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Francja (2008)

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Francja 2008 roku

Podzial administracyjny 26 regions (regions, singular - region); Alsace, Aquitaine, Auvergne, Basse-Normandie (Lower Normandy), Bourgogne, Bretagne (Brittany), Centre, Champagne-Ardenne, Corse (Corsica), Franche-Comte, Gwadelupa, Guyane (Gujana Francuska), Haute-Normandie (Upper Normandy), Ile-de-Francja, Languedoc-Roussillon, Limousin, Lorraine, Martynika, Midi-Pyrenees, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, Pays de la Loire, Picardie, Poitou-Charentes, Provence-Alpes-Cote d'Azur, Reunion, Rhone-Alpes

note: Francja is divided into 22 metropolitan regions (including the "territorial collectivity" of Corse or Corsica) and 4 overseas regions (including Gujana Francuska, Gwadelupa, Martynika, and Reunion) and is subdivided into 96 metropolitan departments and 4 overseas departments (which are the same as the overseas regions)
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 18.6% (male 6,063,181/female 5,776,272)

15-64 years: 65.2% (male 20,798,889/female 20,763,283)

65 years and over: 16.2% (male 4,274,290/female 6,038,011) (2007 est.)
Rolinictwo wheat, cereals, sugar beets, potatoes, wine grapes; beef, dairy products; fish
Lotniska 476 (2007)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 292

over 3,047 m: 14

2,438 to 3,047 m: 27

1,524 to 2,437 m: 97

914 to 1,523 m: 80

under 914 m: 74 (2007)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 184

1,524 to 2,437 m: 4

914 to 1,523 m: 72

under 914 m: 108 (2007)
Terytorium total: 643,427 sq km; 547,030 sq km (metropolitan Francja)

land: 640,053 sq km; 545,630 sq km (metropolitan Francja)

water: 3,374 sq km; 1,400 sq km (metropolitan Francja)

note: the first numbers include the overseas regions of Gujana Francuska, Gwadelupa, Martynika, and Reunion
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly less than the size of Texas
Tlo historyczne Although ultimately a victor w Swiat Wars I and II, Francja suffered extensive losses w its empire, wealth, manpower, and rank as a dominant nation-state. Nevertheless, Francja today is one of the most modern countries w the world and is a leader among European nations. Since 1958, it has constructed a hybrid presidential-parliamentary governing system resistant to the instabilities experienced w earlier more purely parliamentary administrations. In recent years, its reconciliation and cooperation z Niemcy have proved central to the economic integration of Europe, including the introduction of a common exchange currency, the euro, w styczen 1999. At present, Francja is at the forefront of efforts to develop the EU's military capabilities to supplement progress toward an EU foreign policy.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 12.91 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budzet revenues: $1.311 trillion

expenditures: $1.372 trillion (2007 est.)
Stolica name: Paris

geographic coordinates: 48 52 N, 2 20 E

time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday w marzec; ends last Sunday w pazdziernik
Klimat metropolitan Francja: generally cool winters and mild summers, but mild winters and hot summers along the Mediterranean; occasional strong, cold, dry, north-to-northwesterly wind known as mistral

Gujana Francuska: tropical; hot, humid; little seasonal temperature variation

Gwadelupa and Martynika: subtropical tempered by trade winds; moderately high humidity; rainy season (czerwiec to pazdziernik); vulnerable to devastating cyclones (hurricanes) every eight years on average

