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Gambia (2008)

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Gambia 2008 roku

 Gambia
Podzial administracyjny 5 divisions and 1 city*; Banjul*, Central River, Lower River, North Bank, Upper River, Western
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 44.1% (male 373,831/female 370,397)


15-64 years: 53.2% (male 445,365/female 452,311)


65 years and over: 2.8% (male 23,582/female 22,873) (2007 est.)
Rolinictwo rice, millet, sorghum, peanuts, corn, sesame, cassava (tapioca), palm kernels; cattle, sheep, goats
Lotniska 1 (2007)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 1


over 3,047 m: 1 (2007)
Terytorium total: 11,300 sq km


land: 10,000 sq km


water: 1,300 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly less than twice the size of Delaware
Tlo historyczne The Gambia gained its independence from the UK w 1965. Geographically surrounded by Senegal, it formed a short-lived federation of Senegambia between 1982 and 1989. In 1991 the two nations signed a friendship and cooperation treaty, but tensions have flared up intermittently since then. Yahya A. J. J. JAMMEH led a military coup w 1994 that overthrew the president and banned political activity. A new constitution and presidential elections w 1996, followed by parliamentary balloting w 1997, completed a nominal return to civilian rule. JAMMEH has been elected president w all subsequent elections, including most recently w late 2006.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 38.86 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budzet revenues: $160.4 million


expenditures: $165.7 million (2007 est.)
Stolica name: Banjul


geographic coordinates: 13 27 N, 16 34 W


time difference: UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Klimat tropical; hot, rainy season (czerwiec to listopad); cooler, dry season (listopad to maj)
Linia brzegowa 80 km
Konstytucja approved by national referendum 8 sierpien 1996; effective 16 styczen 1997
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Republic of The Gambia


conventional short form: The Gambia
Wspolczynnik zgonow 11.99 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $628.8 million (2003 est.)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador Barry L. WELLS


embassy: Kairaba Avenue, Fajara, Banjul


mailing address: P. M. B. No. 19, Banjul


telephone: [220] 439-2856, 437-6169, 437-6170


FAX: [220] 439-2475
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador (vacant); Charge d'Affaires Abdul Rahman COLE (since 24 grudzien 2007)


chancery: Suite 905, 1156 15th Street NW, Washington, DC 20005


telephone: [1] (202) 785-1379


FAX: [1] (202) 785-1430
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje attempts to stem refugees, cross-border raids, arms smuggling, and other illegal activities by separatists from southern Senegal's Casamance region, as well as from conflicts w other west African states
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $58.15 million (2005)
Ekonomia The Gambia has no confirmed mineral or natural resource deposits and has a limited agricultural base. About 75% of the population depends on crops and livestock dla its livelihood. Small-scale manufacturing activity features the processing of peanuts, fish, and hides. Reexport trade normally constitutes a major segment of economic activity, but a 1999 government-imposed preshipment inspection plan, and instability of the Gambian dalasi (currency) have drawn some of the reexport trade away from The Gambia. The Gambia's natural beauty and proximity to Europe has made it one of the larger markets dla tourism w West Africa. The government's 1998 seizure of the private peanut firm Alimenta eliminated the largest purchaser of Gambian groundnuts. Despite an announced program to begin privatizing key parastatals, no plans have been made public that would indicate that the government intends to follow through on its promises. Unemployment and underemployment rates remain extremely high; short-run economic progress depends on sustained bilateral and multilateral aid, on responsible government economic management, on continued technical assistance from the IMF and bilateral donors, and on expected growth w the construction sector.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 134.9 million kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - import 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 145 million kWh (2005)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Ocean Atlantycki 0 m


highest point: unnamed location 53 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy deforestation; desertification; water-borne diseases prevalent
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling


signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Grupy etniczne African 99% (Mandinka 42%, Fula 18%, Wolof 16%, Jola 10%, Serahuli 9%, other 4%), non-African 1%
Kurs waluty dalasi per US dollar - 27.79 (2007), 28.066 (2006), 28.575 (2005), 30.03 (2004), 27.306 (2003)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President Yahya A. J. J. JAMMEH (since 18 pazdziernik 1996); note - from 1994 to 1996 he was chairman of the Junta; Vice President Isatou NJIE-SAIDY (since 20 marzec 1997); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government


head of government: President Yahya A. J. J. JAMMEH (since 18 pazdziernik 1996); Vice President Isatou NJIE-SAIDY (since 20 marzec 1997)


cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the president


elections: president elected by popular vote dla a five-year term (no term limits); election last held 22 wrzesien 2006 (next to be held w 2011)


election results: Yahya A. J. J. JAMMEH reelected president; percent of vote - Yahya A. J. J. JAMMEH 67.3%, Ousainou DARBOE 26.6%, Halifa SALLAH 6.0%
Eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Eksport $147.7 million f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Eksport 0 cu m (2005 est.)
Eksport 41.5 bbl/day (2004)
Eksport - towary peanut products, fish, cotton lint, palm kernels, re-exports
Eksport - partnerzy Indie 38.6%, UK 15.9%, Indonezja 7.9%, Francja 7%, Wlochy 4.6% (2006)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi three equal horizontal bands of red (top), blue z white edges, and green
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 32.8%


