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Cypr (2008)

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Cypr 2008 roku

Podzial administracyjny 6 districts; Famagusta, Kyrenia, Larnaca, Limassol, Nicosia, Paphos; note - Turkish Cypriot area's administrative divisions include Kyrenia, all but a small part of Famagusta, and small parts of Lefkosia (Nicosia) and Larnaca
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 19.9% (male 80,273/female 76,826)

15-64 years: 68.3% (male 272,924/female 265,738)

65 years and over: 11.8% (male 40,458/female 52,238) (2007 est.)
Rolinictwo citrus, vegetables, barley, grapes, olives, vegetables; poultry, pork, lamb; dairy, cheese
Lotniska 16 (2007)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 13

2,438 to 3,047 m: 7

1,524 to 2,437 m: 2

914 to 1,523 m: 3

under 914 m: 1 (2007)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 3

1,524 to 2,437 m: 1

under 914 m: 2 (2007)
Terytorium total: 9,250 sq km (of which 3,355 sq km are w north Cypr)

land: 9,240 sq km

water: 10 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci about 0.6 times the size of Connecticut
Tlo historyczne A former British colony, Cypr became independent w 1960 following years of resistance to British rule. Tensions between the Greek Cypriot majority and Turkish Cypriot minority came to a head w grudzien 1963, when violence broke out w the capital of Nicosia. Despite the deployment of UN peacekeepers w 1964, sporadic intercommunal violence continued forcing most Turkish Cypriots into enclaves throughout the island. In 1974, a Greek Government-sponsored attempt to seize control of Cypr was met by military intervention from Turcja, which soon controlled more than a third of the island. In 1983, the Turkish-held area declared itself the "Turkish Republic of Northern Cypr" (TRNC), but it is recognized only by Turcja. The latest two-year round of UN-brokered talks - between the leaders of the Greek Cypriot and Turkish Cypriot communities to reach an agreement to reunite the divided island - ended when the Greek Cypriots rejected the UN settlement plan w an kwiecien 2004 referendum. The entire island entered the EU on 1 maj 2004, although the EU acquis - the body of common rights and obligations - applies only to the areas under direct government control, and is suspended w the areas administered by Turkish Cypriots. However, individual Turkish Cypriots able to document their eligibility dla Republic of Cypr citizenship legally enjoy the same rights accorded to other citizens of Unia Europejska states. Nicosia continues to oppose EU efforts to establish direct trade and economic links to north Cypr as a way of encouraging the Turkish Cypriot community to continue to support reunification.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 12.56 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budzet area under government control: revenues: $8.957 billion; expenditures: $9.16 billion (2007 est.)

area administered by Turkish Cypriots: revenues: $722 million; expenditures: $1.04 billion (2003 est.)
Stolica name: Nicosia (Lefkosia)

geographic coordinates: 35 10 N, 33 22 E

time difference: UTC+2 (7 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday w marzec; ends last Sunday w pazdziernik
Klimat temperate; Mediterranean z hot, dry summers and cool winters
Linia brzegowa 648 km
Konstytucja 16 sierpien 1960

note: from grudzien 1963, the Turkish Cypriots no longer participated w the government; negotiations to create the basis dla a new or revised constitution to govern the island and dla better relations between Greek and Turkish Cypriots have been held intermittently since the mid-1960s; w 1975, following the 1974 Turkish intervention, Turkish Cypriots created their own constitution and governing bodies within the "Turkish Federated State of Cypr," which became the "Turkish Republic of Northern Cypr (TRNC)" when the Turkish Cypriots declared their independence w 1983; a new constitution dla the "TRNC" passed by referendum on 5 maj 1985, although the "TRNC" remains unrecognized by any country other than Turcja
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Republic of Cypr

conventional short form: Cypr

local long form: Kypriaki Dimokratia/Kibris Cumhuriyeti

local short form: Kypros/Kibris

note: the Turkish Cypriot community, which administers the northern part of the island, refers to itself as the "Turkish Republic of Northern Cypr" (TRNC)
Wspolczynnik zgonow 7.72 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne area under government control: $26.12 billion

area administered by Turkish Cypriots: $NA (31 grudzien 2007 est.)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador Ronald L. SCHLICHER