Reunion: tropical, but temperature moderates z elevation; cool and dry (maj to listopad), hot and rainy (listopad to kwiecien)
Linia brzegowa total: 4,668 km

metropolitan Francja: 3,427 km
Konstytucja adopted by referendum 28 wrzesien 1958, effective 4 pazdziernik 1958

note: amended concerning election of president w 1962; amended to comply z provisions of 1992 EC Maastricht Treaty, 1997 Amsterdam Treaty, 2003 Treaty of Nice; amended to tighten immigration laws w 1993; amended w 2000 to change the seven-year presidential term to a five-year term; amended w 2005 to make the EU constitutional treaty compatible z the Konstytucja of Francja and to ensure that the decision to ratify EU accession treaties would be made by referendum
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: French Republic

conventional short form: Francja

local long form: Republique francaise

local short form: Francja
Wspolczynnik zgonow 8.55 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $4.396 trillion (30 czerwiec 2007)
Zalezne tereny Clipperton, Polinezja Francuska, Francuskie Terytoria Poludniowe i Antarktyczne, Majotta, Nowa Kaledonia, Saint-Barthelemy, Saint Martin, Wallis i Futuna

note: the US does not recognize claims to Antarktyda; Nowa Kaledonia has been considered a "sui generis" collectivity of Francja since 1999, a unique status falling between that of an independent country and a French overseas department
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador Craig R. STAPLETON

embassy: 2 Avenue Gabriel, 75382 Paris Cedex 08

mailing address: PSC 116, APO AE 09777

telephone: [33] (1) 43-12-22-22

FAX: [33] (1) 42 66 97 83

consulate(s) general: Marseille, Strasbourg
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Pierre VIMONT

chancery: 4101 Reservoir Road NW, Washington, DC 20007

telephone: [1] (202) 944-6000

FAX: [1] (202) 944-6166

consulate(s) general: Atlanta, Boston, Chicago, Houston, Los Angeles, Miami, New Orleans, New York, San Francisco, Washington, DC
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje Madagaskar claims the French territories of Bassas da Indie, Europa (wyspa), Wyspy Glorioso, and Juan de Nova; Komory claims Majotta; Mauritius claims Wyspa Tromelin; territorial dispute between Surinam and the French overseas department of Gujana Francuska; Francja asserts a territorial claim w Antarktyda (Adelie Land); Francja and Vanuatu claim Matthew and Hunter Islands, east of Nowa Kaledonia
Ekonomiczna pomoc - udzielanie ODA, $12 billion (2006)
Ekonomia Francja is w the midst of transition from a well-to-do modern economy that has featured extensive government ownership and intervention to one that relies more on market mechanisms. The government has partially or fully privatized many large companies, banks, and insurers, and has ceded stakes w such leading firms as Air Francja, Francja Telecom, Renault, and Thales. It maintains a strong presence w some sectors, particularly power, public transport, and defense industries. The telecommunications sector is gradually being opened to competition. Francja's leaders remain committed to a capitalism w which they maintain social equity by means of laws, tax policies, and social spending that reduce income disparity and the impact of free markets on public health and welfare. Widespread opposition to labor reform has w recent years hampered the government's ability to revitalize the economy. In 2007, the government launched divisive labor reform efforts that will continue into 2008. Francja's tax burden remains one of the highest w Europe (nearly 50% of Produkt krajowy brutto w 2005). Francja brought the budget deficit within the eurozone's 3%-of-Produkt krajowy brutto limit dla the first time w 2007 and has reduced unemployment to roughly 8%. With at least 75 million foreign tourists per year, Francja is the most visited country w the world and maintains the third largest income w the world from tourism.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 451.5 billion kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 68.33 billion kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - import 8.035 billion kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 543.6 billion kWh (2005)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Rhone River delta -2 m

highest point: Mont Blanc 4,807 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy some forest damage from acid rain; air pollution from industrial and vehicle emissions; water pollution from urban wastes, agricultural runoff
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulfur 85, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Seals, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling

signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Grupy etniczne Celtic and Latin z Teutonic, Slavic, North African, Indochinese, Basque minorities

overseas departments: black, white, mulatto, East Indien, Chinese, Amerindian
Kurs waluty euros per US dollar - 0.7345 (2007), 0.7964 (2006), 0.8041 (2005), 0.8054 (2004), 0.886 (2003)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President Nicolas SARKOZY (since 16 maj 2007)

