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Guam (2007)

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Guam 2007 year

Administrative divisions none (territory of the US)
Age structure 0-14 years: 28.6% (male 25,686/female 23,938)

15-64 years: 64.5% (male 57,023/female 54,872)

65 years and over: 6.9% (male 5,592/female 6,345) (2007 est.)
Agriculture - products fruits, copra, vegetables; eggs, pork, poultry, beef
Airports 5 (2007)
Airports - with paved runways total: 4

over 3,047 m: 2

2,438 to 3,047 m: 1

914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2007)
Airports - with unpaved runways total: 1

under 914 m: 1 (2007)
Area total: 541.3 sq km

land: 541.3 sq km

water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative three times the size of Washington, DC
Background Guam was ceded to the US by Spain in 1898. Captured by the Japanese in 1941, it was retaken by the US three years later. The military installation on the island is one of the most strategically important US bases in the Pacific.
Birth rate 18.56 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budget revenues: $319.6 million

expenditures: $427.8 million (2002 est.)
Capital name: Hagatna (Agana)

geographic coordinates: 13 28 N, 144 44 E

time difference: UTC+10 (15 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Climate tropical marine; generally warm and humid, moderated by northeast trade winds; dry season (January to June), rainy season (July to December); little seasonal temperature variation
Coastline 125.5 km
Constitution Organic Act of Guam, 1 August 1950
Country name conventional long form: Territory of Guam

conventional short form: Guam

local long form: Guahan

local short form: Guahan
Death rate 4.56 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Debt - external $NA
Dependency status organized, unincorporated territory of the US with policy relations between Guam and the US under the jurisdiction of the Office of Insular Affairs, US Department of the Interior
Diplomatic representation from the US none (territory of the US)
Diplomatic representation in the US none (territory of the US)
Disputes - international none
Economic aid - recipient Guam receives large transfer payments from the US Federal Treasury ($143 million in 1997) into which Guamanians pay no income or excise taxes; under the provisions of a special law of Congress, the Guam Treasury, rather than the US Treasury, receives federal income taxes paid by military and civilian Federal employees stationed in Guam (2001 est.)
Economy - overview The economy depends largely on US military spending and tourism. Total US grants, wage payments, and procurement outlays amounted to $1.3 billion in 2004. Over the past 30 years, the tourist industry has grown to become the largest income source following national defense. The Guam economy continues to experience expansion in both its tourism and military sectors.
Electricity - consumption 1.667 billion kWh (2005)
Electricity - exports 0 kWh (2005)
Electricity - imports 0 kWh (2005)
Electricity - production 1.793 billion kWh (2005)
Elevation extremes lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m

highest point: Mount Lamlam 406 m
Environment - current issues extirpation of native bird population by the rapid proliferation of the brown tree snake, an exotic, invasive species
Ethnic groups Chamorro 37.1%, Filipino 26.3%, other Pacific islander 11.3%, white 6.9%, other Asian 6.3%, other ethnic origin or race 2.3%, mixed 9.8% (2000 census)
Exchange rates the US dollar is used
Executive branch chief of state: President George W. BUSH of the US (since 20 January 2001); Vice President Richard B. CHENEY (since 20 January 2001)

head of government: Governor Felix P. CAMACHO (since 6 January 2003); Lieutenant Governor Dr. Michael W. CRUZ (since 1 January 2007)

cabinet: heads of executive departments; appointed by the governor with the consent of the Guam legislature

elections: under the US Constitution, residents of unincorporated territories, such as Guam, do not vote in elections for US president and vice president; governor and lieutenant governor elected on the same ticket by popular vote for four-year term (can serve two consecutive terms, then must wait a full term before running again); election last held 7 November 2006 (next to be held in November 2010)

election results: Felix P. CAMACHO reelected governor; Dr. Michael W. CRUZ elected lieutenant governor; percent of vote - NA
Exports 0 kWh (2005)
Exports $45 million f.o.b. (2004 est.)
Exports NA bbl/day
Exports - commodities mostly transshipments of refined petroleum products; construction materials, fish, food and beverage products
Exports - partners Japan 67.2%, Singapore 11.6%, UK 4.8% (2006)
Fiscal year 1 October - 30 September
Flag description territorial flag is dark blue with a narrow red border on all four sides; centered is a red-bordered, pointed, vertical ellipse containing a beach scene, outrigger canoe with sail, and a palm tree with the word GUAM superimposed in bold red letters; US flag is the national flag
GDP - composition by sector agriculture: NA%