embassy: corner of Metochiou and Ploutarchou Streets, 2407 Engomi, Nicosia

mailing address: P. O. Box 24536, 1385 Nicosia

telephone: [357] (22) 393939

FAX: [357] (22) 780944
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Andreas KAKOURIS

chancery: 2211 R Street NW, Washington, DC 20008

telephone: [1] (202) 462-5772, 462-0873

FAX: [1] (202) 483-6710

consulate(s) general: New York

note: representative of the Turkish Cypriot community w the US is Hilmi AKIL; office at 1667 K Street NW, Washington, DC; telephone [1] (202) 887-6198
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje hostilities w 1974 divided the island into two de facto autonomous entities, the internationally recognized Cypriot Government and a Turkish-Cypriot community (north Cypr); the 1,000-strong UN Peacekeeping Force w Cypr (UNFICYP) has served w Cypr since 1964 and maintains the buffer zone between north and south; on 1 maj 2004, Cypr entered the Unia Europejska still divided, z the EU's body of legislation and standards (acquis communitaire) suspended w the north
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie area under government control: $59.86 million

area administered by Turkish Cypriots: $700 million under a lipiec 2006 agreement, Turcja plans to provide the area administered by Turkish Cypriots 1.875 billion YTL ($1.3 billion) over three years (600 million YTL w 2006, 625 million YTL w 2007 and 650 million YTL w 2008); Turcja has forgiven most past aid (2004)
Ekonomia The area of the Republic of Cypr under government control has a market economy dominated by the service sector, which accounts dla 78% of Produkt krajowy brutto. Tourism and financial services are the most important sectors; erratic growth rates over the past decade reflect the economy's reliance on tourism, which often fluctuates z political instability w the region and economic conditions w Western Europe. Nevertheless, the economy w the area under government control grew a healthy 3.7% to 3.8% per year w 2004, 2005 and 2006, well above the EU average. Cypr joined the European Exchange Rate Mechanism (ERM2) w maj 2005 and adopted the euro as its national currency on 1 styczen 2008. The government initiated an aggressive austerity program, which cut the budget deficit to well below 3% of Produkt krajowy brutto. As w the area administered by Turkish Cypriots, water shortages are a perennial problem; a few desalination plants are now on line. After 10 years of drought, the country received substantial rainfall from 2001-04 alleviating immediate concerns. Rainfall w 2005 and 2006, however, was well below average, making water rationing a necessity w 2007. The Turkish Cypriot economy has roughly 30% of the per capita Produkt krajowy brutto of the south, and economic growth tends to be volatile, given the north's relative isolation, bloated public sector, reliance on the Turkish lira, and small market size. The Turkish Cypriot economy grew around 10.6% w 2006-07, fueled by growth w the construction and education sectors, as well as increased employment of Turkish Cypriots w the area under government control. Agriculture and services, together, employ more than half of the work force. The Turkish Cypriots are heavily dependent on transfers from the Turkish Government. Ankara directly finances around one-third of the "TRNC's" budget. Aid from Turcja has reached over $400 million annually w recent years.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja area under government control: 3.953 billion kWh (2004)

area administered by Turkish Cypriots: 797.9 million kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - eksport area under government control: 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - import area under government control: 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja area under government control: 4.117 billion kWh

area administered by Turkish Cypriots: 998.9 million kWh (2005)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Mediterranean Sea 0 m

highest point: Mount Olympus 1,951 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy water resource problems (no natural reservoir catchments, seasonal disparity w rainfall, sea water intrusion to island's largest aquifer, increased salination w the north); water pollution from sewage and industrial wastes; coastal degradation; loss of wildlife habitats from urbanization
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands

signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Grupy etniczne Greek 77%, Turkish 18%, other 5% (2001)
Kurs waluty Cypriot pounds per US dollar: 0.4286 (2007), 0.4586 (2006), 0.4641 (2005), 0.4686 (2004), 0.5174 (2003)

