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Christmas Island (2002)

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Christmas Island 2002 year

 Christmas Island
Administrative divisions none (territory of Australia)
Age structure 0-14 years: NA%

15-64 years: NA%

65 years and over: NA%
Agriculture - products NA
Airports 1 (2001)
Airports - with paved runways total: 1

1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2002)
Area total: 135 sq km

land: 135 sq km

water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative about 0.7 times the size of Washington, DC
Background Named in 1643 for the day of its discovery, the island was annexed and settlement was begun by the UK in 1888. Phosphate mining began in the 1890s. The UK transferred sovereignty to Australia in 1958. Almost two-thirds of the island has been declared a national park.
Birth rate NA births/1,000 population
Budget revenues: $NA

expenditures: $NA, including capital expenditures of $NA
Capital The Settlement
Climate tropical; heat and humidity moderated by trade winds
Coastline 80 km
Constitution NA
Country name conventional long form: Territory of Christmas Island

conventional short form: Christmas Island
Currency Australian dollar (AUD)
Death rate NA deaths/1,000 population
Debt - external $NA
Dependency status territory of Australia; administered by the Australian Department of Transport and Regional Services
Diplomatic representation from the US none (territory of Australia)
Diplomatic representation in the US none (territory of Australia)
Disputes - international none
Economic aid - recipient $NA
Economy - overview Phosphate mining had been the only significant economic activity, but in December 1987 the Australian Government closed the mine. In 1991, the mine was reopened. With the support of the government, a $34 million casino opened in 1993. The casino closed in 1998. The Australian Government in 2001 agreed to support the creation of a commercial space-launching site on the island, slated to begin operation in 2003.
Electricity - consumption NA kWh
Electricity - production NA kWh
Electricity - production by source fossil fuel: NA%

hydro: NA%

nuclear: NA%

other: NA%
Elevation extremes lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m

highest point: Murray Hill 361 m
Environment - current issues NA
Ethnic groups Chinese 70%, European 20%, Malay 10%

note: no indigenous population (2001)
Exchange rates Australian dollars per US dollar - 1.9354 (January 2002), 1.9320 (2001), 1.7173 (2000), 1.5497 (1999), 1.5888 (1998), 1.3439 (1997)
Executive branch chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952), represented by the Australian governor general

head of government: Administrator William Leonard TAYLOR (since 4 February 1999)

elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; administrator appointed by the governor general of Australia and represents the monarch and Australia
Exports $NA
Exports - commodities phosphate
Exports - partners Australia, NZ
Fiscal year 1 July - 30 June
Flag description the flag of Australia is used; note - in early 1986, the Christmas Island Assembly held a design competition for an island flag, however, the winning design has never been formally adopted as the official flag of the territory
GDP purchasing power parity - $NA
GDP - composition by sector agriculture: NA%

industry: NA%

services: NA%
GDP - per capita purchasing power parity - $NA
GDP - real growth rate NA%
Geographic coordinates 10 30 S, 105 40 E
Geography - note located along major sea lanes of Indian Ocean
Highways total: 140 km (not including 100 km that is maintained by private industry)

paved: 30 km

unpaved: 110 km (1999)
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%: NA%

highest 10%: NA%
Imports $NA
Imports - commodities consumer goods
Imports - partners principally Australia
Independence none (territory of Australia)
Industrial production growth rate NA%
Industries tourism, phosphate extraction (near depletion)
Infant mortality rate NA deaths/1,000 live births
Inflation rate (consumer prices) NA%
International organization participation none
Internet Service Providers (ISPs) 2 (2000)
Irrigated land NA sq km
Judicial branch Supreme Court; District Court; Magistrate's Court
Labor force NA
Labor force - by occupation tourism 400 people, mining 100 people (1995)
Land boundaries 0 km
Land use arable land: 0%

permanent crops: 0%

other: 100%

note: mainly tropical rainforest; 63% of the island is a national park (1998 est.)
Languages English (official), Chinese, Malay
Legal system under the authority of the governor general of Australia and Australian law
Legislative branch unicameral Christmas Island Shire Council (9 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve one-year terms)

elections: last held NA December 2001 (next to be held NA December 2002)

election results: percent of vote - NA%; seats - independents 9
Life expectancy at birth total population: NA years

male: NA years

female: NA years
Literacy NA
Location Southeastern Asia, island in the Indian Ocean, south of Indonesia
Map references Southeast Asia
Maritime claims contiguous zone: 12 NM

exclusive fishing zone: 200 NM

territorial sea: 12 NM
Merchant marine none (2002 est.)
Military - note defense is the responsibility of Australia
National holiday NA
Nationality noun: Christmas Islander(s)

adjective: Christmas Island
Natural hazards the narrow fringing reef surrounding the island can be a maritime hazard
Natural resources phosphate, beaches
Net migration rate NA migrant(s)/1,000 population
Political parties and leaders none
Political pressure groups and leaders none
Population 474 (July 2002 est.)
Population below poverty line NA%
Population growth rate -9% (2002 est.)
Ports and harbors Flying Fish Cove
Radio broadcast stations AM 1, FM 1, shortwave 0 (1998)
Radios 1,000 (1997)
Railways 24 km to serve phosphate mines
Religions Buddhist 36%, Muslim 25%, Christian 18%, other 21% (1997)
Sex ratio NA
Telephone system general assessment: service provided by the Australian network

domestic: only analog mobile telephone service is available

international: satellite earth stations - one Intelsat earth station provides telephone and telex service (2000)
Telephones - main lines in use NA
Telephones - mobile cellular NA
Television broadcast stations NA
Terrain steep cliffs along coast rise abruptly to central plateau
Total fertility rate NA children born/woman
Unemployment rate NA%
Waterways none
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