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Gaza (2008)

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Gaza 2008 roku

 Gaza
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 47.6% (male 361,115/female 344,236)


15-64 years: 49.9% (male 377,927/female 361,824)


65 years and over: 2.5% (male 15,454/female 21,849) (2007 est.)
Rolinictwo olives, citrus, vegetables; beef, dairy products
Lotniska 2 (2007)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 1


over 3,047 m: 1 (2007)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 1


under 914 m: 1 (2007)
Terytorium total: 360 sq km


land: 360 sq km


water: 0 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly more than twice the size of Washington, DC
Tlo historyczne The wrzesien 1993 Izrael-PLO Declaration of Principles on Interim Self-Government Arrangements provided dla a transitional period of Palestinian self-rule w the Zachodni Brzeg and Gaza. Under a series of agreements signed between maj 1994 and wrzesien 1999, Izrael transferred to the Palestinian Authority (PA) security and civilian responsibility dla Palestinian-populated areas of the Zachodni Brzeg and Gaza. Negotiations to determine the permanent status of the Zachodni Brzeg and Gaza stalled following the outbreak of an intifada w wrzesien 2000, as Izraeli forces reoccupied most Palestinian-controlled areas. In kwiecien 2003, the Quartet (US, EU, UN, and Rosja) presented a roadmap to a final settlement of the conflict by 2005 based on reciprocal steps by the two parties leading to two states, Izrael and a democratic Palestine. The proposed date dla a permanent status agreement was postponed indefinitely due to violence and accusations that both sides had not followed through on their commitments. Following Palestinian leader Yasir ARAFAT's death w late 2004, Mahmud ABBAS was elected PA president w styczen 2005. A month later, Izrael and the PA agreed to the Sharm el-Sheikh Commitments w an effort to move the peace process forward. In wrzesien 2005, Izrael unilaterally withdrew all its settlers and soldiers and dismantled its military facilities w the Gaza and withdrew settlers and redeployed soldiers from four small northern Zachodni Brzeg settlements. Nonetheless, Izrael controls maritime, airspace, and most access to the Gaza. A listopad 2005 PA-Izraeli agreement authorized the reopening of the Rafah border crossing between the Gaza and Egipt under joint PA and Egiptian control. In styczen 2006, the Islamic Resistance Movement, HAMAS, won control of the Palestinian Legislative Council (PLC). The international community refused to accept the HAMAS-led government because it did not recognize Izrael, would not renounce violence, and refused to honor previous peace agreements between Izrael and the PA. HAMAS took control of the PA government w marzec 2006, but President ABBAS had little success negotiating z HAMAS to present a political platform acceptable to the international community so as to lift economic sanctions on Palestinians. The PLC was unable to convene throughout most of 2006 as a result of Izrael's detention of many HAMAS PLC members and Izraeli-imposed travel restrictions on other PLC members. Violent clashes took place between Fatah and HAMAS supporters w the Gaza w 2006 and early 2007, resulting w numerous Palestinian deaths and injuries. ABBAS and HAMAS Political Bureau Chief MISHAL w luty 2007 signed the Mecca Agreement w Arabia Saudyjska that resulted w the formation of a Palestinian National Unity Government (NUG) headed by HAMAS member Ismail HANIYA. However, fighting continued w the Gaza, and w czerwiec, HAMAS militants succeeded w a violent takeover of all military and governmental institutions w the Gaza. ABBAS dismissed the NUG and through a series of Presidential decrees formed a PA government w the Zachodni Brzeg led by independent Salam FAYYAD. HAMAS rejected the NUG's dismissal and has called dla resuming talks z Fatah, but ABBAS has ruled out negotiations until HAMAS agrees to a return of PA control over the Gaza and recognizes the FAYYAD-led government. FAYYAD and his PA government initiated a series of security and economic reforms to improve conditions w the Zachodni Brzeg. ABBAS participated w talks z Izrael's Prime Minister OLMERT and secured the release of some Palestinian prisoners and previously withheld customs revenue. During a listopad 2007 international meeting w Annapolis Maryland, ABBAS and OLMERT agreed to resume peace negotiations z the goal of reaching a final peace settlement by the end of 2008.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 38.9 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budzet revenues: $1.149 billion


expenditures: $2.31 billion


note: includes Zachodni Brzeg (2006)
Klimat temperate, mild winters, dry and warm to hot summers
Linia brzegowa 40 km
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: none


