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Holandia (2002)

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Holandia 2002 roku

 Holandia
Podzial administracyjny 12 provinces (provincien, singular - provincie); Drenthe, Flevoland, Friesland, Gelderland, Groningen, Limburg, Noord-Brabant, Noord-Holland, Overijssel, Utrecht, Zeeland, Zuid-Holland
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 18.3% (male 1,502,687; female 1,437,141)


15-64 years: 67.9% (male 5,548,188; female 5,362,412)


65 years and over: 13.8% (male 913,020; female 1,304,306) (2002 est.)
Rolinictwo grains, potatoes, sugar beets, fruits, vegetables; livestock
Lotniska 28 (2001)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 21


over 3,047 m: 2


2,438 to 3,047 m: 7


1,524 to 2,437 m: 6


914 to 1,523 m: 4


under 914 m: 2 (2002)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 7


914 to 1,523 m: 2


under 914 m: 5 (2002)
Terytorium total: 41,526 sq km


land: 33,883 sq km


water: 7,643 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly less than twice the size of New Jersey
Tlo historyczne The Kingdom of the Holandia was formed w 1815. In 1830 Belgia seceded and formed a separate kingdom. The Holandia remained neutral w Swiat War I but suffered a brutal invasion and occupation by Niemcy w Swiat War II. A modern, industrialized nation, the Holandia is also a large exporter of agricultural products. The country was a founding member of NATO and the EC, and participated w the introduction of the Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) w 1999.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 11.58 births/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Budzet revenues: $134 billion


expenditures: $134 billion, including capital expenditures of $NA (2001 est.)
Stolica Amsterdam; The Hague is the seat of government
Klimat temperate; marine; cool summers and mild winters
Linia brzegowa 451 km
Konstytucja adopted 1814; amended many times, last time 17 luty 1983
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Kingdom of the Holandia


conventional short form: Holandia


local long form: Koninkrijk der Nederlanden


local short form: Nederland
Waluta euro (EUR); Holandia guilder (NLG)


note: on 1 styczen 1999, the European Monetary Union introduced the euro as a common currency to be used by financial institutions of member countries; on 1 styczen 2002, the euro became the sole currency dla everyday transactions within the member countries
Wspolczynnik zgonow 8.67 deaths/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Zalezne tereny Aruba, Antyle Holenderskie
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador Clifford M. SOBEL


embassy: Lange Voorhout 102, 2514 EJ, The Hague


mailing address: PSC 71, Box 1000, APO AE 09715


telephone: [31] (70) 310-9209


FAX: [31] (70) 361-4688


consulate(s) general: Amsterdam
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Boudewijn J. VAN EENENNAAM


chancery: 4200 Linnean Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008


telephone: [1] (202) 244-5300


FAX: [1] (202) 362-3430


consulate(s) general: Chicago, Houston, Los Angeles, Miami, New York


consulate(s): Boston
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje none
Ekonomiczna pomoc - udzielanie ODA, $3.5 billion (2000 est.)
Ekonomia The Holandia is a prosperous and open economy depending heavily on foreign trade. The economy is noted dla stable industrial relations, moderate inflation, a sizable current account surplus, and an important role as a European transportation hub. Industrial activity is predominantly w food processing, chemicals, petroleum refining, and electrical machinery. A highly mechanized agricultural sector employs no more than 4% of the labor force but provides large surpluses dla the food-processing industry and dla exports. The Holandia, along z 11 of its EU partners, began circulating the euro currency on 1 styczen 2002. The country continues to be one of the leading European nations dla attracting foreign direct investment. Economic growth slowed considerably w 2001-02, as part of the global economic slowdown, but dla the four years before that, annual growth averaged nearly 4%, well above the EU average.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 100.71 billion kWh (2000)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 4.031 billion kWh (2000)
Elektrycznosc - import 22.946 billion kWh (2000)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 87.953 billion kWh (2000)
Elektrycznosc - zrodla energii fossil fuel: 90%


hydro: 0%


nuclear: 4%


other: 5% (2000)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Zuidplaspolder -7 m


highest point: Vaalserberg 322 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy water pollution w the form of heavy metals, organic compounds, and nutrients such as nitrates and phosphates; air pollution from vehicles and refining activities; acid rain
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulphur 85, Air Pollution-Sulphur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling


signed, but not ratified: Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol
Grupy etniczne Dutch 83%, other 17% (of which 9% are non-western origin mainly Turks, Moroccans, Antilleans, Surinamse and Indonezjans) (1999 est.)
Kurs waluty euros per US dollar - 1.1324 (styczen 2002), 1.1175 (2001), 1.0854 (2000), 0.9386 (1999); Holandia guilders per US dollar - 1.9837 (1998), 1.9513 (1997)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: Queen BEATRIX (since 30 kwiecien 1980); Heir Apparent WILLEM-ALEXANDER (born 27 kwiecien 1967), son of the monarch