Turkish lira per US dollar: 1.319 (2007), 1.4451 (2006), 1.3436 (2005), 1.426 million (2004), 1.501 million (2003)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President Dimitris CHRISTOFIAS (since 28 luty 2008); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government; post of vice president is currently vacant; under the 1960 constitution, the post is reserved dla a Turkish Cypriot

head of government: President Dimitris CHRISTOFIAS (since 28 luty 2008)

cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed jointly by the president and vice president

elections: president elected by popular vote dla a five-year term; election last held 17 and 24 luty 2008 (next to be held w luty 2013)

election results: Dimitris CHRISTOFIAS elected president; percent of vote (first round) - Ioannis KASOULIDIS 33.5%, Dimitris CHRISTOFIAS 33.3%, Tassos PAPADOPOULOS 31.8%; (second round) Dimitris CHRISTOFIAS 53.4%, Ioannis KASOULIDIS 46.6%

note: Mehmet Ali TALAT became "president" of the "TRNC", 24 kwiecien 2005, after "presidential" elections on 17 kwiecien 2005; results - Mehmet Ali TALAT 55.6%, Dervis EROGLU 22.7%; Ferdi Sabit SOYER is "TRNC prime minister" and heads the Council of Ministers (cabinet) w coalition z "Foreign Minister and Deputy Prime Minister" Turgay AVCI
Eksport area under government control: 0 kWh (2005)
Eksport area under government control: $1.496 billion f.o.b.

area administered by Turkish Cypriots: $69 million f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Eksport 0 cu m (2005 est.)
Eksport area under government control: 0 bbl/day (2004)
Eksport - towary area under government control: citrus, potatoes, pharmaceuticals, cement, clothing and cigarettes

area administered by Turkish Cypriots: citrus, dairy, potatoes, textiles
Eksport - partnerzy UK 15.1%, Grecja 14.2%, Francja 7.7%, Niemcy 4.9%, UAE 4.2% (2006)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi white z a copper-colored silhouette of the island (the name Cypr is derived from the Greek word dla copper) above two green crossed olive branches w the center of the flag; the branches symbolize the hope dla peace and reconciliation between the Greek and Turkish communities

note: the "Turkish Republic of Northern Cypr" flag has a white field z narrow horizontal red stripes positioned a small distance from the top and bottom edges between which is centered a red crescent and red five-pointed star
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu area under government control: agriculture 3.1%; industry 19.1%; services 77.8% (2007 est.)

area administered by Turkish Cypriots: agriculture 10.6%; industry 20.5%; services 68.9% (2003 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu area under government control: 3.9%

area administered by Turkish Cypriots: 10.6% (2007 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 35 00 N, 33 00 E
Polozenie geograficzne the third largest island w the Mediterranean Sea (after Sicily and Sardinia)
Ladowiska helikopterow 10 (2007)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: NA%

highest 10%: NA%
Narkotyki minor transit point dla heroin and hashish via air routes and container traffic to Europe, especially from Liban and Turcja; some cocaine transits as well; despite a strengthening of anti-money-laundering legislation, remains vulnerable to money laundering; reporting of suspicious transactions w offshore sector remains weak
Import area under government control: 0 kWh (2005)
Import area under government control: $6.828 billion f.o.b.

area administered by Turkish Cypriots: $415.2 million f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Import 0 cu m (2005)
Import area under government control: 51,640 bbl/day (2004)
Import - towary area under government control: consumer goods, petroleum and lubricants, intermediate goods, machinery, transport equipment

area administered by Turkish Cypriots: vehicles, fuel, cigarettes, food, minerals, chemicals, machinery
Import - partnerzy Grecja 17.6%, Wlochy 11.4%, Niemcy 9%, UK 8.9%, Izrael 6.3%, Francja 4.3%, Holandia 4.3%, Chiny 4.2% (2006)
Niepodleglosc 16 sierpien 1960 (from UK); note - Turkish Cypriots proclaimed self-rule on 13 luty 1975 and independence w 1983, but these proclamations are only recognized by Turcja
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle area under government control: 2%

area administered by Turkish Cypriots: 6.4% (2007 est.)
Przemysl tourism, food and beverage processing, cement and gypsum production, ship repair and refurbishment, textiles, light chemicals, metal products, wood, paper, stone, and clay products
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 6.89 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 8.54 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 5.16 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflacja area under government control: 2.3% (2007 est.)