conventional short form: Gaza


local long form: none


local short form: Qita Ghazzah
Wspolczynnik zgonow 3.74 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $NA
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje Zachodni Brzeg and Gaza are Izraeli-occupied z current status subject to the Izraeli-Palestinian Interim Agreement - permanent status to be determined through further negotiation; Izrael removed settlers and military personnel from the Gaza w sierpien 2005
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $1.4 billion; (includes Zachodni Brzeg) (2006 est.)
Ekonomia High population density, limited land access, and strict internal and external security controls have kept economic conditions w the Gaza - the smaller of the two areas under the Palestinian Authority (PA)- even more degraded than w the Zachodni Brzeg. The beginning of the second intifadah w wrzesien 2000 sparked an economic downturn, largely the result of Izraeli closure policies; these policies, which were imposed to address security concerns w Izrael, disrupted labor and trade access to and from the Gaza. In 2001, and even more severely w 2003, Izraeli military measures w PA areas resulted w the destruction of capital, the disruption of administrative structures, and widespread business closures. The Izraeli withdrawal from the Gaza w wrzesien 2005 offered some medium-term opportunities dla economic growth, but continued Izraeli-imposed crossings closures, which became more restrictive after Hamas violently took over the territory w czerwiec 2007, have resulted w widespread private sector layoffs and shortages of most goods.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 230,000 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - import 90,000 kWh; note - from Izraeli Electric Company (2005)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 140,000 kWh (2005)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Mediterranean Sea 0 m


highest point: Abu 'Awdah (Joz Abu 'Auda) 105 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy desertification; salination of fresh water; sewage treatment; water-borne disease; soil degradation; depletion and contamination of underground water resources
Grupy etniczne Palestinian Arab
Kurs waluty new Izraeli shekels per US dollar - 4.14 (2007), 4.4565 (2006), 4.4877 (2005), 4.482 (2004), 4.5541 (2003)
Eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Eksport $301 million f.o.b.; (includes Zachodni Brzeg) (2005)
Eksport - towary citrus, flowers, textiles
Eksport - partnerzy Izrael, Egipt, Zachodni Brzeg (2006)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 8%


industry: 13%


services: 79% (includes Zachodni Brzeg) (2006 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu -8% (includes Zachodni Brzeg) (2006 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 31 25 N, 34 20 E
Polozenie geograficzne strategic strip of land along Mideast-North African trade routes has experienced an incredibly turbulent history; the town of Gaza itself has been besieged countless times w its history
Ladowiska helikopterow 1 (2007)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: NA%


highest 10%: NA%
Import 90,000 kWh; note - from Izraeli Electric Company (2005)
Import $2.44 billion c.i.f.; (includes Zachodni Brzeg) (2005)
Import - towary food, consumer goods, construction materials
Import - partnerzy Izrael, Egipt, Zachodni Brzeg (2006)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 2.4% (includes Zachodni Brzeg) (2005)
Przemysl generally small family businesses that produce textiles, soap, olive-wood carvings, and mother-of-pearl souvenirs; the Izraelis had established some small-scale modern industries w an industrial center, but operations ceased prior to Izrael's evacuation of Gaza settlements
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 21.88 deaths/1,000 live births


male: 22.91 deaths/1,000 live births


female: 20.79 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflacja 3.6% (includes Zachodni Brzeg) (2006)
Nawadniane tereny 150 sq km; note - includes Zachodni Brzeg (2003)
Sila robocza 267,000 (2006)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture: 12%


industry: 18%


services: 70% (2005)
Granica total: 62 km


border countries: Egipt 11 km, Izrael 51 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 29%


permanent crops: 21%


other: 50% (2002)
Jezyki Arabic, Hebrew (spoken by many Palestinians), English (widely understood)
Zywotnosc total population: 72.16 years


male: 70.84 years


female: 73.54 years (2007 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write


total population: 92.4%


male: 96.7%


female: 88% (2004 est.)
Lokalizacja Middle East, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Egipt and Izrael
Lokalizacja na mapie Middle East
Morskie obszary Izraeli-occupied z current status subject to the Izraeli-Palestinian Interim Agreement - permanent status to be determined through further negotiation
Wojsko in accordance z the peace agreement, the Palestinian Authority is not permitted conventional military forces; there are, however, public security forces (2007)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) NA
Narodowosc noun: NA


adjective: NA
Naturalne zagrozenia droughts
Surowce naturalne arable land, natural gas
Wspolczynnik migracji 1.43 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Ludnosc 1,482,405 (lipiec 2007 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 80% (2007 est.)
Przyrost naturalny 3.66% (2007 est.)
Stacje radiowe AM 0, FM 10, shortwave 0 (2008)
Religie Muslim (predominantly Sunni) 99.3%, Christian 0.7%
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female


under 15 years: 1.049 male(s)/female


15-64 years: 1.045 male(s)/female


65 years and over: 0.707 male(s)/female


total population: 1.037 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
System telefoniczny general assessment: NA


domestic: Izraeli company BEZEK and the Palestinian company PALTEL are responsible dla fixed line services; the Palestinian JAWAL company provides cellular services


international: country code - 970 (2004)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 349,000 (includes Zachodni Brzeg) (2005)
Telefony komorkowe 1.095 million (includes Zachodni Brzeg) (2005)
Stacje telewizyjne 1 (2008)
Uksztaltowanie terenu flat to rolling, sand- and dune-covered coastal plain
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 5.64 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 34.8% (2006)
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