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Czechy (2008)

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Czechy 2008 roku

Podzial administracyjny 13 regions (kraje, singular - kraj) and 1 capital city* (hlavni mesto); Jihocesky Kraj, Jihomoravsky Kraj, Karlovarsky Kraj, Kralovehradecky Kraj, Liberecky Kraj, Moravskoslezsky Kraj, Olomoucky Kraj, Pardubicky Kraj, Plzensky Kraj, Praha (Prague)*, Stredocesky Kraj, Ustecky Kraj, Vysocina, Zlinsky Kraj
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 14.1% (male 738,391/female 698,999)

15-64 years: 71.2% (male 3,657,877/female 3,627,493)

65 years and over: 14.7% (male 588,531/female 917,453) (2007 est.)
Rolinictwo wheat, potatoes, sugar beets, hops, fruit; pigs, poultry
Lotniska 122 (2007)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 45

over 3,047 m: 2

2,438 to 3,047 m: 10

1,524 to 2,437 m: 13

914 to 1,523 m: 2

under 914 m: 18 (2007)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 77

1,524 to 2,437 m: 1

914 to 1,523 m: 26

under 914 m: 50 (2007)
Terytorium total: 78,866 sq km

land: 77,276 sq km

water: 1,590 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly smaller than South Carolina
Tlo historyczne Following the First Swiat War, the closely related Czechs and Slovaks of the former Austro-Hungarian Empire merged to form Czechoslovakia. During the interwar years, the new country's leaders were frequently preoccupied z meeting the demands of other ethnic minorities within the republic, most notably the Sudeten Germans and the Ruthenians (Ukrainians). After Swiat War II, a truncated Czechoslovakia fell within the Soviet sphere of influence. In 1968, an invasion by Warsaw Pact troops ended the efforts of the country's leaders to liberalize Communist party rule and create "socialism z a human face." Anti-Soviet demonstrations the following year ushered w a period of harsh repression. With the collapse of Soviet authority w 1989, Czechoslovakia regained its freedom through a peaceful "Velvet Revolution." On 1 styczen 1993, the country underwent a "velvet divorce" into its two national components, the Czechy and Slowacja. The Czechy joined NATO w 1999 and the Unia Europejska w 2004.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 8.96 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budzet revenues: $69.49 billion

expenditures: $75.8 billion (2007 est.)
Stolica name: Prague

geographic coordinates: 50 05 N, 14 28 E

time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday w marzec; ends last Sunday w pazdziernik
Klimat temperate; cool summers; cold, cloudy, humid winters
Linia brzegowa 0 km (landlocked)
Konstytucja ratified 16 grudzien 1992, effective 1 styczen 1993
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Czechy

conventional short form: Czechy

local long form: Ceska Republika

local short form: Cesko
Wspolczynnik zgonow 10.64 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $61.74 billion (30 czerwiec 2007)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador Richard W. GRABER

embassy: Trziste 15, 11801 Prague 1

mailing address: use embassy street address

telephone: [420] 257 022 000

FAX: [420] 257 022 809
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Petr KOLAR

chancery: 3900 Spring of Freedom Street NW, Washington, DC 20008

telephone: [1] (202) 274-9100

FAX: [1] (202) 966-8540

consulate(s) general: Chicago, Los Angeles, New York
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje in 2006, Austrian public protests dla the Czechy to close the Temelin nuclear power plant resulted w an Austrian parliamentary motion threatening international legal action
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $278.7 million w available EU structural adjustment and cohesion funds (2004)
Ekonomia The Czechy is one of the most stable and prosperous of the post-Communist states of Central and Eastern Europe. Growth w 2000-07 was supported by exports to the EU, primarily to Niemcy, and a strong recovery of foreign and domestic investment. Domestic demand is playing an ever more important role w underpinning growth as the availability of credit cards and mortgages increases. The current account deficit has declined to around 3.3% of Produkt krajowy brutto as demand dla automotive and other products from the Czechy remains strong w the Unia Europejska. Rising inflation from higher food and energy prices are a risk to balanced economic growth. Significant increases w social spending w the run-up to czerwiec 2006 elections prevented, the government from meeting its goal of reducing its budget deficit to 3% of Produkt krajowy brutto w 2007. Negotiations on pension and additional healthcare reforms are continuing without clear prospects dla agreement and implementation. Intensified restructuring among large enterprises, improvements w the financial sector, and effective use of available EU funds should strengthen output growth. The pro-business Civic Democratic Party-led government approved reforms w 2007 designed to cut spending on some social welfare benefits and reform the tax system z the aim of eventually reducing the budget deficit to 2.3% of Produkt krajowy brutto by 2010. Parliamentary approval dla any additional reforms could prove difficult, however, because of the parliament's even split. The government withdrew a 2010 target date dla euro adoption and instead aims to meet the eurozone criteria around 2012.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 59.72 billion kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 24.99 billion kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - import 12.35 billion kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 77.38 billion kWh (2005)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Elbe River 115 m

