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Guam (2005)

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Guam 2005 year

Administrative divisions none (territory of the US)
Age structure 0-14 years: 29.4% (male 25,645/female 23,887)

15-64 years: 64.1% (male 55,115/female 52,935)

65 years and over: 6.5% (male 5,157/female 5,825) (2005 est.)
Agriculture - products fruits, copra, vegetables; eggs, pork, poultry, beef
Airports 5 (2004 est.)
Airports - with paved runways total: 4

over 3,047 m: 2

2,438 to 3,047 m: 1

914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2004 est.)
Airports - with unpaved runways total: 1

under 914 m: 1 (2004 est.)
Area total: 549 sq km

land: 549 sq km

water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative three times the size of Washington, DC
Background Guam was ceded to the US by Spain in 1898. Captured by the Japanese in 1941, it was retaken by the US three years later. The military installation on the island is one of the most strategically important US bases in the Pacific.
Birth rate 19.03 births/1,000 population (2005 est.)
Budget revenues: $340 million

expenditures: $445 million, including capital expenditures of NA (2000 est.)
Capital Hagatna (Agana)
Climate tropical marine; generally warm and humid, moderated by northeast trade winds; dry season from January to June, rainy season from July to December; little seasonal temperature variation
Coastline 125.5 km
Constitution Organic Act of 1 August 1950
Country name conventional long form: Territory of Guam

conventional short form: Guam

local long form: Guahan
Death rate 4.41 deaths/1,000 population (2005 est.)
Debt - external NA
Dependency status organized, unincorporated territory of the US with policy relations between Guam and the US under the jurisdiction of the Office of Insular Affairs, US Department of the Interior
Diplomatic representation from the US none (territory of the US)
Diplomatic representation in the US none (territory of the US)
Disputes - international none
Economic aid - recipient Guam receives large transfer payments from the US Federal Treasury ($143 million in 1997) into which Guamanians pay no income or excise taxes; under the provisions of a special law of Congress, the Guam Treasury, rather than the US Treasury, receives federal income taxes paid by military and civilian Federal employees stationed in Guam (2001 est.)
Economy - overview The economy depends on US military spending, tourism, and the export of fish and handicrafts. Total US grants, wage payments, and procurement outlays amounted to $1 billion in 1998. Over the past 20 years, the tourist industry has grown rapidly, creating a construction boom for new hotels and the expansion of older ones. More than 1 million tourists visit Guam each year. The industry had recently suffered setbacks because of the continuing Japanese slowdown; the Japanese normally make up almost 90% of the tourists. Most food and industrial goods are imported. Guam faces the problem of building up the civilian economic sector to offset the impact of military downsizing.
Electricity - consumption 776.6 million kWh (2002)
Electricity - exports 0 kWh (2002)
Electricity - imports 0 kWh (2002)
Electricity - production 835 million kWh (2002)
Elevation extremes lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m

highest point: Mount Lamlam 406 m
Environment - current issues extirpation of native bird population by the rapid proliferation of the brown tree snake, an exotic, invasive species
Ethnic groups Chamorro 37.1%, Filipino 26.3%, other Pacific islander 11.3%, white 6.9%, other Asian 6.3%, other ethnic origin or race 2.3%, mixed 9.8% (2000 census)
Exchange rates the US dollar is used
Executive branch chief of state: President George W. BUSH of the US (since 20 January 2001); Vice President Richard B. CHENEY (since 20 January 2001)

head of government: Governor Felix P. P. CAMACHO (since 6 January 2003) and Lieutenant Governor Kaleo MOYLAN (since 6 January 2003)

cabinet: executive departments; heads appointed by the governor with the consent of the Guam legislature

elections: US president and vice president elected on the same ticket for a four-year term; governor and lieutenant governor elected on the same ticket by popular vote for four-year term; election last held 5 November 2002 (next to be held November 2006)

election results: Felix P. P. CAMACHO elected governor; percent of vote - Felix P. P. CAMACHO (Republican Party) 55.4%, Robert A. UNDERWOOD (Democratic Party) 44.6%
Exports 0 kWh (2002)
Exports $38 million f.o.b. (2002 est.)
Exports NA
Exports - commodities mostly transshipments of refined petroleum products; construction materials, fish, food and beverage products
Exports - partners Japan 66.1%, South Korea 9.9%, Singapore 8.4% (2004)
Fiscal year 1 October - 30 September
Flag description territorial flag is dark blue with a narrow red border on all four sides; centered is a red-bordered, pointed, vertical ellipse containing a beach scene, outrigger canoe with sail, and a palm tree with the word GUAM superimposed in bold red letters; US flag is the national flag
GDP - composition by sector agriculture: 7%

