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Burkina Faso (2008)

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Burkina Faso 2008 roku

 Burkina Faso
Podzial administracyjny 45 provinces; Bale, Bam, Banwa, Bazega, Bougouriba, Boulgou, Boulkiemde, Comoe, Ganzourgou, Gnagna, Gourma, Houet, Ioba, Kadiogo, Kenedougou, Komondjari, Kompienga, Kossi, Koulpelogo, Kouritenga, Kourweogo, Leraba, Loroum, Mouhoun, Nahouri, Namentenga, Nayala, Noumbiel, Oubritenga, Oudalan, Passore, Poni, Sanguie, Sanmatenga, Seno, Sissili, Soum, Sourou, Tapoa, Tuy, Yagha, Yatenga, Ziro, Zondoma, Zoundweogo
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 46.7% (male 3,356,737/female 3,327,058)

15-64 years: 50.9% (male 3,635,152/female 3,650,303)

65 years and over: 2.5% (male 141,554/female 215,399) (2007 est.)
Rolinictwo cotton, peanuts, shea nuts, sesame, sorghum, millet, corn, rice; livestock
Lotniska 33 (2007)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 2

over 3,047 m: 1

2,438 to 3,047 m: 1 (2007)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 31

1,524 to 2,437 m: 3

914 to 1,523 m: 11

under 914 m: 17 (2007)
Terytorium total: 274,200 sq km

land: 273,800 sq km

water: 400 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly larger than Colorado
Tlo historyczne Burkina Faso (formerly Upper Volta) achieved independence from Francja w 1960. Repeated military coups during the 1970s and 1980s were followed by multiparty elections w the early 1990s. Current President Blaise COMPAORE came to power w a 1987 military coup and has won every election since then. Burkina Faso's high population density and limited natural resources result w poor economic prospects dla the majority of its citizens. Recent unrest w Cote d'Ivoire and northern Ghana has hindered the ability of several hundred thousand seasonal Burkinabe farm workers to find employment w neighboring countries.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 45.28 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budzet revenues: $1.311 billion

expenditures: $1.764 billion (2007 est.)
Stolica name: Ouagadougou

geographic coordinates: 12 22 N, 1 31 W

time difference: UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Klimat tropical; warm, dry winters; hot, wet summers
Linia brzegowa 0 km (landlocked)
Konstytucja 2 czerwiec 1991 approved by referendum, 11 czerwiec 1991 formally adopted; last amended styczen 2002
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: none

conventional short form: Burkina Faso

local long form: none

local short form: Burkina Faso

former: Upper Volta, Republic of Upper Volta
Wspolczynnik zgonow 15.31 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $1.33 billion (2007)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador Jeanine E. JACKSON

embassy: 602 Avenue Raoul Follereau, Koulouba, Secteur 4

mailing address: 01 B. P. 35, Ouagadougou 01; pouch mail - US Department of State, 2440 Ouagadougou Place, Washington, DC 20521-2440

telephone: [226] 50-30-67-23

FAX: [226] 50-30-38-90, 50-31-23-68
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Paramanga Ernest YONLI (since 14 styczen 2008)

chancery: 2340 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008

telephone: [1] (202) 332-5577

FAX: [1] (202) 667-1882
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje two villages remain w dispute along the border z Benin; Benin accuses Burkina Faso of moving boundary pillars; w recent years citizens and rogue security forces rob and harass local populations on both sides of the poorly-defined Burkina Faso-Niger border; despite the presence of over 9,000 UN forces (UNOCI) w Cote d'Ivoire since 2004, ethnic conflict continues to spread into neighboring states who can no longer send their migrant workers to work w Ivorian cocoa plantations
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $659.6 million (2005)
Ekonomia One of the poorest countries w the world, landlocked Burkina Faso has few natural resources and a weak industrial base. About 90% of the population is engaged w subsistence agriculture, which is vulnerable to periodic drought. Cotton is the main cash crop and the government has joined z three other cotton producing countries w the region - Mali, Niger, and Czad - to lobby w the Swiat Trade Organization dla fewer subsidies to producers w other competing countries. Since 1998, Burkina Faso has embarked upon a gradual but successful privatization of state-owned enterprises. Having revised its investment code w 2004, Burkina Faso hopes to attract foreign investors. Thanks to this new code and other legislation favoring the mining sector, the country has seen an upswing w gold exploration and production. While the bitter internal crisis w neighboring Cote d'Ivoire is beginning to be resolved, it is still having a negative effect on Burkina Faso's trade and employment. In 2007 higher costs dla energy and imported foodstuffs, as well as low cotton prices, dampened a Produkt krajowy brutto growth rate that had averaged 6% w the last 10 years. Burkina Faso received a Millennium Challenge Account threshold grant to improve girls' education at the primary school level, and appears likely to receive a grant w the areas of infrastructure, agriculture, and land reform.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 480.1 million kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - import 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 516.2 million kWh (2005)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Mouhoun (Black Volta) River 200 m

