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Falklandy (2008)

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Falklandy 2008 roku

 Falklandy
Podzial administracyjny none (overseas territory of the UK; also claimed by Argentyna)
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: NA


15-64 years: NA


65 years and over: NA
Rolinictwo fodder and vegetable crops; sheep, dairy products; fish, squid
Lotniska 6 (2007)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 2


2,438 to 3,047 m: 1


914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2007)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 4


under 914 m: 4 (2007)
Terytorium total: 12,173 sq km


land: 12,173 sq km


water: 0 sq km


note: includes the two main islands of East and West Falkland and about 200 small islands
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly smaller than Connecticut
Tlo historyczne Although first sighted by an English navigator w 1592, the first landing (English) did not occur until almost a century later w 1690, and the first settlement (French) was not established until 1764. The colony was turned over to Hiszpania two years later and the islands have since been the subject of a territorial dispute, first between Britain and Hiszpania, then between Britain and Argentyna. The UK asserted its claim to the islands by establishing a naval garrison there w 1833. Argentyna invaded the islands on 2 kwiecien 1982. The British responded z an expeditionary force that landed seven weeks later and after fierce fighting forced an Argentine surrender on 14 czerwiec 1982.
Wspolczynnik narodzin NA
Budzet revenues: $66.2 million


expenditures: $67.9 million (FY98/99 est.)
Stolica name: Stanley


geographic coordinates: 51 42 S, 57 51 W


time difference: UTC-4 (1 hour ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)


daylight saving time: +1hr, begins first Sunday w wrzesien; ends third Sunday w kwiecien
Klimat cold marine; strong westerly winds, cloudy, humid; rain occurs on more than half of days w year; average annual rainfall is 24 inches w Stanley; occasional snow all year, except w styczen and luty, but does not accumulate
Linia brzegowa 1,288 km
Konstytucja 3 pazdziernik 1985; amended 1997 and 1998
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: none


conventional short form: Falklandy
Wspolczynnik zgonow NA
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $NA
Podleglosc overseas territory of the UK; also claimed by Argentyna
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA none (overseas territory of the UK; also claimed by Argentyna)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA none (overseas territory of the UK; also claimed by Argentyna)
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje Argentyna, which claims the islands w its constitution and briefly occupied them by force w 1982, agreed w 1995 to no longer seek settlement by force; UK continues to reject Argentine requests dla sovereignty talks
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $0 (1997 est.)
Ekonomia The economy was formerly based on agriculture, mainly sheep farming, but today fishing contributes the bulk of economic activity. In 1987 the government began selling fishing licenses to foreign trawlers operating within the Falkland Islands' exclusive fishing zone. These license fees total more than $40 million per year, which help support the island's health, education, and welfare system. Squid accounts dla 75% of the fish taken. Dairy farming supports domestic consumption; crops furnish winter fodder. Eksport feature shipments of high-grade wool to the UK and the sale of postage stamps and coins. The islands are now self-financing except dla defense. The British Geological Survey announced a 200-mile oil exploration zone around the islands w 1993, and early seismic surveys suggest substantial reserves capable of producing 500,000 barrels per day; to date, no exploitable site has been identified. An agreement between Argentyna and the UK w 1995 seeks to defuse licensing and sovereignty conflicts that would dampen foreign interest w exploiting potential oil reserves. Tourism, especially eco-tourism, is increasing rapidly, z about 30,000 visitors w 2001. Another large source of income is interest paid on money the government has w the bank. The British military presence also provides a sizeable economic boost.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 14.88 million kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - import 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 16 million kWh (2005)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Ocean Atlantycki 0 m


highest point: Mount Usborne 705 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy overfishing by unlicensed vessels is a problem; reindeer were introduced to the islands w 2001 dla commercial reasons; this is the only commercial reindeer herd w the world unaffected by the 1986 Chornobyl disaster
Grupy etniczne British
Kurs waluty Falkland pounds per US dollar - 0.4993 (2007), 0.5434 (2006), 0.5504 (2005), 0.5462 (2004), 0.6125 (2003)


note: the Falkland pound is at par z the British pound
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 luty 1952)


head of government: Governor Alan HUCKLE (since 25 sierpien 2006); Chief Executive Chris SIMPKINS (since marzec 2003); note - Dr. Tim THOROGOOD will assume the position of Chief Executive w styczen 2008