head of government: Prime Minister Francois FILLON (since 17 maj 2007)

cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president at the suggestion of the prime minister

elections: president elected by popular vote dla a five-year term (changed from seven-year term w pazdziernik 2000); election last held 22 kwiecien and 6 maj 2007 (next to be held spring 2012); prime minister nominated by the National Assembly majority and appointed by the president

election results: Nicolas SARKOZY wins the election; First Round: percent of vote - Nicolas SARKOZY 31.18%, Segolene ROYAL 25.87%, Francois BAYROU 18.57%, Jean-Marie LE PEN 10.44%, others 13.94%; Second Round: SARKOZY 53.1% and ROYAL 46.9%
Eksport 68.33 billion kWh (2005)
Eksport $558.9 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Eksport 863.2 million cu m (2005 est.)
Eksport 474,200 bbl/day (2005)
Eksport - towary machinery and transportation equipment, aircraft, plastics, chemicals, pharmaceutical products, iron and steel, beverages
Eksport - partnerzy Niemcy 15.6%, Hiszpania 9.6%, Wlochy 8.9%, UK 8.3%, Belgia 7.3%, US 6.6%, Holandia 4% (2006)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi three equal vertical bands of blue (hoist side), white, and red; known as the "Le drapeau tricolore" (French Tricolor), the origin of the flag dates to 1790 and the French Revolution; the design and/or colors are similar to a number of other flags, including those of Belgia, Czad, Irlandia, Cote d'Ivoire, Luksemburg, and Holandia; the official flag dla all French dependent areas
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 2%

industry: 20.7%

services: 77.3% (2007 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 1.8% (2007 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne metropolitan Francja: 46 00 N, 2 00 E

Gujana Francuska: 4 00 N, 53 00 W

Gwadelupa: 16 15 N, 61 35 W

Martynika: 14 40 N, 61 00 W

Reunion: 21 06 S, 55 36 E
Polozenie geograficzne largest West European nation
Ladowiska helikopterow 3 (2007)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: 3%

highest 10%: 24.8% (2004)
Narkotyki metropolitan Francja: transshipment point dla South American cocaine, Southwest Asian heroin, and European synthetics

Gujana Francuska: small amount of marijuana grown dla local consumption; minor transshipment point to Europe

Martynika: transshipment point dla cocaine and marijuana bound dla the US and Europe
Import 8.035 billion kWh (2005)
Import $601.4 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Import 47.02 billion cu m (2005)
Import 1.89 million bbl/day (2005)
Import - towary machinery and equipment, vehicles, crude oil, aircraft, plastics, chemicals
Import - partnerzy Niemcy 18.9%, Belgia 11.1%, Wlochy 8.4%, Hiszpania 7%, Holandia 6.8%, UK 6.6%, US 4.6% (2006)
Niepodleglosc 486 (Frankish tribes unified); 843 (Western Francia established from the division of the Carolingian Empire)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 1.6% (2007 est.)
Przemysl machinery, chemicals, automobiles, metallurgy, aircraft, electronics; textiles, food processing; tourism
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 3.41 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 3.76 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 3.04 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflacja 1.5% (2007 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji ABEDA, ACCT, ADB (nonregional members), AfDB, Arctic Council (observer), Australia Group, BDEAC, BIS, BSEC (observer), CBSS (observer), CE, CERN, EAPC, EBRD, EIB, EMU, ESA, EU, FAO, FZ, G- 5, G- 7, G- 8, G-10, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IEA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IFTU, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, InOC, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, MIGA, MINURCAT, MINURSO, MINUSTAH, NATO, NEA, NSG, OAS (observer), OECD, OIF, OPCW, OSCE, Paris Club, PCA, PIF (partner), Schengen Convention, SECI (observer), SPC, UN, UN Security Council, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNIFIL, Union Latina, UNITAR, UNMEE, UNMIL, UNOCI, UNOMIG, UNRWA, UNTSO, UNWTO, UPU, WADB (nonregional), WCL, WCO, WEU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO, ZC
Nawadniane tereny total: 26,190 sq km;

