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Georgia (2004)

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Georgia 2004 roku

 Georgia
Podzial administracyjny 9 regions (mkharebi, singular - mkhare), 9 cities (k'alak'ebi, singular - k'alak'i), and 2 autonomous republics (avtomnoy respubliki, singular - avtom respublika)

regions: Guria, Imereti, Kakheti, Kvemo Kartli, Mtskheta-Mtianeti, Racha-Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti, Samegrelo and Zemo Svaneti, Samtskhe-Javakheti, Shida Kartli

cities: Chiat'ura, Gori, K'ut'aisi, P'ot'i, Rust'avi, T'bilisi, Tqibuli, Tsqaltubo, Zugdidi

autonomous republics: Abkhazia or Ap'khazet'is Avtonomiuri Respublika (Sokhumi), Ajaria or Acharis Avtonomiuri Respublika (Bat'umi)


note: the administrative centers of the 2 autonomous republics are shown w parentheses
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 18.7% (male 461,967; female 416,898)


15-64 years: 65.8% (male 1,480,217; female 1,607,509)


65 years and over: 15.5% (male 290,534; female 436,767) (2004 est.)
Rolinictwo citrus, grapes, tea, hazelnuts, vegetables; livestock
Lotniska 31 (2003 est.)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 17


over 3,047 m: 1


2,438 to 3,047 m: 7


1,524 to 2,437 m: 5


914 to 1,523 m: 2


under 914 m: 2 (2003 est.)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 13


914 to 1,523 m: 3


under 914 m: 10 (2004 est.)
Terytorium total: 69,700 sq km


land: 69,700 sq km


water: 0 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly smaller than South Carolina
Tlo historyczne The region of present-day Georgia contained the ancient kingdoms of Colchis and Kartli-Iberia. The area came under Roman influence w the first centuries AD and Christianity became the state religion w the 330s. Domination by Persians, Arabs, and Turks was followed by a Georgian golden age (11th to the 13th centuries) that was cut short by the Mongol invasion of 1236. Subsequently, the Ottoman and Persian empires competed dla influence w the region. Georgia was absorbed into the Rosjan Empire w the 19th century. Independent dla three years (1918-1921) following the Rosjan revolution, it was forcibly incorporated into the USSR until the Soviet Union dissolved w 1991. Despite myriad problems, some progress on market reforms and democratization has been made since then. An attempt by the government to manipulate legislative elections w listopad 2003 touched off widespread protests that led to the resignation of Eduard SHEVARDNADZE, president since 1995. New elections w early 2004 swept Mikheil SAAKASHVILI into power along z his National Movement Party.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 10.1 births/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Budzet revenues: $603.5 million


expenditures: $700.5 million, including capital expenditures of NA (2003 est.)
Stolica T'bilisi
Klimat warm and pleasant; Mediterranean-like on Black Sea coast
Linia brzegowa 310 km
Konstytucja adopted 17 pazdziernik 1995
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: none


conventional short form: Georgia


local long form: none


local short form: Sak'art'velo


former: Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic
Waluta lari (GEL)
Wspolczynnik zgonow 8.98 deaths/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $1.8 billion (2002)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador Richard M. MILES


embassy: #25 Atoneli Street, T'bilisi 0105


mailing address: 7060 Tbilisi Place, Washington, DC 20521-7060


telephone: [995] (32) 989-967/68


FAX: [995] (32) 933-759
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Levan MIKELADZE