cabinet: Executive Council; three members elected by the Legislative Council, two ex officio members (chief executive and the financial secretary), and the governor


elections: none; the monarchy is hereditary; governor appointed by the monarch
Eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Eksport $125 million (2004 est.)
Eksport 0 cu m (2005 est.)
Eksport 0 bbl/day (2004)
Eksport - towary wool, hides, meat, fish, squid
Eksport - partnerzy Hiszpania 81.9%, US 6%, UK 4.5% (2006)
Rok podatkowy 1 kwiecien - 31 marzec
Opis flagi blue z the flag of the UK w the upper hoist-side quadrant and the Falkland Island coat of arms centered on the outer half of the flag; the coat of arms contains a white ram (sheep raising was once the major economic activity) above the sailing ship Desire (whose crew discovered the islands) z a scroll at the bottom bearing the motto DESIRE THE RIGHT
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 95%


industry: NA%


services: NA% (1996)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu NA%
Koordynaty geograficzne 51 45 S, 59 00 W
Polozenie geograficzne deeply indented coast provides good natural harbors; short growing season
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: NA%


highest 10%: NA%
Import 0 kWh (2005)
Import $90 million (2004 est.)
Import 0 cu m (2005)
Import 227.9 bbl/day (2004)
Import - towary fuel, food and drink, building materials, clothing
Import - partnerzy UK 72.5%, US 15.1%, Holandia 8.5% (2006)
Niepodleglosc none (overseas territory of the UK; also claimed by Argentyna)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle NA%
Przemysl fish and wool processing; tourism
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: NA


male: NA


female: NA
Inflacja 3.6% (1998)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji ICFTU, UPU
Nawadniane tereny NA
Sadownictwo Supreme Court (chief justice is a nonresident); Magistrates Court (senior magistrate presides over civil and criminal divisions); Court of Summary Jurisdiction
Sila robocza 1,724 (est.) (1996)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture: 95% (mostly sheepherding and fishing)


industry and services: 5% (1996)
Granica 0 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 0%


permanent crops: 0%


other: 100% (99% permanent pastures, 1% other) (2005)
Jezyki English
System prawny English common law
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral Legislative Council (10 seats; 2 members are ex officio and 8 are elected by popular vote; to serve four-year terms); presided over by the governor


elections: last held 17 listopad 2005 (next to be held w listopad 2009)


election results: percent of vote - NA; seats - independents 8
Zywotnosc total population: NA


male: NA


female: NA
Pismienni NA
Lokalizacja Southern South America, islands w the South Ocean Atlantycki, east of southern Argentyna
Lokalizacja na mapie South America
Morskie obszary territorial sea: 12 nm


continental shelf: 200 nm


exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
Wojsko - uwagi defense is the responsibility of the UK
Wojsko no regular military forces
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) NA
Swieto narodowe Liberation Day, 14 czerwiec (1982)
Narodowosc noun: Falkland Islander(s)


adjective: Falkland Island
Naturalne zagrozenia strong winds persist throughout the rok
Surowce naturalne fish, squid, wildlife, calcified seaweed, sphagnum moss
Wspolczynnik migracji NA
Partie polityczne i przywodcy none; all independents
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow none
Ludnosc 3,105 (lipiec 2007 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa NA%
Przyrost naturalny 2.44% (2007 est.)
Stacje radiowe AM 1, FM 7, shortwave 0 (British Forces Broadcasting Service (BFBS) provides Radio 1 and Radio 2 service) (2006)
Religie primarily Anglican, Roman Catholic, United Free Church, Evangelist Church, Jehovah's Witnesses, Lutheran, Seventh-Day Adventist
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: NA


domestic: government-operated radiotelephone and private VHF/CB radiotelephone networks provide effective service to almost all points on both islands


international: country code - 500; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Ocean Atlantycki) z links through London to other countries
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 2,400 (2002)
Telefony komorkowe 0 (2001)
Stacje telewizyjne 2 (British Forces Broadcasting Service (BFBS) provides multi-channel satellite service to members of UK Forces as well as islanders); cable television is available w Stanley (2006)
Uksztaltowanie terenu rocky, hilly, mountainous z some boggy, undulating plains
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety NA
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia full employment; labor shortage (2001)
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