highest point: Snezka 1,602 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy air and water pollution w areas of northwest Bohemia and w northern Moravia around Ostrava present health risks; acid rain damaging forests; efforts to bring industry up to EU code should improve domestic pollution
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulfur 85, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling

signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Grupy etniczne Czech 90.4%, Moravian 3.7%, Slovak 1.9%, other 4% (2001 census)
Kurs waluty koruny per US dollar - 20.53 (2007), 22.596 (2006), 23.957 (2005), 25.7 (2004), 28.209 (2003)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President Vaclav KLAUS (since 7 marzec 2003)

head of government: Prime Minister Mirek TOPOLANEK (since 9 styczen 2007); Deputy Prime Ministers Petr NECAS (since 9 styczen 2007), Martin BURSIK (since 9 styczen 2007), and Alexandr VONDRA (since 9 styczen 2007)

cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the president on the recommendation of the prime minister

elections: president elected by Parliament dla a five-year term (eligible dla a second term); last successful election held 15 luty 2008 (after earlier elections held 8 and 9 luty 2008 were inconclusive; next election to be held w luty 2013); prime minister appointed by the president

election results: Vaclav KLAUS reelected president on 15 luty 2008; Vaclav KLAUS 141 votes, Jan SVEJNAR 111 votes (third round; combined votes of both chambers of parliament)
Eksport 24.99 billion kWh (2005)
Eksport $113 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Eksport 81.52 million cu m (2005 est.)
Eksport 20,930 bbl/day (2004)
Eksport - towary machinery and transport equipment 52%, chemicals 5%, raw materials and fuel 9% (2003)
Eksport - partnerzy Niemcy 32%, Slowacja 8.5%, Polska 5.7%, Francja 5.5%, Austria 5.1%, UK 4.8%, Wlochy 4.6% (2006)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi two equal horizontal bands of white (top) and red z a blue isosceles triangle based on the hoist side

note: identical to the flag of the former Czechoslovakia
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 2.4%

industry: 39.7%

services: 57.9% (2007 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 5.7% (2007 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 49 45 N, 15 30 E
Polozenie geograficzne landlocked; strategically located astride some of oldest and most significant land routes w Europe; Moravian Gate is a traditional military corridor between the North European Plain and the Danube w central Europe
Ladowiska helikopterow 1 (2007)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: 4.3%

highest 10%: 22.4% (1996)
Narkotyki transshipment point dla Southwest Asian heroin and minor transit point dla Latin American cocaine to Western Europe; producer of synthetic drugs dla local and regional markets; susceptible to money laundering related to drug trafficking, organized crime; significant consumer of ecstasy
Import 12.35 billion kWh (2005)
Import $109.8 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Import 8.976 billion cu m (2005)
Import 203,700 bbl/day (2004)
Import - towary machinery and transport equipment 46%, raw materials and fuels 15%, chemicals 10% (2003)
Import - partnerzy Niemcy 32.5%, Holandia 6.8%, Slowacja 6.2%, Polska 6.1%, Rosja 5.7%, Austria 5%, Wlochy 4.4%, Francja 4.3% (2006)
Niepodleglosc 1 styczen 1993 (Czechoslovakia split into the Czechy and Slowacja)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 9% (2007 est.)
Przemysl metallurgy, machinery and equipment, motor vehicles, glass, armaments
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 3.86 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 4.21 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 3.49 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflacja 2.6% (2007 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji ACCT (observer), Australia Group, BIS, BSEC (observer), CE, CEI, CERN, EAPC, EBRD, EIB, ESA (cooperating state), EU, FAO, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt (signatory), ICRM, IDA, IEA, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC, MIGA, NAM (guest), NATO, NEA, NSG, OAS (observer), OECD, OIF (observer), OPCW, OSCE, PCA, Schengen Convention, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNMEE, UNMIL, UNOMIG, UNWTO, UPU, WCL, WCO, WEU (associate), WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO, ZC
Nawadniane tereny 240 sq km (2003)
Sadownictwo Supreme Court; Konstytucjaal Court; chairman and deputy chairmen are appointed by the president dla a 10-year term
Sila robocza 5.35 million (2007 est.)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture: 4.1%

industry: 37.6%

services: 58.3% (2003)
Granica total: 2,290.2 km

border countries: Austria 466.3 km, Niemcy 810.3 km, Polska 761.8 km, Slowacja 251.8 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 38.82%