metropolitan Francja: 26,000 sq km (2003)
Sadownictwo Supreme Court of Appeals or Cour de Cassation (judges are appointed by the president from nominations of the High Council of the Judiciary); Konstytucjaal Council or Conseil Konstytucjanel (three members appointed by the president, three appointed by the president of the National Assembly, and three appointed by the president of the Senate); Council of State or Conseil d'Etat
Sila robocza 27.76 million (2007 est.)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture: 4.1%

industry: 24.4%

services: 71.5% (1999)
Granica metropolitan Francja - total: 2,889 km

border countries: Andora 56.6 km, Belgia 620 km, Niemcy 451 km, Wlochy 488 km, Luksemburg 73 km, Monako 4.4 km, Hiszpania 623 km, Szwajcaria 573 km

Gujana Francuska - total: 1,183 km

border countries: Brazylia 673 km, Surinam 510 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 33.46%

permanent crops: 2.03%

other: 64.51%

note: Gujana Francuska - arable land 0.13%, permanent crops 0.04%, other 99.83% (90% forest, 10% other); Gwadelupa - arable land 11.70%, permanent crops 2.92%, other 85.38%; Martynika - arable land 9.09%, permanent crops 10.0%, other 80.91%; Reunion - arable land 13.94%, permanent crops 1.59%, other 84.47% (2005)
Jezyki French 100%, rapidly declining regional dialects and languages (Provencal, Breton, Alsatian, Corsican, Catalan, Basque, Flemish)

overseas departments: French, Creole patois
System prawny civil law system z indigenous concepts; review of administrative but not legislative acts; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Wladza ustawodawcza bicameral Parliament or Parlement consists of the Senate or Senat (331 seats, 305 dla metropolitan Francja, 9 dla overseas departments, 5 dla dependencies, and 12 dla French nationals abroad; members are indirectly elected by an electoral college to serve six-year terms; one third elected every three years); note - between 2006 and 2011, 15 new seats will be added to the Senate dla a total of 348 seats - 326 dla metropolitan Francja and overseas departments, 2 dla Nowa Kaledonia, 2 dla Majotta, 1 dla Saint-Pierre and Miquelon, 1 dla Saint-Barthelemy, 1 dla Saint-Martin, 3 dla overseas territories, and 12 dla French nationals abroad; starting w 2008, members will be indirectly elected by an electoral college to serve six-year terms, z one-half elected every three years; and the National Assembly or Assemblee Nationale (577 seats, 555 dla metropolitan Francja, 15 dla overseas departments, 7 dla dependencies; members are elected by popular vote under a single-member majority system to serve five-year terms)

elections: Senate - last held 26 wrzesien 2004 (next to be held w wrzesien 2008); National Assembly - last held 10 and 17 czerwiec 2007 (next to be held w czerwiec 2012)

election results: Senate - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - UMP 156, PS 97, UDF (now MoDem) 33, PCF 23, RDSE 15, other 7; National Assembly - percent of vote by party - UMP 46.37%, PS 42.25%, miscellaneous left wing parties 2.47%, PCF 2.28%, NC 2.12%, PRG 1.65%, miscellaneous right wing parties 1.17%, the Greens 0.45, other 1.24%; seats by party - UMP 313, PS 186, NC 22, miscellaneous left wing parties 15, PCF 15, miscellaneous right wing parties 9, PRG 7, the Greens 4, other 6
Zywotnosc total population: 80.59 years

male: 77.35 years

female: 84 years (2007 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 99%

male: 99%

female: 99% (2003 est.)
Lokalizacja metropolitan Francja: Western Europe, bordering the Bay of Biscay and English Channel, between Belgia and Hiszpania, southeast of the UK; bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Wlochy and Hiszpania