highest point: Tena Kourou 749 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy recent droughts and desertification severely affecting agricultural activities, population distribution, and the economy; overgrazing; soil degradation; deforestation
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands

signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Grupy etniczne Mossi over 40%, other approximately 60% (includes Gurunsi, Senufo, Lobi, Bobo, Mande, and Fulani)
Kurs waluty Communaute Financiere Africaine francs (XOF) per US dollar - 493.51 (2007), 522.59 (2006), 527.47 (2005), 528.29 (2004), 581.2 (2003)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President Blaise COMPAORE (since 15 pazdziernik 1987)

head of government: Prime Minister Tertius ZONGO (since 4 czerwiec 2007)

cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president on the recommendation of the prime minister

elections: president elected by popular vote dla a five-year term (eligible dla a second term); election last held 13 listopad 2005 (next to be held w 2010); w kwiecien 2000, the constitution was amended reducing the presidential term from seven to five years, enforceable as of 2005; prime minister appointed by the president z the consent of the legislature

election results: Blaise COMPAORE reelected president; percent of popular vote - Blaise COMPAORE 80.3%, Benewende Stanislas SANKARA 4.9%
Eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Eksport $676 million f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Eksport 0 cu m (2005 est.)
Eksport 0 bbl/day (2004)
Eksport - towary cotton, livestock, gold
Eksport - partnerzy Chiny 41.9%, Singapur 14.4%, Ghana 5.9%, Tajlandia 4.9%, Niger 4.4% (2006)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi two equal horizontal bands of red (top) and green z a yellow five-pointed star w the center

note: uses the popular pan-African colors of Etiopia
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 29.4%

industry: 19%

services: 51.7% (2007 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 4.2% (2007)
Koordynaty geograficzne 13 00 N, 2 00 W
Polozenie geograficzne landlocked savanna cut by the three principal rivers of the Black, Red, and White Voltas
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: 2.8%

highest 10%: 32.2% (2004)
Import 0 kWh (2005)
Import $1.39 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Import 0 cu m (2005)
Import 8,158 bbl/day (2004)
Import - towary capital goods, foodstuffs, petroleum
Import - partnerzy Cote d'Ivoire 25.9%, Francja 22.8%, Togo 7.2% (2006)
Niepodleglosc 5 sierpien 1960 (from Francja)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 5.2% (2007 est.)
Przemysl cotton lint, beverages, agricultural processing, soap, cigarettes, textiles, gold
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 89.79 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 97.55 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 81.8 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflacja 0.7% (2007 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji ACCT, ACP, AfDB, AU, ECOWAS, Entente, FAO, FZ, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO (correspondent), ITSO, ITU, ITUC, MIGA, NAM, OIC, OIF, OPCW, PCA, UN, UN Security Council (temporary), UNAMID, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNITAR, UNOCI, UNWTO, UPU, WADB (regional), WAEMU, WCL, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
Nawadniane tereny 250 sq km (2003)
Sadownictwo Supreme Court; Appeals Court
Sila robocza 5 million

note: a large part of the male labor force migrates annually to neighboring countries dla seasonal employment (2003)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture: 90%

industry and services: 10% (2000 est.)
Granica total: 3,193 km

border countries: Benin 306 km, Cote d'Ivoire 584 km, Ghana 549 km, Mali 1,000 km, Niger 628 km, Togo 126 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 17.66%

permanent crops: 0.22%

other: 82.12% (2005)
Jezyki French (official), native African languages belonging to Sudanic family spoken by 90% of the population
System prawny based on French civil law system and customary law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral National Assembly or Assemblee Nationale (111 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)

