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French Polynesia (2008)

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 French Polynesia
Administrative divisions none (overseas lands of France); there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government, but there are five archipelagic divisions named Archipel des Marquises, Archipel des Tuamotu, Archipel des Tubuai, Iles du Vent, Iles Sous-le-Vent
Age structure 0-14 years: 25.4% (male 36,223/female 34,677)

15-64 years: 68.2% (male 98,784/female 91,585)

65 years and over: 6.3% (male 8,933/female 8,761) (2007 est.)
Agriculture - products fish; coconuts, vanilla, vegetables, fruits, coffee; poultry, beef, dairy products
Airports 54 (2007)
Airports - with paved runways total: 37

over 3,047 m: 2

1,524 to 2,437 m: 5

914 to 1,523 m: 27

under 914 m: 3 (2007)
Airports - with unpaved runways total: 17

914 to 1,523 m: 9

under 914 m: 8 (2007)
Area total: 4,167 sq km (118 islands and atolls)

land: 3,660 sq km

water: 507 sq km
Area - comparative slightly less than one-third the size of Connecticut
Background The French annexed various Polynesian island groups during the 19th century. In September 1995, France stirred up widespread protests by resuming nuclear testing on the Mururoa atoll after a three-year moratorium. The tests were suspended in January 1996. In recent years, French Polynesia's autonomy has been considerably expanded.
Birth rate 16.41 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budget revenues: $865 million

expenditures: $644.1 million (1999)
Capital name: Papeete

geographic coordinates: 17 32 S, 149 34 W

time difference: UTC-10 (5 hours behind Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Climate tropical, but moderate
Coastline 2,525 km
Constitution 4 October 1958 (French Constitution)
Country name conventional long form: Overseas Lands of French Polynesia

conventional short form: French Polynesia

local long form: Pays d'outre-mer de la Polynesie Francaise

local short form: Polynesie Francaise

former: French Colony of Oceania
Death rate 4.61 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Debt - external $NA
Dependency status overseas lands of France; overseas territory of France from 1946-2004
Diplomatic representation from the US none (overseas lands of France)
Diplomatic representation in the US none (overseas lands of France)
Disputes - international none
Economic aid - recipient $579.8 million (2004)
Economy - overview Since 1962, when France stationed military personnel in the region, French Polynesia has changed from a subsistence agricultural economy to one in which a high proportion of the work force is either employed by the military or supports the tourist industry. With the halt of French nuclear testing in 1996, the military contribution to the economy fell sharply. Tourism accounts for about one-fourth of GDP and is a primary source of hard currency earnings. Other sources of income are pearl farming and deep-sea commercial fishing. The small manufacturing sector primarily processes agricultural products. The territory benefits substantially from development agreements with France aimed principally at creating new businesses and strengthening social services.
Electricity - consumption 429.7 million kWh (2005)
Electricity - exports 0 kWh (2005)
Electricity - imports 0 kWh (2005)
Electricity - production 462 million kWh (2005)
Elevation extremes lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m

highest point: Mont Orohena 2,241 m
Environment - current issues NA
Ethnic groups Polynesian 78%, Chinese 12%, local French 6%, metropolitan French 4%
Exchange rates Comptoirs Francais du Pacifique francs (XPF) per US dollar - NA (2007), 95.03 (2006), 95.89 (2005), 96.04 (2004), 105.66 (2003)

note: pegged at the rate of 119.25 XPF to the euro
Executive branch chief of state: President Nicolas SARKOZY (since 16 May 2007), represented by High Commissioner of the Republic Anne BOQUET (since September 2005)

head of government: President of French Polynesia Oscar TEMARU (since 13 September 2007); note - President TEMARU resigned on 27 January 2008; President of the Territorial Assembly Antony GEROS (since 9 May 2004)

cabinet: Council of Ministers; president submits a list of members of the Territorial Assembly for approval by them to serve as ministers

elections: French president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; high commissioner appointed by the French president on the advice of the French Ministry of Interior; president of the territorial government and the president of the Territorial Assembly are elected by the members of the assembly for five-year terms (no term limits)
Exports 0 kWh (2005)
Exports $211 million f.o.b. (2005 est.)
Exports 0 cu m (2005 est.)
Exports 0 bbl/day (2004)
Exports - commodities cultured pearls, coconut products, mother-of-pearl, vanilla, shark meat
Exports - partners France 46.3%, Japan 20.8%, Niger 12.8%, US 12.5% (2006)
Fiscal year calendar year
Flag description two narrow red horizontal bands encase a wide white band; centered on the white band is a disk with a blue and white wave pattern on the lower half and a gold and white ray pattern on the upper half; a stylized red, blue, and white ship rides on the wave pattern; the French flag is used for official occasions
GDP - composition by sector agriculture: 3.1%