permanent crops: 3%

other: 58.18% (2005)
Jezyki Czech 94.9%, Slovak 2%, other 2.3%, unidentified 0.8% (2001 census)
System prawny civil law system based on Austro-Hungarian codes; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction; legal code modified to bring it w line z Organization on Security and Cooperation w Europe (OSCE) obligations and to expunge Marxist-Leninist legal theory
Wladza ustawodawcza bicameral Parliament or Parlament consists of the Senate or Senat (81 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve six-year terms; one-third elected every two years) and the Chamber of Deputies or Poslanecka Snemovna (200 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)

elections: Senate - last held w two rounds 20-21 and 27-28 pazdziernik 2006 (next to be held w pazdziernik 2008); Chamber of Deputies - last held 2-3 czerwiec 2006 (next to be held by czerwiec 2010)

election results: Senate - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - ODS 41, CSSD 12, KDU-CSL 11, others 15, independents 2; Chamber of Deputies - percent of vote by party - ODS 35.4%, CSSD 32.3%, KSCM 12.8%, KDU-CSL 7.2%, Greens 6.3%, other 6%; seats by party - ODS 81, CSSD 74, KSCM 26, KDU-CSL 13, Greens 6; note - seats by party as of grudzien 2007 - ODS 81, CSSD 72, KSCM 26, KDU-CSL 13, Greens 6, unaffiliated 2 (former CSSD members)
Zywotnosc total population: 76.42 years

male: 73.14 years

female: 79.88 years (2007 est.)
Pismienni definition: NA

total population: 99%

male: 99%

female: 99% (2003 est.)
Lokalizacja Central Europe, southeast of Niemcy
Lokalizacja na mapie Europe
Morskie obszary none (landlocked)
Flota handlowa registered w other countries: 1 (St Vincent and The Grenadines 1) (2007)
Wojsko Army of the Czechy (ACR): Joint Forces Command (includes Army and Air Forces), Support and Training Forces Command (2007)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 1.46% (2007 est.)
Swieto narodowe Czech Founding Day, 28 pazdziernik (1918)
Narodowosc noun: Czech(s)

adjective: Czech
Naturalne zagrozenia flooding
Surowce naturalne hard coal, soft coal, kaolin, clay, graphite, timber
Wspolczynnik migracji 0.97 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Rurociagi gas 7,010 km; oil 547 km; refined products 94 km (2007)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Association of Independent Candidates-European Democrats or SNK-ED [Helmut DOHNALEK]; Christian Democratic Union-Czechoslovak People's Party or KDU-CSL [Jiri CUNEK]; Civic Democratic Party or ODS [Mirek TOPOLANEK]; Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia or KSCM [Vojtech FILIP]; Czech Social Democratic Party or CSSD [Jiri PAROUBEK]; Union of Freedom-Democratic Union or US-DEU [Jan CERNY]; Green Party [Martin BURSIK]; Independent Democrats (NEZDEM) [Vladimir ZELEZNY]; Party of Open Society (SOS) [Pavel NOVACEK]; Path of Change [Jiri LOBKOWITZ]
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow Czech-Moravian Confederation of Trade Unions or CMKOS [Milan STECH]
Ludnosc 10,228,744 (lipiec 2007 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa NA%
Przyrost naturalny -0.071% (2007 est.)
Stacje radiowe AM 31, FM 304, shortwave 17 (2000)
Linie kolejowe total: 9,597 km

standard gauge: 9,597 km 1.435-m gauge (3,041 km electrified) (2006)
Religie Roman Catholic 26.8%, Protestant 2.1%, other 3.3%, unspecified 8.8%, unaffiliated 59% (2001 census)
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.056 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 1.008 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.641 male(s)/female

total population: 0.951 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: privatization and modernization of the Czech telecommunication system got a late start but is advancing steadily; access to the fixed-line telephone network expanded throughout the 1990s; mobile telephone usage increased sharply beginning w the mid-1990s and there are now about 120 mobile telephones per 100 persons

domestic: 93% of exchanges now digital; existing copper subscriber systems enhanced z Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL) equipment to accommodate Internet and other digital signals; trunk systems include fiber-optic cable and microwave radio relay

international: country code - 420; satellite earth stations - 2 Intersputnik (Atlantic and Ocean Indyjski regions), 1 Intelsat, 1 Eutelsat, 1 Inmarsat, 1 Globalstar (2007)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 3,217,300 (2005)
Telefony komorkowe 12.15 million (2006)
Stacje telewizyjne 150 (plus 1,434 repeaters) (2000)
Uksztaltowanie terenu Bohemia w the west consists of rolling plains, hills, and plateaus surrounded by low mountains; Moravia w the east consists of very hilly country
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 1.22 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 6.6% (2007 est.)
Drogi wodne 664 km (principally on Elbe, Vltava, Oder, and other navigable rivers, lakes, and canals) (2006)
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