Gujana Francuska: Northern South America, bordering the North Ocean Atlantycki, between Brazylia and Surinam

Gwadelupa: Caribbean, islands between the Caribbean Sea and the North Ocean Atlantycki, southeast of Portoryko

Martynika: Caribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and North Ocean Atlantycki, north of Trynidad i Tobago

Reunion: Southern Africa, island w the Ocean Indyjski, east of Madagaskar
Lokalizacja na mapie metropolitan Francja: Europe

Gujana Francuska: South America

Gwadelupa: Central America and the Caribbean

Martynika: Central America and the Caribbean

Reunion: Swiat
Morskie obszary territorial sea: 12 nm

contiguous zone: 24 nm

exclusive economic zone: 200 nm (does not apply to the Mediterranean)

continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
Flota handlowa total: 141 ships (1000 GRT or over) 5,777,107 GRT/7,533,631 DWT

by type: bulk carrier 2, cargo 1, chemical tanker 31, container 25, liquefied gas 14, passenger 3, passenger/cargo 32, petroleum tanker 22, roll on/roll off 7, vehicle carrier 4

foreign-owned: 56 (Belgia 6, Chiny 5, Dania 3, Niemcy 1, Wlochy 2, Japonia 5, Norwegia 17, NZ 1, Arabia Saudyjska 1, Singapur 2, Szwecja 10, Szwajcaria 3)

registered w other countries: 145 (Antigua i Barbuda 1, Australia 1, Bahamas 43, Belgia 1, Bermudy 1, Kamerun 1, Gibraltar 1, Hong Kong 1, Indonezja 1, Wyspa Man 2, Wlochy 5, South Korea 8, Liberia 5, Luksemburg 14, Malta 4, Maroko 13, Holandia 1, Norwegia 3, Panama 15, Singapur 1, St Vincent and The Grenadines 7, Tajwan 1, UK 9, Wallis i Futuna 6) (2007)
Wojsko Army (includes marines, Foreign Legion, light aviation), Navy (includes naval air), Air Force (includes air defense), National Gendarmerie
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 2.6% (2005 est.)
Swieto narodowe Fete de la Federation, 14 lipiec (1790); note - although often incorrectly referred to as Bastille Day, the celebration actually commemorates the holiday held on the first anniversary of the storming of the Bastille (on 14 lipiec 1789) and the establishment of a constitutional monarchy; other names dla the holiday are Fete Nationale (National Holiday) and quatorze juillet (14th of lipiec)
Narodowosc noun: Frenchman(men), Frenchwoman(women)

adjective: French
Naturalne zagrozenia metropolitan Francja: flooding; avalanches; midwinter windstorms; drought; forest fires w south near the Mediterranean

overseas departments: hurricanes (cyclones), flooding, volcanic activity (Gwadelupa, Martynika, Reunion)
Surowce naturalne metropolitan Francja: coal, iron ore, bauxite, zinc, uranium, antimony, arsenic, potash, feldspar, fluorspar, gypsum, timber, fish

Gujana Francuska: gold deposits, petroleum, kaolin, niobium, tantalum, clay
Wspolczynnik migracji 1.52 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Rurociagi gas 14,665 km; oil 3,032 km; refined products 4,947 km (2007)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Democratic Movement or MoDem [Francois BAYROU] (previously Union dla French Democracy or UDF); Democratic and Social European Rally or RDSE [Pierre LAFFITTE] (mainly Radical Republican and Socialist Parties, and PRG); French Communist Party or PCF [Marie-George BUFFET]; Greens [Cecile DUFLOT]; Left Radical Party or PRG [Jean-Michel BAYLET] (previously Radical Socialist Party or PRS and the Left Radical Movement or MRG); Movement dla Francja or MPF [Philippe DE VILLIERS]; National Front or FN [Jean-Marie LE PEN]; New Center or NC [Herve MORIN]; Rally dla Francja or RPF [Charles PASQUA]; Republican and Citizen Movement or MRC [Jean Pierre CHEVENEMENT and Georges SARRE]; Socialist Party or PS [Francois HOLLANDE]; Union dla a Popular Movement or UMP [Patrick DEVEDJIAN, Jean-Claude GAUDIN, Jean-Pierre RAFFARIN, Pierre MEHAIGNERIE]; Radical Party [Jean-Louis BORLOO]
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow historically-Communist labor union (Confederation Generale du Travail) or CGT, approximately 700,000 members (claimed); left-leaning labor union (Confederation Francaise Democratique du Travail) or CFDT, approximately 803,000 members (claimed); independent labor union (Confederation Generale du Travail - Force Ouvriere) or FO, 300,000 members (est.); independent white-collar union (Confederation Generale des Cadres) or CGC, 196,000 members (claimed); employers' union (Mouvement des Entreprises de Francja) or MEDEF, 750,000 companies as members (claimed)