industry: NA%

services: NA%
GDP - real growth rate NA%
Geographic coordinates 13 28 N, 144 47 E
Geography - note largest and southernmost island in the Mariana Islands archipelago; strategic location in western North Pacific Ocean
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%: NA%

highest 10%: NA%
Imports 0 kWh (2005)
Imports $701 million f.o.b. (2004 est.)
Imports NA bbl/day
Imports - commodities petroleum and petroleum products, food, manufactured goods
Imports - partners Singapore 50%, South Korea 21.4%, Japan 14%, Hong Kong 4.6% (2006)
Independence none (territory of the US)
Industrial production growth rate NA%
Industries US military, tourism, construction, transshipment services, concrete products, printing and publishing, food processing, textiles
Infant mortality rate total: 6.68 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 7.35 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 5.97 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 2.5% (2005 est.)
International organization participation IOC, SPC, UPU
Irrigated land NA
Judicial branch Federal District Court (judge is appointed by the president); Territorial Superior Court (judges appointed for eight-year terms by the governor)
Labor force 62,050 (2002 est.)
Labor force - by occupation agriculture: 26%

industry: 10%

services: 64% (2004 est.)
Land boundaries 0 km
Land use arable land: 3.64%

permanent crops: 18.18%

other: 78.18% (2005)
Languages English 38.3%, Chamorro 22.2%, Philippine languages 22.2%, other Pacific island languages 6.8%, Asian languages 7%, other languages 3.5% (2000 census)
Legal system modeled on US; US federal laws apply
Legislative branch unicameral Legislature (15 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve two-year terms)

elections: last held 7 November 2006 (next to be held in November 2008)

election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - Republican Party 8, Democratic Party 7

note: Guam elects one nonvoting delegate to the US House of Representatives; election last held 7 November 2006 (next to be held in November 2008); results - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - Democratic Party 1
Life expectancy at birth total population: 78.76 years

male: 75.69 years

female: 82.01 years (2007 est.)
Literacy definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 99%

male: 99%

female: 99% (1990 est.)
Location Oceania, island in the North Pacific Ocean, about three-quarters of the way from Hawaii to the Philippines
Map references Oceania
Maritime claims territorial sea: 12 nm

exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Military - note defense is the responsibility of the US
National holiday Discovery Day, first Monday in March (1521)
Nationality noun: Guamanian(s) (US citizens)

adjective: Guamanian
Natural hazards frequent squalls during rainy season; relatively rare, but potentially very destructive typhoons (June - December)
Natural resources fishing (largely undeveloped), tourism (especially from Japan)
Net migration rate 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Political parties and leaders Democratic Party [leader Michael PHILLIPS]; Republican Party [Philip J. FLORES] (controls the legislature)
Political pressure groups and leaders NA
Population 173,456 (July 2007 est.)
Population below poverty line 23% (2001 est.)
Population growth rate 1.4% (2007 est.)
Radio broadcast stations AM 3, FM 11, shortwave 2 (2005)
Religions Roman Catholic 85%, other 15% (1999 est.)
Sex ratio at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.073 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 1.039 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.881 male(s)/female

total population: 1.037 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal; US citizens, but do not vote in US presidential elections
Telephone system general assessment: modern system, integrated with US facilities for direct dialing, including free use of 800 numbers

domestic: modern digital system, including cellular mobile service and local access to the Internet

international: country code - 1-671; major landing point for submarine cables between Asia and the US (Guam is a trans-Pacific communications hub for major carriers linking the US and Asia); satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (Pacific Ocean)
Telephones - main lines in use 80,000 (2001)
Telephones - mobile cellular 98,000 (2004)
Television broadcast stations 3 (2006)
Terrain volcanic origin, surrounded by coral reefs; relatively flat coralline limestone plateau (source of most fresh water), with steep coastal cliffs and narrow coastal plains in north, low hills in center, mountains in south
Total fertility rate 2.57 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Unemployment rate 11.4% (2002 est.)
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