industry: 15%

services: 78% (2002 est.)
GDP - per capita purchasing power parity - $21,000 (2000 est.)
GDP - real growth rate NA
Geographic coordinates 13 28 N, 144 47 E
Geography - note largest and southernmost island in the Mariana Islands archipelago; strategic location in western North Pacific Ocean
Highways total: 977 km

paved: 962 km

unpaved: 15 km (2004)
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%: NA

highest 10%: NA
Imports 0 kWh (2002)
Imports $462 million f.o.b. (2002 est.)
Imports NA
Imports - commodities petroleum and petroleum products, food, manufactured goods
Imports - partners Singapore 39.5%, South Korea 20.8%, Japan 19%, Hong Kong 9%, Philippines 4.3% (2004)
Independence none (territory of the US)
Industrial production growth rate NA
Industries US military, tourism, construction, transshipment services, concrete products, printing and publishing, food processing, textiles
Infant mortality rate total: 6.94 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 7.61 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 6.24 deaths/1,000 live births (2005 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 0% (1999 est.)
International organization participation Interpol (subbureau), IOC, UPU
Irrigated land NA
Judicial branch Federal District Court (judge is appointed by the president); Territorial Superior Court (judges appointed for eight-year terms by the governor)
Labor force 60,000 (2000 est.)
Labor force - by occupation private 74% (industry 10%, trade 24%, other services 40%), federal and territorial government 26% (2000 est.)
Land boundaries 0 km
Land use arable land: 9.09%

permanent crops: 16.36%

other: 74.55% (2001)
Languages English 38.3%, Chamorro 22.2%, Philippine languages 22.2%, other Pacific island languages 6.8%, Asian languages 7%, other languages 3.5% (2000 census)
Legal system modeled on US; US federal laws apply
Legislative branch unicameral Legislature (15 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve two-year terms)

elections: last held 2 November 2004 (next to be held November 2006)

election results: percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - Democratic Party 6, Republican Party 9

note: Guam elects one nonvoting delegate to the US House of Representatives; election last held 2 November 2004 (next to be held November 2006); results - Madeleine BORDALLO (Democratic Party) was elected as delegate; percent of vote by party - Democratic Party 64.6%, Republican Party 35.4%; seats by party - Democratic Party 1
Life expectancy at birth total population: 78.4 years

male: 75.34 years

female: 81.64 years (2005 est.)
Literacy definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 99%

male: 99%

female: 99% (1990 est.)
Location Oceania, island in the North Pacific Ocean, about three-quarters of the way from Hawaii to the Philippines
Map references Oceania
Maritime claims territorial sea: 12 nm

exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Military - note defense is the responsibility of the US
National holiday Discovery Day, first Monday in March (1521)
Nationality noun: Guamanian(s)

adjective: Guamanian
Natural hazards frequent squalls during rainy season; relatively rare, but potentially very destructive typhoons (June - December)
Natural resources fishing (largely undeveloped), tourism (especially from Japan)
Net migration rate 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2005 est.)
Political parties and leaders Democratic Party [leader Michael PHILLIPS]; Republican Party (controls the legislature) [leader Philip J. FLORES]
Political pressure groups and leaders NA
Population 168,564 (July 2005 est.)
Population below poverty line 23% (2001 est.)
Population growth rate 1.46% (2005 est.)
Ports and harbors Apra Harbor
Radio broadcast stations AM 4, FM 7, shortwave 2 (2003)
Religions Roman Catholic 85%, other 15% (1999 est.)
Sex ratio at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.07 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 1.04 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.88 male(s)/female

total population: 1.04 male(s)/female (2005 est.)
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal; US citizens, but do not vote in US presidential elections
Telephone system general assessment: modern system, integrated with US facilities for direct dialing, including free use of 800 numbers

domestic: modern digital system, including cellular mobile service and local access to the Internet

international: country code - 1-671; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (Pacific Ocean); submarine cables to US and Japan (Guam is a trans-Pacific communications hub for MCI, Sprint, AT&T, IT&E, and GTE, linking the US and Asia)
Telephones - main lines in use 84,134 (2001)
Telephones - mobile cellular 32,600 (2001)
Television broadcast stations 5 (1997)
Terrain volcanic origin, surrounded by coral reefs; relatively flat coralline limestone plateau (source of most fresh water), with steep coastal cliffs and narrow coastal plains in north, low hills in center, mountains in south
Total fertility rate 2.6 children born/woman (2005 est.)
Unemployment rate 15% (2000 est.)
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