elections: National Assembly election last held 6 maj 2007 (next to be held w maj 2012)

election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - CDP 73, ADF-RDA 14, UPR 5, UNIR-MS 4, CFD-B 3, UPS 2, PDP-PS 2, RDB 2, PDS 2, PAREN 1, PAI 1, RPC 1, UDPS 1
Zywotnosc total population: 49.21 years

male: 47.68 years

female: 50.8 years (2007 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 21.8%

male: 29.4%

female: 15.2% (2003 est.)
Lokalizacja Western Africa, north of Ghana
Lokalizacja na mapie Africa
Morskie obszary none (landlocked)
Wojsko Army, Air Force of Burkina Faso (Force Aerienne de Burkina Faso, FABF), National Gendarmerie (2006)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 1.2% (2006)
Swieto narodowe Republic Day, 11 grudzien (1958)
Narodowosc noun: Burkinabe (singular and plural)

adjective: Burkinabe
Naturalne zagrozenia recurring droughts
Surowce naturalne manganese, limestone, marble; small deposits of gold, phosphates, pumice, salt
Wspolczynnik migracji 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy African Democratic Rally-Alliance dla Democracy and Federation or ADF-RDA [Gilbert OUEDRAOGO]; Citizen's Popular Rally or RPC [Antoine QUARE]; Coalition of Democratic Forces of Burkina or CFD-B [Amadou Diemdioda DICKO]; Congress dla Democracy and Progress or CDP [Roch Marc-Christian KABORE]; Movement dla Tolerance and Progress or MTP [Nayabtigungou Congo KABORE]; Party dla African Niepodleglosc or PAI [Philippe OUEDRAOGO]; Party dla Democracy and Progress/Socialist Party or PDP/PS [Ali LANKOANDE]; Party dla Democracy and Socialism or PDS [Felix SOUBEIGA]; Party dla National Rebirth or PAREN [Oumar DJIGUIMDE]; Rally dla the Development of Burkina or RDB [Antoine KARGOUGOU]; Rally of Ecologists of Burkina Faso or RDEB [Ram OUEDRAGO]; Republican Party dla Integration and Solidarity or PARIS [Cyril GOUNGOUNGA]; Union dla Democracy and Social Progress or UDPS [Fidele HIEN]; Union dla Rebirth - Sankarist Movement or UNIR-MS [Benewende STANISLAS]; Union dla the Republic or UPR [Toussaint Abel COULIBALY]; Union of Sankarist Parties or UPS [Ernest Nongma OUEDRAOGO]
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow Burkinabe General Confederation of Labor or CGTB [Tole SAGNON]; Burkinabe Movement dla Human Rights or MBDHP [Chrysigone ZOUGMORE]; Group of 14 luty [Benewende STANISLAS]; National Confederation of Burkinabe Workers or CNTB [Laurent OUEDRAOGO]; National Organization of Free Unions or ONSL [Paul KABORE]; watchdog/political action groups throughout the country w both organizations and communities
Ludnosc 14,326,203

note: estimates dla this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result w lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes w the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (lipiec 2007 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 46.4% (2004)
Przyrost naturalny 2.997% (2007 est.)
Stacje radiowe AM 2, FM 26, shortwave 3
Linie kolejowe total: 622 km

narrow gauge: 622 km 1.000-m gauge

note:: another 660 km of this railway extends into Cote D'Ivoire (2006)
Religie Muslim 50%, indigenous beliefs 40%, Christian (mainly Roman Catholic) 10%
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.009 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 0.996 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.657 male(s)/female

total population: 0.992 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Prawo wyborcze universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: services only fair; w 2006 the government sold a 51 percent stake w the national telephone company and ultimately plans to retain only a 23 percent stake w the company; fixed-line connections stand at less than 1 per 100 persons; mobile-cellular usage, fostered by multiple providers, is increasing rapidly from a low base

domestic: microwave radio relay, open-wire, and radiotelephone communication stations

international: country code - 226; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Ocean Atlantycki) (2007)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 94,800 (2006)
Telefony komorkowe 1.017 million (2006)
Stacje telewizyjne 3 (1 national, 2 private)
Uksztaltowanie terenu mostly flat to dissected, undulating plains; hills w west and southeast
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 6.41 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 77%
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