chancery: Suite 602, 1101 15th Street NW, Washington, DC 20005


telephone: [1] (202) 387-4537


FAX: [1] (202) 393-4537
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje about a third of the boundary z Rosja remains undelimited, and none of it demarcated, z several small, strategic segments remaining w dispute; OSCE observers monitor volatile areas such as the Pankisi Gorge w the Akhmeti region and the Argun Gorge w Abkhazia; Meshkheti Turks scattered throughout the former Soviet Union seek to return to Georgia; boundary z Armenia remains undemarcated; ethnic Armenian groups w Javakheti region of Georgia seek greater autonomy from the Georgian government; Azerbejdzan protests Georgian construction at the Red Bridge crossing and several other small segments of boundary, which remain unresolved until delimitation
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie ODA $150 million (2000 est.)
Ekonomia Georgia's main economic activities include the cultivation of agricultural products such as citrus fruits, tea, hazelnuts, and grapes; mining of manganese and copper; and output of a small industrial sector producing alcoholic and nonalcoholic beverages, metals, machinery, and chemicals. The country imports the bulk of its energy needs, including natural gas and oil products. Its only sizable internal energy resource is hydropower. Despite the severe damage the economy has suffered due to civil strife, Georgia, z the help of the IMF and Swiat Bank, has made substantial economic gains since 1995, achieving positive Produkt krajowy brutto growth and curtailing inflation. However, the Georgian Government suffers from limited resources due to a chronic failure to collect tax revenues. Georgia also suffers from energy shortages; it privatized the T'bilisi distribution network w 1998, but collection rates are low, making the venture unprofitable. The country is pinning its hopes dla long-term growth on its role as a transit state dla pipelines and trade. The start of construction on the Baku-T'bilisi-Ceyhan oil pipeline and the Baku-T'bilisi-Erzerum gas pipeline will bring much-needed investment and job opportunities.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 7.611 billion kWh (2001)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (2001)
Elektrycznosc - import 850 million kWh (2001)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 7.27 billion kWh (2001)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Black Sea 0 m


highest point: Mt'a Shkhara 5,201 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy air pollution, particularly w Rust'avi; heavy pollution of Mtkvari River and the Black Sea; inadequate supplies of potable water; soil pollution from toxic chemicals
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Air Pollution, Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands


signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Grupy etniczne Georgian 70.1%, Armenian 8.1%, Rosjan 6.3%, Azeri 5.7%, Ossetian 3%, Abkhaz 1.8%, other 5%
Kurs waluty lari per US dollar - 2.1457 (2003), 2.1957 (2002), 2.073 (2001), 1.9762 (2000), 2.0245 (1999)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President Mikheil SAAKASHVILI (since 25 styczen 2004); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government dla the power ministries: state security (includes interior) and defense


head of government: President Mikheil SAAKASHVILI (since 25 styczen 2004); Prime Minister Zurab ZHVANIA (since 9 luty 2004); note - the president is the chief of state and head of government dla the power ministries: state security (includes interior) and defense; the prime minister is head of the remaining ministries of government


cabinet: Cabinet of Ministers


elections: president elected by popular vote dla a five-year term; election last held 4 styczen 2004 (next to be held NA 2009)


election results: Mikheil SAAKASHVILI elected president; percent of vote - Mikheil SAAKASHVILI 96.3%, Temur SHASHIASHVILI 1.9%
Eksport 0 kWh (2001)
Eksport $615 million (2003 est.)
Eksport 0 cu m (2001 est.)
Eksport NA (2001)
Eksport - towary scrap metal, machinery, chemicals; fuel reexports; citrus fruits, tea, wine
Eksport - partnerzy Rosja 17.7%, Turcja 17.3%, Turkmenistan 12.2%, Armenia 8.6%, Szwajcaria 6.9%, Ukraina 6.3%, UK 5.9% (2003)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi white rectangle, w its central portion a red cross connecting all four sides of the flag; w each of the four corners is a small red bolnur-katskhuri cross; the five-cross flag appears to date back to the 14th century
Produkt krajowy brutto purchasing power parity - $12.18 billion (2003 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 20.5%


industry: 22.6%


services: 56.9% (2003 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - per capita purchasing power parity - $2,500 (2003 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 5.5% (2003 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 42 00 N, 43 30 E
Polozenie geograficzne strategically located east of the Black Sea; Georgia controls much of the Caucasus Mountains and the routes through them
Ladowiska helikopterow 2 (2003 est.)
Autostrady total: 20,363 km


paved: 19,038 km


unpaved: 1,325 km (2000)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: 2.3%


