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Cocos (Keeling) Islands (2002)

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Cocos (Keeling) Islands 2002 year

 Cocos (Keeling) Islands
Administrative divisions none (territory of Australia)
Age structure 0-14 years: NA%

15-64 years: NA%

65 years and over: NA%
Agriculture - products vegetables, bananas, pawpaws, coconuts
Airports 1 (2001)
Airports - with paved runways total: 1 1

1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2002)
Area total: 14 sq km

land: 14 sq km

water: 0 sq km

note: includes the two main islands of West Island and Home Island
Area - comparative about 24 times the size of The Mall in Washington, DC
Background There are 27 coral islands in the group. Captain William Keeling discovered the islands in 1609, but they remained uninhabited until the 19th century. Annexed by the UK in 1857, they were transferred to the Australian Government in 1955. The population on the two inhabited islands generally is split between the ethnic Europeans on West Island and the ethnic Malays on Home Island.
Birth rate NA births/1,000 population
Budget revenues: $NA

expenditures: $NA, including capital expenditures of $NA
Capital West Island
Climate tropical with high humidity, moderated by the southeast trade winds for about nine months of the year
Coastline 26 km
Constitution Cocos (Keeling) Islands Act of 1955
Country name conventional long form: Territory of Cocos (Keeling) Islands

conventional short form: Cocos (Keeling) Islands
Currency Australian dollar (AUD)
Death rate NA deaths/1,000 population
Debt - external $NA
Dependency status territory of Australia; administered from Canberra by the Australian Department of Transport and Regional Services
Diplomatic representation from the US none (territory of Australia)
Diplomatic representation in the US none (territory of Australia)
Disputes - international none
Economic aid - recipient $NA
Economy - overview Grown throughout the islands, coconuts are the sole cash crop. Small local gardens and fishing contribute to the food supply, but additional food and most other necessities must be imported from Australia. There is a small tourist industry.
Electricity - consumption NA kWh
Electricity - production NA kWh
Electricity - production by source fossil fuel: NA%

hydro: NA%

nuclear: NA%

other: NA%
Elevation extremes lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m

highest point: unnamed location 5 m
Environment - current issues fresh water resources are limited to rainwater accumulations in natural underground reservoirs
Ethnic groups Europeans, Cocos Malays
Exchange rates Australian dollars per US dollar - 1.9354 (January 2002), 1.9320 (2001), 1.7173 (2000), 1.5497 (1999), 1.5888 (1998), 1.3439 (1997)
Executive branch chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952), represented by the Australian governor general

head of government: Administrator (nonresident) William Leonard TAYLOR (since 4 February 1999)

cabinet: NA

elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; administrator appointed by the governor general of Australia and represents the monarch and Australia
Exports $NA
Exports - commodities copra
Exports - partners Australia
Fiscal year 1 July - 30 June
Flag description the flag of Australia is used
GDP purchasing power parity - $NA
GDP - composition by sector agriculture: NA%

industry: NA%

services: NA%
GDP - per capita purchasing power parity - $NA
GDP - real growth rate NA%
Geographic coordinates 12 30 S, 96 50 E
Geography - note islands are thickly covered with coconut palms and other vegetation
Highways total: 15 km (2001)

paved: NA km

unpaved: NA km
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%: NA%

highest 10%: NA%
Imports $NA
Imports - commodities foodstuffs
Imports - partners Australia
Independence none (territory of Australia)
Industrial production growth rate NA%
Industries copra products and tourism
Infant mortality rate NA deaths/1,000 live births
Inflation rate (consumer prices) NA%
International organization participation none
Internet Service Providers (ISPs) 2 (2000)
Irrigated land NA sq km
Judicial branch Supreme Court; Magistrate's Court
Labor force NA
Labor force - by occupation the Cocos Islands Cooperative Society Ltd. employs construction workers, stevedores, and lighterage workers; tourism employs others
Land boundaries 0 km
Land use arable land: 0%

permanent crops: 0%

other: 100% (1998 est.)
Languages Malay (Cocos dialect), English
Legal system based upon the laws of Australia and local laws
Legislative branch unicameral Cocos (Keeling) Islands Shire Council (7 seats)
Life expectancy at birth total population: NA years

male: NA years

female: NA years
Location Southeastern Asia, group of islands in the Indian Ocean, south of Indonesia, about halfway from Australia to Sri Lanka
Map references Southeast Asia
Maritime claims exclusive fishing zone: 200 NM

territorial sea: 12 NM
Merchant marine none (2002 est.)
Military - note defense is the responsibility of Australia; the territory does have a five-person police force
National holiday NA
Nationality noun: Cocos Islander(s)

adjective: Cocos Islander
Natural hazards cyclone season is October to April
Natural resources fish
Net migration rate NA migrant(s)/1,000 population
Political parties and leaders none
Political pressure groups and leaders none
Population 632 (July 2002 est.)
Population below poverty line NA%
Population growth rate -0.22% (2002 est.)
Ports and harbors none; lagoon anchorage only
Radio broadcast stations AM 1, FM 0, shortwave 0 (2000)
Radios 300 (1992)
Railways 0 km
Religions Sunni Muslim 80%, other 20% (2002 est.)
Suffrage NA
Telephone system general assessment: connected within Australia's telecommunication system

domestic: NA

international: telephone, telex, and facsimile communications with Australia and elsewhere via satellite; 1 satellite earth station of NA type (2002)
Telephones - main lines in use 287 (1992)
Telephones - mobile cellular NA
Television broadcast stations NA
Terrain flat, low-lying coral atolls
Total fertility rate NA children born/woman
Unemployment rate 60% (2000 est.)
Waterways none
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