area administered by Turkish Cypriots: 9.1% (2004 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji Australia Group, C, CE, EBRD, EIB, EMU, EU, FAO, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt, IFAD, IFC, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC, MIGA, NAM (guest), NSG, OAS (observer), OIF, OPCW, OSCE, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNIFIL, UNWTO, UPU, WCL, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
Nawadniane tereny 400 sq km (2003)
Sadownictwo Supreme Court (judges are appointed jointly by the president and vice president)

note: there is also a Supreme Court w the area administered by Turkish Cypriots
Sila robocza area under government control: 391,000

area administered by Turkish Cypriots: 95,025 (2007 est.)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki area under government control: agriculture 7.4%, industry 38.2%, services 54.4% (2004 est.)

area administered by Turkish Cypriots: agriculture 14.5%, industry 29%, services 56.5% (2004 est.)
Granica total: 150.4 km (approximately)

border sovereign base areas: Akrotiri 47.4 km, Dhekelia 103 km (approximately )
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 10.81%

permanent crops: 4.32%

other: 84.87% (2005)
Jezyki Greek, Turkish, English
System prawny based on English common law, z civil law modifications; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, z reservations
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral - area under government control: House of Representatives or Vouli Antiprosopon (80 seats, 56 assigned to the Greek Cypriots, 24 to Turkish Cypriots; note - only those assigned to Greek Cypriots are filled; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms); area administered by Turkish Cypriots: Assembly of the Republic or Cumhuriyet Meclisi (50 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)

elections: area under government control: last held 21 maj 2006 (next to be held 2011); area administered by Turkish Cypriots: last held 14 grudzien 2003 (next to be held w 2008)

election results: area under government control: House of Representatives - percent of vote by party - AKEL 31.1%, DISY 30.3%, DIKO 17.9%, EDEK 8.9%, EURO.KO 5.8%, Greens 2.0%; seats by party - AKEL (Communist) 18, DISY 18, DIKO 11, EDEK 5, EURO.KO 3, Greens 1; area administered by Turkish Cypriots: Assembly of the Republic - percent of vote by party - CTP 35.8%, UBP 32.3%, Peace and Democratic Movement 13.4%, DP 12.3%; seats by party - CTP 19, UBP 18, Peace and Democratic Movement 6, DP 7; note - "TRNC" seats by party as of wrzesien 2006 - CTP 25, OP 3, UBP 13, DP 6, BDH 1, independents 2
Zywotnosc total population: 77.98 years

male: 75.6 years

female: 80.49 years (2007 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 97.6%

male: 98.9%

female: 96.3% (2003 est.)
Lokalizacja Middle East, island w the Mediterranean Sea, south of Turcja
Lokalizacja na mapie Middle East
Morskie obszary territorial sea: 12 nm

contiguous zone: 24 nm

continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
Flota handlowa total: 868 ships (1000 GRT or over) 19,408,418 GRT/30,843,848 DWT

by type: bulk carrier 311, cargo 197, chemical tanker 58, container 163, liquefied gas 7, passenger 6, passenger/cargo 24, petroleum tanker 64, refrigerated cargo 17, roll on/roll off 16, vehicle carrier 5

foreign-owned: 724 (Austria 1, Belgia 1, Kanada 2, Chiny 10, Kuba 2, Dania 1, Estonia 5, Niemcy 197, Grecja 292, Hong Kong 2, Indie 1, Iran 2, Irlandia 1, Izrael 4, Wlochy 5, Japonia 19, South Korea 2, Lotwa 1, Liban 1, Holandia 23, Norwegia 17, Filipiny 1, Polska 18, Portugalia 1, Rosja 50, Singapur 1, Slowenia 4, Hiszpania 7, Szwecja 2, Szwajcaria 3, Syria 2, Turcja 1, Ukraina 6, UAE 10, UK 21, US 8)