industry: 19%

services: 76.9% (2005)
GDP - real growth rate 5.1% (2002)
Geographic coordinates 15 00 S, 140 00 W
Geography - note includes five archipelagoes (4 volcanic, 1 coral); Makatea in French Polynesia is one of the three great phosphate rock islands in the Pacific Ocean - the others are Banaba (Ocean Island) in Kiribati and Nauru
Government - note under certain acts of France, French Polynesia has acquired autonomy in all areas except those relating to police and justice, monetary policy, tertiary education, immigration, and defense and foreign affairs; the duties of its president are fashioned after those of the French prime minister
Heliports 1 (2007)
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%: NA%

highest 10%: NA%
Imports 0 kWh (2005)
Imports $1.706 billion f.o.b. (2005 est.)
Imports 0 cu m (2005)
Imports 5,678 bbl/day (2004)
Imports - commodities fuels, foodstuffs, machinery and equipment
Imports - partners France 52.7%, Singapore 14.9%, NZ 6.8%, US 6.6% (2006)
Independence none (overseas lands of France)
Industrial production growth rate NA%
Industries tourism, pearls, agricultural processing, handicrafts, phosphates
Infant mortality rate total: 7.84 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 9.01 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 6.62 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 1.1% (2006 est.)
International organization participation FZ, ITUC, PIF (associate member), SPC, UPU, WMO
Irrigated land 10 sq km (2003)
Judicial branch Court of Appeal or Cour d'Appel; Court of the First Instance or Tribunal de Premiere Instance; Court of Administrative Law or Tribunal Administratif
Labor force 65,930 (December 2005)
Labor force - by occupation agriculture: 13%

industry: 19%

services: 68% (2002)
Land boundaries 0 km
Land use arable land: 0.75%

permanent crops: 5.5%

other: 93.75% (2005)
Languages French 61.1% (official), Polynesian 31.4% (official), Asian languages 1.2%, other 0.3%, unspecified 6% (2002 census)
Legal system the laws of France, where applicable, apply
Legislative branch unicameral Territorial Assembly or Assemblee Territoriale (57 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)

elections: last held 27 January 2008 (first round) and 10 February 2008 (second round) (next to be held NA 2013)

election results: percent of vote by party - Our Home alliance 45.2%, Union for Democracy alliance 37.2%, Popular Rally (Tahoeraa Huiraatira) 17.2% other 0.5%; seats by party - Our Home alliance 27, Union for Democracy alliance 20, Popular Rally 10

note: one seat was elected to the French Senate on 27 September 1998 (next to be held in September 2007); results - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - NA; two seats were elected to the French National Assembly on 9 June-16 June 2002 (next to be held in 2007); results - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - UMP/RPR 1, UMP 1
Life expectancy at birth total population: 76.31 years

male: 73.88 years

female: 78.86 years (2007 est.)
Literacy definition: age 14 and over can read and write

total population: 98%

male: 98%

female: 98% (1977 est.)
Location Oceania, archipelagoes in the South Pacific Ocean about one-half of the way from South America to Australia
Map references Oceania
Maritime claims territorial sea: 12 nm

exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Merchant marine total: 13 ships (1000 GRT or over) 23,684 GRT/17,291 DWT

by type: cargo 4, passenger 2, passenger/cargo 5, refrigerated cargo 1, roll on/roll off 1

registered in other countries: 2 (Wallis and Futuna 2) (2007)
Military - note defense is the responsibility of France
Military branches no regular military forces; Gendarmerie and National Police Force
National holiday Bastille Day, 14 July (1789)
Nationality noun: French Polynesian(s)

adjective: French Polynesian
Natural hazards occasional cyclonic storms in January
Natural resources timber, fish, cobalt, hydropower
Net migration rate 2.81 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Political parties and leaders Alliance for a New Democracy or ADN [Nicole BOUTEAU and Philip SCHYLE](includes the parties The New Star and This Country is Yours); Independent Front for the Liberation of Polynesia (Tavini Huiraatira) [Oscar TEMARU]; New Fatherland Party (Ai'a Api) [Emile VERNAUDON]; Our Home alliance; People's Rally for the Republic of Polynesia or RPR (Tahoeraa Huiraatira) [Gaston FLOSSE]; Union for Democracy alliance or UPD [Oscar TEMARU]
Political pressure groups and leaders NA
Population 278,963 (July 2007 est.)
Population below poverty line NA%
Population growth rate 1.461% (2007 est.)
Radio broadcast stations AM 2, FM 14, shortwave 2 (1998)
Religions Protestant 54%, Roman Catholic 30%, other 10%, no religion 6%
Sex ratio at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.045 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 1.079 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 1.02 male(s)/female

total population: 1.066 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal
Telephone system general assessment: NA

domestic: NA

international: country code - 689; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Pacific Ocean)
Telephones - main lines in use 53,600 (2006)
Telephones - mobile cellular 152,000 (2006)
Television broadcast stations 7 (plus 17 repeaters) (1997)
Terrain mixture of rugged high islands and low islands with reefs
Total fertility rate 1.98 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Unemployment rate 11.7% (2005)
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