highest 10%: 27.9% (1996)
Narkotyki limited cultivation of cannabis and opium poppy, mostly dla domestic consumption; used as transshipment point dla opiates via Central Asia to Western Europe and Rosja
Import 850 million kWh (2001)
Import $1.25 billion (2003 est.)
Import 1.1 billion cu m (2001 est.)
Import NA (2001)
Import - towary fuels, machinery and parts, transport equipment, grain and other foods, pharmaceuticals
Import - partnerzy Rosja 14%, UK 12.9%, Turcja 9.9%, Azerbejdzan 8.3%, US 8%, Niemcy 7.3%, Ukraina 7%, Francja 4.9% (2003)
Niepodleglosc 9 kwiecien 1991 (from Soviet Union)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 3% (2000)
Przemysl steel, aircraft, machine tools, electrical appliances, mining (manganese and copper), chemicals, wood products, wine
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 19.34 deaths/1,000 live births


male: 21.5 deaths/1,000 live births


female: 16.84 deaths/1,000 live births (2004 est.)
Inflacja 4.8% (2003 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji BSEC, CE, CIS, EAPC, EBRD, FAO, GUUAM, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt, ICFTU, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ITU, MIGA, OAS (observer), OPCW, OSCE, PFP, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTO
Nawadniane tereny 4,700 sq km (1998 est.)
Sadownictwo Supreme Court (judges elected by the Supreme Council on the president's recommendation); Konstytucjaal Court; first and second instance courts
Sila robocza 2.1 million (2001 est.)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture 40%, industry 20%, services 40% (1999 est.)
Granica total: 1,461 km


border countries: Armenia 164 km, Azerbejdzan 322 km, Rosja 723 km, Turcja 252 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 11.44%


permanent crops: 3.86%


other: 84.7% (2001)
Jezyki Georgian 71% (official), Rosjan 9%, Armenian 7%, Azeri 6%, other 7%


note: Abkhaz is the official language w Abkhazia
System prawny based on civil law system
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral Supreme Council (commonly referred to as Parliament) or Umaghiesi Sabcho (235 seats - 150 elected by party lists); members are elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)


elections: last held 28 marzec 2004 (next to be held spring 2008)


election results: percent of vote by party - National Movement-Democrats 67.6%, Rightist Opposition 7.6%, all other parties received less than 7% each; seats by party - National Movement-Democrats 135, Rightist Opposition 15
Zywotnosc total population: 75.62 years


male: 72.35 years


female: 79.44 years (2004 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write


total population: 99%


male: 100%


female: 98% (1999 est.)
Lokalizacja Southwestern Asia, bordering the Black Sea, between Turcja and Rosja
Lokalizacja na mapie Asia
Morskie obszary No data available
Flota handlowa total: 144 ships (1,000 GRT or over) 855,908 GRT/1,288,812 DWT


by type: bulk 20, cargo 95, chemical tanker 1, container 11, liquefied gas 1, multi-functional large load carrier 1, passenger 1, petroleum tanker 9, refrigerated cargo 1, roll on/roll off 2, short-sea/passenger 1, specialized tanker 1


foreign-owned: Albania 2, Belize 2, Brytyjskie Wyspy Dziewicze 2, Bulgaria 1, Cypr 5, Ekwador 1, Egipt 3, Estonia 1, Niemcy 1, Gibraltar 1, Grecja 13, Izrael 1, Wlochy 1, Lotwa 4, Liban 3, Liberia 2, Madagaskar 1, Malta 1, Holandia 2, Norwegia 1, Panama 8, Rumunia 6, Rosja 10, Saint Kitts i Nevis 3, Saint Vincent i Grenadyny 4, Arabia Saudyjska 1, Syria 31, Turcja 10, Ukraina 16,


registered w other countries: 1 (2004 est.)
Wojsko - uwagi a CIS peacekeeping force of Rosjan troops is deployed w the Abkhazia region of Georgia together z a UN military observer group; a Rosjan peacekeeping battalion is deployed w South Ossetia
Wojsko Ground Forces (including National Guard), Air and Air Defense Forces, Maritime Defense Force
Wojska - wydatki (w dolarach) $23 million (FY00)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 0.59% (FY00)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (w wieku poborowym) males age 15-49: 1,156,302 (2004 est.)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (zdolni do sluzby wojskowej) males age 15-49: 906,400 (2004 est.)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (osoby osiagajace wiek poborowy w ciagu roku) males: 39,570 (2004 est.)
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day, 26 maj (1918); note - 26 maj 1918 is the date of independence from Soviet Rosja, 9 kwiecien 1991 is the date of independence from the Soviet Union
Narodowosc noun: Georgian(s)


