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Dominica (2002)

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Dominica 2002 year

Administrative divisions 10 parishes; Saint Andrew, Saint David, Saint George, Saint John, Saint Joseph, Saint Luke, Saint Mark, Saint Patrick, Saint Paul, Saint Peter
Age structure 0-14 years: 28.3% (male 10,052; female 9,800)

15-64 years: 63.8% (male 23,011; female 21,782)

65 years and over: 7.9% (male 2,245; female 3,268) (2002 est.)
Agriculture - products bananas, citrus, mangoes, root crops, coconuts, cocoa; forest and fishery potential not exploited
Airports 2 (2001)
Airports - with paved runways total: 2

914 to 1,523 m: 2 (2002)
Area total: 754 sq km

land: 754 sq km

water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative slightly more than four times the size of Washington, DC
Background Dominica was the last of the Caribbean islands to be colonized by Europeans, due chiefly to the fierce resistance of the native Caribs. France ceded possession to Great Britain in 1763, which made the island a colony in 1805. In 1980, two years after independence, Dominica's fortunes improved when a corrupt and tyrannical administration was replaced by that of Mary Eugenia CHARLES, the first female prime minister in the Caribbean, who remained in office for 15 years. Some 3,000 Carib Indians still living on Dominica are the only pre-Columbian population remaining in the eastern Caribbean.
Birth rate 17.3 births/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Budget revenues: $72 million

expenditures: $79.9 million, including capital expenditures of $11.5 million (FY97/98)
Capital Roseau
Climate tropical; moderated by northeast trade winds; heavy rainfall
Coastline 148 km
Constitution 3 November 1978
Country name conventional long form: Commonwealth of Dominica

conventional short form: Dominica
Currency East Caribbean dollar (XCD)
Death rate 7.11 deaths/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Debt - external $150 million (2000) (2000)
Diplomatic representation from the US the US does not have an embassy in Dominica; US interests are served by the embassy in Bridgetown, Barbados
Diplomatic representation in the US chief of mission: Ambassador Swinburne LESTRADE

chancery: 3216 New Mexico Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20016

telephone: [1] (202) 364-6781

FAX: [1] (202) 364-6791

consulate(s) general: New York
Disputes - international none
Economic aid - recipient $24.4 million (1995) (1995)
Economy - overview The Dominican economy depends on agriculture, primarily bananas, and remains highly vulnerable to climatic conditions. Hurricane Luis devastated the country's banana crop in 1995 after tropical storms wiped out a quarter of the 1994 crop. The subsequent recovery has been fueled by increases in construction, soap production, and tourist arrivals. Development of the tourism industry remains difficult however, because of the rugged coastline, lack of beaches, and the absence of an international airport. Economic growth is sluggish, and unemployment is greater than 20%. The government has been attempting to develop an offshore financial sector in order to diversify the island's production base.
Electricity - consumption 62.31 million kWh (2000)
Electricity - exports 0 kWh (2000)
Electricity - imports 0 kWh (2000)
Electricity - production 67 million kWh (2000)
Electricity - production by source fossil fuel: 48%

hydro: 52%

nuclear: 0%

other: 0% (2000)
Elevation extremes lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m

highest point: Morne Diablatins 1,447 m
Environment - current issues NA
Environment - international agreements party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Whaling

signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Ethnic groups black, mixed black and European, European, Syrian, Carib Amerindian
Exchange rates East Caribbean dollars per US dollar - 2.7000 (fixed rate since 1976)
Executive branch chief of state: President Vernon Lordon SHAW (since 6 October 1998)

head of government: Prime Minister Pierre CHARLES (since 1 October 2000); note - assumed post after death of Prime Minister Roosevelt DOUGLAS

cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the president on the advice of the prime minister

elections: president elected by the House of Assembly for a five-year term; election last held 6 October 1998 (next to be held NA October 2003); prime minister appointed by the president

election results: Vernon Lordon SHAW elected president; percent of legislative vote - NA%
Exports 0 kWh (2000)
Exports $49 million f.o.b. (2000 est.)
Exports - commodities bananas, soap, bay oil, vegetables, grapefruit, oranges
Exports - partners Caricom countries 47%, UK 36%, US 7% (1996 est.)
Fiscal year 1 July - 30 June
Flag description green, with a centered cross of three equal bands - the vertical part is yellow (hoist side), black, and white and the horizontal part is yellow (top), black, and white; superimposed in the center of the cross is a red disk bearing a sisserou parrot encircled by 10 green, five-pointed stars edged in yellow; the 10 stars represent the 10 administrative divisions (parishes)
GDP purchasing power parity - $262 million (2001 est.)
GDP - composition by sector agriculture: 18%