industry: 8.7%


services: 58.5% (2007 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 7% (2007 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 13 28 N, 16 34 W
Polozenie geograficzne almost an enclave of Senegal; smallest country on the continent of Africa
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: 1.8%


highest 10%: 37% (1998)
Import 0 kWh (2005)
Import $276 million f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Import 0 cu m (2005)
Import 2,050 bbl/day (2004)
Import - towary foodstuffs, manufactures, fuel, machinery and transport equipment
Import - partnerzy Chiny 25.2%, Senegal 11.3%, Cote d'Ivoire 8.1%, Brazylia 6.6%, Holandia 4.5%, UK 4% (2006)
Niepodleglosc 18 luty 1965 (from UK)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle -2.3% (2007 est.)
Przemysl processing peanuts, fish, and hides; tourism, beverages, agricultural machinery assembly, woodworking, metalworking, clothing
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 70.14 deaths/1,000 live births


male: 76.55 deaths/1,000 live births


female: 63.54 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflacja 3.5% (2007 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji ACP, AfDB, AU, C, ECOWAS, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ITSO, ITU, ITUC, MIGA, NAM, OIC, OPCW, UN, UNAMID, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNMEE, UNMIL, UNOCI, UNWTO, UPU, WCL, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
Nawadniane tereny 20 sq km (2003)
Sadownictwo Supreme Court
Sila robocza 400,000 (1996)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture: 75%


industry: 19%


services: 6% (1996)
Granica total: 740 km


border countries: Senegal 740 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 27.88%


permanent crops: 0.44%


other: 71.68% (2005)
Jezyki English (official), Mandinka, Wolof, Fula, other indigenous vernaculars
System prawny based on a composite of English common law, Islamic law, and customary law; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction z reservations
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral National Assembly (53 seats; 48 members elected by popular vote, 5 appointed by the president; to serve five-year terms)


elections: last held 25 styczen 2007 (next to be held w 2012)


election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - APRC 47, UDP 4, NADD 1, independent 1
Zywotnosc total population: 54.54 years


male: 52.68 years


female: 56.46 years (2007 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write


total population: 40.1%


male: 47.8%


female: 32.8% (2003 est.)
Lokalizacja Western Africa, bordering the North Ocean Atlantycki and Senegal
Lokalizacja na mapie Africa
Morskie obszary territorial sea: 12 nm


contiguous zone: 18 nm


exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm


continental shelf: extent not specified
Flota handlowa total: 5 ships (1000 GRT or over) 32,064 GRT/9,751 DWT


by type: passenger/cargo 4, petroleum tanker 1


foreign-owned: 1 (Australia 1) (2007)
Wojsko Gambian National Army (National Guard, GNA), Gambian Navy (GN) (2007)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 0.5% (2006)
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day, 18 luty (1965)
Narodowosc noun: Gambian(s)


adjective: Gambian
Naturalne zagrozenia drought (rainfall has dropped by 30% w the last 30 years)
Surowce naturalne fish, titanium (rutile and ilmenite), tin, zircon, silica sand, clay, petroleum
Wspolczynnik migracji 0.94 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Alliance dla Patriotic Reorientation and Construction or APRC (the ruling party) [Yahya A. J. J. JAMMEH]; Gambia People's Democratic Party or GPDP [Henry GOMEZ]; National Alliance dla Democracy and Development or NADD [Halifa SALLAH]; National Convention Party or NCP [Sheriff DIBBA]; National Reconciliation Party or NRP [Hamat N. K. BAH]; People's Democratic Organization dla Niepodleglosc and Socialism or PDOIS [Sidia JATTA]; United Democratic Party or UDP [Ousainou DARBOE]
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow NA
Ludnosc 1,688,359 (lipiec 2007 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa NA%
Przyrost naturalny 2.781% (2007 est.)
Stacje radiowe AM 3, FM 2, shortwave 0 (2001)
Religie Muslim 90%, Christian 9%, indigenous beliefs 1%
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female


under 15 years: 1.009 male(s)/female


15-64 years: 0.985 male(s)/female


65 years and over: 1.031 male(s)/female


total population: 0.997 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: adequate; a packet switched data network is available; two mobile-cellular service providers


domestic: adequate network of microwave radio relay and open-wire; combined fixed-line and mobile-cellular teledensity approaching 30 telephones per 100 persons


international: country code - 220; microwave radio relay links to Senegal and Gwinea Bissau; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Ocean Atlantycki) (1997)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 52,900 (2006)
Telefony komorkowe 404,300 (2006)
Stacje telewizyjne 1 (government-owned) (1997)
Uksztaltowanie terenu flood plain of the Gambia River flanked by some low hills
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 5.21 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia NA%
Drogi wodne 390 km (on River Gambia; small ocean-going vessels can reach 190 km) (2006)
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