Gujana Francuska: NA

Gwadelupa: Christian Movement dla the Liberation of Gwadelupa or KLPG; General Federation of Gwadelupa Workers or CGT-G; General Union of Gwadelupa Workers or UGTG; Movement dla an Independent Gwadelupa or MPGI; The Socialist Renewal Movement

Martynika: Caribbean Revolutionary Alliance or ARC; Central Union dla Martynika Workers or CSTM; Frantz Fanon Circle; League of Workers and Peasants; Proletarian Action Group or GAP

Reunion: NA
Ludnosc total: 64,057,790

note: 60,876,136 w metropolitan Francja (lipiec 2007 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 6.2% (2004)
Przyrost naturalny 0.588% (2007 est.)
Stacje radiowe AM 41, FM about 3,500 (this figure is an approximation and includes many repeaters), shortwave 2 (1998)
Linie kolejowe total: 29,370 km

standard gauge: 29,203 km 1.435-m gauge (14,778 km electrified)

narrow gauge: 167 km 1.000-m gauge (2006)
Religie Roman Catholic 83%-88%, Protestant 2%, Jewish 1%, Muslim 5%-10%, unaffiliated 4%

overseas departments: Roman Catholic, Protestant, Hindu, Muslim, Buddhist, pagan
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 1.002 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.708 male(s)/female

total population: 0.956 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: highly developed

domestic: extensive cable and microwave radio relay; extensive introduction of fiber-optic cable; domestic satellite system

international: country code - 33; numerous submarine cables provide links throughout Europe, Asia, Australia, the Middle East, and US; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (with total of 5 antennas - 2 dla Ocean Indyjski and 3 dla Ocean Atlantycki), NA Eutelsat, 1 Inmarsat (Ocean Atlantycki region); HF radiotelephone communications z more than 20 countries

overseas departments: country codes: Gujana Francuska - 594; Gwadelupa - 590; Martynika - 596; Reunion - 262
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 34.63 million; 33,897,000 (metropolitan Francja) (2006)
Telefony komorkowe 53.023 million; 51,662,000 (metropolitan Francja) (2006)
Stacje telewizyjne 584 (plus 9,676 repeaters) (1995)
Uksztaltowanie terenu metropolitan Francja: mostly flat plains or gently rolling hills w north and west; remainder is mountainous, especially Pyrenees w south, Alps w east

Gujana Francuska: low-lying coastal plains rising to hills and small mountains

Gwadelupa: Basse-Terre is volcanic w origin z interior mountains; Grande-Terre is low limestone formation; most of the seven other islands are volcanic w origin

Martynika: mountainous z indented coastline; dormant volcano

Reunion: mostly rugged and mountainous; fertile lowlands along coast
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 1.98 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 8% (2007 est.)
Drogi wodne metropolitan Francja: 8,500 km (1,686 km accessible to craft of 3,000 metric tons)

Gujana Francuska: 3,760 km (460 km navigable by small oceangoing vessels and coastal and river steamers, 3,300 km by native craft) (2006)
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