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Chorwacja (2002)

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Chorwacja 2002 roku

 Chorwacja
Podzial administracyjny 20 counties (zupanije, zupanija - singular) and 1 city* (grad - singular); Bjelovarsko-Bilogorska Zupanija, Brodsko-Posavska Zupanija, Dubrovacko-Neretvanska Zupanija, Istarska Zupanija, Karlovacka Zupanija, Koprivnicko-Krizevacka Zupanija, Krapinsko-Zagorska Zupanija, Licko-Senjska Zupanija, Medimurska Zupanija, Osjecko-Baranjska Zupanija, Pozesko-Slavonska Zupanija, Primorsko-Goranska Zupanija, Sibensko-Kninska Zupanija, Sisacko-Moslavacka Zupanija, Splitsko-Dalmatinska Zupanija, Varazdinska Zupanija, Viroviticko-Podravska Zupanija, Vukovarsko-Srijemska Zupanija, Zadarska Zupanija, Zagreb*, Zagrebacka Zupanija
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 18.3% (male 411,847; female 390,797)


15-64 years: 66.3% (male 1,461,305; female 1,448,973)


65 years and over: 15.4% (male 252,970; female 424,859) (2002 est.)
Rolinictwo wheat, corn, sugar beets, sunflower seed, barley, alfalfa, clover, olives, citrus, grapes, soybeans, potatoes; livestock, dairy products
Lotniska 67 (2001)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 22


over 3,047 m: 2


2,438 to 3,047 m: 6


1,524 to 2,437 m: 2


914 to 1,523 m: 4


under 914 m: 8 (2002)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 45


1,524 to 2,437 m: 1


914 to 1,523 m: 7


under 914 m: 37 (2002)
Terytorium total: 56,542 sq km


land: 56,414 sq km


water: 128 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly smaller than West Virginia
Tlo historyczne In 1918, the Croats, Serbs, and Slovenes formed a kingdom known after 1929 as Jugoslawia. Following Swiat War II, Jugoslawia became an independent communist state under the strong hand of Marshal TITO. Although Chorwacja declared its independence from Jugoslawia w 1991, it took four years of sporadic, but often bitter, fighting before occupying Serb armies were mostly cleared from Chorwacjan lands. Under UN supervision the last Serb-held enclave w eastern Slavonia was returned to Chorwacja w 1998.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 12.8 births/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Budzet revenues: $8.6 billion


expenditures: $9 billion, including capital expenditures of $NA (2001 est.)
Stolica Zagreb
Klimat Mediterranean and continental; continental climate predominant z hot summers and cold winters; mild winters, dry summers along coast
Linia brzegowa 5,835 km (mainland 1,777 km, islands 4,058 km)
Konstytucja adopted on 22 grudzien 1990
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Republic of Chorwacja


conventional short form: Chorwacja


local long form: Republika Hrvatska


local short form: Hrvatska
Waluta kuna (HRK)
Wspolczynnik zgonow 11.31 deaths/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $16.5 billion (2001)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador Lawrence G. ROSSIN


embassy: Andrije Hebranga 2, Zagreb 10000


mailing address: use street address


telephone: [385] (1) 661-2200


FAX: [385] (1) 661-2373
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Ivan GRDESIC


chancery: 2343 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008


telephone: [1] (202) 588-5899


FAX: [1] (202) 588-8936


consulate(s) general: Chicago, Los Angeles, New York
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje Chorwacja and Bosnia i Hercegowina continue discussions on the disputed boundary w the Una River near Kostajnica, Hrvatska Dubica, and Zeljava; Bosnia i Hercegowina also protests Chorwacjan claim to the tip of the Klek Peninsula and several islands near Neum; Wegry opposes Chorwacjan plan to build a hydropower dam on the boundary stream Drava; Slowenia and Chorwacja have not obtained parliamentary ratification of 2001 land and maritime boundary treaty which cedes villages on the Dragonja River and Sveta Gera (Trdinov Peak) to Chorwacja, and most of Pirin Bay to Slowenia, but restricts Slowenian access to the open sea; Chorwacja and Federalna Republika Jugoslawii continue to discuss disputed Prevlaka Peninsula and control over the Gulf of Kotor despite imminent UN intention to withdraw observer mission (UNMOP); Chorwacja and Wlochy are still trying to resolve bilateral property and ethnic minority rights dating from Swiat War II
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie ODA $66 million (2000)
Ekonomia Before the dissolution of Jugoslawia, the Republic of Chorwacja, after Slowenia, was the most prosperous and industrialized area, z a per capita output perhaps one-third above the Yugoslav average. The economy emerged from its mild recession w 2000 z tourism the main factor, but massive structural unemployment remains a key negative element. The government's failure to press the economic reforms needed to spur growth is largely the result of coalition politics and public resistance, particularly from the trade unions, to measures that would cut jobs, wages, or social benefits. As a result, the country is likely to experience only moderate growth without disciplined fiscal and structural reform.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 12.638 billion kWh (2000)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 900 million kWh (2000)
Elektrycznosc - import 3.7 billion kWh (2000)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 10.578 billion kWh (2000)
Elektrycznosc - zrodla energii fossil fuel: 45%