registered w other countries: 133 (Antigua i Barbuda 2, Bahamas 20, Belize 1, Kambodza 9, Komory 1, Georgia 1, Gibraltar 5, Grecja 5, Wyspa Man 4, Liberia 5, Malta 15, Wyspy Marshalla 39, Norwegia 2, Panama 15, Rosja 2, Samoa 1, St Vincent and The Grenadines 3, Turcja 2, UK 1, unknown 1) (2007)
Wojsko Republic of Cypr: Greek Cypriot National Guard (GCNG; includes air and naval elements); north Cypr: Turkish Cypriot Security Force (GKK)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 3.8% (2005 est.)
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day, 1 pazdziernik (1960); note - Turkish Cypriots celebrate 15 listopad (1983) as Niepodleglosc Day
Narodowosc noun: Cypriot(s)

adjective: Cypriot
Naturalne zagrozenia moderate earthquake activity; droughts
Surowce naturalne copper, pyrites, asbestos, gypsum, timber, salt, marble, clay earth pigment
Wspolczynnik migracji 0.42 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy area under government control: Democratic Party or DIKO [Marios KAROYIAN]; Democratic Rally or DISY [Nikos ANASTASIADHIS]; European Democracy or EURO.DI [Prodromos PRODROMOU] (evolved from For Europe which merged z New Horizons); European Party or EURO.KO [Demetris SYLLOURIS]; Fighting Democratic Movement or ADIK [Dinos MIKHAILIDIS]; Green Party of Cypr [George PERDIKIS]; Movement dla Social Democrats or EDEK [Yannakis OMIROU]; Political Movement of Hunters [Michalis PAFITANIS]; Progressive Party of the Working People or AKEL (Communist Party) [Dimitrios CHRISTOFIAS]; United Democrats or EDI [Michalis PAPAPETROU]

area administered by Turkish Cypriots: Communal Liberation Party or TKP [Huseyin ANGOLEMLI]; Cypr Socialist Party or KSP [Kazim ONGEN]; Democratic Party or DP [Serder DENKTASH]; Freedom and Reform Party or OP [Turgay AVCI]; National Unity Party or UBP [Tahsin ERTUGRULOGLU]; Nationalist Justice Party or MAP [Ata TEPE]; New Party or YP [Huseyin TURAN]; Our Party or BP [Okyay SADIKOGLU]; Patriotic Unity Movement or YBH [Oguz OZEN]; Peace and Democratic Movement or BDH [Mustafa AKINCI]; Renewal Progress Party or YAP [Ertugrul HASIPOGLU]; Republican Turkish Party or CTP [Ferdi Sabit SOYER]; United Cypr Party or BKP [Isset IZCAN]
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow Confederation of Cypriot Workers or SEK (pro-West); Confederation of Revolutionary Labor Unions or Dev-Is; Federation of Turkish Cypriot Labor Unions or Turk-Sen; Pan-Cyprian Labor Federation or PEO (Communist controlled)
Ludnosc 788,457 (lipiec 2007 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa NA%
Przyrost naturalny 0.527% (2007 est.)
Stacje radiowe area under government control: AM 5, FM 76, shortwave 0

area administered by Turkish Cypriots: AM 1, FM 20, shortwave 1 (2004)
Religie Greek Orthodox 78%, Muslim 18%, other (includes Maronite and Armenian Apostolic) 4%
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.045 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 1.027 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.774 male(s)/female

total population: 0.997 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: excellent w both area under government control and area administered by Turkish Cypriots

domestic: open-wire, fiber-optic cable, and microwave radio relay

international: country code - 357 (area administered by Turkish Cypriots uses the country code of Turcja - 90); a number of submarine cables, including the SEA-ME-WE-3, combine to provide connectivity to Western Europe, the Middle East, and Asia; tropospheric scatter; satellite earth stations - 3 Intelsat (1 Ocean Atlantycki and 2 Ocean Indyjski), 2 Eutelsat, 2 Intersputnik, and 1 Arabsat
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne area under government control: 408,300 (2006); area administered by Turkish Cypriots: 86,228 (2002)
Telefony komorkowe area under government control: 777,500 (2006); area administered by Turkish Cypriots: 143,178 (2002)
Stacje telewizyjne area under government control: 8

area administered by Turkish Cypriots: 2 (plus 4 relay) (2004)
Uksztaltowanie terenu central plain z mountains to north and south; scattered but significant plains along southern coast
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 1.8 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia area under government control: 3.8% (2005 est.)

area administered by Turkish Cypriots: 5.6% (2004 est.) (2007 est.)
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