)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President of Chiny HU Jintao (since 15 marzec 2003)


head of government: Chief Executive Donald TSANG (since 24 czerwiec 2005)


cabinet: Executive Council consists of 15 official members and 16 non-official members


elections: chief executive elected dla five-year term by 800-member electoral committee; last held on 25 marzec 2007 (next to be held w 2012)


election results: Donald TSANG elected chief executive receiving 84.1% of the vote of the election committee; Alan LEONG received 15.9%
Eksport 4.5 billion kWh (2006)
Eksport $353.3 billion f.o.b., including reexports (2007 est.)
Eksport 0 cu m (2006 est.)
Eksport 22,420 bbl/day (2006)
Eksport - towary electrical machinery and appliances, textiles, apparel, footwear, watches and clocks, toys, plastics, precious stones, printed material
Eksport - partnerzy Chiny 47%, US 15.1%, Japonia 4.9% (2006)
Rok podatkowy 1 kwiecien - 31 marzec
Opis flagi red z a stylized, white, five-petal bauhinia flower w the center
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 0.1%


industry: 8.1%


services: 91.8% (2007 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 5.8% (2007 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 22 15 N, 114 10 E
Polozenie geograficzne more than 200 islands
Ladowiska helikopterow 5 (2007)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: NA%


highest 10%: NA%
Narkotyki despite strenuous law enforcement efforts, faces difficult challenges w controlling transit of heroin and methamphetamine to regional and world markets; modern banking system provides conduit dla money laundering; rising indigenous use of synthetic drugs, especially among young people
Import 10.9 billion kWh (2006)
Import $371.3 billion (2007 est.)
Import 2.944 billion cu m (2006)
Import 314,700 bbl/day (2006)
Import - towary raw materials and semi-manufactures, consumer goods, capital goods, foodstuffs, fuel (most is re-exported)
Import - partnerzy Chiny 45.9%, Japonia 10.3%, Tajwan 7.5%, Singapur 6.3%, US 4.8%, South Korea 4.6% (2006)
Niepodleglosc none (special administrative region of Chiny)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle -0.9% (2007 est.)
Przemysl textiles, clothing, tourism, banking, shipping, electronics, plastics, toys, watches, clocks
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 2.94 deaths/1,000 live births


male: 3.12 deaths/1,000 live births


female: 2.74 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflacja 2% (2007 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji ADB, APEC, BIS, ICC, IHO, IMF, IMO (associate), IOC, ISO (correspondent), ITUC, UNWTO (associate), UPU, WCL, WCO, WMO, WTO
Nawadniane tereny 20 sq km (1998 est.)
Sadownictwo Court of Final Appeal w the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region
Sila robocza 3.64 million (2007 est.)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki manufacturing 6.5%, construction 2.1%, wholesale and retail trade, restaurants, and hotels 43.3%, financing, insurance, and real estate 20.7%, transport and communications 7.8%, community and social services 19.5%


note: above data exclude public sector (2007 est.)
Granica total: 30 km


regional border: Chiny 30 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 5.05%


permanent crops: 1.01%


other: 93.94% (2001)
Jezyki Chinese (Cantonese) 89.2% (official), other Chinese dialects 6.4%, English 3.2% (official), other 1.2% (2001 census)
System prawny based on English common law
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral Legislative Council or LEGCO (60 seats; w 2004, 30 seats indirectly elected by functional constituencies, 30 elected by popular vote; members serve four-year terms)


elections: last held 12 wrzesien 2004 (next to be held w wrzesien 2008)


election results: percent of vote by party - pro-democracy 63%, pro-Beijing 37%; seats by party - (pro-Beijing 34) DAB 12, Liberal Party 10, FTU 1, independents 11; (pro-democracy 25) Democratic Party 9, CTU 2, ADPL 1, Frontier Party 1, NWSC 1, independents 11; non-voting LEGCO president 1
Zywotnosc total population: 81.68 years


male: 78.99 years


female: 84.6 years (2007 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over has ever attended school


total population: 93.5%


male: 96.9%


female: 89.6% (2002)
Lokalizacja Eastern Asia, bordering the South Chiny Sea and Chiny
Lokalizacja na mapie Southeast Asia
Morskie obszary territorial sea: 3 nm
Flota handlowa total: 1,009 ships (1000 GRT or over) 34,556,075 GRT/57,423,309 DWT


by type: barge carrier 2, bulk carrier 499, cargo 135, chemical tanker 51, combination ore/oil 3, container 173, liquefied gas 24, passenger 6, passenger/cargo 5, petroleum tanker 91, roll on/roll off 4, specialized tanker 8, vehicle carrier 8