industry: 23%

services: 59% (2001 est.)
GDP - per capita purchasing power parity - $3,700 (2001 est.)
GDP - real growth rate -3.2% (2001 est.)
Geographic coordinates 15 25 N, 61 20 W
Geography - note known as "The Nature Island of the Caribbean" due to its spectacular, lush, and varied flora and fauna, which are protected by an extensive natural park system; the most mountainous of the Lesser Antilles, its volcanic peaks are cones of lava craters and include Boiling Lake, the second-largest, thermally active lake in the world
Highways total: 780 km

paved: 390 km

unpaved: 390 km (2001)
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%: NA%

highest 10%: NA%
Illicit drugs transshipment point for narcotics bound for the US and Europe; minor cannabis producer; anti-money-laundering enforcement is weak, making the country particularly vulnerable to money laundering
Imports 0 kWh (2000)
Imports $132 million c.i.f. (2000 est.)
Imports - commodities manufactured goods, machinery and equipment, food, chemicals
Imports - partners US 41%, Caricom countries 25%, UK 13%, Netherlands, Canada (1996 est.)
Independence 3 November 1978 (from UK)
Industrial production growth rate -10% (1997 est.)
Industries soap, coconut oil, tourism, copra, furniture, cement blocks, shoes
Infant mortality rate 15.94 deaths/1,000 live births (2002 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 1% (2001 est.)
International organization participation ACCT, ACP, C, Caricom, CDB, ECLAC, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, ISO (subscriber), ITU, NAM (observer), OAS, OECS, OPANAL, OPCW, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTrO
Internet Service Providers (ISPs) 16 (2000)
Irrigated land NA sq km
Judicial branch Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court, consisting of the Court of Appeal and the High Court (located in Saint Lucia; one of the six judges must reside in Dominica and preside over the Court of Summary Jurisdiction)
Labor force 25,000
Labor force - by occupation agriculture 40%, industry and commerce 32%, services 28%
Land boundaries 0 km
Land use arable land: 4%

permanent crops: 16%

other: 80% (1998 est.)
Languages English (official), French patois
Legal system based on English common law
Legislative branch unicameral House of Assembly (30 seats, 9 appointed senators, 21 elected by popular vote; members serve five-year terms)

elections: last held 31 January 2000 (next to be held by 17 July 2005) note - tradition dictates that the election will be held within five years of the last election, but technically it is five years from the first seating of parliament (17 April 2000) plus a 90 day grace period

election results: percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party -DLP 10, UWP 9, DFP 2
Life expectancy at birth total population: 73.86 years

male: 70.98 years

female: 76.88 years (2002 est.)
Literacy definition: age 15 and over has ever attended school

total population: 94%

male: 94%

female: 94% (1970 est.)
Location Caribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, about one-half of the way from Puerto Rico to Trinidad and Tobago
Map references Central America and the Caribbean
Maritime claims contiguous zone: 24 NM

exclusive economic zone: 200 NM

territorial sea: 12 NM
Merchant marine none (2002 est.)
Military branches Commonwealth of Dominica Police Force (including Special Service Unit, Coast Guard)
Military expenditures - dollar figure $NA
Military expenditures - percent of GDP NA%
National holiday Independence Day, 3 November (1978)
Nationality noun: Dominican(s)

adjective: Dominican
Natural hazards flash floods are a constant threat; destructive hurricanes can be expected during the late summer months
Natural resources timber, hydropower, arable land
Net migration rate -18.26 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Political parties and leaders Dominica Freedom Party or DFP [Charles SAVARIN]; Dominica Labor Party or DLP [Pierre CHARLES]; United Workers Party or UWP [Edison JAMES]
Political pressure groups and leaders Dominica Liberation Movement or DLM (a small leftist party)
Population 70,158 (July 2002 est.)
Population below poverty line NA%
Population growth rate -0.81% (2002 est.)
Ports and harbors Portsmouth, Roseau
Radio broadcast stations AM 3, FM 10, shortwave 0 (1998)
Radios 46,000 (1997)
Railways 0 km
Religions Roman Catholic 77%, Protestant 15% (Methodist 5%, Pentecostal 3%, Seventh-Day Adventist 3%, Baptist 2%, other 2%), none 2%, other 6%
Sex ratio at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.03 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 1.06 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.69 male(s)/female

total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2002 est.)
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal
Telephone system general assessment: NA

domestic: fully automatic network

international: microwave radio relay and SHF radiotelephone links to Martinique and Guadeloupe; VHF and UHF radiotelephone links to Saint Lucia
Telephones - main lines in use 19,000 (1996)
Telephones - mobile cellular 461 (1996)
Television broadcast stations 0 (however, there is one cable television company) (1997)
Terrain rugged mountains of volcanic origin
Total fertility rate 2.01 children born/woman (2002 est.)
Unemployment rate 23% (2000 est.)
Waterways none
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