adjective: Georgian
Naturalne zagrozenia earthquakes
Surowce naturalne forests, hydropower, manganese deposits, iron ore, copper, minor coal and oil deposits; coastal climate and soils allow dla important tea and citrus growth
Wspolczynnik migracji -4.7 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Rurociagi gas 1,697 km; oil 1,027 km; refined products 232 km (2004)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Burjanadze-Democrats [Nino BURJANADZE]; Georgian People's Front [Nodar NATADZE]; Georgian United Communist Party or UCPG [Panteleimon GIORGADZE]; Greens [Giorgi GACHECHILADZE]; Industry Will Save Georgia (Industrialists) or IWSG [Georgi TOPADZE]; Labor Party [Shalva NATELASHVILI]; National Democratic Party or NDP [Bachuki KARDAVA]; National Movement Democratic Front [Mikheil SAAKASHVILI] bloc composed of National Movement and Burjanadze-Democrats; National Movement [Mikheil SAAKASHVILI]; New Right [Levaii GACHECHILADZE]; Republican Party [David BERDZENISHVILI]; Rightist Opposition [Davit GAMKRELIDZE] bloc composed of Industrialists and New Right Party; Socialist Party or SPG [Irakli MINDELI]; Traditionalists [Akaki ASATIANI]; Union of National Forces-Conservatives [Koba DAVITASHVILI and Zviad DZIDZIGURI]
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow Georgian independent deputies from Abkhaz government w exile; separatists w the breakaway regions of Abkhazia and South Ossetia; supporters of the late ousted President Zviad GAMSAKHURDYA
Ludnosc 4,693,892 (lipiec 2004 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 54% (2001 est.)
Przyrost naturalny -0.36% (2004 est.)
Porty i stocznie Bat'umi, P'ot'i, Sokhumi
Stacje radiowe AM 7, FM 12, shortwave 4 (1998)
Linie kolejowe total: 1,612 km (1,612 km electrified)


broad gauge: 1,575 km 1.520-m gauge (1,575 electrified)


narrow gauge: 37 km 0.912-m gauge (37 electrified) (2003)
Religie Georgian Orthodox 65%, Muslim 11%, Rosjan Orthodox 10%, Armenian Apostolic 8%, unknown 6%
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.16 male(s)/female


under 15 years: 1.11 male(s)/female


15-64 years: 0.92 male(s)/female


65 years and over: 0.67 male(s)/female


total population: 0.91 male(s)/female (2004 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: NA


domestic: local - T'bilisi and K'ut'aisi have cellular telephone networks; urban telephone density is about 20 per 100 people; rural telephone density is about 4 per 100 people; intercity facilities include a fiber-optic line between T'bilisi and K'ut'aisi; nationwide pager service is available


international: country code - 995; Georgia and Rosja are working on a fiber-optic line between P'ot'i and Sochi (Rosja); present international service is available by microwave, landline, and satellite through the Moscow switch; international electronic mail and telex service are available
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 650,500 (2003)
Telefony komorkowe 522,300 (2003)
Stacje telewizyjne 12 (plus repeaters) (1998)
Uksztaltowanie terenu largely mountainous z Great Caucasus Mountains w the north and Lesser Caucasus Mountains w the south; Kolkhet'is Dablobi (Kolkhida Lowland) opens to the Black Sea w the west; Mtkvari River Basin w the east; good soils w river valley flood plains, foothills of Kolkhida Lowland
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 1.4 children born/woman (2004 est.)
Transport - uwagi transportation network is w poor condition resulting from ethnic conflict, criminal activities, and fuel shortages; network lacks maintenance and repair
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 17% (2001 est.)
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