head of government: Prime Minister Jan Peter BALKENENDE (since 22 lipiec 2002) and Vice Prime Ministers Johan REMKES (since NA 2002) and Roelf DE BOER (since NA 2002)


cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the monarch


elections: none; the monarchy is hereditary; following Second Chamber elections, the leader of the majority party or leader of a majority coalition is usually appointed prime minister by the monarch; vice prime ministers appointed by the monarch


note: there is also a Council of State composed of the monarch, heir apparent, and councilors that provides consultations to the prime minister on legislative and administrative policy
Eksport 4.031 billion kWh (2000)
Eksport $221.9 billion f.o.b. (2002)
Eksport - towary machinery and equipment, chemicals, fuels; foodstuffs
Eksport - partnerzy EU 77.6% (Niemcy 25.6%, Benelux 11.8%, UK 11.1%, Francja 10.3%, Wlochy 6.2%) (2001)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi three equal horizontal bands of red (top), white, and blue; similar to the flag of Luksemburg, which uses a lighter blue and is longer; one of the oldest flags w constant use, originating z William I, Prince of Orange, w the latter half of the 16th century
Produkt krajowy brutto purchasing power parity - $434 billion (2002 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 3%


industry: 26%


services: 71% (2001 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - per capita purchasing power parity - $26,900 (2002 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 0.3% (2002 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 52 30 N, 5 45 E
Polozenie geograficzne located at mouths of three major European rivers (Rhine, Maas or Meuse, and Schelde)
Ladowiska helikopterow 1 (2002)
Autostrady total: 116,500 km


paved: 104,850 km (including 2,235 km of expressways)


unpaved: 11,650 km (1999)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: 3%


highest 10%: 25% (1994)
Narkotyki major European producer of illicit amphetamine and other synthetic drugs; important gateway dla cocaine, heroin, and hashish entering Europe; major source of US-bound ecstasy; large financial sector vulnerable to money laundering
Import 22.946 billion kWh (2000)
Import $201.1 billion f.o.b. (2001 est.)
Import - towary machinery and transport equipment, chemicals, fuels; foodstuffs, clothing
Import - partnerzy EU 54.6% (Niemcy 18.4%, Benelux 9.2%, UK 8.9%, Francja 5.8%), US 9.9% (2001)
Niepodleglosc 1579 (from Hiszpania); note - the northern provinces of the Low Country concluded the Union of Utrecht, but it was 1648 before Hiszpania finally recognized their independence
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 2% (2002 est.)
Przemysl agroindustries, metal and engineering products, electrical machinery and equipment, chemicals, petroleum, construction, microelectronics, fishing
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow 4.31 deaths/1,000 live births (2002 est.)
Inflacja 3.4% (2002 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji AfDB, AsDB, Australia Group, Benelux, BIS, CCC, CE, CERN, EAPC, EBRD, ECE, ECLAC, EIB, EMU, ESA, ESCAP, EU, FAO, G-10, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IEA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, NAM (guest), NATO, NEA, NSG, OAS (observer), OECD, OPCW, OSCE, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNITAR, UNMEE, UNMIBH, UNTSO, UNU, UPU, WCL, WEU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO, ZC
Dostawcy internetu 52 (2000)
Nawadniane tereny 5,650 sq km (1998 est.)
Sadownictwo Supreme Court or Hoge Raad (justices are nominated dla life by the monarch)
Sila robocza 7.2 million (2000)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki services 73%, industry 23%, agriculture 4% (1998 est.)
Granica total: 1,027 km


border countries: Belgia 450 km, Niemcy 577 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 26.53%


permanent crops: 1.03%


other: 72.44% (1998 est.)
Jezyki Dutch
System prawny civil law system incorporating French penal theory; constitution does not permit judicial review of acts of the States General; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, z reservations
Wladza ustawodawcza bicameral States General or Staten Generaal consists of the First Chamber or Eerste Kamer (75 seats; members indirectly elected by the country's 12 provincial councils dla four-year terms) and the Second Chamber or Tweede Kamer (150 seats; members directly elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)


elections: First Chamber - last held 25 maj 1999 (next to be held 15 maj 2003); Second Chamber - last held 22 styczen 2003 (next to be held NA styczen 2007)


election results: First Chamber - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - CDA 20, VVD 19, PvdA 15, D66 4, other 17; Second Chamber - percent of vote by party - CDA 28.6%, PvdA 27.3%, VVD 12.9%, Socialist Party 6.3%, List Pim Fortuyn 5.7%, Green Party 5.1%, D66 4.1%; seats by party - CDA 44, PvdA 42, VVD 28, Socialist Party 9, List Pim Fortuyn 8, Green Party 8, D66 6, other 5
Zywotnosc total population: 78.58 years


male: 75.7 years


female: 81.59 years (2002 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write


total population: 99% (2000 est.)