hydro: 55%


nuclear: 0%


other: 0% (2000)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Adriatic Sea 0 m


highest point: Dinara 1,830 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy air pollution (from metallurgical plants) and resulting acid rain is damaging the forests; coastal pollution from industrial and domestic waste; landmine removal and reconstruction of infrastructure consequent to 1992-95 civil strife
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Sulphur 94, Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands


signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol
Grupy etniczne Croat 78.1%, Serb 12.2%, Bosniak 0.9%, Hungarian 0.5%, Slovene 0.5%, Czech 0.4%, Albanian 0.3%, Montenegrin 0.3%, Roma 0.2%, others 6.6% (1991)
Kurs waluty kuna per US dollar - 8.452 (styczen 2002), 8.340 (2001), 8.277 (2000), 7.112 (1999), 6.362 (1998), 6.101 (1997)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President Stjepan (Stipe) MESIC (since 18 luty 2000)


head of government: Prime Minister Ivica RACAN (since 27 styczen 2000); Deputy Prime Ministers Goran GRANIC (since 27 styczen 2000), Ante SIMONIC (since NA lipiec 2002), Slavko LINIC (since 27 styczen 2000)


cabinet: Council of Ministers named by the prime minister and approved by the House of Representatives


elections: president elected by popular vote dla a five-year term; election last held 7 luty 2000 (next to be held NA 2005); prime minister nominated by the president w line z the balance of power w the Assembly


election results: Stjepan MESIC elected president; percent of vote - Stjepan MESIC (HNS) 56%, Drazen BUDISA (HSLS) 44%


note: government coalition - SDP, HSLS, HSS, LP, HNS; a fifth party, the Istrian Democratic Assembly (IDS), withdrew w czerwiec 2001
Eksport 900 million kWh (2000)
Eksport $5.1 billion f.o.b. (2002 est.)
Eksport - towary transport equipment, textiles, chemicals, foodstuffs, fuels
Eksport - partnerzy Wlochy 23.7%, Niemcy 14.8%, Bosnia i Hercegowina 12%, Slowenia 9.1%, Austria 5.7%, Francja 3.5 (2001)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi red, white, and blue horizontal bands z Chorwacjan coat of arms (red and white checkered)
Produkt krajowy brutto purchasing power parity - $38.9 billion (2002 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 9%


industry: 33%


services: 58% (2002 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - per capita purchasing power parity - $8,800 (2002 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 3% (2002 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 45 10 N, 15 30 E
Polozenie geograficzne controls most land routes from Western Europe to Aegean Sea and Turkish Straits
Ladowiska helikopterow 1 (2002)
Autostrady total: 28,009 km


paved: 23,695 km (including 330 km of expressways)


unpaved: 4,314 km (2001)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: 4%


highest 10%: 23% (1998)
Narkotyki transit point along the Balkan route dla Southwest Asian heroin to Western Europe; has been used as a transit point dla maritime shipments of South American cocaine bound dla Western Europe
Import 3.7 billion kWh (2000)
Import $9.7 billion c.i.f. (2002)
Import - towary machinery, transport and electrical equipment, chemicals, fuels and lubricants, foodstuffs
Import - partnerzy Niemcy 17.1%, Wlochy 16.9%, Slowenia 7.9%, Rosja 7.2%, Austria 7%, Francja 4.4% (2001)
Niepodleglosc 25 czerwiec 1991 (from Jugoslawia)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 2.8% (2002 est.)
Przemysl chemicals and plastics, machine tools, fabricated metal, electronics, pig iron and rolled steel products, aluminum, paper, wood products, construction materials, textiles, shipbuilding, petroleum and petroleum refining, food and beverages; tourism
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow 7.06 deaths/1,000 live births (2002 est.)
Inflacja 4% (2002 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji BIS, CCC, CE, CEI, EAPC, EBRD, ECE, FAO, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, NAM (observer), OAS (observer), OPCW, OSCE, PCA, PFP, UN, UNAMSIL, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNMEE, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO
Dostawcy internetu 9 (2000)
Nawadniane tereny 30 sq km (1998 est.)
Sadownictwo Supreme Court; Konstytucjaal Court; judges dla both courts appointed dla eight-year terms by the Judicial Council of the Republic, which is elected by the House of Representatives
Sila robocza 1.7 million (2001)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture NA%, industry NA%, services NA%
Granica total: 2,197 km


border countries: Bosnia i Hercegowina 932 km, Wegry 329 km, Federalna Republika Jugoslawii (north) 241 km, Federalna Republika Jugoslawii (south) 25 km, Slowenia 670 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 23.55%


permanent crops: 2.24%


other: 74.21% (1998 est.)
Jezyki Chorwacjan 96%, other 4% (including Italian, Hungarian, Czech, Slovak, and German)
System prawny based on civil law system
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral Assembly or Sabor (151 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms); note - House of Counties was abolished w marzec 2001


elections: Assembly - last held 2-3 styczen 2000 (next to be held w the fall of 2003)