foreign-owned: 617 (Belgia 4, Kanada 39, Chiny 309, Dania 12, Francja 1, Niemcy 10, Grecja 30, Indonezja 7, Japonia 78, South Korea 6, Liban 1, Norwegia 30, Pakistan 1, Filipiny 10, Portugalia 1, Singapur 11, Syria 1, Tajwan 11, UAE 1, UK 32, US 22)


registered w other countries: 275 (Bahamas 3, Belize 5, Bermudy 4, Kambodza 11, Chiny 6, Cypr 2, Honduras 1, Indie 1, Liberia 21, Malezja 14, Malta 1, Wyspy Marshalla 4, Mongolia 1, Norwegia 5, Panama 137, Filipiny 2, Seszele 1, Singapur 37, St Vincent and The Grenadines 7, Tuvalu 10, UK 2, unknown 7) (2007)
Wojsko - uwagi defense is the responsibility of Chiny
Wojsko no regular indigenous military forces; Hong Kong garrison of Chiny's People's Liberation Army (PLA) includes elements of Ground Forces, Navy, and Air Force; these forces are under the direct leadership of the Central Military Commission w Beijing and under administrative control of the adjacent Guangzhou Military Region
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) NA
Swieto narodowe National Day (Anniversary of the Founding of the People's Republic of Chiny), 1 pazdziernik (1949); note - 1 lipiec 1997 is celebrated as Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Establishment Day
Narodowosc noun: Chinese/Hong Konger


adjective: Chinese/Hong Kong
Naturalne zagrozenia occasional typhoons
Surowce naturalne outstanding deepwater harbor, feldspar
Wspolczynnik migracji 4.72 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Association dla Democracy and People's Livelihood or ADPL [Frederick FUNG Kin-kee]; Citizens Party [Alex CHAN Kai-chung]; Civic Party [KUAN Hsin-chi]; Democratic Alliance dla the Betterment and Progress of Hong Kong or DAB [TAM Yiu Cheng]; Democratic Party [Albert HO]; Frontier Party [Emily LAU Wai-hing]; League of Social Democrats [Raymond WONG]; Liberal Party [James TIEN Pei-chun]


note: political blocs include: pro-democracy - ADPL, Democratic Party, Frontier Party, League of Social Democrats; pro-Beijing - DAB, Liberal Party, The Alliance (a group of five generally pro-government and pro-business Legco members from functional constituencies); there is no political party ordinance, so there are no registered political parties; politically active groups register as societies or companies
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow Chinese General Chamber of Commerce (pro-Chiny); Chinese Manufacturers' Association of Hong Kong; Confederation of Trade Unions or CTU (pro-democracy) [LAU Chin-shek, president; LEE Cheuk-yan, general secretary]; Federation of Hong Kong Przemysl; Federation of Trade Unions or FTU (pro-Chiny) [CHENG Yiu-tong, executive councilor]; Hong Kong Alliance w Support of the Patriotic Democratic Movement w Chiny [Szeto WAH, chairman]; Hong Kong and Kowloon Trade Union Council (pro-Tajwan); Hong Kong General Chamber of Commerce; Hong Kong Professional Teachers' Union [CHEUNG Man-kwong, president]; Neighborhood and Workers' Service Center or NWSC (pro-democracy); The Alliance [Bernard CHARNWUT, exco member]
Ludnosc 6,980,412 (lipiec 2007 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa NA%
Przyrost naturalny 0.561% (2007 est.)
Stacje radiowe AM 5, FM 9, shortwave 0 (2004)
Religie eclectic mixture of local religions 90%, Christian 10%
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.08 male(s)/female


under 15 years: 1.096 male(s)/female


15-64 years: 0.948 male(s)/female


65 years and over: 0.87 male(s)/female


total population: 0.956 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Prawo wyborcze direct election - 18 years of age dla a number of non-executive positions; universal dla permanent residents living w the territory of Hong Kong dla the past seven years; indirect election - limited to about 220,000 members of functional constituencies and an 800-member election committee drawn from broad regional groupings, central government bodies, and municipal organizations
System telefoniczny general assessment: modern facilities provide excellent domestic and international services


domestic: microwave radio relay links and extensive fiber-optic network


international: country code - 852; multiple international submarine cables provide connections to Asia, US, Australia, the Middle East, and Western Europe; satellite earth stations - 3 Intelsat (1 Ocean Spokojny and 2 Ocean Indyjski); coaxial cable to Guangzhou, Chiny
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 3.87 million (2007)
Telefony komorkowe 9.913 million (2007)
Stacje telewizyjne 55 (2 TV networks, each broadcasting on 2 channels) (2007)
Uksztaltowanie terenu hilly to mountainous z steep slopes; lowlands w north
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 0.98 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 4.2% (2007 est.)
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