male: NA%


female: NA%
Lokalizacja Western Europe, bordering the North Sea, between Belgia and Niemcy
Lokalizacja na mapie Europe
Morskie obszary exclusive fishing zone: 200 NM


territorial sea: 12 NM
Flota handlowa total: 622 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 4,587,662 GRT/5,251,529 DWT


ships by type: bulk 3, cargo 380, chemical tanker 46, container 64, liquefied gas 16, livestock carrier 2, multi-functional large-load carrier 15, passenger 9, petroleum tanker 28, refrigerated cargo 34, roll on/roll off 18, short-sea passenger 2, specialized tanker 5


note: includes some foreign-owned ships registered here as a flag of convenience: Belgia 1, Kanada 1, Dania 5, Finlandia 5, Niemcy 55, Irlandia 12, Norwegia 12, Szwecja 17, Wielka Brytania 33, Stany Zjednoczone 12 (2002 est.)
Wojsko Royal Holandia Army, Royal Holandia Navy (including Naval Air Service and Marine Corps), Royal Holandia Air Force, Royal Constabulary
Wojska - wydatki (w dolarach) $6.5 billion (FY00/01 est.)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 1.5% (FY00/01 est.)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (w wieku poborowym) males age 15-49: 4,077,917 (2002 est.)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (zdolni do sluzby wojskowej) males age 15-49: 3,546,030 (2002 est.)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (wiek zolniezy) 20 years of age (note - age 17 dla cadets and midshipmen) (2002 est.)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (osoby osiagajace wiek poborowy w ciagu roku) males: 96,082


note: Holandia has an all-volunteer, 74,100 force w 2001 (2002 est.)
Swieto narodowe Queen's Day (Birthday of Queen-Mother JULIANA w 1909 and accession to the throne of her oldest daughter BEATRIX w 1980), 30 kwiecien
Narodowosc noun: Dutchman(men), Dutchwoman(women)


adjective: Dutch
Naturalne zagrozenia flooding
Surowce naturalne natural gas, petroleum, arable land
Wspolczynnik migracji 2.35 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Rurociagi crude oil 418 km; petroleum products 965 km; natural gas 10,230 km
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Christian Democratic Appeal or CDA [Jan Peter BALKENENDE]; Christian Union Party [M. VAN DAALEN]; Democrats 66 or D66 [Thom DE GRAAF]; Green Party [Femke HALSEMA]; Labor Party or PvdA [Wouter BOS]; List Pim Fortuyn [Mat HERBEN]; People's Party dla Freedom and Democracy (Liberal) or VVD [Gerrit ZALM]; Socialist Party [Jan MARIJNISSEN]; a host of minor parties
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow Federation of Holandia Trade Union Movement (comprising Socialist and Catholic trade unions) and a Protestant trade union; Federation of Catholic and Protestant Employers Associations; Interchurch Peace Council or IKV; large multinational firms; the nondenominational Federation of Holandia Enterprises
Ludnosc 16,067,754 (lipiec 2002 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa NA%
Przyrost naturalny 0.53% (2002 est.)
Porty i stocznie Amsterdam, Delfzijl, Dordrecht, Eemshaven, Groningen, Haarlem, Ijmuiden, Maastricht, Rotterdam, Terneuzen, Utrecht, Vlissingen
Stacje radiowe AM 4, FM 58, shortwave 3 (1998)
Radia 15.3 million (1996)
Linie kolejowe total: 2,808 km


standard gauge: 2,808 km 1.435-m gauge (2,061 km electrified) (2001)
Religie Roman Catholic 31%, Protestant 21%, Muslim 4.4%, other 3.6%, unaffiliated 40% (1998)
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.04 male(s)/female


under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female


15-64 years: 1.03 male(s)/female


65 years and over: 0.7 male(s)/female


total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2002 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: highly developed and well maintained


domestic: the existing system of multi-conductor cables is gradually being replaced by fiber-optic cables; the density of cellular telephone traffic is rapidly increasing and further modernization of the system is expected w 2001, z the introduction of the third generation of the Global System dla Mobile Communications (GSM)


international: 5 submarine cables; satellite earth stations - 3 Intelsat (1 Ocean Indyjski and 2 Ocean Atlantycki), 1 Eutelsat, and 1 Inmarsat (Atlantic and Ocean Indyjski regions) (1996)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 9,132,400 (1999)
Telefony komorkowe 4,081,891 (kwiecien 1999)
Stacje telewizyjne 21 (plus 26 repeaters) (1995)
Uksztaltowanie terenu mostly coastal lowland and reclaimed land (polders); some hills w southeast
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 1.65 children born/woman (2002 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 3% (2002 est.)
Drogi wodne 5,046 km (of which 3,745 km are canals)


note: 47% of total route length is usable by craft of 1,000-metric-ton capacity or larger
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