election results: Assembly (then referred to as the House of Representatives) - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - HDZ 46, SDP 44, HSLS 24, HSS 17, HSP/HKDU 5, IDS 4, HNS 2, independents 4, minority representatives 5
Zywotnosc total population: 74.13 years


male: 70.52 years


female: 77.96 years (2002 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write


total population: 97%


male: 99%


female: 95% (1991 est.)
Lokalizacja Southeastern Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea, between Bosnia i Hercegowina and Slowenia
Lokalizacja na mapie Europe
Morskie obszary continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation


territorial sea: 12 NM
Flota handlowa total: 49 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 681,465 GRT/1,076,315 DWT


ships by type: bulk 14, cargo 13, chemical tanker 1, combination bulk 5, container 1, multi-functional large-load carrier 3, passenger 1, petroleum tanker 2, refrigerated cargo 2, roll on/roll off 4, short-sea passenger 3


note: includes a foreign-owned ship registered here as a flag of convenience: Hong Kong 1 (2002 est.)
Wojsko Ground Forces (Hrvatska Vojska, HV), Naval Forces, Air and Air Defense Forces
Wojska - wydatki (w dolarach) $520 million (2002 est.)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 2.39% (2002 est.)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (w wieku poborowym) males age 15-49: 1,086,578 (2002 est.)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (zdolni do sluzby wojskowej) males age 15-49: 860,497 (2002 est.)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (wiek zolniezy) 19 years of age (2002 est.)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (osoby osiagajace wiek poborowy w ciagu roku) males: 30,037 (2002 est.)
Swieto narodowe Statehood Day, 25 czerwiec (1991)
Narodowosc noun: Croat(s), Chorwacjan(s)


adjective: Chorwacjan
Naturalne zagrozenia destructive earthquakes
Surowce naturalne oil, some coal, bauxite, low-grade iron ore, calcium, natural asphalt, silica, mica, clays, salt, hydropower
Wspolczynnik migracji 9.72 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Rurociagi crude oil 670 km; petroleum products 20 km; natural gas 310 km (1992)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Alliance of Chorwacjan Coast and Mountains Department or PGS [Luciano SUSANJ]; Chorwacjan Christian Democratic Union or HKDU [Marko VESELICA]; Chorwacjan Democratic Union or HDZ [Ivo SANADER]; Chorwacjan Party of Rights or HSP [Dobroslav PARAGA]; Chorwacjan Peasant Party or HSS [Zlatko TOMCIC]; Chorwacjan People's Party or HNS [Vesna PUSIC]; Chorwacjan Social Liberal Party or HSLS [Drazen BUDISA]; Chorwacjan True Revival Party or HIP [Miroslav TUDJMAN]; Independent Democratic Serb Party or SDSS [Vojislav STANIMIROVIC]; Istrian Democratic Assembly or IDS [Ivan JAKOVCIC]; Liberal Party or LP [leader NA]; Social Democratic Party of Chorwacja or SDP [Ivica RACAN]


note: the Social Democratic Party or SDP and the Chorwacjan Social Liberal Party or HSLS formed a coalition as did the HSS, HNS, LP, and IDS, which together defeated the Chorwacjan Democratic Union or HDZ w the 2000 lower house parliamentary election; the IDS subsequently left the governing coalition w czerwiec 2001 over its inability to win greater autonomy dla Istria
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow NA
Ludnosc 4,390,751 (lipiec 2002 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa NA%
Przyrost naturalny 1.12% (2002 est.)
Porty i stocznie Dubrovnik, Dugi Rat, Omisalj, Ploce, Pula, Rijeka, Sibenik, Split, Vukovar (inland waterway port on Danube), Zadar
Stacje radiowe AM 16, FM 98, shortwave 5 (1999)
Radia 1.51 million (1997)
Linie kolejowe total: 2,726 km


standard gauge: 2,726 km 1.435-m gauge (NA electrified) (2000)
Religie Roman Catholic 76.5%, Orthodox 11.1%, Muslim 1.2%, Protestant 0.4%, others and unknown 10.8% (1991)
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female


under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female


15-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female


65 years and over: 0.6 male(s)/female


total population: 0.94 male(s)/female (2002 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal (16 years of age, if employed)
System telefoniczny general assessment: NA


domestic: reconstruction plan calls dla replacement of all analog circuits z digital and enlarging the network; a backup will be included w the plan dla the main trunk


international: digital international service is provided through the main switch w Zagreb; Chorwacja participates w the Trans-Asia-Europe (TEL) fiber-optic project which consists of two fiber-optic trunk connections z Slowenia and a fiber-optic trunk line from Rijeka to Split and Dubrovnik; Chorwacja is also investing w ADRIA 1, a joint fiber-optic project z Niemcy, Albania, and Grecja (2000)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 1,721,139 (2000)
Telefony komorkowe 1.3 million (2001)
Stacje telewizyjne 36 (plus 321 repeaters) (wrzesien 1995)
Uksztaltowanie terenu geographically diverse; flat plains along Hungarian border, low mountains and highlands near Adriatic coastline and islands
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 1.93 children born/woman (2002 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 20.2% (2002 est.)
Drogi wodne 785 km


note: (perennially navigable; large sections of Sava blocked by downed bridges, silt, and debris)
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